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One hundredfive years ofeditorialfreedom
February 13, 1996
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DES MOINES, Iowa (AP) - Sen.
ob Dole (R-Kan.) scored a shaky vic-
o in Iowa's Republican presidential
ses last night as Pat Buchanan
merged from the GOP field to ready a
onservative challenge in next week's
ivotal New Hampshire primary.
Former Tennessee Gov. Lamar
lexander ran a solid third and hoped
hat would be enough to give his cash-
oor campaign a fresh start for the
ive-week blitz of primaries likely to
ettle the nomination fight.
All the candidates vowed to press
but Iowa's results were sobering to
ishing heir Steve Forbes, who was
distant fourth, and may have dealt a
atal blow to Texas Sen. Phil Gramm
R-Texas), who ran fifth.
President Clinton was unopposed in
he state's Democratic caucuses, and the
ruising nature of the Republican race
as vividreminderofClinton's luxury.
Rivals rushed to assert that Dole's win
-as hardly convincing, noting that he
~l0 points behind his 1988 showing
re. But Dole said his was hardly a
eak showing, telling a victory rally,
'We withstood a barrage ofmillions and
illions and millions of dollars of nega-
ive advertising and came out on top."
With 97 percent ofthe vote counted,
ole had 26 percent, to 23 percent for
uchanan. Alexander had 18 percent,
orbes 10 percent and Gramm 9 per-
ent. Buchanan closed the Iowa cam-
n imploring supporters of anti-
, ion longshot Alan Keyes to rally
o his side and will head to New Hamp-
hire wishing he had been more suc-
essful: Keyes got 7 percent, a remark-
ble showing given his shoestring bud-
et. Indiana Sen. Dick Lugar had 4
ercentand plain-spoken businessman
orry Taylor 1 percent.
News organizations projected Dole's
ictory as the caucuses began, based
, urveys of participants as they ar-
- ad at their precincts.
Buchanan called his showing "avic-
ory for a new idea in the Republican
Party and national politics, a new spir-
ited conservativism of the heart" he
aid would attract not only social con-
ervatives but blue-collar workers
orried about trade deals that send
heir jobs overseas.
New Hampshire is a Buchanan
See BREAK, Page 2
does not have
to pay royalties
Above: Sen. Bob
John F. Kennedy
High School in
Iowa. Dole won
with 26 percent
of the vote.
a point during a
live call-in radio
show from his
room in Des
Ruling may Cut
By Sam T. Dudek
Daily Staff Reporter
In a landmark decision that could drastically
lower the price of coursepacks, the U.S. Sixth
Circuit Court of Appeals ruled in favor of Michi-
gan Document Services Inc. yesterday, following
a lengthy fight against three book publishers.
The court ruled that MDS does not have to pay
royalties on copyrighted material from Princeton
University Press, Macmillan Inc. and St. Martin's
Press. The three publishers filed suit against MDS
in February 1993, claiming the copy service du-
plicated their copyrighted works without paying
any royalties or fees.
MDS refused to pay royalties on materials used
for teaching purposes. An Ann Arbor Federal
District Court judge ruled in favor of the publish-
ers in June 1994.
Citing the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976, the
appellate court said in a 30-page ruling yesterday
that MDS "did not infringe upon the copyrights of
"This case is a huge victory," said Susan
Kornfield, an attorney representing MDS in the
appeal. "Not only for the professors and students,
but to make fair use of information for educa-
Jim Smith, owner of MDS, said the decision is
vital in stopping publishing companies from col-
lecting unnecessary royalties.
"They've been collecting millions of dollars
they knew they had no entitlement to," Smith
said. "The publishers' insistence for copyright
fees amounts to extortion."
Publishing companies require copy services to
pay fees for the duplication of their copyrighted
materials. This policy was supported by a New
York district court ruling against Kinko's Copies
Yesterday's appellate decision allows compa-
nies such as MDS to reproduce without fee mate-
rial that falls under the guidelines of the Copy-
right Act. The sixth circuit court's jurisdiction
includes Michigan, Ohio, Tennessee and Ken-
"These are not rights exclusive to Michigan
Document Services," Kornfield said.
Kornfield, a copyright lawyer, said the pub-
lishing companies may appeal the decision to the
U.S. Supreme Court. If the Court chooses to hear
the appeal and upholds the circuit court's ruling,
the decision could affect copy services nation-
wide, she said.
But Kornfield said she is unsure if the publish-
According to a U.S.Sixth Circuit Court decision
yesterday and the U.S. Copyright Act of 1976,
copyrighted material may be duplicated free of
charge if the following' regulations are followed:
The professor selects the contents of the.
coursepack and delivers the selected materials
to the copy service.
M The professor gives an estimate of the
number of students expected in the course.
The material is used as a substitute to
putting a book on reserve and not as a
substitute for purchasing the book.
The copy service identifies excerpts by
author and name of the work.
The coursepack is sold only to students for
use in a particular course.
The coursepack is priced on a per-page
basis, regardless of the contents on the page.
ers will appeal to the Supreme Court.
"Right now, I think they're awestruck that a
one-man enterprise in Ann Arbor, Michigan, beat
the living daylights out of them," she said.
Stacy Collick, regional manager for Dollar Bill
Copying, said she was amazed by the decision but
is uncertain how it will apply to all publishers and
"I'd love it if we didn't have to pay royalties,"
Ifthe decision holds, Collick said students could
expect to "see a decline in the price ofcoursepacks."
A.F.K. Organski, a professor of political sci-
ence, said the decision will improve the selection
of materials for coursepacks.
"There were some publishers, including
Princeton University, that did not permit using
their chapters from a book," Organski said. "Now
some chapters that were not available will be
available for our use.
"In political science, particularly for beginning
courses, putting together a coursepack is essential
because, by and large, most textbooks do not
satisfy the needs of the course," Organski said.
Kornfield said she believes support from stu-
dents and faculty played a large part in the court
"I cannot overstate the importance of the volun-
teer presence of students and professors in this
case," she said.
Kornfield said University students and profes-
sors signed more than 350 affidavits in support of
MDS. The affidavits, she said, were important in
the case and cited often by the three presiding
"It is quite possible that without the affidavits,
the opinion of the court may have been different,"
"Jim Smith has helped the students ... and the
See COURSEPACK, Page 7
Caucuses an unusual way to pick candidates
AMES, Iowa (AP) - It's an odd but engaging
way to pick a presidential nominee: A small
number of Iowa Republicans gathered in fire
stations, church basements and school gyms,
their decisions destined to make the first cut in
the GOP field of nine.
In these caucuses, it's OK to twist your
neighbor's arm just as he is about to vote. Even
odder, the results don't necessarily affect the
delegates Iowa sends to the GOP convention.
And it's all done before a crowd.
But engaging, too, because here - in a way
that voters in states without caucuses can hardly
imagine - the business of expressing your po-
litical preference is still very, very tangible.
"It's a true community event," said Sandy
Hoenig, who has participated in the state's cau-
cuses for more than 20 years. "And it's a very
good way to do things."
Not everyone agrees.
"It's a great thing for us," said Tom Economos,
ready to attend the uncontested Democratic cau-
cuses. "But I don't think it's much of an indicator
of what the nation's thinking, frankly."
And there's the rub, the critics say.
Iowa doesn't exactly look like the rest of
America these days, being mostly white and full
of farms and small towns. Yet because of the
decisions made last night, its political impact is
See CAUCUS, Page 2
SACUA picks office
nupama Reddy with me as a new provost
Staff Reporter Vice chair-elect D'Ale
Once again, the faculty's governing body has fessor, also credited his p
assed the torch to another set of leaders. ting faculty involved.
The nine members of the Senate Advisory "We'll continue in the
ommittee on University Affairs elected Tho- gressive participation," D
as Dunn as the committee's chair and Louis and Moore) set that proce
D'Alecy as the vice chair for the upcoming Chair-elect Dunn, a che
cademic year at yesterday's meeting. said he would continue th
Since Dunn and D'Alecy were both unani- decessors.
mously supported, current Duni
SACUA vice chair Thomas courag
Moore said the consensus before
of SACUA members was makes
cy, a physiology pro-
redecessors with get-
direction of more ag-
'Alecy said. "(Brewer
ss in motion."
mistry professor, also
e ideology of his pre-
n said he would en-
e faculty participation
British PM may
be flexible in
Irish peace talks
The Washington Post
LONDON -British Prime Minister John Major prepared
the nation yesterday for the possibility of more Irish Repub-
lican Army terrorism but vowed that it would not stand in the
way of continuing efforts to negotiate peace in Northern
Ireland. While offering no new proposals himself, he sig-
naled some flexibility by expressing a willingness to con-
sider others' options.
Addressing the House of Commons and then a national
television audience, Major joined Irish Prime Minister John
Bruton in ruling out contacts with Sinn Fein, the legal
political wing of the IRA, until restoration of the 17-month
cease-fire that ended with a powerful bomb blast here
Friday. It killed two persons and injured dozens.
Sinn Fein and the IRA "have a choice," Major said in his
five-minute television statement. "Only when they commit
themselves unequivocally to peace and reinstate the cease-
fire can they have a voice and stake in Northern Ireland's
future. If they reject that, they can expect no sympathy and
no quarter. The IRA will never bomb their way to the
Officials said they had no reason to believe the IRA would
soon reinstate that truce, and Sinn Fein leader Gerry Adams,
blaming Major for the breakdown in the peace process,
pleaded helplessness in furthering that goal. Nor did he
condemn the IRA violence, publicly urge the paramilitaries
to stop it or hint at any new flexibility of his own.
Police throughout Britain and especially in London rein-
expressed in the outcome.
He also said he was not at
all surprised with SACUA's
"Neither one worked at
getting votes," Moore said.
"(SACUA members) were
convinced this is the right
way to go. They are a bal-
anced ticket, an ideal ar-
Committee member Alfredo Montalvo said
he was thrilled with the election results and the
committee i's in stable hands for the next year.
"These are very human guys who have a real
grasp on what is going on," Montalvo said.
"There is no union, so
SACUA does form the focus
of grievances and petitions
of faculty who have com-
plaints," Dunn said.
"The democratic way by
which faculty gives voice to
opinions will be broadened,"
D'Aiecy he said.
Both Dunn and D'Alecy
said they are looking forward to working with
the new University interim president.
On Dunn's experience, Montalvo said he was
impressed with Dunn's grasp of issues and years
"He has experience as a chemistry department
I d U ,,I M E