Tonight: Mostly cloudy,
snow possible, low 30'
Tomorrow: Snow likely,
high around 34.
One hundredfve years of editorialfreedom
January 22, 1996
L.S. official reports Se ian war crimes
<, r. J ...X ..1G _$.
GLOGOVA, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP)
- New evidence that Serb militias massa-
cred up to 7,000 Bosnian Muslims will be
handed over to the Yugoslav war crimes
tribunal, a top U.S. official said yesterday.
John Shattuck, assistant secretary of state
for human rights, was in eastern Bosnia
collecting evidence, interviewing survivors.
and checking conditions that war crimes
*estigators will face in the coming weeks.
"We believe there are up to 7,000 miss-
ing, and I'm afraid their fate could very well
be very clear from the mass graves and mass
executions we've heard about in the area,"
he told reporters.
Shattuck said survivors have named the
.abandoned, bombed-out village of Glogova,
nestled among snowy hills, as the grave of
those killed in one of the worst of the alleged
"Up to 2,000 people were herded into a
warehouse and then fired upon by grenades
and other weapons, and anyone who was left
was shot when they left" the town ofKravice,
just up the road, Shattuck said.
Kravice was part of the eastern Muslim
enclave of Srebrenica that was overrun by
the Bosnian Serb forces on July 11, 1995.
Shattuck did not explain how or why the
bodies were moved from Kravice to Glogova.
Shattuck said he could see blood spatters
and massive holes in the warehouse from the
heavy weapons and grenades.
"Two thousand missing people very nearby
could mean that up to 2,000 people could be
buried in this mass grave," Shattuck said
He predicted diggers would begin work at
Glogova with the spring thaw.
The war crimes tribunal in The Hague and
other human rights investigators have been
worried that evidence of graves and possible
war crimes could be tampered with the longer
the sites are left outside international control.
NATO officials promised yesterday to do
their best to protect investigators at alleged
mass graves around Bosnia and watch for any
attempts to tamper with the sites.
Until now, Bosnian Serbs had blocked out-
siders from visiting sites where they are ac-
cused of burying thousands of bodies. But
yesterday, Shattuck commended his Bosnian
Serb hosts as being a "model of cooperation."
"We have had security provided by Bosnian
Serb and Serbian authorities," he said. "I have
had no restrictions on the places I've gone."
Shattuck also toured Nova Kasaba, an-
other reputed mass grave, and Konjevic Polje,
where witnesses say 200 people were shot as
they tried to flee along along the road.
In the town of Karakaj, Shattuck said his
team looked at a school house and gymna-
sium where Muslims were reportedly held
before being taken out in groups of 30 and
shot before open pits.
An unidentified woman carrying flowers trudges through the
snow to visit the grave of a loved one at Lion's cemetery in
*>m Staff and Wire Reports
The world's I billion Muslims begin
the observance of Ramadan this week, a
month in which they fast from dawn to
dusk and seek to rejuvenate their beliefs.
LSA junior Asif Harsolina, president
ofthe Muslim Student Association, said
Ramadan is "a 30-day fast teaching
discipline and self-restraint."
But exactly when Detroit-area Mus-
swill begin observing the holy month
ries, depending on how modern or
traditional their leader is. Ramadan, a
month of meditation and thanksgiving
for Muslims, begins and ends with
sightings of the new moon.
The crescent moon was sighted in
many Arab countries Saturday. Saudi
Arabia, Bahrain, the United Arab Emir-
ates, Yemen, Jordan and Egypt reported
sightings of the moon yesterday. In
Oman, the crescent could not be seen so
first day of Ramadan will be today.
Ramadan will last 29 or 30 days,
depending on the next lunar crescent
Imam Mohammad Ali Elahi, leader
of the Islamic House of Wisdom in
Dearborn, declared today the start of
Ramadan, but called on followers to
begin fasting yesterday to prepare.
Chuck Alawan, a West Bloomfield
rab American said the observance of
madan is determined by a combina-
tion of the Muslim's lunar calendar
with a solar calendarand comes I 1 days
later with each succeeding year.
Jinnah El-Soloman a junior nursing
student called Ramadan "an opportu-
nity to gain spirituality and to be closer
Accordingto Muslim belief, Ramadan
marks the month when the angel Gabriel
imparted the wisdom of the Koran to the
ophet Mohammed in a cave near Mecca
400 years ago. Most mosques remain
open each nightso worshippers may pray.
Ramadan requires the faithful to ab-
stain from food, drink, tobacco and sex
during the daytime. But the tradition is
not only about abstention and self-con-
trol. Families and friends also gather
together after sundown to share meals
and many then retire to mosques for
lectures and religious discussion.
*"This is a month where students tend to
go to other people's homes for dinner,"
Harsolina said. "It's actually pretty fun."
He said the Muslim Student Associa-
tion holds dinners at different restau-
rants in town where students gather to
break the fast.
The period of fasting is expected to
conclude Feb.20 with a celebration called
the Eid al Fitr.
firm to find
Out of Africa
Babatounde Olatunji, from Nigeria, who brought African drumming to America in 1953 with "Drums of Passion," leads a drum
workshop at Cobblestone Farms in Ann Arbor yesterday. He spoke of the need for changing schools' curriculums to include
music and the healing aspects of dance. He also performed at Zion Lutheran church on Saturday night to a capacity crowd.
chle avctes with estorio,.L es
® Head of firm has
experience filling other
schools' high posts
By Jodi Cohen
Daily Staff Reporter
Russel Reynolds Associates Ine. has
found the director of the Rock & Roll
Hall of Fame, the president of an
aquarium and the leader of an art
Now, the consulting firm will work
with the Board of Regents to find the
University's next president.
The regents chose Malcolm MacKay,
managing director of the New York-
based firm after interviewing five can-
didates. The firm was selected Friday,
moments before the regents concluded
their series of nine public forums held
across the state.
MacKay will help the regents sort
through the lists of qualifications sub-
mitted by the University's many con-
"The regents, with the help of the
advisory committeehave to define what
they are looking for," MacKay said in
an interview Friday. "You can't have
everything. You have to decide what
are the most important things."
Regent Rebecca McGowan (D-Ann
Arbor) said that finding a president
requires the work of many people.
"You look at a search consultant as
an important member of the team," she
said. "The search committee plays a
greater role than the search consultant
him or herself"
MacKay'slist ofcredentials includes
finding leaders of prominent business
organizations, ranging from the presi-
dent of the W.K. Kellogg Foundation
to the head of the National Audubon
The firm also has advised presiden-
tial searches at other schools, such as
American University in Washington,
D.C., and Syracuse University in New
"It's one of the leading firms in the
country and one of the largest," said
Regent Andrea Fischer Newman (R-
MacKay said most candidates will
probably have experience in both aca-
demics and business.
"Candidates have to have academic
credentials, but other factors are neces-
sary on top of that," MacKay said about
the sucessor to James J. Duderstadt.
He said it is essential that the regents
not only narrow the description of the
next University president, but also out-
line the role of the search advisory
committee early in the process.
MacKay said he will work with a search
committee selected by the regents.
Walter Harrison, vice president for
University relations, is scheduled to
present a plan and timetable to the
regents Thursday on the next steps in
the search Harrison would not say if
the plan, which he designed with Pro-
vost J. Bernard Machen and Secretary
Roberta Palmer, includes using an ad-
During his interview. MacKay dis-
cussed the restrictions placed on the re-
gents by the Open Meetings Act, a state
law that requires all information about
such searches be made public, including
the names of potential candidates.
MacKay said he has never read
Michigan's act, but knows the impor-
tance of simultaneously obeying the
law and allowing candidates some con-
"It is important that you respect con-
fidentiality as long as you can," he said.
"You will destroy people's careers if
See SEARCH, Page 7A
Inside: The regents conduct the last
search forum. Page3A.
.y Anupama Reddy
Daily Staff Reporter
Dr. Deborah Prothrow-Stith, associ-
ate dean of Harvard's School of Public
Health, began the fourth annual
Medstart Conference on Friday with
the words of a young mother named
Tonya who wrote: "Within each and
every one of us there is a fear. Maybe a
fear of flying, a fear of an animal, or
even the fear of death. My worst fear is
dying in the street."
Prothrow-Stith remarked on the
community's role in caring for chil-
"This problem ofpreventing violence
in America is not the problem of taking
care of my child but also the others,"
she said. "It reminds me that children
will get my time, attention, money and
resources one way or the other. It is up
to me to decide whether it is at 4 a.m.,
(when they are) throwing bottles at cars
just to hear the alarms go off."
Joining Prothrow-Stith in last
weekend's Medstart conference were
former U.S. surgeon general nominee
Dr. Henry Foster, Children's Defense
Fund founder and President Marian
Wright Edelman, and Joseph Sudbay, a
representative from the Center to Pre-
vent Handgun Violence. All fourspeak-
ers described options against violence
toward America's children.
The two days of events focused on
moral litmus test
of our nation. The
failure to place
our children first
is our A chiles'
- Marian Wright Edelman
Founder and president of
Children's Defense Fund
children's issues, varying from health
care to violence prevention.
Prothrow-Stith also commented on
the absurdity of an indifferent culture
after relating the story of a I7-year-old
in Milwaukee sentenced to 73 years in
prison for a double homicide.
"It struck me that we are a society
willing to spend $35.000 for 73 years
instead of $2,000 for a summer job,"
Foster, founder of the "I Have a Fu-
ture Program." which works to reduce
teen pregnancy, shared his hope with a
filled Dow Auditorium in Towsley Cen-
ter on the Medical Campus.
"I remain most sanguine about our
youth," Foster said. "My best success
story is 24 kids in college (from the
program). We have a choice because
the youth of today will surely be our
Edelman charged the audience with
her determined spirit of revolution.
"I believe protecting our children is
the moral litmus test of our nation," she
said. "The failure to place our children
first is our Achilles' heel, and will be
the undoing of our country."
Four sessions were integrated be-
tween speakers. The topics ranged from
the poor conditions of migrant work-
ers children to the effects of media
violence on children.
Nancy Buirski, foreign picture edi-
tor for The New York Times, pre-
sented one of Saturday's sessions. She
said the problems of migrant workers'
families persist even though they are
See MEDSTART, Page 2A
Mace forces residents
to evacuate Barb our
By Katie Wang
Daily Staff Reporter
Declaring that the University has not done enough
for students of color, the Alliance Four Justice, a united
coalition of minority organizations, issued a list of
demands to the University at a press conference Friday.
In an open letter to the University community, the
A liance stated that, "We come forth with these de-
ands at this moment in the course of our education,
out of a frustration stemming from the continuous
refusal to dialogue and address these issues amongst
Johnny Su, former chairofthe United Asian Ameri-
can Organizations, said the Alliance has made several
unsuccessful attempts to meet with University Presi-
roup outlines demands for'U
An Open Letter to the Members of the University Community
That the Office of Academic and Multicultural Initiatives increase their focus on the retention of students
The immediate establishment of ethnic-specific cultural centers
An increase in the number of faculty and students of color.
3 Guaranteed funding for student of color organizations
Guaranteed autonomy of the Center for African and African American Studies library
We have been ignored far too long, and seen too many of the gains fought for by our previous generations
come and go. United, we present these demands and grievances to the administration, the University
community and the public.We are committed to our cause, and we know that our cause is just.
By Michelle Lee Thompson
Daily Staff Reporter
The Department of Public Safety
evacuated about 300 residents of Betsey
Barbour residence hall from the build-
ing at about l12:10 this morning after an
odor permeated the third and fourth
floors of the dorm.
Sgt. Janet Jablonski said the odor
was caused by the spraying of mace
gas, although DPS is still conducting an
investigation as to how the gas was
Residents, most clothed in pajamas,
were let back into Betsey Barbour at
12:40 a.m., after Occupational Safety
and Environmental Health officials were
called to the scene and declared it safe
"It takes a little bit to dissipate,"
Jablonski said. "It's not going to harm
you permanently, though."
However, many residents became
teary-eyed and gagged after returning
to their rooms.
"I can't breathe," said LSA junior
Vicky Gazouleas. "They say we can
come back in, but I can't breathe in this.
I'm going home (to Farmington Hills)
DPS Officer David Gates told resi-
dents to keep their doors and windows
open until the gas dissipated and asked
anyone with information on the source
of the mace to inform the campus police.
Resident Adviser Roma Bhalla said she
learned of the odor when two of her resi-
dents knocked on her door complaining
that the smell made them cough and gag.
"There vas something in your throat,"
Roma said, "like you started gagging.'
Roma and other residence hall staff.
after calling security, knocked on doors
to tell residents to leave. Minutes later
an alarm went off and the entire build-
ing was evacuated.
First-year Engineering student An-
drea Cox said she was in the stairwell
on the second floor when she noticed
the smell. "It was right there," Cox said
In Defense of Justice,
- THE ALLIANCE FOUR JUSTICE"
.. r.i . 11 e r -- .__ il.,. i,....,._ ...:,. .- ....L P- . r.n 1 rn#nan ty nr rnrnrity hn71CP I