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March 30, 1995 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1995-03-30

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Weather
Tonight: Chance of
flurries, low 27.
Tomorrow: Mostly cloudy,
high in the lower 40s.

One hundred four years of editorial freedom

Thursday
March 30, 1995

- .0VA 4 ""~O'~W~."' ~~AL~"' - .~
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*'U' distributes state funds unevenly across schools

By Ronnie Glassberg
Daily Staff Reporter
The University has used state funding to
sustain its more expensive schools - with the
School of Dentistry receiving nearly 1,300
percent more state dollars per credit hour than
the largest unit, the College of LSA.
* While administrators have known of the
differences between the units, the exact fig-
ures - which have not been officially re-
leased by the University - were first calcu-
lated this year in preparation for a new bud-

geting procedure.
Even Provost and Executive Vice Presi-
dent for Academic Affairs Gilbert R. Whitaker
Jr., the University's chief academic officer,
said he did not know of the precise variance
until now.
"I knew Dentistry was high and I knew
Law was low, but I didn't know of the relative
magnitude," Whitaker said. "I don't know
what they ought to be, but it gives you a
pattern to think about. I think Law has a good
case to ask for more money. Dentistry prob-

ably doesn't."
Last year, the University distributed about
$850 in state funding per credit hour to the
School of Dentistry - while the College of
LSA received only about $60, and the Law
School passed its funds along to the rest of the
University.
"The joke around campus for years has
been that LSA is the cash cow of the Univer-
sity," said anthropology chair Richard Ford,
referring to the large amount of funds LSA
brings in through tuition dollars.

Whitaker said these inequities are not eas-
ily identified in the present budgeting proce-
dure.
"These are just what come out of an incre-
mental budgeting system. They weren't con-
scious decisions," Whitaker said.
Phoebe Ellsworth, a professor in the Law
School and LSA, said the University should
increase its funding to the liberal arts college.
"I have a strong bias in favor of LSA since
I think of the college as the center of the
University. I think it would be appropriate

that the college should get more since it serves
the broadest range of students," Ellsworth
said.
New budgeting system
Next year, the University plans to move to
a new budgeting system, known as Value-
Centered Management, which Whitaker said
will more easily identify inequities between
the units.
A University committee preparing to
implement the new budgeting system calcu-
See FUNDING, Page 13

DNA experts
testfy in serial
rapist hearing
By Frank C. Lee
Daily Staff Reporter
DNA experts from the Michigan State Police Crime
Lab's DNA unit testified yesterday - the third day of
cused Ann Arbor serial rapist Ervin Dewain Mitchell
.'s preliminary examination - that the odds are over-
whelming that Mitchell committed four of the crimes.
Mitchell, 33, is charged with one count of first-degree
murder and four counts of first-de-
gree criminal sexual conduct. He is
the prime suspect in a string of rapes
occurring since 1992. If 15th District
Court Judge Ann Mattson decides
Mitchell should stand trial for the
crimes, and he is convicted, he could
serve several life sentences in prison.
Washtenaw County Prosecutor
Brian Mackie called several witnesses
Mitchell to the stand during the six-hour exami-
nation in an effort to convince Mattson
that DNA evidence left on the rape victims matches
Mitchell's DNA profile.
Washtenaw County Assistant Public Defender David
Lankford questioned the manner in which blood and
semen samples were collected and handled, and the accu-
qcy of DNA analysis in criminal investigations, which is
common in rape cases.
Three of the rape victims were unable to give an
accurate or complete description of their assailants when
they testified Monday and Tuesday. The prosecution
therefore hopes that the scientific evidence will erase any
doubts as to who the perpetrator of the crimes really is.
The DNA evidence is the first direct link between
Mitchell and the rapes because the three victims had been
unable to identify Mitchell as their attacker. Mitchell was
rested Christmas Day after an assault and attempted
bbery occurring the day before. Police took the oppor-
tunity then to obtain samples of Mitchell's DNA.
Ann Arbor Police Detective Thomas Pressley testified
Tuesday that Mitchell was reluctant to have samples of his
See RAPIST, Page 2

THE

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1 p.m. TV: ESPN

House plans
could reduce
s tudent aid

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AP PHOTO

By Zachary M. Raimi
Daily Staff Reporter
In their quest to reduce the budget
deficit and downsize government,
Republicans in the U.S. House of
Representatives have turned their
sights to federal student financial aid,
placing several programs in jeopardy.
Although proposals to reform stu-
dent aid will not be debated until late
April or early May, they are already
meeting resistance from many lobby
groups, including the University.
"We're very concerned about pro-
posed reductions because of the ef-
fect it would have on the quality of
our aid packages," said Al Hermsen,
assistant director of financial aid at
the University.
The expected proposals would
eliminate the interest exemption on
federally subsidized loans, cap funds
for the Direct Loan Program and cut
campus-based loan programs.
Together, these cuts would cost
University students $8-9 million in
aid.
Peter Harbage, communications
director of the campus College Demo-
crats, said he is concerned about the
possible cuts. "Why would you want
to cut programs that help people help
themselves?" Harbage asked.
"They're really going after programs
that don't have large constituencies.
"We're really trying to get our
message out and let people know
what's going on," Harbage added.
The College Democrats have col-
lected more than 700 letters from stu-
dents who oppose the cuts, and plan
to send them to Rep. Lynn Rivers (D-
Ann Arbor) and Sen. Spence Abraham
(R-Mich.) and request that they share
the letters with their colleagues.
Also, Harbage said his organiza-
tion is planning a pro-student loan
rally.
But the proposals have their sup-
porters as well. Mark Fletcher, presi-
dent of the campus College Republi-
cans, said he supports Republican ef-
forts to reduce the deficit. "I think the
Republicans are making a brave ef-
fort to reduce the size of the federal
government," he said.
"While I am not eagerly awaiting
cuts in student aid, I think it's neces-
sary if we are seriously trying to re-
duce the deficit," he added.
"I think most students at the Uni-
versity do see waste in money ... that

Expected effects
Interest exemption: 7,500
University students receive this
exemption and its elimination
wouldnresult in a loss of $2.6
million to $2.9 million,
depending on the interest rate.
Campus-based aid:About 6,500
receive a form of this aid, which
includes Perkins loans, work-
study programs, and
supplemental educational
opportunity grants. The
University would lose about
$5.3 million in federal aid.
Direct Lending: It is unclear how
the capping of this program,
which allows students to loan
money directly from the federal
govemment, would affect the
University.
(is) not needed," he said.
Fletcher said there are many ex-
amples of waste around campus, in-
cluding laser printers with the librar-
ies' card-catalogue Mirlyn comput-
ers.
Officials at the U.S, Department
of Education agree that cutting the
federal deficit is an important prior-
ity, but say it-should not come at the
expense of students who benefit from
these programs.
"We think it's a terrible idea to
add extra burden on students which
could restrict access to higher educa-
tion from many students," said Jane
Glickman, a public affairs specialist
with the department.
While House Republicans move
forward on their legislative goals out-
lined in the "Contract With America,"
many proposals to cut student aid
have surfaced.
Interest Exemption
Currently, students can receive two
types of federal Stafford loans: subsi-
dized or unsubsidized. In the subsi-
dized loans - which have come un-
der attack - the federal government
pays the interest on the students' loan
while they are enrolled in college and
for six months after they graduate or
leave school.
In other words, the federal gov-
See PROPOSALS; Page 5

Michigan coach Red Berenson directs the Wolverines through practice yesterday in
Providence, R.I. Michigan plays Maine in the final four today. See preview page 9.

House rejects congressional term limits

* 1st part of 'Contract'
to fall In House may
show up in Senate
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The House
yesterday defeated four versions of a
constitutional amendment for con-
ressional term limits as lawmakers
ook the first House votes ever on the
issue and for the first time rejected an
entire provision of the Republican
"Contract With America."
None of the four versions for lim-
its of six or 12 years came close to
winning the two-thirds majority
needed to move a constitutional
amendment toward approval. Despite
that outcome, Senate Majority Leader
*ob Dole (R-Kan.) vowed to bring

term limits to a Senate vote anyway,
probably in June.
The version that got the most votes,
a 12-year limit that would take effect
once ratified by 38 states, barely re-
ceived support from a simple major-
ity on a vote of 227-204. It fell 61
votes short of the required two-thirds.
House Speaker Newt Gingrich (R-
Ga.), first elected in 1978, concluded
a long day of debate with a rare floor
speech and threatened to punish
Democrats in the 1996 elections for
blocking term limits.
"I believe this is a historic vote,"
Gingrich said. "I've been, frankly,
surprised by our friends on the left. I
would have thought - having been
defeated last fall for the first time in
40 years - that paying some atten-
tion to the American people would
have been useful."

Just holding the term limit votes met
the promise of the Republicans' con-
tract, but the defeat marked the House's
first rejection of one of its provisions
after approving eight in a row.
In the first term limits vote, the House
overwhelmingly defeated, 297-135, a
Democratic proposal for a retroactive
limit of 12 years that would make senior
lawmakers leave after three-fourths of
states ratified the amendment.
Rep. John D. Dingell (D-Trenton.),
a term limits opponent first elected in
1954, dubbed the Democratic version
"the real thing" because it would affect
sitting lawmakers sooner. Critics de-
nounced it as "a poison pill" designed to
kill the term limits movement.
A lifetime limit of six years that
would not count prior service, spon-
sored by two-term Rep. Bob Inglis
(R-S.C.), was defeated by a wider

margin of 316 to 114. Term limits
activists have favored a six-year limit,
but veteran lawmakers said that would
not allow enough time for members to
master the workings of government.
A 12-year.limit with a state option of
imposing shorter periods, proposed by
freshman Rep. Van Hilleary, (R-Tenn.),
was rejected on a vote of 265-164. Ac-
tivists favored this version because it
keeps in 22 states that have already ap-
proved for their own delegations.
On the final vote, a straight 12-
year limit offered by Rep. Bill
McCollum (R-Fla.) was supported by
189 Republicans and 38 Democrats,
but opposed by 163 Democrats, 40
Republicans and one independent.
Supporters of the term limits were
primarily Republicans and newcom-
ers, while Democrats and senior law-
makers made up the opposition.

'Contract' protest draws 400 . - . .4.

By Tim O'Connell
Daily Staff Reporter
Carrying posters that read "Deport Newt" and "We
Never Signed a Contract With You," a vocal crowd of
sore than 400 protested the Republicans' "Contract With
America" yesterday on the Diag. Preceded by protest
songs such as Bob Marley's "Get Up Stand Up," Law
student Hays Ellisen addressed the crowd from the Gradu-
ate Library steps shortly after noon.
Ellisen, a member of the National Lawyers' Guild,

attacked parts of the contract.
LSA sophomore Nora Salas, a spokeswoman for
Allianza - a Latino/a student group - expressed her
concerns about the passage of the Republicans' welfare
reform plan.
"I'm against the passage of the Personal Responsibili-
ties Act, because I strongly oppose the denial of any sort
of aid to legal immigrants, and the denial of benefits to
unwed mothers under 18. Teen-age girls are not having
sex to get government benefits," Salas said.

'; .::.:: ... . a l

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