2A- The Michigan Daily - Monday, February 5, 1996
Congress seeks faster
WASHINGTON (AP) - Joseph
O'Brien was prescribed a device that
might postpone his hip replacement by
pulsingelectricity into his diseasedjoint.
But he had to buy the treatment in
Canada because it's outlawed here.
Prompted by critics who say the Food
and Drug Administration unfairly
blocks such therapies, Congress is about
to consider legislation forcing the FDA
to speed new medicines to doctors-
-and to let Americans buy more treat-
ments sold abroad.
The goal, said Sen. Nancy Kassebaum
(Re.Kan.), is to "transform the FDA
from a growing barrier to innovation
into an active partner in innovation."
The FDA, responsible for the safety
and effectiveness of some $1 trillion
worth of products, is the agency every-
body loves to hate. Makers of tobacco
and vitamins and medicine call the
agency too regulatory even as consumer
advocates rail it's not strict enough.
But anti-FDA sentiment rose to new
heights last year, as House Speaker
Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) called FDA
Commissioner David Kessler a "thug"
and conservative think tanks accused
the agency of murdering Americans by
not approving medicines fast enough.
Theirproposals ranged from lettingpri-
vate companies do the FDA's job to
selling unapproved drugs as long as
they bore some "consumer beware"
Now Kassebaum says she's found a
middle ground, forcing the FDA to do
its own job faster and to help compa-
nies cut the 12 years and $350 million
they spend developing a single new
The bill's biggest change could al-
low some therapies sold abroad to be
sold in the United States before the
FDA officially gives them the nod.
Under this provision, companies
would petition for automatic sale -
based on approval by certain foreign
countries-ifthe FDA hasn't reviewed
a therapy within six months. The FDA
then would have another 30 days to
block the sale, by declaring the treat-
ment unsafe or unproven.
Doctors aren't sure whether to sup-
port the legislation, noting that even
Europe doesn't require safety controls
as strict as the FDA does.
"While we all chafe occasionally at the
slowness of the process of approval, we
must remind ourselves the tension there
is safety vs. availability," cautioned Dr.
Nancy Dickey of the American Medical
Association. It is very rare for Americans
not to find a U.S. alternative for a treat-
ment touted overseas, she said.
Continued from Page IA
Carville also said Gramm supported
such measures, which Yob quickly re-
"Twelve percent of students are not
paying their student loans," Yob said to
illustrate the problem. "No Republi-
cans are against student loans (or)
against Medicare or Medicaid. We're
for all of them. ... We want to revamp
them ... some of them."
Carville also expressed his support
foraffirmative action programs. "We're
not a colorblind society. As long as
there are Mark Fuhrmans in the world,
there will be discrimination," he said.
LSA junior and Michigan Student
Assembly Rep. Fiona Rose received
loud applause when she challenged both
politicians: "How will a balanced bud-
get give us the security in job and home
and lifestyle that we really seek?"
Yob responded that a balanced bud-
get would save money on loans and
purchasing cars and homes.
"The people who are rich are the
people who are working," Yob said,
surprising the crowd, which hissed at
the comment. In an interview with The
Michigan Daily, Yob said he meant that
people who have jobs are rich.
The debate came to a close as both
men implored students to participate in
their government and to not be deterred
by the bitterness of politics.
"You can disagree without being dis-
agreeable," Carville said.
Yob echoed the sentiment. "It's bet-
ter than staying home and complain-
ing about what's wrong with our coun-
The different reactions from Demo-
crats and Republicans surprised some
members of the audience.
"It was interesting that although (Col-
lege Democrats and College Republi-
cans) were co-sponsors, the Democrats
were so forceful," said RC sophomore
LSA sophoore John Yob, who is
Chuck Yob's son,said there were prob-
ably more Republicans in the crowd
than there appeared to be. "People with
Republican views are so looked down
upon that (they) basically hide."
College Republicans President An-
gela Jerkatis said the heckling was in-
appropriate. "Overall, we show our ap-
proval of candidates when we vote."
MSA President Flint Wainess mod-
erated the debate and said he was over-
whelmed by the attendance.
"I wish that many people would come
to MSA debates," Wainess said.
State legislators also urged students
to be active in politics.
State Rep. John Freeman (D-Madi-
son Heights) said students have been at
the center of the debate over student
loans and have a lot at stake in the next
"I hope they realize that if Clinton
loses, they'll be in deep trouble in terms
of their ability to pay for their own
schooling," Freeman said.
The debate was sponsored by MSA,
College Democrats, College Republi-
cans, the Office of the Vice President
for Student Affairs, University Activi-
ties Council, LSA Student Government
and the Ann Arbor Democratic Party.
Continued from Page 1A
which afforded loud cheers to Carville
in his turns at the podium and greeted
Yob's comments with interspersed
hisses and boos, as evidence that'Clinton
will emerge unscathed.
"You saw this crowd tonight ... it's
about time people said to D'Amato 'get
off it!"' he said, referring to the New
York senator who has led investiga-
tions into Whitewater dealings.
Yob also addressed the Democratic
concern that citizens could be adversely
affected by a quickly balanced budget.
"Seven years?" Yob asked. "Seven
years to balance a budget is a very long
The shouting crowd, Yob said, which
appeared to be against such a balanced
budget, would only ensure that more
money is spent on big government pro-
Both Yob and Car illes were fervent
in their ideals and stressed their staunch
support for party policies. Carville's
marriage to Republican spin-doctor
Mary Matalin, however, is proof that
the parties can, in fact, live and work
together, Carville said.
"It just works," he said. "It's like a
good Presbyterian being married to a
Catholic ... or a good Jew married to a
Muslim. We just love each other".
With a broad smile and a laugh,
Carville added, "It's fun. She's good
Clinton phones U.S. soldier's widow
WASHINGTON (AP) -President Clinton personally expressed condolences
yesterday to the widow of the first U.S. soldier killed while on duty in Bosnia.
Clinton spoke with Miriam Dugan, wife of Sgt. Ist Class
Donald Dugan, by telephone yesterday morning, said White
House spokesperson David Johnson. The call lasted for only a
few minutes, Johnson said.
"He just called to personally express his condolences," <
No decision had been made yesterday evening as to whether
Clinton would attend funeral services for Dugan, Johnson said.
Dugan, of Belle Center, Ohio, was killed Saturday in north-
ern Bosnia when he apparently stepped on a land mine. He was
the ninth alliance soldier to die since NATO troops began
entering the Balkans in December. Clinton
Dugan's body arrived at Ramstein Air Base in Germany
yesterday. No details were available on when the body would be returned to the
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Police track down
EAST WINDSOR, N.J. - They met
and got to know each other through an on-
line chat room, an electronic gathering
place for gay men. In time, they agreed to
move from computer screens to a face-to-
But their off-line meeting Jan. 4
turned deadly, police say, when George
Hemenway shot Jesse Unger in the head,
as a 15-year-old boy looked on.
The last homicide in this Trenton
suburb of 22,000 - a mix of leafy
neighborhoods, new housing devel-
opments, farm fields and strip malls
- was 10 years ago and stemmed
from a homosexual "street encoun-
ter," police say.
This time, the investigation led to the
back streets of the Internet. America
Online complied with a search warrant
and gave authorities computer files and
copies of electronic mail between the
That set off lively, occasionally pro-
fane debate on the Internet about pri-
vacy rights. But experts say online cor-
respondents should not expect privacy
Return of war
VILA NOVA, Angola-Pastbombed-
out buildings and burned-out cars, near
grim skull-and-crossbones signs for road-
side minefields, adusty clusterofmilitary
tents here hold the hopes for lasting peace
in Africa's longest civil war.
But Angola has dashed such hopes
before. And despite a shaky 15-month
cease-fire after two decades of death
and devastation, it may be doing it again.
Jonas Savimbi, the mercurial leaderof
the rebet UNITA forces, has promised to
deliver 16,500 soldiers-or about a third
of his army - by Thursday to the demo-
bilization camp here and at three other
sites run by the United Nations.
But only 1,600 men have surrendered
since mid-November, and many arrived
barefoot and in rags, looking suspiciously
like village youths and peasant farmers.
"We are ready," said Molly Kamara,
the U.N. administrator at Vila Nova,
surveying scores of empty tents. "But it
is going very slowly."
The Thursday deadline is critical be-
cause the U.N. Security Council will
and predict electronic communications
eventually will be routinely examined
by everyone from government officials
to attorneys and direct marketers.
Audubon Society has
100-year birthday *
BOSTON - The nation's first
Audubon Society turns 100 this
month. Celebrations include a birth-
day party at the Statehouse on Thurs-
day featuring a live peregrine falcon
Birthday cake decorations? Birds and
birdhouses, of course.
The organization that began in the
parlor of an outraged society la
now boasts 55,000 Massachuse
members, an annual operating budget
of $10 million and a $65 million en-
With 24,000 acres at 18 staffed na-
ture centers across Massachusetts, the
society is the largest private conserva-
tion group in New England and is poised
to grow even larger, said president Jerry
vote that day on whether to renew thie
mandate of what is the United Nations'
largest peacekeeping force, now that
NATO has taken over military opera-
tions in the battered remnants of the
kills at least 238
BEIJING - Medics and soldiers
rushed into scenic Lijiang in south-
western China yesterday to help survi-
vors ofa powerful earthquake that killed
at least 238 people and injured nearly
Television reports showed medO
attending to bloodied victims who lay
on mattresses on a floor, covered with
thick quilts to protect them from cold
temperatures that hovered near freez-
"People from all walks of life have
been quick to act to help," said Chen Jie
of the Yunnan province government.
Teams of relief workers reached all
areas that were heavily damaged, she
8.5x11 20# white
Grade A Notes
Second Floor * 549
at Ulrich's Bookstore
E. University " 741-9669
F4f C E!
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