cloudy, low around 42.
Tomorrow: Rain likely,
high around 56.
One hundred four years of editorial freedom
April 17, 1995
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LONDON (AP) - U.N. experts
trying to unravel Saddam Hussein's
nuclear program got a lucky break:
They stumbled on a half-ton of docu-
ments that described Iraqi plans for
building a bomb.
Biological and chemical weapons
inspectors were not so lucky. They
never found secret documents and the
*is did not turn over any files, so
the full scope of Baghdad's biologi-
cal and chemical warfare activities
probably will remain a mystery.
As diplomats from 175 nations
gather at the United Nations today to
try to keep the lid on nuclear weapons
in the 21st century, Iraq offers the
best example of the difficulties in
controlling 'the spread not just of
mic arms but of all weapons of
ss destruction. ~.
Iraq used chemical weapons against
Iran in the 1980s, and there were fears
it would use them during the 1991 Gulf
War. But it was the discovery of Iraq's
secret nuclear program after the Gulf
War that shocked and galvanized the
"It was thanks to Iraq that we
realized the holes in the international
Ompts to stop the proliferation of
weapons of mass destruction," said
Patricia Lewis, a nuclear physicist
who heads the Verification Technol-
ogy Information Center in London.
The International Atomic Energy
Agency, which failed to detect Iraq's
extensive nuclear program, has pro-
posed new measures to make it more
difficult for countries to cheat. These
lude sampling air, water and dust
Sdetect whether weapons-grade ura-
nium and plutonium are being pro-
duced and expanding inspections of
The U.N. conference will focus on
extending the Nuclear Non-Prolifera-
tion Treaty, the cornerstone of interna-
tional efforts to halt the spread of nuclear
weapons. The pact's provisions are ad-
]nistered by the IAEA, a U.N. organi-
Won based in Vienna, Austria.
As for other weapons of mass de-
struction, the Chemical Weapons
Convention to ban the use of such
arms was signed in 1992 but not
enough nations have ratified it to put
it into force. The Biological Weapons
Convention is being reviewed to try
to give it some enforcement power.
The Missile Technology Control Re-
e, a less formal agreement on stop-
'ngng the spread of missile technol-
ogy, has gotten many more signatures
since the Gulf War.
"We either decide that these agree-
ments are going to work and go hell for
leather and make them work, or we
decide that they can't possibly work and
we accept proliferation," Lewis said.
As part of the Gulf War cease-fire
solutions, the U.N. Security Coun-
set up a special commission to find
and destroy Iraq's weapons of mass
destruction and gave U.N. experts the
right to conduct intrusive inspections.
forces kill 3
The Washington Post
JERUSALEM - Israeli security
forces intercepted a carload of Hamas
gunmen in the West Bank town of
Hebron yesterday, authorities said,
shooting dead three Arabs described
as most-wanted fugitives and avert-
ing what Israel said was an imminent
Inside the car of the accused gun-
men, Israeli officials told the state-
owned television news, were assault
rifles, grenades and a leaflet claiming
responsibility for an attack on Israeli
targets that had not yet taken place.
A terse army statement, which said
no Israeli was injured in the firefight,
did not mention which side fired first
or describe any of the circumstances.
Palestinian witnesses told report-
ers that Israelis dressed in civilian
clothes opened fire at the Hamas car
with automatic weapons, killing the
driver and the man next to him imme-
diately. Only the third man, one wit-
ness said, managed to get off a shot
before being killed.
Maj. Gen. Ilan Biran, chief of
Israel's central command, said the
three men were "responsible for the
murder of many Jews," and there were
"additional terrorist squads which
must be pursued and eliminated."
Palestine Liberation Organization
Chairman Yasser Arafat's Palestinian
Authority, the self-rule authority in
Gaza, meanwhile, used extraordinary
new judicial powers for the first time
against members of Hamas, the Islamic
Resistance Movement, which opposes
efforts to negotiate peace with Israel.
Arafat's special military court, con-
vening in secret session through the
night, found two men guilty of illegal
weapons training and weapons use and
sentenced them to two years in jail.
Mohamed Abu Shamallah and
Rayed Attar, both 25, were charged,
I found it!
A boy sprints to locate Easter eggs during the competition for five- to six-year-olds at Domino's Farms on
Saturday. The event was part of day long festivities that included a petting farm and a visit from the Easter bunny.
tried, convicted and sentenced by
morning. The self-rule authority has
yet to disclose the location of its new
military court or to permit family
members or outside observers to at-
tend. It was not possible from the
public statements of Attorney Gen-
eral Khaled Kidrah to learn what the
two men were convicted of having
done with their weapons.
Arafat appeared to be treading care-
fully with Hamas. The two sentences
handed down yesterday were much
more lenient than those imposed in the
court's three previous cases, all against
members of the much smaller Islamic
Jihad, a militantDamascus-based group.
Yesterday Arafat's police also re-
leased about 50 Hamas members de-
tained after the previous Sunday's
double suicide attack on Israeli ve-
hicles in which seven Israeli soldiers
and an American student were killed.
As in previous conflicts, represen-
tatives of Arafat's Fatah faction of the
PLO negotiated a temporary political
truce with Hamas on Friday. But Arafat
departed from precedent by rejecting
the deal, which would have required
an end to the arrests and release of
prisoners. He said he would insist that
Hamas disavow violence first.
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak
Rabin praised the Hebron operation
on Israeli television last night, calling
it "a result of great efforts that are
being made and will be made" against
Hamas in West Bank strongholds.
At the Church of the Holy Sepul-
chre in Jerusalem, Roman Catholic
Archbishop Michel Sabbah told Eas-
ter worshipers that all sides would
have to learn to share the holy land.
"We say that all of us are brothers
and sisters: Palestinians, Israelis,
Jews, Christians and Muslims, Hamas
and Jewish extremists, all, we are
brothers and sisters," Sabbah said.
By Michelle Lee Thompson
Daily Staff Reporter
Melanie Welch, the American cul-
ture doctoral student who was found
responsible for harassment under the
code in January, is protesting the pro-
cedures of her hearing, the only open
hearing in the code's two-year his-
In an appeal filed last Wednesday,
Welch claims that Prof. Peter Bauland,
the chair of her hearing panel, vio-
lated procedures outlined in the State-
ment of Student Rights and Responsi-
bilities, the University's code of non-
In her written appeal, Welch also
asserts that Bauland "encouraged the
panelists to be biased against me.
She alleges that Bauland violated the
refusing to allow The Michigan
Daily to tape-record the proceedings;
setting a time limit on her clos-
allowing sanctions that are not
listed in the code; and,
allowing evidence into the hear-
ing about events that occurd more
than six months before the complaint
Welch asserts that the charge for
which she was found responsible -
harassment of her neighbor Yaakov
Lavie - occurred more than six
months before Lavie, who is not a
student, filed his complaint against
her on Dec. 17, 1994.
Acco'rding to the rodeP "Ali coin-
Senior Days winds down as
By Lenny Feller
Daily Staff Reporter
The second-annual Senior Days,
which began April 6, kicks into high
gear tomorrow with three main events.
The day's events begin with Spring
Fest on the North Campus Diag, fol-
lowed by the Senior Farewell Festival
and a performance by Blue Dog, play-
ing at The Ark on Main Street at 8 p.m.
"Tuesday is definitely one of the
highlights," said LSA junior Michelle
VanOotengham, Senior Days plan-
ning team chairperson.
The Senior Farewell Festival will
feature three local bands, food and
raffle prizes, VanOotengham said.
One of the raffle prizes is the 'M' flag
that flies above the Union.
Tomorrow's events come hot on
the heels of what LSA senior Anup
Popat, senior concert coordinator,
calls the biggest event of the Senior
Days celebration so far - the Harry.
Connick Jr. concert.
"We raffled off over 200 tickets to
graduating seniors," Popat said.
Future events include the Les-
bian, Gay and Bisexual Program-
ming Office Senior Appreciation
Night on Friday and receptions by
various University schools leading
up to the campus-wide commence-
ment April 29.
"We'll also be giving away 5,000
bronze keychains when seniors come
to pick up their commencement tick-
ets," VanOotengham said. Students
can pick up graduation tickets until
President James J. Duderstadt
spearheaded the campaign to begin
Senior Days last year. Last year's
events included free giveaways
similiar to the raffles and random
prizes at this year's festivities.
VanOotengham said this year's Se-
nior Days has improved considerably
over a year ago.
"I think it's gone great,"
VanOotengham said. "Attendance is
increased over last year."
Popat said, "We believe and hope it
will become a continuous tradition."
Tuesday, April 18
Spring Fest, North Campus
Diag, all day
Senior Farewell Festival, Palmer
Field, 6 p.m.
Friday, April 21
*,LGBPO Senior Appreciation
Night, 7 p.m.
Monday, April 24 - Wednesday,
Pick up free "Class of 1995~
gifts and commencement tickets,
Hill Auditorium, 8 a.m.-5 p.m.
Friday, April 28
Hillel Senior Dinner, Hillel,
Saturday, April 29
Michigan Stadium, 10 a.m.
Commencement Brunch, U-
Club, following commencement
Students dump Pepsi
jn support of workers ¢
By Patience Atkin
Daily Staff Reporter
The Student Labor Action Coali-
tion claims that drinking Pepsi fur-
thers the "assault on the hard-won
gains of worker struggles."
SLAC members gathered on the
Diag on Friday to protest PepsiCo's
#olvement with the A.E. Staley Co.
Staley, a Decatur, Ill.-based com-
pany that produces corn sweeteners,
locked out approximately 750 work-
ers in June 1993. Staley has drawn
fire from many labor unions and ac-
of Pepsi to dump your liquid, because
you are using corn sweeteners that
were produced at A.E. Staley," said
Michael Dreiling, a University gradu-
ate student and co-organizer of the
"In other words, Pepsi is directly
subsidizing the assault on Staley work-
ers," Dreiling said.
The "Pepsi Dump" was accompa-
nied by "guerilla theater" - SLAC
members acted out their version of
what occurred at Staley.
"I think it's important for people
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