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January 30, 1996 - Image 5

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The Michigan Daily, 1996-01-30

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NATION/WORLD

The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, January 30, 1996 - 5

*Women attack
Bosnian Red
Cross office
*s Angeles Times
TUZLA, Bosnia-Herzegovina - Several hundred an-
guished Muslim women whose male relatives have been
missing since July attacked the office of the International
Committee of the Red Cross here yesterday, heaving bricks
and brandishing as weapons the sticks they had brought to
hold banners.
It was the first violent demonstration in Tuzla, headquar-
ters for the U.S. troops deployed in Bosnia, and the first
attack on the ICRC, which is monitoring the release of
prisoners and reunification of families in the former Yugo-
1avia.
The women, wearing traditional headscarves and billowy
trousers, broke windows of the building and of vehicles
outside and then forced their way inside.
The small contingent of local police charged with control-
ling the crowd, which was estimated at about 1,500, was
helpless against the mournful rage of the women. Police said
the mob also included a few hundred men.
The demonstration started at I1 a.m. as a peaceful protest
against the slow pace of the international effort to provide,
information about thousands of men missing since the fall of
*ebrenica, a mostly Muslim enclave that Bosnian Serb
fighters took over last summer. Residents were brutally
expelled from the city -a U.N.-designated "safe haven" -
and survivors of the onslaught reported a mass slaughter at
the hands of the rebels in what is believed to be the worst
atrocity committed in the Bosnian war. The number of
missing has been estimated at up to 8,000.
Yesterday's protest turned violent when the women un-
leashed emotions pent up during months of uncertainty spent
in crowded apartments and refugee camps.
"I am angry because I have been left alone," said Fatima
' uic, 36, who has lost a husband, two sons, a father and a
rother in the fighting. "The Red Cross promises help to us,
but they didn't go anywhere and didn't do anything. Nobody
cares about us."
When cars - even an ambulance with a blinking light -
attempted to drive near the site of the demonstration, women
threw large rocks at them, breaking headlights and windows.
As the dusk fell on the city, scores of women continued to
occupy the headquarters and others blockaded a major thor-
oughfare in downtown TVzla, with a 20-foot-long sign that
read: "Where are our sons, brothers, fathers and husbands?"
The women's actions reflected a sense of betrayal by the
ternational community. Many of them recalled with bitter-
ness the false sense of security they had in Srebrenica when
Serb soldiers captured the city and separated men and boys
from the women.
"We want our men dead or alive," said Fatima Huseinovic,
the president of the group of women. "It has been 200 days

France ends
nuclear testing
in the Pacific
The Washington Post
PARIS - President Jacques Chirac announced last night
that France has ended its controversial nuclear testing pro.
gram in the South Pacific and will now embark on a fresh
campaign in favor of disarmament.
In a televised statement, Chirac said he decided to halt all
further nuclear tests because France can now be assured of a
"modern and secure" arsenal as a result of data gleaned from
six underground blasts conducted over the past five months
"A new chapter is opening. France will play an active and
determined role for disarmament in the world and for a better
European defense," he declared. "I will take initiatives inthis
direction in the coming weeks."
The French decision means China is the world's only
declared nuclear power that still insists on the right to carry
out weapons tests. Others, including the United States, have
joined a moratorium while negotiations proceed on a world-
wide nuclear test ban treaty.
The Clinton administration hailed Chirac's decision and
predicted it will add momentum to the treaty talks.
"The United States has consistently urged that all nations
abide by a global moratorium on nuclear testing as we work
to complete and sign a comprehensive test ban treaty," the
White House said in a statement.
Under President Francois Mitterrand, France had abstained
from testing for three years. Chirac's decision last June,
shortly after he took office, to resume testing sparked world-
wide protests and
contributed to a I

Above: Sgt. 1st class
Giondon Pederson and
Spc. Gerald Mullins of the
412th armored division
watch as a hay wagon
passes by near Tuzia,
Bosnia-Herzegovina.
Right: Ljubica Terzic,
peers through a bullet-
riddled window at her
home near Tuzia
yesterday. Terzic, who
lost her son during the
war, believes the icons in
the window protected her
from danger.
AP PHOTOS
since the fall of Srebrenica ... . The International Red Cross
has only registered 200 people. We feel in our hearts that the
International Committee of the Red Cross -is on the Serb
side."
The ICRC condemned the women's protest, and accused
Bosnia's Muslim-led government of inciting their aggres-
sion by repeatedly blaming the organization for the lack of
information about the missing.
The violence was "no doubt a reaction to a number of

sharp drop in his
popularity at
home. He insisted
that the tests were
necessary to
verify a new war-
head for France's

A neOW cnapter
is openling."
-Jacques Chirac
French president

aggressive and irresponsible statements made by Bosnian
government officials against the ICRC," the organization
said in a statement.
Before the demonstration turned violent, Laurent Fellay,
the head of the ICRC's Tuzla delegation, invited a small
group into its building to talk.
Two dozen women, many with eyes red from crying and
some with fresh tears on their cheeks, vented their rage at
Fellay.

Tobacco company to subpoena CBS's Mike Wallace

NEW YORK (AP) -A tobacco company got permission
yesterday to seek sworn depositions from "60 Minutes"
correspondent Mike Wallace and other CBS employees who
interviewed whistleblower Jeffrey Wigand.
Lawyers for Louisville, Ky.-based Brown & Williamson
Tobacco Corp. will seek subpoenas for Wallace and the
others in New York state court.
CBS executives had no immediate comment on the ruling
in Kentucky by Jefferson County Circuit Court Judge Steven
'1ershon.
"It is up to them if they wish to make 4 motion to quash or
limit the subpoenas," said Brown & Williamson attorney
Jerome C. Katz. Absent those motions, he said, "the CBS
witnesses must appear and testify under oath, and say what

it is they know about the behavior of Jeffrey Wigand."
The tobacco company is seeking depositions from Wallace
and correspondent Morley Safer, segment producer Lowell
Bergmann, executive producer Don Hewitt, CBS President
Peter Lund, former CBS News President Eric Ober, and CBS
attorneys Jonathan Sternberg and Ellen Oran Kaden.
Katz said it was likely that CBS would seek to block the
subpoenas and a court fight would ensue. "I think you can
probably count on it," he said.
CBS is hip-deep in legal hassles over a story it has yet to
air in its entirety. It was quashed in November by CBS
management, who were negotiating the network's $5.4 bil-
lion takeover by Westinghouse and were fearful of a costly
legal action.

Brown & Williamson, which fired Wigand in 1993, is
suing him for theft, fraud and breach of contract over alleged
violations of a confidentiality agreement he signed with the
company.
The Wall Street Journal published excerpts Friday from a
deposition Wigand made in a Mississippi lawsuit, and that
night "CBS Evening News" aired excerpts from the "60
Minutes" interview.
Wigand said in both the deposition and the interview that
former Brown & Williamson chairman Thomas Sandefur
had lied when he told Congress under oath that he did not
believe nicotine was addictive.
CBS said the full interview will air on Sunday's edition of
"60 Minutes."
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submarine-based missiles and to perfect computer-based
simulation technology that would be employed once a test
ban was imposed.
The announcement that France is rejoining the morato-
rium came two days after the final blast, described as "less
than 120 kilotons," or six times the size of the atomic bomb
dropped on Hiroshima, was conducted at the Fangataufa
coral atoll about 750 miles southeast of Tahiti.
Chirac acknowledged that he was "not insensitive" to the
fear and consternation at home and abroad provoked by the
resumption of France's underground nuclear explosions.
Despite what he called the "frightening" power of nuclear
bombs and the threats to the environment, he insisted that
France's arsenal will "serve the interests of peace."
Chirac plans to travel this week to Washington on a state visit,
where he will make a speech beforeboth houses ofCongress. He
is expected to use the occasion to launch a diplomatic counter-
offensive, promoting the virtues of the comprehensive nuclear
test ban treaty being negotiated in Geneva.
French officials said Chirac also plans to co-chair an
international conference on nuclear security in Moscow in
April. The meeting, which will review safety problems at
nuclear power stations, was conceived by the leaders of the
world's major industrial democracies last year to prevent
future disasters such as the Chernobyl nuclear accident a
decade ago.
With the South Pacific testing ground now due to be
closed, the French presidenttreportedly will announce an aid
package today to help compensate French Polynesia for the
loss of its lucrative earnings from the nuclear testing center.
Chirac said France can afford to stop its program well
ahead of schedule - and two tests short of the eight he
originally planned-because he is fully satisfied that results
already obtained have fulfilled the program's objectives.
But it, was clear that the surprising ferocity of global
opposition to the French program hastened its conclusion.
Japan, Australia and New Zealand have waged a vocifer-
ous protest campaign since the tests started last September.
A consumer boycott of French exports was launched in many
countries, though the government here claims it did not
inflict as much damage as initially feared on the French wine,
perfume and clothing industries.

Facultq! Staff! Students!
I

iI

Frustrated bq traffic congestion?
Concernedabout the environment?
1rgioQ to save mnoneq?

Police conduct body searches at the site of a shooting that killed eight people near Johannesburg, South Africa.
8'job-seekers killed in South Africa

JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
(AP) - It was 2 a.m. yesterday when
Alson Mbatha, desperate after two years
* searching for work, arrived at the
gates of a car parts factory, where hun-
dreds of others also stood inline, hoping.
The sun had not yet risen when a
band of armed men walked up and
opened fire on the crowd ofjob-seekers
before fleeing into the darkness.
Mbatha, wounded by a bullet in the

Confrontations that elsewhere might
end with shouting or a fistfight often
erupt in gunfire in South Africa: Its
history of political violence and prox-
imity to civil wars in Angola and
Mozambique have created an environ-
ment where guns - even high-pow-
ered automatic rifles - are readily
available.
Previously, violence often stemmed
from rivalry between black political

armed with assault rifles and handguns,
fired on the crowd outside the NF Die
Casting factory. The attack did not ap-
pear racially motivated - the gunmen
and almost all thejob-seekers were black.
Terrified people fled toward nearby
Tokoza, one of Johannesburg's black
townships, some getting shot as they
ran. One body was found hundreds of
yards from the factory.
"They didn't say anything, they just

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