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January 10, 1996 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-01-10

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2 -- The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 10, 1996

Govt shutdown inconveniences students

By Stephanie Jo Klein
Daily Staff Reporter.
All is quiet on the Midwestern front
for now as students return from vaca-
tion after a 21-day partial federal gov-
ernment shutdown, which caused a
nervous flutter in many of their hearts.
,Foreign students waiting to enroll
in the University faced the harsh pros-
pect of postponing their enrollment
until next term if U.S. consulates did
not open in time to approve their vi-
sas:. When the government reopened
Monday, the students said, it was none
tdo soon.
'Charlene Schmult, a student services
Associate at the International Center,
said that the students and faculty stuck
outside the country could not return
without a valid visa.
"."For new students, the visa docu-
rmiint, called an 1-20, has a date of re-
06rting on it," Schmult said. "If that
'dte was last week and they went in this
week (for the visa), it's up to the discre-
tion of the consul whether they will

grant the visa."
Director of Undergraduate Admis-
sions Ted Spencer said 30 students
would have been affected. The reopen-
ing of the government saved them just
in time: "When (the consulates) opened
up Monday, all of the students who
needed visas got them.
"We were pleased and surprised that
students were able to get cleared through
their embassies and our federal govern-
ment so soon after the reopening.
Rackham admissions counselor Su-
san Weber said incoming graduate stu-
dents were able to avoid most trouble
with consulates.
"Our university is probably less af-
fected than Wayne and Michigan State,
which have higher numbers of interna-
tional students," she said. Only 90 of
Michigan State's 160 new foreign stu-
dents have received visas.
The Office of Orientation will make
special accommodations for late ar-
riving students. Pam Horn, in the
University's Orientation Office, said

that the advisers will be available to
help students plan their schedules.
Help will be available on a one-to-
one basis.
It was also possible that students
would encounter delays in receiving
federal financial aid. For now, Univer-
sity officials say, things are secure, but
problems may lie ahead.
Vivian Byrd, an editor in the Finan-
cial Aid Office, said no funds would be
delayed and that the University is cur-
rently processing aid. However, next
year's funding is still up in the air.
Thomas Butts, University associ-
ate vice president for government re-
lations, said there have been delays in
getting aid applications to students in
high schools. "This slows down the
financial aid delivery system," he said.
Student loans were not delayed, Butts
said, because the direct loan program is
an entitlement program. The adminis-
trative salaries were also included as
entitlements. Some employees were
able to work although others were laid
However, students may have to wait
for federal grant money. "Pell Grants,
work-study, and supplemental educa-
tion grants are all on hold for now,"
Butts said. "They are not part of appro-
Some federal research funding is also
pending, which could interrupt the work

of some University professors and stu-
The National Institutes of Health got
a surprising 5.7-percent funding in-
crease, which is only approved through
September, 1996.
However, Butts said, "the National
Science Foundation, the National Aero-
nautics and Space Association, and the
Environmental Protection Agency are
still hanging for the final resolution,
with funding remaining through Jan.
26, at last year's levels."
Rep. Lynn Rivers (D-Ann Arbor)
said yesterday that it wasn't clear
whether program dollars will be avail-
able for student aid in the future.
"With last week's (federal) agree-
ment, the offices will be open and pa-
perwork can be processed," Rivers said,
adding that there would be some back-
up in processing time.
Rivers said increased public discus-
sion on the issue during the past year
has raised awareness on student aid
concerns. Rivers noted that President
Clinton is especially pushing for edu-
cation funding right now.
"A lot of it is still wait and see. I
know it's hard for people who want to
get on with their lives and pay for
graduate school," Rivers said. "Now
is the time for people to tell their
representatives and make sure their
opinions are heard."

Columnist gets Clinton fighting mad
WASHINGTON - After the White House suggested he
wanted to punch a columnist in the nose, President Clinton
defended his wife yesterday against questions about her role
and truthfulness in the Whitewater affair and travel office .T
Saying he takes criticism ofthe first lady personally, Clinton
said, "Presidents have feelings, too."
Hours earlier, his chief spokesman said the President wanted
to punch New York Times columnist William Safire in the
nose for calling Hillary Rodham Clinton "a congenital liar."
The President, laughing at the suggeston, did not deny his
aide's characterization. Safire
"If I were an ordinary citizen, I might give that article the response it deserves,"
he said.
Clinton dismissed new questions about Mrs. Clinton's legal work for a Little
Rock savings and loan that is at the center of the Whitewater controversy and her
role in the 1993 firings of seven White House travel office employees.
"We've been through this for four years now and every time somebody has made
a charge related to the Whitewater issue, it's turned up dry," Clinton said. 1

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Kidnappers of European women
threaten to destroy Arenal dam

New multi-racial
developing in U.S.
BERKELEY, Calif.-When Cynthia
Nakashima came herein 1988 as agradu-
ate student in ethnic studies, eager to
explore her experience as the daughter
of a Japanese American father and a
white mother, there was just one class on
the subject of mixed-race descent, the
first of its kind in the country.
Pulling together a course reading list
was a chore. The research in the Uni-
versity of California, Berkeley library
was piddling and there were no student
organizations.for the growing number
of multi-racial young people who
wanted to band together and discuss
their special concerns.
But with impressive swiftness, the
campus has become the epicenter of
America's burgeoning bi-racial baby
boom. It is command central for a na-
tional movement dedicated to changing
the way America measures its racial
and ethnic complexity and also the way
we think about who we are as a people.
At the heart of this emerging con-

sciousness is the demand that a new
"multi-racial" category be added to the
U.S. Census in the year 2000 and to all
the other forms that classify America's
swiftly changing population, which is
thought to include1to 2 million people
of mixed-race descent.
Low-fat diet may
reduce lead effects m
children, study says
CHICAGO - Children exposed to
lead will absorb less of it if they eat less
fat, a new study suggests.
Certain nutrients have long been
known to affect the rate at which the
body takes up lead, a toxic metal that can
retard youngsters' development, low
their IQs and damage their hearing.
Children can be exposed through
dust, dirt and drinking water. Toys
and houses painted before 1975 -
the last year lead-based paint was used
- can be sources. Water can be con-
taminated if it flows through lead
pipes. Children may eat paint flakes
or inhale or lick lead dust, which tastes

ior that has 56 years of
AN Hallmark!
ng you what makes the

SAN JOSE, Costa Rica (AP) - A
person claiming to represent the kid-
nappers of two European women threat-
ened yesterday to destroy a hydroelec-
tric dam unless the government meets
their demands.
The women were seized Jan. 1 from
a hotel in San Carlos, near the Nicara-
guan border, by a group that identified
itself as the Viviana Gallardo Com-
The kidnappers want more than $1
million in ransom as well as freedom
for attackers who took over the Costa
Rican Supreme Court in 1993.
A person identifying himself as one
of the kidnappers called Channel 7 TV
in San Jose yesterday and made the

threat against the Arenal dam.
"We want the government to talk to
us," said the speaker, who also threat-
ened to blow up bridges and telephone
and electric power lines.
The kidnapped women are Regula
Susana Siegfried, 50, a Swiss national
who lives in Costa Rica, and Nicola
Fleutchaus, 24, a German tourist.
The government says negotiations
have not advanced since the kidnappers
talkedto apriesttomorrow anddemanded
that the government meet the demands.
Costa Rican police and Nicaraguan
soldiers have been combing the moun-
tainous area wherethe kidnappings took
place but have reported no sign of the
kidnappers or the victims.
Continued from Page 1A
which both sides put down a series of
final proposals and budget gimmicks
but remained significantly at odds over
the central issues in the debate: how
large atax cut should be provided and to
whom; how much in savings should be
wrung from the giant Medicare and
Medicaid programs; what kind of wel-
fare overhaul should occur and dozens
of smaller debates.
Over the weekend, Republicans be-
gan moving closer to White House de-
.mands in offers to reduce the level of
savings from Medicare, Medicaid, wel-
fare and other domestic programs, and
in tax-cut proposals.
In an offer made Monday, Republi-
cans proposed $328 billion overall in
seven-year savings in the three big en-
titlement programs, Medicare, Medic-
aid and welfare, easing their proposed
savings by $72 billion. They suggested
Clinton choose how to divvy up the
amount, but that still left them trim-
ming $130 billion more than the Presi-
dent had proposed.
Although Clinton had put five sepa-
rate budgets on the table over the past
10 months, moving closer and closer to
GOP goals, the White House appeared
to give little in the final days of the
The new seven-year budget proposal
he put on the table over the weekend
was in several categories further away
from Republicans than prior offers.
Officials said the leaders agreed
among themselves to call the break-
down a "recess" and to refrain from
overtly criticizing one another because,
in effect, each side is fearful of being
blamed for breaking off the talks. But
that was too much for one conservative
House Republican, House Republican
Whip Tom Delay (R-Texas).
"They can cut these blackout orders
but when I saw the president on televi-
sion tonight I exploded. He is mislead-
ing the American people. He did not
make any new proposals. He has not
moved an inch," Delay said.
Gingrich and House Majority Leader
Richard K. Armey (R-Tex.) warned
yesterday that the Republicans and con-
servative Democrats may move ahead
with a plan resembling the Republi-
cans' final offer to the White House.



Streetcar in Sarajevo
hit by grenade
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina
- A grenade blamed on Bosnian Serbs
landed in Sarajevo's notorious Sniper
Alley yesterday, tearing a hole in a
streetcar andin Bosnia's tentative peace.
One man was killed and at least 19
people were wounded.
The attack was the worst cease-fire
violation since an Oct. 12 trucebyBosnia's
warring factions, which signed a U.S.-
brokered peace agreement Dec. 14.
The White House announced yester-
day that President Clinton would travel
to Bosnia this weekend to visit Ameri-
can peacekeeping troops who are part
of the 60,000-member NATO-led force
enforcing the peace accord.
The attack may have been designed
to test the resolve of troops that re-
placed U.N. forces in the Bosnian
capital three weeks ago. It also marred
modest celebrations marking the end
of one of the few U.N. successes of
the Bosnian war - the longest aid
airlift in history.
Maj. Peter Bulloch, a spokesman for
the NATO-led Implementation Force,
or IFOR, confirmed that the lethal gre-

nade was fired from a Serb-held posi-
tion above the central city.
The Bosnian Serb news agency,
SRNA, denied Serbs were to blame. It
cited sources close to rebel leader
Radovan Karadzic.
Ex-Korea pres. had*
$600M slush fund
SEOUL, South Korea - Former
President Chun Doo Hwan, already in
police custody on insurrection charges
stemming from a 1979 mutiny, amassed
a political slush fund of at least $600
million while in office, authorities said
Chun's successor, former Presidc
Roh Tae Woo, publicly confessed in
October to having accumulated a $653
million slush fund during his term in
office. Prosecutors have said, how-
ever, only that Roh's slush fund to-
taled about $600 million. Roh was
arrested in November and is on trial
for bribery.
Prosecutors have said that Roh retained
about $300 million of his slush fund after
leaving office. The $53 million discre
ancy has never been fully explained.
- From Daily wire services

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