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March 12, 1996 - Image 2

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1996-03-12

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NATION/WORLD
'Peacemaker' summit divides Muslims

Los Angeles Times
CAIRO, Egypt - The upcoming
"Summit of the Peacemakers" in
Egypt has underscored stubborn divi-
sions in the Muslim world as coun-
tries are forced
to show, through
their attendance,
News whether they
support or repu-
Analysis diate the Middle
East peace pro-
cess.
Some govern-
ments and Is-
latliic militants charge that the confer-
ence is a sham to legitimize U.S. and
Israeli dominance in the region, con-

done harsh security measures against
Palestinians and undermine what they
regard as a legitimate right for Arabs to
fight to liberate their "occupied" terri-
tories.
In the words of a commentator in the
Lebanese daily AnNahar, Wednesday's
meeting in the tiny Red Sea resort of
Sharm el Sheik is intended to "abolish
the difference between terrorism and
resistance."
But other Arab governments, hoping
for a Mideast peace that would bring
greater stability and prosperity, have
responded enthusiastically to the call
for the conference. Not coincidentally,
some of these regimes are threatened
themselves by the rising tide of Islamic

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on Tuesday Nights!
begins at 10 pm
Enjoy our 60
beers on tap while'r
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extremism.
But because popular opinion in most
Arab countries has been slow to recon-
cile itself to peace with Israel, partici-
pation in a high-profile summit called
in response to a recent wave of violence
against Israelis has been a politically
risky option for many Arab govern-
ments.
Nonetheless,
Saudi Arabia and
most ofthe oil-rich
sheikdoms of the
Persian Gulf are all over t
attending. A state-
ment issued by will s t
their Gulf Coop-
eration Council for peau
called for all coun-
tries to band to- - Pr
gether to stamp out
terrorism. ,
"The supply routes and activities of
terrorists go beyond the political bound-
aries of states and the geographical fron-
tiers of continents," the council said.
The main criticism being leveled
against the conference is that the meet-
ing comes only in response to the kill-
ing of Israeli citizens; the world's out-
rage was far less vocal in response to
past attacks by Israel's army or to kill-
ings committed by Jewish extremists
against Arabs.
Despite such sentiments, most Arab
governments have fallen in line with
the conference jointly called by Presi-
dents Clinton of the United States and
Hosni Mubarak of Egypt.

dd
're

In New York yesterday, Clinton
said of the summit: "Leaders from all
over the world will stand as one for
peace to combat the merchant of ha-
tred with every means in our com-
mand.
"We must not let the terrorists in the
Mideast have the victory they seek -
the death of the very hope for peace."
About 30 coun-
tries are sched-
rsg fromuled to attend.
Besides Clinton
We world and Mubarak, the
list ofworld lead-
as one ers includes Is-
raeli Prime Min-
ister Shimon
Peres, Palestinian
;sident Clinton leader Yasser
Arafat, Russian
President Boris

Okla. bombing trial may be separated
DENVER- In evidence that could lead to separate trials in the Oklahoma City
bombing case, two key government witnesses maintain that Timothy McVeigh
and Terry Nichols had a major falling out in the critical period between when the
bomb ingredients were purchased and the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building'as
destroyed.
According to legal documents filed here since the case was moved from
Oklahoma City, lead prosecutor Joseph Hartzler said Michael and Lori Fo r
were aware of a split between McVeigh and Nichols over whether to carry ou e
blast that ultimately claimed 168 lives last April.
"Lori Fortier testified (to a grand jury) that McVeigh was upset in early ) 995
because Nichols wanted out and did not want to mix the bomb," Hartzler wrote in
a letter last month to defense attorneys.
Furthermore, he added, "Michael Fortier testified that McVeigh solicitedlhis
assistance in the bombing in early 1995 because Nichols was expressing reluc-
tance."
The Fortiers' testimony about a rift between McVeigh and Nichols indicates the
defense may be able to make a strong case for separate trials for the two defendants,
If reports of the disagreement are true, the defendants could be forced to attack
each other during the trial.

I

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-, looks like - you can find a
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Yeltsin, British Prime Minister John
Major, French President Jacques Chirac,
German Chancellor Helmut Kohl and
U.N. Secretary-General Boutros
Boutros-Ghali.
From the Mideast, Jordan will be
represented there, as well as Saudi
Arabia, the Persian Gulf states of
Yemen, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman and
the United Arab Emirates, plus most
Arab countries in North Africa.
Iran, Iraq and Libya - accused of
being sponsors of terrorist groups -
were not invited and would not have
been likely to attend in any case. That
leaves two key holdouts, Lebanon and
Syria.
Russilans
alowed to
prvately
p Y
own fanns
Los Angeles Times
MOSCOW - President Boris
Yeltsin has issued a decree allowing
Russians to buy and sell agricultural
land, setting up a conflict with the Com-
munist-led parliament and making pri-
vate-property rights a central issue of
the presidential campaign.
Facing strong Communist opposi-
tion on the June 16 ballot, Yeltsin pre-
empted parliament's debate of a new
land code and signed the decree late
last week instructing local officials to
give a land title to each worker em-
ployed at least five years on any of the
country's nearly 27,000 collective
farms. Nearly all of Russia's 12 mil-
lion farmers still live on Soviet-style
collectives.
Deputy Prime Minister Alexander
Zaveryukha, briefing reporters yester-
day, said each worker is now free to
sell, mortgage, rent out or give away his
title as long as the recipient is a Russian
citizen and agrees to keep farming the
land.
On paper, the decree sweeps away a
prohibition on land sales that dates to
the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution and re-
mains the most stubborn obstacle to a
free market in Russia. But a Yeltsin
decree often means little by itself; in
fact, Yeltsin issued a decree much like
this one in October 1993.
It never took effect because the par-
liament elected two months later was
more hostile than Yeltsin expected.
Under a Yeltsin-drafted constitution
adopted by voters at that time, Russians
won the right to land ownership but
could not exercise it without a legal
code detailing how collective land
would be divided.
That parliament drafted a land code
and debated it fruitlessly, then handed
it over to the current parliament. The
latest draft would block creation of a
free market in land by allowing farm-
ers to dispose of their plots only with
permission from the rest of the collec-
tive.
MSA
Continued from Page 1
target have never voted and everyone
else is targeting people who always
vote," Tadisco said. "Ifnothing else, we
just want to get people involved."
Su also listed improved MSA-stu-
dent body relations as a goal for the
campaign.

"The only times students hear about
the assembly is during the election -
when they see the fliers, banners and
Diag boards - and after the election
they disappear again," he said.
Simply the presence of minority par-
ties on the ballot will increase voter
turnout, Howrylak said.
"The more parties you have, the more
people you are going to have out there
hictling the nennle to vnte " Hnwrvlak

Radioactive sludge
rocessing plant
y to open
WASHINGTON -After falling six
years behind schedule and going $1
billion over budget, the Energy Depart-
ment is to start up a new $2 billion plant
in South Carolina today to process ra-
dioactive sludge left from the Cold War.
Energy Secretary Hazel O'Leary will
activate pumps today that will begin mov-
ing the first of 35 million gallons of
acidic, radioactive sludge into the plant
from a series of underground tanks.
Despite all of the future doubts and
the past problems, Energy officials said
yesterday that opening the Savannah
River plant marks an enormous step
forward for the nation in dealing with
the nuclear weapons cleanup.
"This represents a major American
advance in dealing with nuclearwaste,"
said Thomas Grumbly, acting under
secretary of Energy. "It represents the
end of the legacy of the Cold War. It is
enormously important."
The black sludge is a byproduct of
* A ROUND THE
N.Y. mayor rides
Jerusalem bus in
show of support
JERUSALEM - With a swarm of
reporters around him and not a single
Palestinian in sight, New York City
Mayor Rudolph Giuliani yesterday took
a symbolic bus ride on the route hit by
two suicide bombs on consecutive Sun-
days.
"We're doing this in memory of the
people who lost their lives, so people
can understand that we can fight back
against terrorism," Giuliani said as he
boarded the No. 18 bus in Talpiot, a
quiet middle-class neighborhood in
southeast Jerusalem.
The 6:30 a.m. ride began the second
day of Giuliani's visit to Israel, a cha-
otic day of photo opportunities, meet-
ings with Israeli leaders and an emo-
tional hospital visit with bombing vic-
tims. Giuliani said he came to express
solidarity with Israelis in their fight
against Muslim suicide bombers who
have killed 58 people in four recent
attacks.

the plutonium refining process the de-
partment ran at five nuclear reactors in
Savannah River. The sludge - so ra-
dioactive that it can kill a nearby person
in minutes - will be piped into tbe
plant's melter, where it will be mixed n
150-pound batches with 3,500 pounds
of molten sand.
Fraud trial to be'
for Clintons' partner
LITTLE ROCK, Ark. - Indepen-
dent counsel Kenneth Starr's proseeu-
tors opened their fraud and conspiracy
case yesterday against three Whitewatei
defendants saying they will present evi-
dence that President Clinton during the
mid-1980s helped obtain a frauduleni
government-backed loan for his
ner in the Whitewater land venture.
But defense lawyers argued thai
Starr's office is using their clients -
Gov. Jim Guy Tucker, James
McDougal and his former wife Susar
McDougal - to embarrass the presi-
dent, who could be a key witness ir
the long-awaited trial that may last
two months or more.
After spending most of the day Tac-
ing around Jerusalem, Giuliani -Was
driven to Tel Aviv, where he visitec
Leah Rabin, widow of slain Prime Min-
ister YitzhakwRabin, stopped at the sit
of the March 4 suicide bombing anc
met with local civic leaders. He was tc
return to New York early today.
Moscow streets
overrun with dogs
MOSCOW - Just when it seemed
the streets of Moscow couldn't get any
meaner, a new menace has appeared.
The people of this troubled capita
are being hounded by proliferating
hordes ofdogs-numbering in the
of thousands - that have been a'1*
doned by the poor, abused by the angry
taunted by the ignorant and trained t(
kill by the rich.
The canine population of Moscow
has exploded as fearful residents hav<
turned to guard dogs in the absence o
reliable police protection, and as th
lonely and luckless take in pets fo
companionship that they soon discove
they cannot afford.
- From Daily wire ser'

I ma Ii II am1
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