The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 21, 1994 - 7
Continued from page 3
culture. Bergmann touched on the
philosophical theories of both Plato
and Descartes, with respect to change
Descartes' main argument is that
people can never be quite sure what is
reality because they have dreams.
Bergmann suggests the argument is
*extraordinarily weak on the surface."
"How long does it take you to
figure out you're not dreaming. It
takes me at the most, to the entrance
into the bathroom," he said.
Bergmann continued the three-
hour lecture with his opinions about
the structure behind skepticism -
interpretations: plurality and
epistemic status, language: words and
"naps and raised definitions and fin-
'Rshed with surface-level conclusions.
Many in the audience said they
enjoyed the lecture.
"I came to the lecture because of
my interest in postmodernism and
Prof. Bergmann. I did my honors the-
sis in philosophy with him and I
wanted to hear his objections to
postmodernism," said Jason Radine,
- recent University graduate and
*ormer Residential College student.
Rony Guldmann, a philosophy
major and LSA senior, said, "I at-
tended because I was interested in the
Guldmann said he wanted
Bergmann to address what it meant
that both the right and radical left
schools of thought were asking the
same questions about postmodernism.
qBergmann's Saturday morning
ecture gave an overview of
postmodernism, which will be bro-
ken down even further into smaller
issues of focus in lectures scheduled
in the future. The next one is set for
Dec. 3 at 10:45 a.m. in Mason Hall
"He is a really charismatic
speaker," Radine said. "His use of
arables to explain intricate ideas
ake his lectures unique."
Arafat releases militants;
bract sends out troops
Isolated incidents of
Arafat's release of
GAZA CITY, Gaza Strip (AP) -
In a bid to ease tensions, PLO leader
Yasser Arafat yesterday released 31
Islamic militants from jail, and Mus-
lim fundamentalists vowed to redi-
rect their anger at Israeli soldiers and
Taking the threats seriously, Prime
Minister Yitzhak Rabin sent extra
troops to the Gaza Strip to protect
Jewish settlements and to the West
Bank to prevent riots.
There were angry statements by
leaders of both the PLO and Islamic
fundamentalists of the Hamas and
Islamic Jihad groups. But only iso-
lated outbreaks of violence occurred
as a shaky truce held on the ground.
Nabil Shaath, the PLO's top nego-
tiator, said rioting that claimed 13
lives Friday was the outgrowth of
anger over Rabin's banning of Pales-
tinians from jobs in Israel and the
failure of international donors to make
good on aid pledges.
"This Palestinian land has been
under siege and collective punish-
ments by the Israelis for weeks, pre-
venting our workers from attending
their jobs, preventing our products
from being exported, preventing our
fishermen from going to sea, and this
has resulted in a catastrophe," he told
"The donors have given us noth-
ing but a trickle."
Israel imposed the closure on Gaza
after a wave of suicide bombings and
other attacks by Islamic militants that
killed 30 Israelis the past two months.
Rabin has warned that Palestinian
elections and the expansion of au-
tonomy would depend on whether the
At a Cabinet meeting yesterday,
Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres
said economic hardship contributed
to last week's riots and proposed that
Israel advance the PLO $13 million in
tax money collected from Palestin-
ians working in Israel.
Shaath said every effort would be
made to preserve the peace process.
But Arafat's ability to press ahead
could be seriously damaged because
Islamic leaders made clear that they
would mount attacks on Israeli tar-
"The Islamic forces don't want to
make a struggle against the (PLO)
authorities, but they want to wage a
big battle against the Israeli soldiers,"
SheikhAbdullah Shami, leader of the
Islamic Jihad, or Holy War, who is
wanted by both PLO and Israeli au-
Asked if pushing ahead with at-
tacks on Israel would heat up the
conflict with the PLO, he told The
Associated Press: "You ask the Pal-
estinian Authority this question. Our
strategy was and will be to attack the
Israelis, and we are not responsible if
(PLO leaders) put chains around their
He rejected Arafat's accusations
that Iran was funding and supporting
Islamic groups, saying the PLO leader
was seeking a "justification to hide
the crime he committed on Friday."
In a leaflet, the larger Hamas group
called on its military wing to avenge
"the blood of the martyrs by attacking
the soldiers of the occupation and
Hamas spokesman Ibrahim
Ghosheh, speaking on the Paris-based
Arabic service of Radio Monte Carlo,
called on Arafat to test his support in*
an election in the Gaza Strip "and,
then whoever wins these elections'
can lead the people during this critical,
Yasser Arafat discusses Palestinian police actions at a conference Friday.
Quebec abandons plan to build hydroelectric power plant
The Washington Post
TORONTO - The government
of Quebec has abandoned plans to
build the largest hydroelectric power
project in North America, the contro-
versial (U.S.) $10 billion Great Whale
network of dams and dikes in remote
"We don't need Great Whale,"
Quebec PremierJacques Parizeau told
reporters Friday. "This project will be
on ice for quite some time."
Officials of Hydro-Quebec, the
giant, state-owned, provincial utility
behind the plan, had no immediate
public response. They were said to be
stunned by the premier's abrupt dis-
missal of a plan once billed as the key
to Quebec's economic salvation -
through generation of more than 3,000
kilowatts of cheap electric power for
sale across North America-and re-
garded by many as the basis of
Quebec's viability as an independent
But nearly from its inception in
the mid-1970s, Great Whale drew
fierce and well-organized opposition
from Cree Indians and other native
groups in northern Quebec who were
angered by the environmental destruc-
tion wrought by an earlier hydroelec-
tric project to the south.
Great Whale would have flooded
an area the size of Vermont on the
eastern shores of James Bay, at the
foot of Hudson Bay.
Emboldened by support from
their allies in the U.S. environmental
movement-called "eco-fascists" by
some Great Whale defenders - the
natives over the years forced Hydro-
Quebec to carry out costly and time-
consuming studies of Great Whale's
impact on the ecosystem, which in-
cludes their ancestral hunting and
Persistent environmental concerns
and a continental energy glut led the
New York Power Authority, one of
Hydro-Quebec's bigger American
customers, to cancel a $5 billion con-
tract in March.
The agency's outspoken chairman,
S. David Freeman, gave a blunt ex-
planation: "We don't need the power,
the price is too high and there are
unresolved environmental questions
While Parizeau had given no spe-
cific hint that he would drive a fatal
harpoon into Great Whale, he said in
a Quebec City news conference Fri-
day, almost in passing, that his sepa-
ratist Parti Quebecois had always
harbored misgivings about the
The premier said the utility's lat-
est impact assessment - carried.
out at a cost of nearly $200 million
and promptly pronounced inad- -
equate by the government - had
done nothing to persuade him to
make a priority of Great Whale's
Parizeau's announcement was
technically a suspension of work on
the project, not an outright cancella-
tion. "I can't speak for my grandchil-
dren," he said.
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