8A - The Michigan Daily - Thursday, March 28, 1996
Dole continues tradition
of Republican nominees
who have paid their dues
WASHINGTON - That's why they call it the
Grand Old Party.
The Republican tradition of giving the presi-
ential nomination to the dues-paying front-run-
ner has paid dividends for Sen. Bob Dole, (R-
Kan.), who on his third try for the prize now
claims his party's designation.
"The keys were his money,
his organization and the en-
dorsements," said George-
town University political sci-
News entist Stephen Wayne. "But
_. they had less to do with Dole
the candidate than the fact
that he was the heir apparent
and entitled to take them."
More succinctly, Sen.
Alfonse D'Amato (R-N.Y.)
said, "This time he wasn't running against a sitting
vice president and the ordained nominee."
From the earliest planning in the spring of 1993,
the Dole campaign's central strategy has been to
capitalize on the chits he had accumulated in 40
years of public life. By the start of the primaries, he
raised $25 million, more than any ofhis challengers
and much of it in Washington, D.C., New York,
Florida and California from people with interests in
the Senate, where he had been Republican leader
for 11 years. He collected the endorsements of
hundreds of state and local officials, including 21
of the 31 Republican governors.
From those earliest meetings, Dole recognized
that his advantages would be especially important in
the compressed schedule of primaries, with 70 per-
cent of the delegates chosen in just six weeks. And
he insisted he had learned the lessons of his failed
attempts for the nomination in 1980 and 1988.
Still, it has been a struggle. "The moral of the
story," Dole said earlier this week, "is if you ...
don't give up too easily, you can still make it."
Even with his early start (he spent his 1993
summer vacation in New Hampshire) and his
financial advantages (he aired his first commer-
cials in Iowa six months ago) and with Colin
Powell's decision not to challenge him, Dole had
difficulty getting organized and finding a consis-
tent, persuasive message.
His insistence on simultaneously running forpresi-
dent and directing the Senate almost derailed his
campaign, as Congress was overwhelmed by the
volume of "Contract With America" legislation and
paralyzed by the confrontation over the 1996 budget.
He formally declared his candidacy in his home
state of Kansas last April. But for a national forum to
launch the campaign, Dole chose the free television
air time provided Republicans in January to respond
to Clinton's State of the Union speech. Lifeless and
petty, it contrasted sharply with Clinton's expansive
and energetic address delivered to a live congres-
sional audience. "It was a disaster. He never should
have done it. He's listening to too many people," a
sometime adviser said then.
In 1988, he surprised then-Vice President George
Bush and won the Iowa caucuses. While losing New
Hampshire, he won three other primaries, collecting
178 delegates before conceding the nomination. Last
week, he celebrated his return to Illinois, and recalled
his disastrous campaign there in 1988, which effec-
tively ended his challenge to Bush. "I think you've
got to be strong in this business," he said on the night
ofthat year's Illinois primary. "It's no piece of cake."
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The Supreme
Court handed states a big victory yes-
terday by ruling Congress exceeded
its authority in trying to force state
officials to negotiate gambling deals
with Native American tribes.
While the 5-to-4 ruling may even-
tually curtail the $4 billion-a-year
tribal gaming business, its larger sig-
nificance is in the message its send
about the court's desire to cut back
what it sees as on federal intrusive-
Legal scholars across the ideologi-
cal spectrum described the decision
as a dramatic shift toward state inter-
ests at the expense of Congress.
A narrow but strong-minded ma-
jority of this court has made plain in
recent years it believes Congress has
encroached too much on rights of th*
states. The pattern at the court matches
the trend in the Republican-majority
Congress to move away from national
social policies in favor of state-by-
state control, no matter how policies
and services differ.
In a case decided yesterday, the
court ruled Congress cannot give
tribes the right to sue states or state
officials in federal court when the
states fail to negotiate over casinos
and other gambling enterprises oif
reservations. Many states have sought
greater control over the burgeoning
Native American gaming business.
"The big winners are the states. The
big loser is Congress. The Native Ameri-
cans are still holding their gaming cards
and deciding how to play them next,"
said Bruce Rogow, the lawyer who rep-
resented the Seminole Tribe of Florida
in its complaint against the state o
Florida for failing to negotiate ove
casino gambling in 1991.
He noted that the Native American
tribes still can take their case to state
courts and possibly get assistance from
the secretary of the interior, who
would remain the sole federal arbiter
of disputes between states and Native
American tribes over gambling.
"It's a big victory," said Florida
Assistant Attorney General Jonathan
Glogau. "The states have felt that Con
gress has continually overstepped its
authority in letting people sue."
Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole (R-Kan.) meets with tourists from Alabama and South Dakota
yesterday on Capitol Hill. Dole is looking forward to a spring break in his campaign for the White House.
House nears approval of bill that would ban late abortions
WASHINGTON (AP) - Courting a veto by
President Clinton, the Republican-controlled
House pushed toward final congressional approval
yesterday of legislation to impose a ban on certain
The measure would ban the rarely-used tech-
nique - termed "partial birth abortion" by its
opponents - except in cases where it is essential
to save the life of the mother.
The procedure is an "offense to the conscience
of mankind. This is something we need to stop
now," said Rep. Charles Canady (R-Fla), a lead-
ing supporter of the legislation.
The procedure, which is a variation of more
traditional abortions, is referred to by some doc-
tors as "intact dilation and evacuation." It in-
volves partially extracting a fetus, legs first, through
the birth canal, then collapsing its skull and
suctioning out the skull contents.
By passing the measure, Republicans intend
to confront Clinton with an election-year di-
lemma. Given the gruesome nature of the proce-
dure involved - and lawmakers described it in
graphic detail during debate - Republicans
believe there is widespread public support for
On the other hand, abortion rights groups whose
support is important to the Democratic president
oppose the measure as an infringement on a
woman's right to choose, and are eager for the
The vote also demonstrated anew the strength
of anti-abortion forces in the Republican-con-
trolled Congress that took office in January last
The measure marks the first time since abortion
was legalized more than two decades ago that
Congress sought to ban a particular method of the
Rep. Tony Beilenson (D-Calif.) argued the mea-
sure is merely the first step in an attempt by anti-
abortion forces to overturn the Roe v. Wade Su-
preme Court ruling that granted women abortion
He also called it an assault "on the right of
physicians to practice medicine without fear of
He and several other lawmakers called for an
exemption from the ban to take into account the
health of the mother, as well as her life.
But Rep. Enid Greene Waldholtz (R-Utah) who
gave birth to a daughter last year, called the proce-
dure "medicalized infanticide." The doctor "par-
tially delivers a live child before killing it," she
The vote capped an emotional struggle that
consumed several months as the bill moved from
the House to the Senate and back again.
The White House said in advance it would have
no comment on the House vote, although Clinton
has previously made clear his opposition to the
In a letter to key lawmakers late last month, the
president said he had "studied and prayed" on the
subject, and wanted the bill changed to allow
exemptions designed "to preserve the life of the
woman or avert serious health consequences to
Without the changes, he wrote, the bill "does
not meet the constitutional requirements" laid
down in the Supreme Court's landmark abortion
to trademark sound of
Los Angeles Times7
To America's only major motor-
cycle maker, the deep-throated rum-1
bling of a big V-twin engine is as vital
as a heartbeat.
Harley-Davidson Inc. installed itsI
first V-twin in 1909 and has stuck
with the rough-idling engine ever
since. Now the Wisconsin company
wants the government to protect itsa
investment with a trademark. Harley
says the competition is copying its
The major Japanese bike makers -
all with tumbling cruiser-style bikes
in their lineups - are preparing to
slug it out with Harley in classic
American style: They're going to
court. Harley's competitors say the
sound simply comes with the engine
and shouldn't be protected by law. 1
Sometime in late June or early July,
the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office
in Washington will begin hearing the
first of nine challenges to Harley-
Davidson's bid to trademark the sound
of its V-twin engines.
To avoid becoming the nation's next
nylon - an early DuPont product
whose name wasn't protected and fast
became a generic term - the Wiscon-
sin motorcycle maker wants a trade.
mark to block other manufacturers from:,
turning out cruisers that sound like
"The sound we like to use, the verb
description, is (a) very fast, 'potato
potato-potato,"' said Joseph Bonk.
Harley-Davidson's trademark attorney:-
It is a precedent-setting case, trades
mark specialists say. Of neatIly
730,000 enforceable trademarks on_
the books in the United States, only
23 cover sounds and most are for
distinctive, man-made arrangements
like NBC's three-toned chime, th<
MGM lion's roar and Beneficial
Corp.'s jingle: "At Beneficial, toot-
toot, you're good for more." Harley,
however, wants to protect the sound
made by a specific type of engine.
Should Harley win, other manufac-
turers could attempt to trademark their
product sounds, said Los Angeles
trademark law specialist Stan
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