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November 15, 1994 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1994-11-15

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, November 15, 1994 - 7

.Eurostar makes
1st commercial
England-France
'Chunnel' trip
Los Angeles Times
LONDON - The Eurostar high-speed train com-
pleted its first commercial journey through the tunnel
under the English Channel on yesterday - a hitch-free
trip to Paris in just under three hours and arriving three
minutes early.
Later, a similar train departed London's Waterloo
Station to carry its fare-paying passengers through the
Channel Tunnel - or "Chunnel" - and on to Brussels,
* elgium. And the first train from Paris to London arrived
at Waterloo yesterday
The train morning - also on time.
The new service will be
entered the twice a day in both direc-
Channel Tunnel tions at first, and gradually
increase to several trips
at 9:40 a.m. and daily between London and
emerged in Parisand London andBrus-
sels.
*France 20 Aboard the first 794-
minutes later. seat France-bound train,
high-ranking officials
breathed a collective sigh
of relief as they debarked at Paris' Gare du Nord: The first
official journey for ordinary passengers was not plagued
with the stoppages that delayed earlier preview trips.
There had been some concern that the train would be
late when it lost five minutes navigating the congested
South London commuter routes. But it made up the time
on the high-speed section of track in France.
The train, with engineers Robert Priston and Lionel
Stevenson at the throttle, entered the Channel Tunnel at
9:40 a.m. and emerged in France 20 minutes later.
Priston described the trip as the "ultimate train drivers'
(engineer) job."
Passenger John Harper from Cornwall, traveling with
his family, led the applause as the train in France hit its
maximum speed of 186 miles an hour near Lille. "Won-
derful," he told reporters. "Better than expected."
The long-delayed multibillion dollar project was one
*of the engineering feats of contemporary times and per-
mits passengers to ride non-stop in three hours from the
center of London to central stations in Paris and Brussels.
Separate shuttle trains also transport trucks under the
Channel between terminals at Folkestone, England, and
HA T in Jamaica, whey
widespread flood
Continued from page 3 At least two pe
Cuba and 65,00
"Obviously we will do what we Cuba's official F
can to help the Haitian government," agency reported.
said Col. Barry Willey, a U.S. mili- The storm k
tary spokesman. people in Port-a
Thousands of U.S. soldiers ar- tian Press Ag
rived in the Caribbean nation in Metropole said
September to help restoreAristide's killed in the s
elected government. Aristide, who Jacmel, and d
was ousted in a 1991 coup, returned missing.
Oct. 15. And radio s
Two deaths also were reported said 20 peoplc

Yeltsin tells Russian officers
of need to work with GOP

Los Angeles Times
MOSCOW - President Boris N.
Yeltsin warned his top military offic-
ers yesterday to steel themselves for
"a certain toughening" in U.S. for-
eign and military policy toward Rus-
sia in the wake of Republican mid-
term election gains.
In his first public reaction to the
new conservative wave in U.S. poli-
tics, Yeltsin also told a conference of
Russian Army officers he had real-
ized that "it's necessary to work out
relations with the Republicans, to even
out our relations with the U.S."
Yeltsin enjoys a hearty friendship
with President Clinton but has done

little to cultivate support among the
Republicans who will now dominate
Congress.
He told the hundreds of officers
attending the annual military plan-
ning meeting that he wanted to avoid
a mistake like the old Kremlin made
when it ignored the Republicans dur-
ing the Carter presidency and paid the
price when Ronald Reagan won the
1980 election.
"Then the victory of the Republi-
cans and lack of contacts with them
led to an acceleration of the arms race
and aggravation of relations between
the superpowers," Yeltsin said, ac-
cording to Russian reporters who were

allowed to attend the conference.
"This must not be permitted today."
Russian analysts, who perceive
Republicans as decidedly tougher to-
ward Moscow, predict that U.S.-Rus-
sian relations will inevitably begin to
worsen now.
"We should not exclude the emer-
gence of some problems in Russian-
American relations," said the re-
spected Nezavisimaya Gazeta news-
paper. "The Yeltsin-Clinton relation-
ship may weaken significantly due to
the pressure rendered on the presi-
dents by both parliaments. Tradition-
ally, the Republicans were cooler to
Moscow than the Democrats."

AP PHOTO
The driver of the first Eurostar passenger train pulls out
of the Gare du Nord in Paris en route to London. The
high-speed train took 794 people through the 'Chunnel.'
Calais, France; passenger cars can be taken by invitation
only until further notice.
Richard Edgley, managing director of Eurostar, said
passenger response had been "'uniformly good," adding:
"They have all told us how relaxing they found the
journey and how much they were looking forward to
using it again. We are confident it will become the most
popular way to travel."
Prices for the round-trip journey from London to Paris
range from about $152 to about $312 in first-class. Some
20,000 advance bookings have already been made, offi-
cials said.
Among the first-day passengers was Richard Low, 66,
a retired insurance broker, the great-grandson of William
Low, who attempted to build the first tunnel under the
Channel in 1882. His ambitious project was abandoned a
mile out under the sea from Folkestone. Low brought
along six members of his family. He recounted that when
he wrote for tickets to Sir Alastair Morton, chairman of
the operators, Euro Tunnel: "I told him the train was
running 112 years late."

News Analysis
BosIa confict
escalates as U.S.
quits embargo

Los Angeles Times
ZAGREB, Croatia - In the three
short days since the United States
broke ranks with European allies and
gave up enforcing a U.N. arms em-
bargo against Bosnia-Herzegovina,
the Balkan conflict has dramatically
escalated and the peace process has
all but collapsed.
The abandonment of an embargo
the U.S. government did not believe
in may have been intended as a sym-
bolic action to conform with an edict
from the U.S. Congress.
But that policy shift, combined
with more openly expressed U.S. sym-
pathies for the Bosnian and Croatian
governments and recent battlefield
successes by Bosnia's beleaguered
Muslim-led army, has provided the
backdraft to inflame the Balkan con-
flict and widen the gap between Wash-
ington and its European allies.
At a meeting of European defense
officials in the Dutch town of
Noordwijk, concerned allies dis-
patched NATO Secretary-General
Willy Claes to Washington for emer-
gency talks over the widening differ-
ences within the alliance.
France and Spain have warned they
may have to pull out their Bosnia-based
peacekeepers if more arms get through

re the storm caused
ding and mudslides.
ople were killed in
0 were evacuated,
Prensa Latina news
1.
killed at least 40
u-Prince, the Hai-
ency said. Radio
40 people were
southeastern port
ozens more were
tation Signal FM
e were killed in

Leogane, about 40 miles west of
Port-au-Prince.
The main highway from Port-au-
Prince to Jacmel was cut and trucks
from the charity CARE, which feeds
about 300,000 people, couldn't cross
shaky bridges to reach its warehouse
in Gonaives, north of the capital, aid
officials said.
U.S. Army meteorologists said
more than 9 inches of rain fell in
Port-au-Prince during the 24-hour
period ending yesterday morning
and 14 inches fell in Les Cayes on
the southern peninsula.

as a consequence of the U.S. decision to
no longer take part in a naval blockade
along the Adriatic Sea coast.
Bosnian Serb rebels expressed
their anger over the latest political
and military setbacks by attacking the
Sarajevo hotel housing the U.S. Em-
bassy and blasting their way back into
territory around the city of Bihac,
scene of the first major battlefield
victory scored by the Muslim-led
Bosnian government in 32 months.
Croatian Serbs have joined the
assault now threatening to vanquish
the surrounded Bihac pocket - a
move that would unleash a refugee
crisis of proportions yet unseen in
four years of Balkan turmoil and re-
kindle the war between Serbs and
Croats that has been simmering be-
neath a U.N.-imposed cease-fire.
Fearful of a catastrophic influx of
refugees from teetering Bihac, the
Croatian government has been con-
templating military recourse to quell
Serbs in the breakaway Krajina area,
and a renegade Muslim group has
also been conscripted for the intensi-
fying showdown over Bihac.
"We're very worried the conflict in
Bihac could spill over the borders and
lead to something unpredictable," said
aU.N. official. "Thiscould be the worst-
case scenario for the whole region."
The White House decision to cease
enforcing what was already a leaky
embargo has emboldened the Muslim-
led Bosnian government in its new and
occasionally successful "octopus strat-
egy" of waging numerous niggling
offensives on widely scattered Serb
targets to tie down the heavily armed
but demoralized rebel army.
By abandoning the embargo and
entering into limited defense pacts with
Croatia and Bosnia at this crucial mo-

The effects
Results of the U.S.
abandoning a U.N. arms
embargo three days ago:
K NATO Secretary-General
Willy Claes dispatched to
Washington for talks about
differences within UN,
alliance
H France and Spain say they
may pull out their
peacekeeping forces if no
embargo is in place
* Bosnian Serb rebels attack
Sarajevo hotel housing U.S.
embassy and recapture
unstable, city of Bihac
M Croatian government con-
templates military recourse
to quell Serbs, fearful of an
influx of refugees from Bihac.
ment, the U.S. administration has also
sent signals of support to the govern-
ments struggling to contend with Serb
occupation of their territory.
But the green light perceived by
Sarajevo leaders for recovering land
in the same way they lost it - by
force of arms - could backfire on the
government troops, as seen in the
Bihac region over the past 48 hours.
Bosnian Serb forces have recap-
tured virtually all of the territory
around Bihac lost to the government
offensive two weeks ago, said U.N.
spokesman Thant Myint-U.
Western diplomats in this Croatian
capital also cite intelligence sources
as indicating that as many as 5,000
Bosnian Muslims loyal to deposed
warlord Fikret Abdic have been
moved toward the Bihac front lines
from a refugee camp in the no-man's
land sandwiched between rebel Serbs
and Croatian government forces.
Those fighting-age men, some al-
ready defeated by the Bosnian army
when it quelled Abdic's revolt in
August, join what the Zagreb govern-
ment claims are at least 2,500 Serb
paramilitary troops from Krajina al-
ready fighting in neighboring Bosnia.
Bosnian President Alija
Izetbegovic appealed to Croatian
President Franjo Tudjman over the
weekend to "take all necessary steps"
to prevent the Krajina Serbs from
attacking Bosnian territory.

4

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U.N. to keep Iraqi sanctions

UNITED NATIONS (AP) - The
Security Council refused yesterday to
lift economic sanctions on Iraq, and
U.S. officials attacked Iraqi claims of
hardship by showing pictures of new
palaces built by Saddam Hussein.
One palace is three times the
size of the White House, and other
reports said Iraq is importing li-
quor, fur coats and ice cream. Dip-
lomats said it was the first evidence
they had seen of such levels of
spending by Iraq's rulers.
The 15-nation council rejected
Iraq's claim that it has met conditions

to lift a crippling oil embargo and other
sanctions imposed after its 1990 inva-
sion of Kuwait, said U.S. Ambassador
Madeleine Albright.
The sanctions were extended after
the 1991 Gulf War to force Iraq to help
destroy its missiles and other weapons
of mass destruction and to drop its
claims to Kuwaiti territory.
Iraq contends shortages caused by
the sanctions are inflicting suffering
and death. Washington and its allies
say Iraq can afford food and medicine
for its people but is aggravating their
suffering as a propaganda ploy.

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