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One hundredjfve years of editorial freedom
February 26, 1996
U.S. seeks of Cuban attack
Security Council set to consider request today
From Daily Wire Services
UNITED NATIONS - The United States
asked the Security Council yesterday to order an
*estigation into Cuba's downing oftwo Ameri-
can-owned planes and to condemn the incident
as an unlawful use of force.
"Our position is that (the planes) were in
international airspace and the Cubans knew it,"
U.S. Ambassador Madeleine Albright said after
the 90-minute meeting.
Chilean Ambassador Juan Somavia said at-
tacking an unarmed civilian plane was "con-
demhnable whether this act occurred within or
Stside the Cuban airspace."
o decision was made on the U.S. request,
but several ambassadors said they were deeply
concerned about the use of force against un-
armed civilian planes, in this case Cessnas.
"I think the shooting down of an unarmed
civil aircraft... is indeed a threat to international
order," German Ambassador Antonio Eitel said
after the meeting..
The council met for about 90 minutes, during
which CIA official James Gannon presented evi-
dence backing the idea that the planes were over
rnational waters, a few miles north of Cuban
space, when they were downed on Saturday.
The two downed Cessna planes, which had
four people aboard, belonged to a group called
Brothers to the Rescue, whose Cuban exile
pilotsregularly fly over the Florida Straits search-
ing for rafters trying to flee Cuba. Cuba claims
the planes had violated their airspace. Senior
U.S. administration aides said at least one of the
three planes entered Cuban airspace before the
Albright said she had asked for a meeting today
with the Cuban ambassador to the United Nations
to demand an explanation of "the illegal act"
The U.S. request for a full investigation by the
International Civil Aviation Organization in
Montreal, will be considered by the council
today. It was unclear whether it would be ap-
Secretary of State Warren Christopher yes-
terday accused Cuba's government of blatantly
violating international law and warned that the
United States is considering a range of retalia-
After 15 hours of silence, the Cuban govern-
ment admitted to downing the planes but de-
clared the action justified because the "pirate
Cessna planes" had invaded Cuban airspace.
Tension between the group and Fidel Castro's
government in Havana reached new heights
recently when the Brothers flew over Cuba at
least twice to drop anti-Castro leaflets.
"The shooting down of these pirate planes
should be a lesson for those who support and
carry out such acts and have the tendency to
increase the tension between the United States
and Cuba," the Cuban Foreign Affairs Ministry
Site of Attck Disputed
Cuban officials Passengers on
claim the a cruise ship
planes had ao
vilaehd Cbassay the planes
violated Cuba' sFRIDA were shot down
airspace, Saturday over
coming within Miami international
58 miles . waters.
said in a statement.
But in a briefing to reporters at the White
House before departing on a trip to Latin
America, Christopher and other senior U.S.
officials made it clear that by downing the
unarmed private planes Castro's government
was provoking the United States.
Clinton's advisers met for three hours yester-
day and provided the president with a list of
At the president's request, the U.N. Security
Council held an emergency consultation last
night to discuss the incident and possible inter-
Inside: Brothers to the Rescue group tweaked
Castro. Page 2A
Members of a Cuban-American paramilitary group protest the killing of four pilots at a rally
yesterday near the Brothers to the Rescue hangar in Miami, Fla.
GEO members poised
to strike; U'
S81. percent of voting
striking after Friday
ly Staff Reporter
Members of the Graduate Employ-
ees Organization gave a green light to
the union's steering committee to call a
strike if negotiations with the Univer-
sity do not improve by March 1.
GEO spokesperson Peter Church an-
nounced the results of last week's strike
authorization vote Friday. Fifty-two
percent ofGEO's 1,200-body member-
p sent in ballots, he said.
Church said 81 percent of 542 voting
members favored a strike if bargaining
Steering committee members are
unsure if the union will actually strike,
From Staff and Wire Reports
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - A 12-
le tether connecting a half-ton satel-
lite to Columbia broke yesterday and
drifted safely away from the space
shuttle and its seven astronauts.
Astronaut Jeffrey Hoffman shouted
down the news nearly five hours into
the electricity-generating experiment,
as the cable was almost all the way out.
"The tether has broken at the boom!
The tether has broken! It is going away
fromus!" Hoffinan toldMission Control.
The satellite and dangling cord
quickly drifted away from Columbia as
all three objects sped around Earth at
Within several minutes, the satellite
and tether were more than 18 miles away
from Columbia, a safe distance.
Mission Control commentator James
Hartsfield said the electricity-conduct-
ing cable apparently broke somewhere
side a 40-foot tower in the shuttle
1 go bay. Only 33 feet of the 12.8-mile
tether remained in the tower and was
Engineering Prof. Tamas Gombosi said
the problem was notcomp lely unexpected.
"With brand-new things like this that
have never been tried before, you can't
"We took a vote, and our member-
ship showed commitment," Church
said. "(GEO's striking) depends on what
the University is willing to move on at
the table, but we do have a mandate
from the membership."
Still, no plans for a strike are in place.
The University and CEO extended bar-
gaining talks, which expired Feb. 23,
until March 1.
University chief negotiator Dan
Gamble expressed concern about a
strike, which he said would violate the
current contract and state law.
"I sincerely hope they don't strike,"
Gamble said. "It would have a negative
impact on undergraduates.
"Also, it would be against state law,
which is against public employees strik-
ing because public employees do things
for the public," he said.
Church said the University and GEO
might interpret the law and its effec-
"The question ofwhether we'll strike
is not based on technicalities of Michi-
gan law but signing a fair contract,"
Students also expressed concern over
the possibility of a strike.
"It would be horrible," said LSA first-
year student Kari Tait. "I know all my
classes depend on (graduate student
instructors). I didn't even know they
had a union."
Sonya Vasquez, a master's student in
the School of Social Work, said she was
annoyed by GEO because the master's
program did not offer graduate teach-
"I pay for my tuition, but the majority
of them get their tuition paid," Vasquez
said. "I thinkpeople who aren't in (GEO)
scoff at them because whatever they do
will benefit them and not the rest of the
GEO spokesperson Peter Church (left) and steward John Curtiss announced Friday
its members are willing to strike if bargaining is stagnant.
East U.to bcome
0 Bombs increase
tension between Peres
and Islamic militants
Los Angeles Times
JERUSALEM-Two suicide bomb-
ings that killed 25 people and wounded
almost 80 yesterday threw Prime Min-
ister Shimon Peres' Labor Party on the
defensive in an already bitter election
battle with the rival Likud Party.
The political fallout from the attacks
began even before ultra-Orthodox mem-
bers of the burial society had finished
collecting the victims' remains from a
busy Jerusalem street and a soldiers'
hitchhiking station in Ashkelon, on the
Mediterranean coast eight miles north,
of the Palestinian Gaza area.
Surveying the grisly scene of the
Jerusalem attack, a heavily guarded
Peres was booed and jeered by an angry
crowd. "Peres go home!" they shouted,
and "Peres is next!"- a chilling refer-
ence to the last prime minister, Yitzhak
Rabin, who was slain Nov. 4 by a right-
wing Jew who said he wanted to stop
Rabin's peacemaking efforts.
Islamic militants claimed responsibil-
ity for yesterday's attacks, saying they
were carried out to avenge the killing Jan.
5 of Yehiya Ayash - a master bomb-
maker known as "The Engineer"-pre-
sumably by Israeli agents. Ayash, be-
lievedto have manufactured seven bombs
used in suicide attacks on Israelis, died
when a booby-trapped cellular phone
exploded in his hand.
Last night, hundreds gathered at the
bombing sites in Jerusalem and
Ashkelon, reciting prayers for the dead,,
lighting memorial candles and weeping.
Likud leader Benjamin Netanyahu,
Peres' chief rival in the race for the
prime minister's job, said he would
make no political comment on a day
when the nation was plunged into
"This is a day of unity of the ranks,
and that's what we'll do," Netanyahu
told reporters as he met with Likud
But his partner, former Army Chief
of Staff Rafael Eitan, mincedno words.
'It's an illusion that the Palestinians
will collaborate with us (to stop bomb-
ings)," said Eitan, leader of the far-right
Likud for parliamentary elections on May
29. "They are all dancing on the blood.
The peace process only weakens us."
The bombings, carried out during the
Sunav-morninnih hura the nation
By Michele Moss
For the Daily
Students can look forward to more
drilling during the next year as East
University is scheduled to turn into a
pedestrian mall. University planner Fred
Mayer said the construction addresses
the need to compete for new students by
creating a more attractive campus.
He said the construction indicates
"the need to compete for you, the stu-
dents. The University wants to upgrade
to make it safer and better quality."
The design was presented to SNRE
told Johnson, Johnson and Roy they
had ideas that could have made the
design more ecologically balanced and
"We all live and work here. This is
our home place and we would like to be
involved," said landscape architecture
Prof. Bob Grese.
The design uses exotic plants and
trees, including Scotch pines and flow-
ering crab apple trees, and nothing na-
tive to southeastern Michigan.
More energy and water will be needed
to maintain the non-native vegetation in
the future. Native
plants could grow
here more easily be-
cause the soil natu-
rally supports such
The plan will re-
quire the use of an
,At t Sass, a principal of
"$ and Roy.
Because of fresh
Congressional candidate Debbie Stabenow speaks to local residents at the
Washtenaw County Women's Political Caucus fund raiser last night.
ocal Caucus Creates
students and faculty
Thursday by the
ture firm Johnson,
Johnson and Roy.
It was approved
by the University
Board of Regents
in December. Con-
struction is sched-
uled to begin at the
end of this term.
South and North
COURTESY OF X
By Kate Glickman
Daily Staff Reporter
More than 75 community members
piled into Ann Arbor resident Janine
Easter's home last night to give moral
and financial support to female candi-
dates running for government positions.
The Washtena County Women's
"This is probably the strongest event
we've hosted," said Sydney West,
WCWPC Fundraising chair.
Founded in 1971, the National WPC
guides women through recruitment,
training and promotion supporting
"women who are progressive, pro-
choice nrotective of the environment
University Avenues, is one of the origi-
nal streets bordering campus. It will be
full of grass, trees, flowers and benches
and will not characterize the olden days.
New benches, lighting, maps and bike
racks will be added.
The new plan will be in complete
iOHNSON, JOHNSON AND ROY water shortages,
the United States may need to cut back
the use of water into the next century.
Working with sustainable crops and veg-
etation, local to southeastern Michigan,
is one simple way to contribute to the
solution, Griese said.
"Sustainable landscapes are really the