The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 9, 1994 - 10
Los Angeles Times
VATICAN CITY - "Enough
war! Enough destructive rage!" the
pope implored from an altar that
should have been in Sarajevo.
Preaching to faithful he didn't meet
in a city he couldn't reach, Pope John
Paul II yesterday lamented "the deso-
late spectacle of a sinking humanity"
and prayed for peace in the former
"The dead of Sarajevo pray with
us," the pope said in Serbo-Croatian.
"All the victims of his cruel war in the
light of God are praying for the survi-
vors; that they may have reconcilia-
tion and peace."
Forced by unflagging war to aban-
don a trip to the Bosnian capital sched-
uled for yesterday, Pope John Paul
nevertheless delivered the homily he
had prepared for his hoped-for mass
"A just peace should be reached as
soon as possible. Peace is possible, if
the priority of moral values over the
claims of race and force are recog-
nized," he said.
Pope John Paul's stage yesterday
was not, as planned, an Olympic skat-
ing rink in range of snarling artillery
batteries, but a Baroque courtyard in
the summer papal palace at Castel
Gandolfo. Still, at an emotional mass
transmitted live to Bosnia, Pope John
Paul changed not a comma.
"Our Father ..., I, bishop of Rome,
the first Slav pope, kneel before you
crying out, 'Deliver us - from pest,
hunger and war!' I know that many
are united with me in this plea. Not
only here in Sarajevo, in Bosnia and
Herzegovina, but in all of Europe and
beyond ...," the pope said.
Since Bosnia's war began in 1992,
Pope John Paul has repeatedly ap-
pealed for Sarajevo, the urban vortex
of Balkans bloodshed that he called
yesterday an "absurd fratricidal war."
Bosnian Serbs whose forces are
besieging Sarajevo charge that the
Vatican sides with predominantly
Roman Catholic Croats in the Balkan
A OMSION OF TANDY CORPORATION
remain of Alied
Soldiers from the 1st Battalion of the Argyle and Southern Highlanders patrol in West Belfast yesterday.
Protestats vow to sabotage
N. Ireland cease-fired accord
Los Angeles Times
BELFAST, Northern Ireland -
Protestant paramilitary groups loyal
to Britain issued a statement in Belfast
yesterday saying they would not de-
clare a cease-fire to match that ob-
served by the outlawed Irish Republi-
can Army for the past week in North-
The Combined Loyalist Military
command, which wants continued
British rule in the province, said be-
fore calling a cease-fire it would need
proof that the IRA's armistice is hold-
ing and that no secret peace deals
were made with the Irish nationalists
by the British government. The group
also wants guarantees that Ulster, as
the Protestants call Northern Ireland,
would remain in the United Kingdom
after a peace settlement.
However, political observers
pointed out that no loyalist attacks
have occurred since Sunday, and that
the paramilitary groups may well be
observing a de facto cease-fire with-
out publicly committing themselves
Eric Smyth, a Unionist city coun-
cil member here, said of the announce-
ment: "They're being careful, keep-
ing people guessing. But the very fact
they used the language of cease-fire is
to be welcomed."
Irish Prime Minister Albert
Reynolds, who this week held an un-
precedented meeting with the IRA's
political spokesman, Gerry Adams,
Wednesday had called on the loyal-
ists to participate in the cease-fire.
And in a message to Northern Ireland's
Protestants that appeared in
'The only deal that will be done in Northern
Ireland and that can be contemplated will be
between the two governments, and between
constitutional parties sitting around the table,
with the consent principle paramount in all
discussion and possible agreements.'
Prime minister of Northern Ireland
The Washington Post
BERLIN - The last remaining
Allied soldiers withdrew from Berlin
yesterday, closing a final chapter of
the Cold War and leaving the city
without a foreign military presence
for the first time since 1945.
About 200 American, British and
French troops - the final details from
a conquering army that quickly turned
from occupier to protector - said
farewell in a day of celebration and
"We came as adversaries, we
stayed as allies, and we leave as
friends," British Prime Minister John
Major declared in a ceremony at
Berlin's ornate Schauspielhaus the-
German Chancellor Helmut Kohl
said the Allied departure marked "the
end of the postwar period."
"We will never forget what our
American, British and French friends
have done for us," Kohl pledged.
"You, in turn, can rely on us. Ger-
many will not stand on the sidelines
where peace and freedom in the world
are at stake. We Germans are aware of
our responsibility and will fulfill it
alongside our partners."
Among the day's events was a
wreath laying at Tempelhof Airport
in remembrance of the 1948-49 Ber-
lin Airlift and a torchlight parade at
the Brandenburg Gate, the German
army's first full military spectacle in
Berlin since World War II.
"Berlin was a symbol of the divi-
sion of Europe, but ... in the future it
will be a symbol of recovered free-
dom, of a reunified Europe," said
French President Franois
Mitterrand, who attended some of the
ceremonies. "Berlin offers hope to all
nations that strive for peace."
The Allied departure from Berlin,
stipulated by the 1990 treaty that per-
mitted German reunification and the
restoration of full German sover-
eignty, came eight days after the last
Russian occupation troops left Ger-
many. Unlike the Russians, whose
retreat carried them all the way back
to Moscow, Allied forces will remain
in western Germany as part of a com-
mon defense alliance.
President Clinton vowed in Janu-
ary to keep U.S. troop strength at
100,000 in Europe - with two-thirds
of them in Germany - and many of
the Americans pulling out of Berlin
have moved several hundred miles
west. Officials in Bonn expect roughly
30,000 British and 18,000 French
soldiers to remain on German soil
Even so, yesterday's events car-
ried an emotional charge both for the
departing Allies and for Berliners,
who have showed their gratitude dur-
ing this long summer of goodbyes by
staging some 50 farewell parades,
parties and cookouts. An estimated 1
million residents have attended the
events, a tribute to the affectionate
relationship that developed between
western Berlin and its foreign garri-
"A lot of Berliners feel that with
uIIuu. E11 6 y' E. . 9
the departure of the Allies, a piece of
Berlin is leaving with them," Mayor
Eberhard Diepgen said this week.
"Many feel melancholy, as if good
neighbors are moving away."
In an interview, Diepgen added,
"The spiritual legacy left behind by
the Allies in Berlin is the common
construction and defense of a demo-
Secretary of State Warren Chris-
topher, representing the United States,
took pains to affirm the enduring U.S.
ties to its European partners.
"Even now we feel committed to
the prosperity of Europe, to a secure
Europe, to a free Europe," Christo-
Yesterday's farewell came 49
years after American, British and
French troops marched into the de-
stroyed city in July 1945, two months
after the Nazi capital had fallen to the
Soviet army. As had been agreed at
the Yalta conference shortly before
the war ended, the four victorious
powers administered Berlin, which
lay entirely within the eastern Ger-
man sector occupied by the Soviets.
Harmony soon gave way to Cold
War acrimony. Soviet leader Joseph
Stalin's effort to starve West Berlin
into capitulation in 1948 was defeated
only by a herculean effort to airlift 2
million tons of food, fuel and other
supplies. The airlift, which lasted 11
months, involved 277,000 flights and
cost 79 lives.
"What Stalin failed to judge was
the will of the Berliners to defy in-
timidation .and the resolve of the Al-
lied forces to see them through," Chris-
West Berlin became an island of
freedom in a totalitarian sea. The small
garrison of 12,000 Allied troops was
intended as a symbol of the West's
commitment to a free city and a
tripwire against the 338,000 Soviet
troops posted in East Germany. The
Cold War nearly turned hot again in
August 1961, when Soviet and U.S.
tanks faced off during the abrupt con-
struction of the Berlin Wall.
Two years later, President John F.
Kennedy reaffirmed the U.S. com-
mitment to a free Berlin by declaring,
"Ich bin ein Berliner."
Yesterday's farewell events fol-
lowed a final flag-lowering ceremony
at the U.S. military headquarters in
southwest Berlin Wednesday evening.*
The flag had first been raised over the
compound on July 20, 1945, in a
ceremony attended by President Harry
S. Truman, Gen. Dwight Eisenhower,
Gen. Omar Bradley and Gen. Lucius
Clay, the U.S. military governor.
--- ---- 0
U.S., British and
French troops filtered
out of Berlin yesterday,
leaving the German
capitol free of foreign
occupation for the first
4ia,,a In A Qanrc
yesterday's unionist Belfast Tele-
graph, Reynolds said: "The Irish
people want no hand, act or part in
any attempt to coerce or cajole a ma-
jority of the people in the north into a
united Ireland against their will."
Insisting that Unionists in North-
ern Ireland had nothing to fear from
the IRA truce, Reynolds added: "The
announcement of a complete cessa-
tion together with the IRA's declara-
tion of a definitive commitment to the
success of the democratic peace pro-
cess clearly means, in plain English,
that the cessation of violence will be
Reynolds said preparations for the
all-party peace talks that London and
Dublin have been trying to arrange
since December included no secret
paramilitary input into the "frame-
work" document being readied by
Britain and Ireland.
"The only deal that will be done in
Northern Ireland and that can be con-
templated will be between the two
governments," Reynolds said, "and
between constitutional parties sitting
around the table, with the consent
principle paramount in all discussion
and possible agreements."
At the same time, the Belfast Tele-
graph published what it called the
first details of the framework docu-
ment setting out the two governments'
ideas for the future of Northern Ire-
land. The document, the paper said,
calls for replacement of most minis-
ters in the Northern Ireland Office
with locally elected politicians, and
an 85-member assembly that would
take over most of the responsibilities
now administered by the NIO.
The Assembly would be respon-
sible for the departments of agricul-
ture, environment, economic devel-
opment, health and social services,
education, finance and personnel.
Security would remain under the Brit-
The province would also have a
bill of rights protecting religious free-
doms, cross-border consultative bod-
ies between Northern Ireland and the
Irish Republic, and a commitment by
Dublin to remove from the Irish con-
stitution territorial claims to the North.
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BEGINNING THE FALL OF 1994
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from 10:00 to 11:00 AM.
Prerequisite-first year biochemistry or permission of course director
Module I (9/9-10110)
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Module II (10/12-1119)
Microbiology 502-Introductory Immunology (1 credit)
Module III (11111-12/12)
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If you are interested, and you are a sophomore woman,
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