12 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 6, 1995
U.S. moves toward more open.
relationship with North Korea
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - The Clinton
administration declared yesterday that
North Korea has complied with the
initial provisions of the framework
nuclear accord signed by the two gov-
ernments in October, and said the
United States is now ready to begin
fulfilling its part of the bargain.
The Pentagon disclosed plans to
send 50,000 metric tons of heavy
residual fuel oil to a power plant near
the North Korean port of Sonbong.
The oli would help provide conven-
tional energy to replace what would
have been generated by a nuclear
reactor shut down under the accord.
At the same time, the State De-
partment said the administration is on
the verge of easing restrictions on
financial transactions and telephone
service between the two countries, as
called for in the accord, paving the
way for U.S. companies to begin do-
ing business there.
However, U.S. officials said au-
thorities have not worked out details
on precisely which services would be
allowed and are unlikely to announce
the new measures until later this
month. The pact calls for both coun-
tries to ease restrictions by Jan. 21.
The actions provided the first firm
sign that the United States is willing
to push ahead with the accord follow-
ing the release last week of a U.S.
Army helicopter pilot. The pilot was
shot down by the North Koreans Dec.
17 after he strayed into their airspace.
A senior U.S. official reiterated
yesterday that if the shooting incident
had "not been satisfactorily resolved,"
the framework agreement would have
been in jeopardy. The United States
had made that view clear before the.
The oil shipment is part of a care-
fully orchestrated series of steps
worked out by negotiators. Each side
has agreed to carry out a specific
portion of the agreement after the
other one fulfills its portion of the
U.S. officials said North Korea
already has carried out its initial obli-
gations by shutting down a five-mega-
watt nuclear reactor complex at
Yongbyon. North Korea also stopped
construction on two larger reactors
and placed 8,000 spent fuel rods in
storage instead sending them for re-
They said the North Koreans also
have sealed off a radiochemical labo-
ratory that was used to reprocess spent
fuel into plutonium, which can be
used to manufacture nuclear weap-
ons, and have closed off other facili-
ties connected with the nuclear pro-
gram at Yongbyon.
Eventually, the accord calls for the
allies to provide North Korea with a
new light-water reactor--which is less
easily usable for weapons-production
-to replace those that it is abandoning
and for North Korea to dismantle its
nuclear weapons program.
Administration officials said the
North Koreans had been cooperating
with inspectors from the Geneva-
based International Atomic Energy
Agency, which monitors nuclear fa-
cilities worldwide, and had allowed a
U.S. survey team to visit Yongbon.
However, critics of the accord,
including Republican leaders in Con-
gress, have charged that the agree-
ment is too lenient and does not con-
tain enough enforcement provisions.
It is not clear yet whether the
Republicans will seek to block the
accord. Although it is unlikely that
there would be enough time to stop
the oil shipment, the Republicans
could push through legislation to pro-
hibit the expenditure of tax dollars to
finance other concessions.
One of the most controversial as-
pects of the shipment announced yes-
terday is that it will be financed by
the Defense Department rather than
by the State Department or foreign
governments. The oil will cost $4.7
million, to be taken out of a Pentagon
Pentagon officials said yesterday
the action was needed to help get the
oil to North Korea by a Jan. 21 dead-
line provided in the accord. The ad-
ministration had hoped to get Japan
and South Korea to contribute, but
was unable to complete arrangements
The shipment announced yester-
day was intended as a first install-
ment on a commitment for the United
States and its allies to provide North
Korea with some 650,000 metric tons
of bunker fuel by late 1996. A second
load totaling 100,000 metric tons is
due in October.
U.S. officials confirmed that the
United States also was having some
difficulty persuading Japan and South
Korea to finance large shares of the
other provisions in the $4 billion ac-
cord by buying more fuel and sup-
plies to providing the light-water re-
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The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - After years of dealing with vio-
lence against abortion clinics as localized, isolated inci-
dents, the Justice Department has embarked on a full-
scale campaign that treats such attacks as a nationwide
phenomenon requiring urgent coordination between fed-
eral, state and local law-enforcement agencies and the
The new sense of urgency is underscored by literature
U.S. marshals have prepared for abortion providers about
security and what to do in the event of an attack or a threat
of violence. Federal authorities are attempting to docu-
ment every threat and are urging providers to be cautious
about their safety.
"Do not put your name on the outside of your residence
or mailbox," states a Marshal service security checklist
for home, business, and vehicle. "Control vegetation to
eliminate hiding places.... Consider installing a "buzzer"
entry door system.... Do not admit unexpected repairmen
or delivery men."
The bulletin also urges providers to be wary of suspi-
cious packages, particularly those that appear to have oil
stains or peculiar odors.
Following last week's Brookline, Mass., shootings
that left two women dead and five other people wounded,
President Clinton directed all of the nation's U.S. Attor-
nevs to develoo regional task forces involving state and
the resources should be made available to deal with it,"said
Associate Attorney General John Schmidt. "There is a
sense here of urgency in dealing with that problem."
For more than a decade, abortion clinics have been
the target of violence. Some anti-abortion activists have
gone to extremes to shut the medical'services down, to
kidnap doctors, plant bombs and burn clinic sites to the
ground. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms records
show there have been more than 140 violent incidents at
clinics since 1982 resulting in more than $12 million
worth of damage.
But despite those figures, abortion violence was 5
considered largely a local issue. That began to change in
recent months as the violence has shifted from arson and
vandalism against property to murder. In the last 19
months, five persons working in or associated with
clinics have been shot dead by anti-abortion extremists.
The Task Force on Violence Against Abortion Pro-
viders - which includes representatives of the FBI,
ATF and attorneys from the Justice Department's crimi-
nal and civil divisions - has been canvassing the coun-
try attempting to establish links among the incidents and
to determine whether there is a conspiracy targeting
abortion providers. The task force was first established
in 1993 but was strengthened after Hill's killings.
But despite all the activity under way, officials warn
there remain serious limitations on federal resources,
constitutional considerations and political sensitivity