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April 04, 1996 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-04-04

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2A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, April 4, 1996
Complaining prisoners
reCeive longer sentenCes

NATION/WORLD

f

:."- . .

BANGKOK (AP) - Twenty-one po-
litical prisoners have been slapped with
new sentences, apparently for trying to
bring attention to their cruel conditions,
Amnesty International said yesterday.
The London-based human rights
group saidthe prisoners were sentenced
March 28 to additional jail terms of five
to 12 years each:
They were tried in closed session at
the prison outside Rangoon where they
were already doing time.
"The group was accused of hiding
three radio sets and circulating a news-
letter in Insein Prison," Amnesty said.
Among the materials confiscated

from the prisoners was a letter to the
U.N. official responsible for investigat-
ing human rights and political condi-
tions in the country, Amnesty said.
The report said two prominent prison-
ers, Win Tin, an opposition leader, and
Myo Myint Nyein, a magazine editor,
had been held in tiny "dog cells, forced to
sleep on concrete floors with no bedding,
and forbidden any family visits."
Burma's military government came
to power in 1988 after violently sup-
pressing pro-democracy demonstra-
tions. It is widely criticized for human
rights violations and failure to move
toward democratic rule.

Study: Teens more affected by tobacco ads
WASHINGTON - A new salvo was fired in the war against the tobacco
industry yesterday, as anti-smoking advocates unveiled a study that reports
underage smokers are three times as likely as adults to be influenced by cigarette
advertising.
The study does not prove that advertising causes teen-agers to start smoking -
it did not address that question, according to its lead author, Richard Pollay, a
marketing professor at the University of British Columbia.
But it does conclude that 12- to 18-year-olds who already smoke are stronglj
affected by advertising in picking their brands - a finding that tobacco critics
are now using to debunk the industry's claim that its ads are targeted solely to
adults.
"This study demonstrates with objective data that when the tobacco industry
claims that its advertising does not appeal to children, they're wrong," said
attorney Matt Myers, who represents Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, a Wash-
ington-based advocacy group. "It's another example of where the tobacco industry
is not telling the truth about what they do."
The study comes at a time when the Food and Drug Administration is consid-
ering strict regulations on cigarette advertising as a way to curb teen smoking.

E q

AP PHOTO
Trucks polluted by radioactivity lie abandoned near the Chernobyl nuclear plant
yesterday, 10 years after the nuclear disaster.
Plutoium poliutes
Ukrain---"-inxwater

"If only
someone
had
reminded

me..."

KIEV, Ukraine (AP) - The legacy
of the 1986 Chernobyl nuclear accident
not only lingers in the minds of millions
of people living nearby. It also taints
their drinking water.
Plutonium and other dangerous ra-
dioactive particles released in the acci-
dent have been working their way into
the ground water in the wetlands of
northern Ukraine for the past 10 years,
and officials warn they have now found
their way to Ukraine's major water-
ways.
"Ukraine is the only country in the
world in which a huge quantity of plu-
tonium is in an uncontrolled, free and
fluid state," said nuclear physicist
Volodymyr Usatenko, chief consultant
to the Ukrainian parliament's commis-
sion on Chernobyl.
Ten years after the world's worst
commercial nuclear disaster, officials
and environmentalists are still strug-
gling to eradicate the effects.
Though expelled in smaller quanti-
ties than the iodine, cesium and stron-
tium released after the 1986 accident,
the "loose" plutonium is the most in-
sidious.
It travels more quickly, is more radio-
active, and is more quickly absorbed into
human and otherorganisms,causing can-
cer and other health problems. It is easily
soluble and water can move it far.
And with a half-jife of nearly 25,000
years, it will long outlast the other ele-
ments.
Already, a victims group claims,
150,000 people in Ukraine alone are

dead from Chernobyl-related diseases,
and 55,000 are invalids. Others say that
number is wildly overstated in order to
attract Western aid, and that deaths are
only in the dozens.
But it is clear that the radiation has
taken a horrible toll. Thyroid cancer
among children, almost nonexistent
before the accident, has increased a
hundredfold since then in Belarus,
Ukraine and Russia.
After the nuclear disaster, plutonium
was carried into the air with the radio-
active cloud and deposited on the coun-
tryside. During the cleanup, bulldozers
removed top soil, cut down trees and
dismantled buildings. The contaminated
rubble was trucked to "temporary stor-
age sites."
Those sites were in effect holes in the
ground.Some were covered over, some
weren't, but those holes and mounds
now dot the 18-mile restricted zone
around the plant. Nuclear officials call
them "graves."
"During the construction of these
graves ... the question became not of
quality construction, but about how to
hide it underground as soon as pos-
sible," said Volodymyr Holubev, head
of radiation protection for Ukraine's
Health Ministry.
Their rush means that today, no one
knows how much waste escaped, or
even how many graves were dug.
Environment MinisterYuri Kostenko
said there are 800 known burial spots,
but also some 200 others with no mark-
ings around the plant.

Panel says cervical
cancer preventable
BETHESDA, Md. - Almost 5,000 '
American women die of cervical can-
cer annually and virtually all the deaths
could be prevented by routine Pap
smears and by safe sex, a National In-
stitutes of Health panel of experts con-
eluded yesterday.
"In theory, cervical cancer is acancer
that we can completely prevent," said
Dr. Patricia Braly, a gynecological can-
cer specialist at Louisiana State Uni-
versity and chairman of a panel of ex-
perts appointed by the NIH.
"If we could reach all the women in
this country who are not getting regular
Pap tests," she said, "we could eradi-
cate this type of cancer."
The committee of non-government
scientists issuedareport yesterday evalu-
ating the current methods of preventing,
detecting and treating cervical cancer.
The committee of experts found that
about half of the women diagnosed
with cervical cancerin the United States
have never had a Pap test, an office
procedure in which cells are scraped
from the cervix and then analyzed for

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abnormality. Properly performed, the
test can detect abnormal cells before
they become cancers and can lead to
early treatment that can preserve both
life and fertility.
First black mayor of
Cleveland dies
CLEVELAND - Carl Stokes wo
praised yesterday as a pioneer whose
election as mayor 29 years ago was a
political watershed for minorities.
He "was a lifelong role model, not
only for African Americans, but for all
citizens who share his abiding concern
for his fellow man," Gov. George
Voinovich said.
The two-term Cleveland mayor, first
elected in 1967, died yesterday at age
68 at Cleveland Clinic. He had cane
of the esophagus.
Stokes, appointed ambassador to the
Seychelles Islands in 1994 by President
Clinton, took a medical leave of ab-
sence from that post in the Indian Ocean
last June after his cancer was diag-
nosed.
Clinton said Stokes was a friend and
valued colleague.
through police lines to reach the nearby
Palestinian-run Ramallah jail for an-
other protest.
Biitain to incinerate
15,000 cows a week
LONDON - The beleaguered Brit-
ish government yesterday promised a
90-per-hour incineration of cattle as the
keystone of measures to allay fears of
"mad cow disease."
Skeptical farmers are not convinced
that destruction of 15,000 older cows
each week to keep them out of the food
chain is possible, however - and Eu-
rope may demand further action.
Nine existing incinerators especiaS
built to destroy infected cows can con-
sume around 3,000 carcasses each week
if they run virtually around the clock.
Building new facilities will take time,
money, and the permission of local plan-
ning boards. At best, destruction ol
more than 4 million animals at the end
of their working lives will last into the
next century.
- From Daily wire services

THIS FALL
Feed Your Mind!
On A Semester of Foo
As part o l a U-M international con ference on
Food in Global History,
[AST ON THIS
DE L CIOUS & ED1JCA'IiON]AI .
~,2pper. ers
Film Series
Public Lectures
Exhibits at the Clements Library, the Kelsey Museum,
the Museum of Art, and the Graduate Library
Other Special Activities and Events
entrees
Nutrition & Evolution (Anthr. /Bio. 364 ; TTh 4 -5:30pm i& lab] ; A. Roberto Fri sancho).
PracticalBotany (Biology 102, section 001; TTh 10-11 i lab]I; Peter Kaufman)
Food in the Ancient World (Classical Civilazation 952; MWF 10-11; Susan Alcock>
Consuming Literature (English 280; TTh 11:30-lprn; Michael Schoenfeldt).
Word of Mouth (English 317, section 002; TTh 11:30-lpm; Rafia Zafar).

Continued from Page 1A
meeting is a breach of confidentiality
and privacy, Schor said.
"They decided this before the hear-
ing," said Schor, a former Wolverine
presidential candidate. "There is so little
evidence to terminate someone forthis,"
he said.
MSA President Flint Wainess said
the assembly was not involved with the
hearing or the process after the initial
accusations. Wainess said he and
Goodstein may set the wheels in motion
for choosing a new manager before
they leave office next week, but the
executive officers-elect said they plan
to take on the search themselves.
"This person will be nonpartisan -
this will be written into the contract and
etched in stone," said Probir Mehta,
MSA vice president-elect.
A committee consisting of Mehta,
Fisher, MSA bookeeper Sara Flynn and
several students will be charged with
the search and appointment for the po-
sition, Mehta said. The committee
should avoid hiring a student because
"a student will be susceptible to pres-
sures," he said.
"Our next AC, administrative coor-
dinator, will be one who is definitely
outside the foray of student politics,"
Rose said.
Stefanic was unavailable for com-
ment last night.
U~ie *ktmJ= U
The campus news
source for 105 years.

Council meets to
discuss Israeli-
Palestinian crisis
RAMALLAH, West Bank-The Pal-
estinian Legislative Council met in the
West Bank for the first time yesterday to
discuss what many members consider to
be the worst crisis in the 2 1/2-year-old
Israeli-Palestinian peace process.
Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat
opened the session with a speech of
more than two hours outlining the "criti-
cal" political and economic situation in
the self-rule area that has been sealed
off by Israel since a series of suicide
bombings began on Feb. 25.
Faced with mountingcriticism overa
police raid at Al Najah University in
Nablus last weekend, Arafat reportedly
acknowledged to the legislators that the
Palestinian police had erred in entering
the campus to break up a student protest
against the arrest of suspected Hamas
activists.
As Arafat spoke, about 2,000 Pales-
tinian university students pushed

I

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