2- The Michigan Daily - Monday, April 10, 1995
9e a m s/ ' , i
Gingrich discourages Perot's 3rd party
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - House
Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-Ga.) yes-
terday sought to discourage support-
ers of Ross Perot from bolting to a
third party in 1996, warning that "the
only person helped by a third party is
President Clinton and the liberal
Gingrich declared during an ap-
pearance on CBS's "Face the Na-
tion": "If all of the pro-term-limits,
folks stay together as one party, we
will win a smashing victory in '96,
and it will be a victory for those val-
"If we split into two factions, then
you can imagine acircumstance where
President Clinton could get re-elected,
and the Democrats might do even
fairly well in the congressional races,"
In 1992, surveys of the 19 percent
of voters who supported Perot indi-
cated that without the independent
candidate, they would have divided
roughly evenly between Clinton and
Since then, however, former Perot
voters have become intensely critical
of the Clinton administration, and a
majority of them voted for Republi-
can House candidates in 1994, pro-
viding crucial support in the GOP
takeover of Congress.
The New York Times reported
yesterday that many activists in
Perot's United We Stand America
organization are disenchanted with
the Republican Party and want to run
a third-party candidate for President
Their disappointment is based in
part on the GOP's failure to win ap-
proval of congressional term limits
and the balanced budget amendment,
and the Republican leadership's ne-
glect of campaign finance and lobby
At least two other widely known
figures - Jesse Jackson, who ran for
the Democratic nomination in 1984
and 1988, and Colin L. Powell, former
chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
- have been mentioned as possible
third party, or independent, candi-
There is general agreement that a
Perot bid would hurt the GOP and
help Clinton, while a Jackson candi-
dacy would hurt Clinton by splitting
off Black and white liberal support.
Powell's impact as an independent
candidate is unclear.
Gingrich noted yesterday that
Powell "is fabulously popular," and
said he hopes that Powell will be
included among those considered for
the Republican vice presidential nomi-
"He may well decide to run for
President," Gingrich said. "He cer-
tainly would be very formidable in
4 A t* EPORT~?L ~ M
Thousands march for women's rights
WASHINGTON-Galvanized by a Republican-controlled Congress that
one speaker said has launched "a conservative crusade against women's
rights," tens of thousands of people gathered on the Mall yesterday to protest
domestic violence, proposals to cut welfare and attacks on abortion clinics.
They described themselves as battered women and incest survivors,
welfare mothers and union organizers, college idealists and longtime politica
activists. The vast majority were women, and most were white, although there
was a sprinkling of black and brown faces.
The National Organization for Women organized the Rally for Women's
Lives with a long list of issues - from immigrants' and gay rights to
affirmative action - and touted it as the first step in influencing the political
agenda for 1996, an election year.
Under blue skies and a hot sun, the crowd often seemed festive, listening to
speeches and music from a huge stage set up with the U.S. Capitol as its backdrop.
But many in the crowd said they felt isolated by the Republican revolution
that swept the country in November and frightened by the social reformso
outlined in the Republican "Contract With America."
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meet in Chiapan hills
OCOSINGO, Mexico (AP)-The
government and peasant-backed
rebels are making a new effort to end
a lingering rebellion that has fed wor-
ries of Mexican instability in the midst
of economic crisis.
Government and rebel negotiators
met yesterday to set a time, place and
agenda for talks aimed at ending the
16-month-old uprising, one of sev-
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Stop by tod.for FRE tuent Tav.l*., -a
eral factors behind the shakeup of the
Mexican economy since December.
The meeting, in the village of San
Miguel west of Ocosingo, was the
first formal talks between the govern-
ment and the Zapatista National Revo-
lutionary Army in more than a year.
The Zapatistas led a Jan. 1, 1994,
uprising to demand better conditions
for indigenous peasants in Chiapas,
Mexico's poorest state. Twelve days
of fighting ended with a cease-fire
after about 145 people had been killed.
The last formal talks were in Feb-
ruary 1994 in San Cristobal de las
Casas, a major town in Chiapas. Sub-
sequent talks stalled, and the
Zapatistas broke off contacts in Octo-.
ber claiming the government was plan-
ning a military offensive.
President Ernesto Zedillo ordered
the army into rebel-held areas in Feb-
ruary and thousands of soldiers occu-
pied pro-rebel villages. Arrest war-
rants issued for rebel leaders were
later suspended to get them back to
The two sides exchanged letters to
set up yesterday's talks.
The rebels want the peace talks to
be in Mexico City, saying it is more
neutral and that there are still too
many soldiers and paramilitary groups
in Chiapas. The government has pro-
posed any of six sites in Chiapas.
In the 1994 talks, some tentative
agreements were reached. But the
rebels said the proposals were re-
jected in the indigenous villages where
they were taken for approval.
Continued from page 1
the people are demanding the return of
their property. "The ranchers are
scared," said a young truck driver in
Margaritas. "They all have their own
private militias guarding their families
and their lands, but if the people decide
to attack they will kill the landowners,
there are too many of them to stop."
The resources of these squatter
settlements are quickly depleted, and
many families opt for migration to the
cities. Unemployment levels due to the
deepening Mexican economic crisis,
however, make the job search next to
impossible. The cities' streetsteem with
small children peddling crafts, and along
the boulevards and side streets families
have resorted to begging.
Stemming from resentment toward
the government and the land-owning
elite, a rebel group calling itself EZLN
(Zapatista Army for National Libera-
tion), has emerged in the jungles of
Chiapas. Although the group has been
organizing for 14or 15 years, ithasonly
gained public attention in the last year
and a halfdue to its increased militancy.
Chiapas isaforgotten, ignoredland,"
said a former member of the Mexican
Army, now aZapatista supporter. "They
takeouroil, our crops and our water, but
they don't give us roads, electricity,
schools or basic health care. They keep
us here as slaves to the land owners and
won't let us earn our way out of the
jungle. We just work and die here."
The Zapatistas say the indigenous
people of highland Chiapas, like the
jungle that surrounds them, are awak-
In Calif., Clinton
promotes child safety
SACRAMENTO, Calif. -Presi-
dent Clinton enjoyed a rare moment
in California politics Saturday: feted
as "California's best friend" by a state
Democratic Party that is prepared to
grant him its unified support for re-
election in the coming year.
Clinton's remarks came during a
weekend swing through California.
He flew to Los Angeles on Saturday
afternoon and spoke to ameeting spon-
sored by the National Education As-
sociation and dedicated to the issue of
violence in schools.
He pointed to figures from the
federal Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention that show there had
been 105 violent, "school-associated"
deaths in a two-year period ending
last year. These included 81 homi-
cides, 19 suicides and five uninten-
tional firearm deaths, the study said.
Schoolyard fights have been around
as long as schoolyards, Clinton told the
crowd at the Century Plaza Hotel, but
today "there are guns on the playground,
guns in the classroom and guns on the
bus. And the result is terror, serious
injury and death for our children."
"If young people are not free to
learn in safety, they are not free to
learn at all," he said.
deficient, study finds
WASHINGTON - One of the
largest studies ever undertaken of the
nation's elementary schools has con-
cluded that too many of them use
class time poorly, are isolated from
their communities, and do not teach
language skills or promote civic vir-
The study, to be released today by
the Carnegie Foundation for the Ad-
vancement of Teaching, urges edu-
cators to devote new attention to
improving elementary schools and
gives them an outline of what every
elementary school in the nation
should have and should do - a
model concept that it dubs "The
O A ROU ND T H E
U.S. plane hit at
- A U.S. relief plane was hit by Serb
gunfire Saturday, and all aid flights to
Sarajevo were canceled.
The gunfire underscored the
mounting tensions between U.N.
peacekeepers and Bosnia's warring
sides, which have resumed fighting in
recent weeks despite a cease-fire that
ostensibly remains in effect.
The 10 bullets that hit the C-130
transport plane during takeoff came
from rebel Serb positions northwest
of the airport, U.N. spokesman Maj.
Herve Gourmelon said.
The plane's hydraulic system was
damaged and the cockpit windshield
hit, U.N. officials said. There were no
injuries and the plane flew on to
Anocona, Italy. The airport was put
on the highest state of alert and all
flights were canceled.
Another U.N. spokesman,
Alexander Ivanko, said harassment
by Bosnian Serbs was on the increase.
On Friday, Bosnian Serb leader
Radovan Karadzic said he expected
relations to deteriorate.
U.N. officials, frustrated over re-
peated hijackings of U.N. vehicles
and equipment, agreed to allow Serb
fOR L D
military officials to check vehicles
using a key road from the airport to
the city in exchange for guarantees of
safety for all the vehicles.
Japanese voters elect0
comedians to office
as show of rebellion
TOKYO - In a rebellion against
established political parties, Japan's
mushrooming body of unaffiliated vot-
ers elected comedians as governors of
both Tokyo and Osaka yesterday.
The upsets in Japan's two largess
states, or prefectures, stunned Prime
MinisterTomiichi Murayama's Social-
ists and his senior coalition partner, the
Liberal Democrats, who supported long-
time bureaucrats in both races.
In Tokyo, Yukio Aoshima, 62, a
male comedian and writer who was
elected to the upper house of Parlia-
ment for the first time in 1968, won
against a candidate who had served
seven prime ministers at the top of the
nation's professional bureaucracy.
In Osaka, Isamu Yamada -a
storytelling comedian - also beat a
retired bureaucrat despite entering the
election only three days before the
- From Daily wire services
is your is your
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