2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 31, 1996
Continued from Page 1
EPA officials "don't care how much
money we're getting," said Matt
Nathanson, an engineer who designed
the lighting systems for all the dorms on
campus. "If you can reduce your light-
rng load, that's less energy that the
power plant has to use."
Nathanson said he surveyed 4.5 mil-
lion square feet of housing facilities
and recommended high-quality flores-
cent lights to replace incandescent bulbs,
+which were later installed in housing
and hospital facilities.
The new fixtures reduce energy from
90 watts for regular bulbs to 20 watts
for the new lighting and these fixtures
:do not flicker like the old florescent
Also, the upgrade was a chance for
students to learn first-hand about en-
ergy conservation. Two years ago, stu-
feet of housing facilities to become
"We're so excited about what they're
:doing," SNRE sophomore Karie Mor-
gan said. "It's important because stu-
dents are learning behaviors now that
they'll keep for the rest of their lives."
Morgan, an MSA representative, said
she hopes MSA will adopt a resolution
to wholeheartedly support the program.
Continued from Page 1.
denied last month for privacy rea-
sons, said University Chief Freedom
of Information Officer Lewis
Morrissey. He said the Act protects
the document from being released
because it contains "information of a
personal nature where the public dis-
closure of the information would con-
stitute a clearly unwarranted invasion
of an individual's privacy.
"There is a degree of employee pri-
vacy that is generally protected,"
fti added that both attorneys would
have to agree to disclose the agreement.
Morrissey said he was not sure if a
FOIArequest supersedes the settlement
agreement. University General Coun-
sel Elsa Cole refused to comment.
Friendly said in an interview yester-
day that both sides were "mutually sat-
isfied," but he would not comment fur-
Associate Vice President for Univer-
sity Relations Lisa Bakersaid she could
not comment on the case's resolution.
Friendly will not be teaching at the
University after the winter 1996 semes-
vw4th AIDS in exeient
Animals could stand in
as models for research
into HIV treatments
WASHINGTON (AP)-For the first
time, scientists have managed to give
AIDS to a chimpanzee, a possible sub-
stitute for people in testing ways to
control the disease.
Since the AIDS epidemic began,
about 100 chimps have been inten-
tionally given the AIDS virus in an
effort to learn more about the disease.
But while these animals get infected,
none until now had actually devel-
oped AIDS. In fact, many scientists
doubted whether the disease was even
possible in a chimp.
Researchers from the Yerkes Re-
gional Primate Research Center at
Emory University in Atlanta described
the first chimp AIDS case at a medical
One ofthe things that has made AIDS
so difficult to control has been the lack
of a so-called animal model - a lab
animal that can stand in for people in
studies of the disease.
While monkeys get sick with a sim-
ian version of HIV, the AIDS virus,
researchers fearthat insights from study-
ing these animals may not apply to
The discovery oftrue AIDS in a chim-
panzee could give scientists their first
animal model for the disease. Whether
this will be practical is still unclear.
Another drawback is debate about
using chimps for medical studies.
These animals are humans' closest
relative, and they are endangered in
"We believe this to be the first devel-
opment of AIDS in a chimpanzee in-
fected with HIV," Dr. Francis
Novembre, a virologist, said at the an-
nual Conference on Retroviruses and
The animal, code-named C499, was
inoculated with HIV in 1985 and quickly
became infected. It remained outwardly
well until last August, when it devel-
oped chronic diarrhea. In November, it
came down with pneumonia.
Both of these illnesses are typical
signs of AIDS in HIV-infected people.
They occur because the body's immune
defenses are too weak to fight off com-
Meanwhile, levels of the chimp's
helperT cells-the main target of HIV
in the bloodstream - have fallen 10-
fold since 1990. The chimp is still alive
and being treated with antibiotics, just
as people with AIDS are, to ward off
Last September, the Yerkes research-
ers were afraid the chimp would die, so
they transfused some of its blood into
another uninfected chimp. This animal
quickly lost helper T cells and appears
to be close to getting AIDS, as well.
Novembre saidthat whiletheir chimp
is the first to have AIDS, other infected
chimps in primate centers around the
country may go on to develop the dis-
ease, too. He said it may be that HIV
takes as long to produce AIDS in chimps
as it does in people.
Chimps have been widely used to test
possible AIDS vaccines. Novembre said
the fact that they can get AIDS should
make the results of those studies more
Dr. Malcolm Martin of the National
Institute of Allergy and Infectious Dis-
eases questioned whether the chimp
will ever be a good substitute for people
in AIDS studies.
"It's interesting, because there is no
disease model for HIV disease outside
of man," said Martin. "The problem is
that it has taken 10 years for it to occur.
It's not a useful model, because it takes
SNAT 0,NAL REPORT
U.S.: Iran tested new anti-ship missile
WASHINGTON - Iran has test-fired a new low-flying missile designed to
attack ships, adding to its potential for disrupting the Persian Gulf, the commander
of U.S. naval forces in the Gulf said yesterday.
Vice Adm. Scott Redd, commander of the Gulf-based U.S. 5th Fleet, said Iran
also expanded its network of antiaircraft and other missiles based on land and is
likely to add a third Russian-made submarine to its fleet this year.
Taken as a whole, Redd said, these developments point to an increasing
advanced Iranian naval capability but leave unclear whether Iran's leaders intend
to try and choke off the vital oil lanes of the Persian Gulf.
At this stage Iran's naval forces are no match for the U.S. Navy. The United
States has 14,000 sailors and aviators in the area, including Redd's 35-ship fleet,
based at Bahrain, which normally includes an aircraft carrier.
Asked about the Iranian threat, Redd said,"Yes, we can handle it. But the bottom
line is, it's getting tougher."
Iran's newest addition is the anti-ship cruise missile, which flies low to avoid
radar detection. Made by China, it is designated the C-802. Redd said it adds a
"new threat dimension" to Iran's capabilities against Gulf shipping, but other
Pentagon officials stressed the limits of Iran's naval power.
China: Force could be used
in reunification with Taiwan
Prosecutors to seek
death penalty in
FORT BRAGG, N.C. - Military
prosecutors will seek the death penalty
in the case ofan Army sergeant accused
of killing one soldier and wounding 18
in asniperattack on a crowded exercise
field, a spokesperson said yesterday.
Sgt. William Kreutzer was arraigned
yesterday on charges of murder and
attempted murder in the Oct. 27 attack.
He did not enter a plea.
His arraignment had been delayed
for months by a sanity hearing, the
results of which have not been re-
Under military law, he may plead
innocent or innocent by reason of re-
duced mental responsibility. Guilty
pleas are not accepted in capital cases.
No trial date was set.
"It's my understanding in this case
that the prosecution intends to seek the
death penalty," said Capt. Paul Wilson,
a spokesperson for the Army's legal
He said prosecutors contend the death
Los Angeles Times
BEIJING - On one hand, Chinese
Premier Li Peng did not issue a time-
table for the reunification of the main-
land and Taiwan as an influential Hong
Kong newspaper had predicted, send-
ing Taiwanese markets into a panic.
On the other hand, the hard-line
Chinese leader did not rule out the use
of force and did warn Taiwanese lead-
ers that employing upcoming presiden-
tial elections on the island as ajustifica-
tion for political independence would
be viewed dimly in Beijing.
"Whatever changes might occur in
the way in which the leadership is cho-
sen," Li said in a high-profile speech
yesterday at the Great Hall ofthe People,
"they cannot change the fact that Tai-
wan is part of China and its leaders are
only leaders of a region in China."
In a reference to Taiwan's first na-
tional presidential elections, scheduled
for March 23, Li warned: "It will lead
nowhere if some people attempt to use
the change of Taiwan leaders as an
excuse to put their separatist activities
in a legal guise."
Delivered amid growing tensions in
the Taiwan Strait fueled by reports that
the Chinese military has prepared a
battle plan to recapture the prosperous
island, Li's speech was considered an
important gauge of China's position.
The speech took on added significance
when the Hong Kong Economic Times,
a Chinese-language newspaper, re-
ported this week that the Chinese pre-
mier would outline a specific timetable
Li did not mention aspecific timetable.
And in Taiwan, officials reported with
relief that Li's speech marked no signifi-
cant change in the Chinese position.
"Li Peng's talk today contained nonew
elements," said Taiwanese vice premier
Hsu Li-teh, as quoted by the state-run
Central News Agency. "This kind of talk
has been repeated many times."
In substance, Li's speech varied little
from a policy address on Taiwan deliv-
ered a year ago by Chinese President
Jiang Zemin. Li restated China's com-
mitment to a "peaceful reunification of
the motherland" through negotiations.
But, like Jiang, he warned, "in the final
analysis, we cannot give up the use of
The official New China News Agency
in Beijing pointedly noted that the
speech was attended by military leader
Liu Huaqing, vice chairman ofthe pow-
erful Central Military Commission.
Meanwhile, in editorials tied to the
Li Peng speech two important Chinese
newspapers blasted Taiwanese leader
Lee Teng-hui, the overwhelming fa-
vorite to win the March 23 presidential
poll on the island, as a secret advocate
of Taiwan independence.
"Although Lee Teng-hui is trying to
cloak his splittist activities with 'de-
mocracy,"' said the editorial in the
People's Daily, official newspaper of
the Chinese Communist Party, "His real
aim is to turn Taiwan into a political
entity independent of China." Sepa-
rated from the mainland by nearly 100
years of Japanese colonial and Chinese
Nationalist rule, Taiwan is still consid-
ered aprovinceby the Communist main-
The Liberation Army Daily, the main
newspaperofthe Chinese military, said:
"Lee Teng-hui's perverse acts have cast
a shadow over the great cause of peace-
ful reunification, arousing the indica-
tion of the entire Chinese people and all
PLA (People's Liberation Army)offic-
ers and men."
Beijing's hostility toward Lee.
Taiwan's 72-year-old leader, reached a
crescendo in June when Lee made a high-
profile "private" visit to the United States
to attend a reunion at Cornell University,
where he went to graduate school.
penalty is warranted because of the
number of people wounded and endan-
Military executions are performed
by lethal injection.
WASHINGTON -- With support
from three Democrats, the House Agri-
culture Committee voted yesterday to
cut farm spending and end traditional
subsidies, but give farmers lump-sum
payments during the transition.
The 28-17 vote was the first time the
legislation had cleared the committee,
chaired by Rep. Pat Roberts (R-Kan.),
who earlier had to bypass his colleagW
because of GOP opposition.
All Republicans voted for the package,
which overhauls programs for dairy and
major crops. It also revises, but does not
eliminate, the sugarand peanut programs.
Roberts said he would push to have
the full House take up the measure
tomorrow, the same day the Senate plans
to debate some version of farm legisla-
tion. The two chambers would have to
reconcile their bills.
provide new evidence.
That evidence likely would come
largely from the former campaign man-
agerFernando Botero, who said Samper
knew about the contributions from the
world's biggest cocaine gang.
Sesame Street plays
to Russian children
MOSCOW - Soon to be known as
Vlas and Enik, Bert and Ernie and other
Sesame Street characters will help teach
a new generation of Russian children to
live in a free, democratic society.
Producers revealed their plans 5-
terday fora Russian version of the pc-
lar American children's program, which
they said would hit TV screens by fall.
The set of Ulitsa Sezam, as the show
is called in Russian, moves from a New
York brownstone to a Moscow court-
yard. It is the home ofthree new brightly
colored Muppets, a Russian family and
Scenes filmed in Russia will be con-
bined with segments featuring familiar
Sesame Street characters - dubber
to rally support
BOGOTA, Colombia - President
Ernesto Samper clung to power yester-
day, convening a special session in Con-
gress to try to rally support. Opposition
lawmakers accused him of trying to
Samper is defying demands that he
step down over mounting evidence that
he won office with drug money, casting
Colombia into a crisis severely testing
its democratic institutions.
The president denies he solicited mil-
lions of dollars from the Cali drug cartel
during his 1994 campaign, and called
Congress back from a three-month re-
cess to speak to lawmakers on the issue.
"We'll take part in a trial, but not a
debate that leads to nothing," said Sen.
Jaime Arias, president of the opposi-
tion Conservative Party.
A panel loaded with political sup-
porters absolved Samper in December,
saying there was not enough evidence
to prove the charges. A new probe could
be opened if government prosecutors
Israeli border police to
accept women in force
JERUSALEM (AP) - Israel's
paramilitary border police force has
opened its ranks to women, and the
first 60 female recruits will start com-
bat training in two weeks, police said
All positions will be open to the
women, including the famed "Yamam"
anti-terrorommando squad, said police
spokesman Eric Bar-Chen.
In Israel, women are drafted into the
army, but usually serve in clerical jobs,
and are barred from combat.
In November, the Supreme Court
ruled that the air force cannot bar women
from taking the qualifying exams for
Border police commander Yisrael
Sadan said opening the force to women
was a breakthrough. "This has never
been done before in either the army or
police and I would even call it a coura-
geous move," Sadan said.
Bar-Chen said he expected some 840
women to be serving in the border po-
lice by the end of the year.
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