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November 30, 1994 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1994-11-30

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4 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 30, 1994

at E ttr, ttrt ttil

420 Maynard
Ann Arbor, MI 48109
Edited and managed by students at
the University of Michigan

Jessie Halladay
Editor in Chief
Samuel Goodstein
Flint Wainess
Editorial Page Editors

Unless otherwise noted, unsigned editorials reflect the opinion of a majority of the Daily's editorial board. All
other articles, letters, and cartoons do not necessarily reflect the opinion of The Michigan Daily.

'Our only hope is that at some point the parties
recognize that there's no use continuing the kind
of carnage that's going on there at the present
-Leon Panetta, White House Chief of Staff on the war in Bosnia.
;,~6Je,5 NACANSFTh
,. JS

The Michigan Mandate
Progress depends on students, administration

n 1988, University President James J.
Duderstadt began implementation of the
Michigan Mandate. The Mandate began as a
visionary attempt to gauge campus relations
between different ethnic and racial groups in
an increasingly multicultural environment.
While it concentrated more on quantifiable
data, emphasizing attempts to increase the
number of minority students, faculty and staff,
it nonetheless had the potential to impact much
more than numbers.
Six years later, the statistics are in, and it is
clear that the Mandate has had a visible impact
on the composition of the student body and the
faculty. There has been a 56 percent increase in
the number of African American students since
the Mandate began its work, a 121 percent
increase in Hispanic and Latino students, a 93
percent increase in Native American students
and a 73 percent increase in Asian American
students. Faculty changes, while less revolu-
tionary, have been substantial: faculty of color
now make up 13 percent of the total, and 126
new Black faculty have been hired. Moreover,
there has been a significant increase in the
number of faculty of color in academic leader-
ship positions.
But the Mandate can only do so much.
increasing the number of students of color on
campus is a laudable and fundamentally im-
portant goal. Ensuring that more students of
color have a chance to come to the University
is more than just a goal of equal opportunity; it
is essential to the formation of a heterogenous
community and hence a more fulfilling expe-
rience for all students.
However, recruiting students and faculty of
color is only part of the Mandate's charge.
What has proven more difficult has been the
question of retention. How to equalize gradu-

ation rates of whites and minorities has be-
come the million-dollar question. President
Duderstadt has attributed the differing gradu-
ation rates to socioeconomic differences. As
tuition climbs, more and more students -
particularly minority students - are denied
the opportunity to remain at the University.
President Clinton's direct student loan pro-
gram, and increased dollars for loans and
grants in the University's last budget, are two
important steps toward alleviating the eco-
nomic burden of higher education.
Still there is a less tangible but no less
daunting task for the University - as well as
students. The University environment, for
many students of color, is not one that makes
them feel comfortable. The administration,
through programs like King/Chavez/Parks,
the Pilot Program, the 21st Century Program
and by expanding "comfort spaces" such as
the minority lounges, have shown some dedi-
cation to this issue.
Students, however, have not quite made
the same strides. A large number of student
organizations remain locked in de facto segre-
gation, and discourse between ethnic and ra-
cial groups is often mired in misunderstand-
ing and contention. The balance needs to be
struck between providing a more friendly
environment for students of color and allow-
ing free and open exchange.
It won't be easy. The University needs to
continue to recruit minority faculty - a diffi-
cult task as faculty turnover is slow. And new
and innovative ways to create a more friendly
environment for minorities still need to be
sought out. In the end though many of the
problems can only be solved when attitudes
and actions change. That is a job for all stu-

Treaty 's benefits must outweigh partisan politics

MMCA gets it right
To the Daily: educate (from what I can tell)
It is exasperating to witness since the advertisement was
those who would misjudge not specific in its purpose
good diversity practices with ("Male Rent-a-Friend" not
"radical" political correctness. Rent-A-Date). In response to
In response to Michael Mr. Wheaton's statistics, I feel
Wheaton'sNov.28lettermust even if the gay, lesbian or bi-
disagree with most of his argu- sexual population was .00001
ment and instead commend the percent thatstill would not
actions of the Mary Markley give others the right to over-
Activities Council. What is look them as an important and
lacking in Mr. Wheaton's analy- contributing part of the human
sis is the fact that MMAC is a population; therefore the sta-
multicultural council which, in tistics are worthless to his ar-
all honesty, should be incorpo- gument (as well as inaccurate).
rating aspects of diversity into I agree that a parallel program
its programming anyway. I feel could have been created for
that the MMAC and the three members of the gay, lesbian or
students who took initial ac- bisexual population, but the
tion, in contrast to Mr. point was that it was over-
Wheaton' s feelings, ap- looked. Furthermoretheevent
proached the situation in a ma- was advertised as "Rent-A-
ture and business-like fashion. Friend" so that there should
The goal, from what I can tell, have been no problem as to
was education. allowing all genders and orien-
Aftermeeting withthecoun- tations in, unless it was more
cil separately, on theirown time, than "Rent-A-Friend."
each party was satisfied with I don't think that MMAC
the outcomes of this experi- "caved in" to PC militants. I
ence. I think Mr. Wheaton must commend them for their time
have overlooked the lack of spent with the three men in
quotes on the part of the three educating themselves on the
students in the Nov. 21 article issue as it pertains to this cam-
and was mistaken when he says, pus. Your last line proves the
"what is most appalling is the point that if men are afraid of
lack of reason and maturity other men bidding, then maybe
exhibited by almost everyone more groups like MMAC need
quoted in Katie Hutchins' ar- to take a look at their organiza-
ticle ..." Similarly there was tions and implement more edu-
nothing mentioned about sex- cation on gay, lesbian and bi-
ism on the part of the three men sexual issues on this campus.
denied access to the event. Magda Konig
The central point was to Social Work graduate
Church ings; they are conscious deci-
hkeeps sions, made sometimes in spite
, aof our feelings. Those who
growing and marry do more than express
feelings of love; they take vows
growing and of commitment.
"The Catholic church... has
growing' its own problems: ... some
priests can't keep their pants
To the Daily: up." True - but many of our
Paul Ziziski's comments in own elected leaders have the
his letter ("The human need for same problem. Is the validity
sex," 11/22/94) show several of the message limited to the
misconceptions about sex, love integrity of the messenger?
and religious faith. "If millions "Galileo was only forgiven
[of people] have sex everyday, by the pope a few years ago."
I would countit as a basic need." But the people who got Galileo
Millions of people also lie, into trouble in the first place
cheat, steal, watch TV, drink were not Catholic officials, but
Pepsi and read newspapers ev- anti-Catholic academics who
ery day. None of these activi- hated Galileo's radical ideas
ties are "needs;" rather, they about astronomy and manipu-
are expressions of desires. lated the church into prosecut-
So too, sex is a desire, not a ing. The university bears as
need. "Sexual expression is much blame for Galileo's dis-
necessary forhappiness." True, grace as the church.
but why equate sexual expres- "The church needs some
sion with physical intercourse? Energizer batteries!" It seems
Is it only possible to enjoy the it already has them. After two
wonders of being male and fe- thousand years with a single
male in the bedroom? Is there charge (to go and preach the
no room for celibate love? gospel), it just keeps growing
"Commitment and loyalty and growing and growing..
... [only] depend on the
individual's feelings toward one Jim Huggins
another." Loyalty and commit- Rackham graduate
ment are much more than feel- student

Blacks do not
need a crutch
To the Daily:
I am afraid that while Mr.
Dennison Morgan's suggested
revisions to the University's
grading policy are well in-
tended, his measures would
only serve to diminish the ac-
complishments of many minor-
ity students. As any graduate
student, I have worked very
hard in the name of academic
achievement. To have some-
one look upon my accomplish-
ments and think for one second
that my grades were handi-
capped or doctored up to repre-
sent what I would have made
were I white would be an insult.
For what it's worth, I know that
I can go head to head with any
intellect, regardless of whether
the owner of said intellect be
white, Black, rich or poor.
My recommendation? Let
us work to repair the psyche of
our (Black) people. What begs
repair is the low self-esteem
that plagues the Black commu-
nity, the whisper in the minds
of Blacks that tells them that
they need handicaps, that they
are somehow ill-equipped or
sub-equal to their white orAsian
counterparts, the whisper in
your letter.
Why not extol the virtues of
'rising tothechallenge' instead
of looking for more ways to
'get over?' Why not encour-
agement for the Black intellec-
tual instead of ridicule and de-
rision (e.g. Urkel)?Tothe point:
The Black community is in dire
need, but the fix must come
from within. Keep your
crutches, man. We do not need
Eric J. Simpson
Engineering graduate
Fire Moeller
To the Daily:
Anger. Disgust. Frustration.
These feelings are being felt by
every true Michigan football
fan. For the second year in a
row, the Michigan football pro-
gram has become the shining
example of mediocrity. A sea-
son of high hopes comes sput-
tering to a pitiful end.
Why? It has become obvi-
ous that Coach Gary Moeller
does not have the ability to con-
sistently lead this program to
success. His refusal to accept
the fact, THE FACT, that his
offensive scheme is an artifact
of a bygone era has cost Michi-
gan its status as a powerhouse
on the gridiron. His refusal to
scrap the defensive plan of
Lloyd Carr has made it possible
for every team that enters a
game against Michigan to en-
tertain a real chance of victory.

Hey, gals and guys. it's
Christmas at the Pentagon!!!
Santa [read: Congressman New-
ton Gingrich (R-Ga.)] says make
up your lists now, everybody,
cause he's gonna raise defense
spending! And we all know by
now that President Bill will NOT
get in a hassle with the armed
forces: not about gays,.not about
Vietnam evaders, not about
bombing Baghdad [remember
that one?], and certainly not
about killing Christmas. Bill as
Grinch? No way, especially not
after Santa's helper [read: Sen.
Jesse Helms (R-N.C.)] thought-
fully reminded Bill last week
that the soldiers in the Tar Heel
state already hate him. So it looks
like clear sailing, Pentagonians.
All we have to do now is
make our wish-lists, and the good
old American taxpayers will be
glad to fill them for us! No prob-
lem; just take the money from
foreign aid bums and welfare
chiselers and that dumb deficit
and stuff like that. No new taxes,
right? So what do we want?
1) Why not just buy more of
everything that we bought last
year?That's what wedid back in
the '80s when President Reagan
was Santa Claus. Nobody com-
plained then, so it ought to work
now, right?Take last year's bud-
get and add four hundred to ev-
2) What about Star Wars?
Everybody liked putting an um-
brella over America. Who an
argue about that? You say um-
brella against whose interconti-
nental rockets? You say it'll
never work? Well, the universi-
ties love it [Go Blue, right?], and
Northrop loves it, and Livermore
Lab loves it, so who cares about
the details?
3) How about combat readi-
ness? It has a nice Minuteman
sort of sound, and it can't be bad:
isn't it the Boy Scout motto, or
something? You say readiness
against what? There's no need
anymore?Didn't we just move a
bunch of ready troopers to Ku-
wait and Haiti? You say they're
bored and doing nothing and
coming home for Christmas?
Picky, picky.
4) What about more troops?
Jobs, and all that. We could even
open some of those bases we
hated to close. You say that's
welfare of the worst kind?
Wrong! It's making America
5) And then there are those
spooky Stealth bombers, just in
case somebody has radar like

the good old Reds used to have.
And Centurion attack subs in
case somebody has a navy. And
all those new planes with the big
sticker prices and the keen
names: Osprey and Hornet and
Comanche and AF/X. They
sound like Toys 'R Us, oris it the
other way around? We'll be so
far ahead of the rest of the world
that we'll have to stage our own
Army-Navy War every year to
decide who's Number One.
6) And then of course there's
the dull uninteresting stuff we
might spend the leftovers on:
basic science research projects,
improving the quality of the re-
cruits by offering them college
benefits, training new peace-
keeping units for UN duty -
dull stuff like that. I don't think
So then, Merry Christmas to
all! Fax off those wish lists,
Pent2,onian: and thank vou so



The opportunity to lower tariffs worldwide
and expand the U.S. economy into an
export market should not be wasted. Due to
incoming Senate Majority Leader Bob Dole's
(R-Kansas) change ofheart, the General Agree-
ment on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) stands an
excellent chance of passing through both houses
ofCongress on its way tobeingratified through-
out the world. The future of the nation's eco-
nomic vitality in the world market will hinge
on whether or not the rest of the Republican
Party and a few Democratic holdouts recog-
nize this and vote "Yes" to the ratification of
the treaty.
Contrary to opponents' arguments, loosen-
ing trade restrictions - as proven in the case of
NAFTA - does not serve to hasten a loss of
jobs from the industrial and manufacturing
sector. However, proponents who claim that
millions of additional jobs will be created from
the treaty are not necessarily correct either.
Rather, the issue at stake is the rise in better-
paying jobs, as instituting GATT will result in
an increase in exports in U.S.-manufactured
goods. U.S. agriculture will also get a tremen-
dous shot in the arm, since this is the first treaty
that will eliminate tariffs and expand trade
rights for the nation's farmers. Among other
benefits are expanded copyright and patent
rules under the treaty that will result in com-
puter software companies being able to reach
expanded markets and control copied software

the overall American industrial economy's
outlook. Losses in individual regions will be
offset by gains from the rest of the country.
Environmental and consumer groups such
as Greenpeace and Public Citizen are also
against the bill, due to its provisions forheight-
ened importance of the World Trade Organi-
zation (WTO). Under the treaty, these critics
worry, American sovereignty is at risk if the
WTO is able to toughen treaty enforcement
procedures, which could include ruling against
American regulations. This danger is over-
stated. Current environmental and safety laws
of scientific merit are specifically exempted
from being overturned. Laws aimed at protec-
tionism are at risk, but GATT is currently able
to rule against the U.S. anyway, so little would
change. Though the U.S. would lose its veto
power against WTO rulings, the nation's sta-
tus as an economic superpower the fear of
retaliation would hinder serious strikes against
U.S. policy.
If there is one glaring problem with the
implementation of the GATT treaty, it is the
provision allowing secretive closed-door meet-
ings of the WTO. However, this is no worse
than the existing situation. Nothing is lost by
ratification, but everything is gained economi-
Conservative efforts at blocking the treaty
are narrow-minded and irresponsible. GATT
is not a pet issue for the Democrats; Ronald





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