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April 13, 1995 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-04-13

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The Michigan Daily - Thursday, April 13, 1995

SALK
sontinued from page 1
was humble about his fame. He says
;e does not see himself as a hero and
* careful to give credit to Francis and
,.asil O'Connor, then the president of
:ie National Foundation for Infantile
>aralysis.
"I do not want undue emphasis to
e placed on my contribution. I was
:.ne of many," he said. "I happened
.0 be in the right place at the right
:ime."
Gov. John Engler joined in the
.alute to the 80-year-old researcher,
saying he is grateful as a father for
:alk's work in preventing the disease
:gat largely affected children.
"That is the gratitude linking moth-
-rs and fathers across the world and
,cross generations," Engler said.
Jennifer Howse, president of the
Aarch of Dimes Foundation, an-
.iounced the establishment of a new
:iomedical research prize named af-
ter Salk, because of his contributions
:o the field.
"In that moment (of Salk's an-

nouncement), a terrible fear was lifted
from the hearts of Americans and
replaced by hope," she said.
"Dr. Salk has been a constant in-
spiration in science research, in the
treatment of disease, and an inspira-
tion to all of us working to improve
the human condition," Howse said.
The March of Dimes funded po-
lio research in the 1950s and now
works against birth defects.
Salk came out of retirement in
1986 to research HIV and AIDS. He
said he is attempting to influence the
immune system of those already in-
fected. While he promises surprises
in the future, Salk said he has not yet
found the answer.
HIV and polio are fundamentally
different viruses, and HIV is a much
more complex problem to solve, he
said. Because HIV can be transmitted
by non-human carriers, completely
eradicating the disease is much more
difficult, if not impossible, than for
solely human diseases such as small-
pox and polio.
But, even with virus fears on the
rise because of recent movies and

books, Salk remains confident about
medical science.
"I cannot imagine that we will not
overcome," he said. "We will figure
out how to deal with viruses."
Barbara Nye of Ann Arbor re-
members when polio was the virus to
be overcome. Ten years before Salk's
vaccine became available, she was
afflicted with paralytic polio at 4 1/2.
She remained paralyzed in her lower
limbs for six months.
Even 50 years later, Nye is still
haunted by the devastating disease.
Although she lived most of her adult
life independently, post-polio syn-
drome has brought back most of her
childhood symptoms. She was forced
to give up her career, revert to using
mobility aids and give up some of that
precious independence.
"It'll always be with me," Nye
said. "I've lived with it for 50 years
and it'll always be with me."
Claire Elmore, a Saline High
School freshman, said Salk's discov-
ery continues to affect people today.
She missed her classes today to hear
him speak.

"I hear people talk about how it
was before the vaccine, and I can't
imagine it," she said. "Salk is a major
name."
The commemeration of Salk's
achievement showed not only the suc-
cesses of science but also the tasks
remaining.
"It's a good reminder of what sci-
ence has actually been able to do,"
said Jeff Bailey, who works in the
College of Pharmacy. "Sometimes we
lose sight of what science has done.
We think we have vaccines for every-
thing, but there are a lot more diseases
than viruses."
Salk himself is inspiring, said Lara
Davidovic, a first-year student in the.
School of Public Health.
"Just to see the dedication of one
man helping so many was inspiring,"
Davidovic said.
Ann Moormann, a masters' can-
didate in the School of Public Health,
said she appreciated Salk's speech
topic.
"He's a great scientist to talk about
a larger world view," she said. "That's
what public health is all about."

After 100 days, voters still unhappy
WASHINGTON - After 100 days of Republican counterrevolution on
Capitol Hill, voters are just as disgruntled with the state of the nation as they
were before the midterm elections, according to a poll released today by the
Times Mirror Center for the People and the Press.
Three out of five Americans interviewed last Thursday through Sunday said
they think the GOP has kept its campaign promises and just over half professed to
be happy that the Republicans control Congress after longtime Democratic
domination. But fewer than one in four say they are satisfied with the way things@
are going in the country, while six in 10 think the country is losing ground on its
most serious problems. These are roughly the same levels of discontent measured
by Times Mirror surveys last spring and summer.
The persistence of this gloomy outlook is particularly striking, contended
Andrew Kohut, director of the Times Mirror poll, because a shift in power in
Washington usually produces at least a temporary spurt of optimism. In
January 1993, two months after President Clinton's election ended 12 years of
Republican control of the White House, the number of Americans who said
they were satisfied with the way things were going in the country increased to
nearly four out of 10, compared with fewer than three out of 10 a year earlier.

Clinton drafts new
security order
WASHINGTON -Trying to avert
another spy scandal, the Clinton ad-
ministration is ready to require nearly 3
million people with access to govern-
ment secrets to let investigators exam-
ine their bank statements, credit histo-
ries and foreign travel records.
The draft presidential order also
would, for the first time, prohibit the
denial of security clearances solely
because d federal or industry employee
is homosexual or has had mental health
counseling. A copy was obtained yes-
terday by The Associated Press.
Employee associations and legal
groups praised the homosexual and
mental health stands and the draft
order's new appeal rights for employ-
ees denied clearances. But they were
critical that there were not more safe-
guards and that some sensitive ques-
tions are being delegated to the little-
known Security Policy Board. They
contend that board is dominated by
the CIA and military agencies.

Ito launches probe
into jury bickering

*I

The move giving investigators
access to financial records was ex-
pected. If signed as anticipated by
President Clinton in the near future, it
would implement the Intelligence
Authorization Act enacted after last
year's exposure of CIA official
Aldrich Ames as a spy for Moscow.

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Take this year's most fascinating summer journey for college students!
The Best of Two Worlds

LOS ANGELES -As a prosecu-
tion witness continued to flounder on
the stand yesterday, Superior Court
Judge Lance A. Ito launched his in-
vestigation into allegations that the
jury in the murder trial of O.J. Simpson
is divided and bickering,erha
along racial lines.
A transcript of a sidebar confer-
ence released yesterday morning,
however, indicates that Ito placed little
weight on one remark by an excused
juror in which she described a white
panelist kicking her and stepping on
the foot of another jury member, both
of whom are Black.

The March of the Living
11 DAYS IN EUROPE
Travel to Prague and Poland.
Learn about the life and near
destruction of the once vibrant
Jewish Communities of Europe.
June 6 - July 7, 1995
$2,995 . Subsidies Available
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.;..,,

& The Israel Experience
18 DAYS IN ISRAEL
Travel back in time to the
ancient Jewish Homeland.
Find yourself on the cutting
edge of history in the making.
N7VFor More Information:
USD The Israel Action Center
;I7-27-ISRAEL. -usd@netcom.com

& AoN THE WORLDev
PLO issues gun rules, Palestin
* * Khaled al-
widens crackdown ians will sty
military trib
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip-PLO fendants ar
chairman Yasser Arafat widened his pected colla
crackdown on Islamic militants yes-
terday by issuing an ultimatum: Reg- Iran pu
ister yourguns by May I orPalestin-
ian police will forcibly collect the plan, d
firearms. WASHI]
The Hamas group reacted with of the esca
defiance, saying its fighters would tighten the
not give up their weapons as long as lamic repub
Israeli forces remained in the Gaza blingo
Strip. billion glo
The challenge increased fears of build its as
civil war between the Hamas and Is- U.S. officia
lamic Jihad militants and the PLO, The ates
which has ruled the autonomous ar- afield as So
eas of Gaza and Jericho for I1months. representati
unsuccessfu:
Tensions were high on the street, isy cfu
where PLO police werequick to draw t of buyin
weapons yesterday. Three plain- Iran ha
clothes security men pulled over a agents with
Western reporter riding in a taxi, wav- Wery country
ing assault rifles as they demanded Western, to
identification. U.S. arms s
Arafat's forces arrested more than Iran's i
200 Hamas and Islamic Jihad activ- Clinton adm
ists this week after the groups claimed ing number
responsibility for two suicide bomb- ing in arms
ings Sunday that killed seven Israeli Iran endang
soldiers and an American college stu- support, ace
dent. --F

ian Attorney General
Qidreh said 35 Palestin-
and trial before a secret
unal. He said some de-
e militants, others sus-
borators with Israel.

.

I

IOS

ashes weapons
efying U.S.
"NGTON - In defiance
lating U.S. campaign to
squeeze on Iran, the Is-
blic is expanding its $5
al quest for arms to re-
enal, according to senior
Is.
st contact has gone as far
ith Africa, where Iranian
ves in recent weeks have
lly explored the possibil-
g long-range artillery.
as now sent purchasing
wish lists to virtually ev-
that makes arms and isn't
see if it can do deals," a
pecialist said.
nitiatives have led the
inistration to warn a grow-
of governments that trad-
with pariah states such as
ers U.S. aid and political
ording to a U.S. official.
From Daily wire services

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