The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 28, 1994 - 7
to hear term-
WASHINGTON (AP) - A political whirlwind called
term limits hits the Supreme Court this week when the
stices hear arguments over states' power to restrict the
ears lawmakers may serve in Congress.
Twenty-two states have taken that step, but many legal
experts predict the high court will use a dispute over a 1992
term-limits measure in Arkansas to find all such efforts
unconstitutional. Justices will hear the case tomorrow.
"The founders clearly did not believe limits could be
placed on congressional terms by the states," said Univer-
sity of Wisconsin constitutional scholar John Kaminski.
The prospect of a Supreme Court setback doesn't faze
aul Jacob, executive director of U.S. Term Limits. He said
ourt ruling that says state-imposed term limits for House
and Senate members are unconstitutional simply would
spark an effort to amend the Constitution.
"It won't be an easy ride ... but popular support is
enormous," Jacob said.
To become part of the Constitution, an amendment
requires the support of a two-thirds majority of each cham-
ber of Congress and then the ratification of 38 states.
Republican leaders initially promised a vote on term
limits within the first 100 days of the 104th Congress, which
nvenes in January. But more recently, key GOP leaders
ave suggested public support for term limits may have
waned now that Republicans are gaining control of both the
House and Senate.
Jacob disagrees. "We will hold their feet to the fire," he
said. "This is not a partisan issue."
Term-limits supporters are seeking a vote in Congress
before the Supreme Court rules, which could be as late as
"With a vote on the record, term limits will be an issue
the '96 elections," Jacob said last week while discussing
s group's strategies.
The Supreme Court case focuses on two parts of the
Constitution. One specifies three qualifications for mem-
bership in Congress: minimum age, state residency and
U.S. citizenship for a number of years.
The other empowers states to regulate elections.
Arkansas voters amended the state constitution to limit
how many times someone could appear on the ballot. Those
who had served two six-year terms in the Senate or three
two-year terms in the House could run, but only as write-in
new tactics for
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - Democrats
face an array of choices as they adjust
to the end of their 40-year reign on
Capitol Hill and grope for a comeback
strategy to avoid the dangerous ex-
tremes of capitulation and obstruction.
Two years after celebrating the
inauguration of the first Democratic
president in 12 years, they are also
entering a potentially difficult rela-
tionship with a weakened White
House, which many be to blame for
the party's recent election disaster.
"It's basically survival time," said
Democratic Sen. Harry M. Reid of
Lawmakers say the party's strat-
egy will evolve gradually, probably
after Democrats resolve leadership
contests next week and see the details
of President Clinton's and the Repub-
licans' legislative agendas after the
104th Congress convenes Jan. 4.
Even then, it may take a while for
Democrats to get their footing, espe-
cially in the House, where only one of
the 191 surviving Democrats -
Sidney R. Yates of Illinois, served as
far back as 1954, when the GOP last
ran the chamber. In the Senate, 27 of
47 Democrats got a taste of Republi-
can rule during the GOP's brief inter-
lude of senatorial power 1981 through
1986, but all are far more accustomed
to serving in the majority.
Early signals from Democrats in
both houses point to a willingness to
cooperate with Republicans up to a
point, especially in streamlining gov-
ernment and overhauling Congress's
operations. Signals are mixed on other
issues ranging from tax cuts and defi-
cit reduction to health care and wel-
fare system overhaul.
Many Democrats also are wary
over how much ground to cede in
reaching compromises, which Repub-
licans have said will have to be on
their distinctly conservative terms.
Winter-comes early in Montana AP PHOTO
Snow shovels and plows are already needed in Great Falls, Mont. as this shoveller demonstrates.
Leadership elections will set tone for next Congress
Los Angeles Times
WASHINGTON - For all the
talk about the new Republican agenda
and the sea change that swept across
American politics on Nov. 8, it will
.ke one more set of elections to chart
e ideological course that the 104th
Congress will follow in January.
Those elections, to be held over the
next two weeks as Republicans and
Democrats vote to fill leadership posi-
tions in the House and the Senate, will
help determinejust how confrontational
or cooperative the new Congress will
be in its dealings with the White House.
With Sen. Robert Dole of Kansas
and Rep. Newt Gingrich of Georgia
running uncontested for the top Sen-
ate and House leadership spots on the
Republican side, the most interesting
GOP contest is the battle between
Alan Simpson of Wyoming and Trent
Lott of Mississippi for the job of Sen-
ate majority whip.
Senate leadership races usually turn
into personality contests, in which egos
and grudges and favors given and re-
ceived play decisive roles in the out-
come. But in this case, Lott's chal-
lenge to Simpson, the incumbent GOP
whip, reflects a broader ideological
struggleover who will control the GOP
agenda next year-Gingrich as House
speaker (Lott is his ally) or Dole as
Senate majority leader (Simpson is his
man). Among Democrats, the race for
minority leader in the House is seen as
a signpost of the direction the dispir-
ited former majority party will take as
it tries to recover from its resounding
defeat at the polls. For the White House,
one thing is ominously clear: Be they
old-fashioned liberals or more conser-
vative "New Democrats," most of the
candidates in the Democratic races are
already signaling their independence
from President Clinton, whom they
blame in large measure for their party's
MONTEVIDEO, Uruguay (AP)
- In a heavy turnout, voters cast their
ballots yesterday for Uruguay's third
president since the end of military
dictatorship a decade ago.
Results of exit polls were close -
pollsters were unable to predict a win-
ner last night. The polls indicated that
four of the 20 presidential candidates
were in a close race.
The four candidates are lawyer
t berto Volonte and former Interior
inister Juan Andres Ramirez of the
governing Blanco (White) Party;
former President Julio Sanguinetti of
the traditionalist Colorado (Red)
Party, and Socialist physician Tabare
Vazquez of the leftist Broad Front
It was unclear when enough offi-
cial returns to establish a clear trend
would be available.
0 The race marked the first time that
a third political force has seriously
challenged the Colorado and Blanco
parties, which have dominated Uru-
guayan politics for 158 years.
enormous midterm losses.
House Democrats will meet to fill
their leadership slots next Wednes-
day, while House Republicans vote
the following Monday. The leader-
ship races in the Senate, for both
Republicans and Democrats, will be
decided next Friday.
Here are the key leadership races,
and what's at stake for both parties:
In the Senate, the Republican whip
race is capturing most of the attention.
Not only is ittheNo. 2leadership spot, it
is seen by Republicans and Democrats
alike as a proxy struggle between Dole
and Gingrich. Although they put on a
good show of unity at the recent Repub-
lican governors' conference in
Williamsburg, Va., Dole and Gingrich
have made little secret of their dislike of
one another. "Dole' snot the barn-burner
that Gingrich is," says a Senate col-
leaguedescribing thedifference between
the two men. "He'd rather redecorate the
barn than raze it to the ground."
Dole's more pragmatic and com-
promise-oriented approach to gov-
erning worries Gingrich supporters in
the House, who fear some of the
GOP's more ambitious ideas for eco-
nomic and social reform will stall in
the Senate. Their concerns are not
unfounded, considering Dole's dis-
dain for the supply-side economic
theory that underpins the Gingrich
camp's tax cut proposals.
The extremely close Lott-Simpson
race is a byproduct of these differ-
ences, and the outcome could limit
Dole's maneuvering room in running
the Senate, and complicate his likely
presidential campaign in 1996.
Campus-wide free distribution to
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Student Directories may be
purchased for $4.00 at:
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ENl f Now e .s1-800-300-PREP
Uruguayan president Luis Lacalle casts his ballot yesterday for president of
Uruguay. Lacalle took office in 1990 and is forbidden from running again.
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