One hundred four years of editorial freedom
financial aid director to retire after 17 years in office
By RONNIE GLASSBERG
Daily Staff Reporter
The man who has helped students find
money to attend the University announced he
will leave his post after 17 years.
Harvey Grotrian, the director of the
University's Office of Financial Aid, an-
*unced yesterday that he will retire, effec-
tive Jan. 31, 1995.
"My greatest accomplishment and the
office's greatest accomplishment was the
strengthening of the undergraduate financial
opportunities," Grotrian said."When one looks
closely at the changes in the enrollment pat-
terns, more highly qualified students are en-
Under Grotrian's leadership, the office
has worked to strengthen its program for
undergraduates, increased enrollment for
highly qualified students, and worked to make
the University affordable for resident stu-
dents through financial aid.
"I think the office has been very respon-
sive, very customer-oriented to the student as
a consumer, but also from a point ofachieving
the goals of the University as a whole," said
Robert Holbrook, associate provost for aca-
Through increased financial aid, Holbrook
said all in-state students are equally likely to
enroll in the University, regardless of finan-
Recently, Grotrian led efforts for the
University's involvement in the new Federal
Direct Student Loan Program.
Judith Harper, associate director of the
Office of Financial Aid, called Grotrian a
"Harvey has provided very effective lead-
ership for many years to the Office of Finan-
cial Aid and to the University," Harper said.
"He has been respected as a leader in the
national field of financial aid. He has been a
strong advocate of financial aid at the U'niver-
sity, the state and the national level. He has
been a strong advocate of having sufficient
financial aid for students."
Holbrook said one of the improvements
Grotrian made to the of-
fice was enhancing ser-
vices to students.
"The key action will
be the introduction next
year of a new electronic
system that will greatly
speed up the allocation of
financial aid." Holbrook
See GROTRIAN, Page 2
48 dead in
CHEIRY, Switzerland (AP) --
Twenty-one bodies made a neat circle
n the floor of a red, mirror-lined
apel hidden beneath the burning
Some were dressed in red, black
and white ceremonial robes. Ten had
plastic garbage bags tied around their
necks with cords, and some had their
hands bound. Twenty had bullets in
In three ski chalets 90 miles away,
lice discovered more bodies, badly
rned by fires apparently set by re-
Authorities found 48 bodies yes-
terday, and indications of a mass
murder-suicide by a cult they hadn't
Clues led to Canada, where two
bodies were found a day earlier in the
charred wreckage of an unexplained
arson fire. Police said the owner of
4~e burned duplex, Luc Jouret, led
alyptic cults in both Canada and
Switzerland and had rented one of the
ski chalets where the bodies were
Investigators said the fires in both
countries were set off by remote-con-
trolled electrical devices triggered by
a timer or a telephone call.
Officials said the Swiss cult was
called the Order of the Solar Tradi-
4n, a group that draws on Roman
Catholicism and predicts the end of
Jouret represents "an occult tradi-
tion with strong apocalyptic ele-
ments," said Johannes Aagaard, head
of a European cult-monitoring orga-
nization based in Aarhus, Denmark.
THIS IS ART?
By LARA TAYLOR
Daily Staff Reporter
Arts 221 sculpture class work on a structure in a project, which allows wood and string as the only materials.
'U students venture to Egyt9
for U.N. population conference
A University employee is in stable
condition at University Hospitals af-
ter two men beat and stabbed him
early yesterday morning.
John H. Warner, a 40-year-old
University physical science research
associate, was walking near the West
Engineering arch on the Diag about
3:30 a.m. when two men jumped him,
police said. Warner was hit in the
head with the blunt side of a gun and
stabbed eight times.
The attackers fled with Warner's
wallet, which contained credit cards
and $13 in cash.
After the attack, Warner was able
to walk to the entrance of Mason Hall,
where he fell in front of a State Secui-
rity guard. The guard reportedly saw
him bleeding and called 911.
Warner suffered a concussion and
received stitches for his stab wounds.
Capt. Jim Smiley of the Department
of Public Safety (DPS) said there are no
suspects yet. "All we know is that it was
two males," Smiley said. "(Warner)
took a pretty hard blow to the head. He
couldn't remember much."
Assaults like this are more common
than most students realize. According
to the Michigan State Police, there
were 336 aggravated assaults in Ann
Arbor in 1993; 34 were on University
Despite common misconceptions,
Ann Arbor police and DPS reported
that the majority of those assaults
were against men.
'I would say more assaults occur
against men mainly because, gener-
ally, men walk alone and consider
themselves safe," said DPS Lt. Dou-
glas Swix. "Women usually walk in
groups and are always aware of a
LSA sophomore Eugene Paik said
he walks by himself.
"I'll walk home alone, and yeah,
I'll usually feel safe," he said. "I think
women tend to be seen as targets
more than guys."
The University does provide ser-
vices so students do not have to walk
home alone, such as Safewalk and
Northwalk. While these services are
available to both men and women,
Safewalk volunteers say that women
utilize it much more than men.
"I've never walked a guy," said
Michelle Lehan, an LSA sophomore
and Safewalk volunteer. "I think guys
don't feel as threatened as women. I
think that even if a guy was uncom-
fortable walking home alone, he
would be embarrassed, which they
Smiley agreed that women are gen-
erally more cautious about their sur-
roundings. "The emphasis of being
aware and not walking alone is usu-
ally put on women, but men are just as
susceptible to assault as women."
By DANIEL JOHNSON
For the Daily
While the majority of University
students were arriving in Ann Arbor
for the commencement of this school
year, three Native American students
left for Cairo, Egypt.
The students travelled to Cairo to
attend the United Nations Interna-
tional Conference on Population and
Development. The conference at-
tracted delegations from 170 nations
and ran from Sept. 5-13.
Attendance at the population con-
ference culminated two years' prepa-
ration by University students Andrew
Adams Ill, Pamela Bowser, and Jim
Wabindato. Theirjourney to Cairo was
inspired by a chance to represent indig-
enous concerns in an international fo-
rum. "I think it's necessary and cruncial!
that native people have a voice on the
international level." said Adams, one
of the conference attendees.
The three students became involved
with the project after Russell Marsh of
the Four Directions Council spoke to
the Native American Student Associa-
tion in October of 1992. The Interna-
tional Institute, the Ann Arbor Native
community, and OAMI provided the
four with the majority of their funding.
The 170 nation delegations as-
sembled to address the fastest human
growth rate in history. The U.N. con-
ference which convened in Romania in
1974 and Mexico City in 1984 met this
time targeting the stabilization of world
population with different ideas in mind.
This year's conference established
the empowerment of women in dx evl-
oping developing countries as a key to
curbing population growth. While past
conference policies have focused on
pragmatic solutions like the distribu-
tion of birth control, a shift has oc-
curred to educate women and provide
See POPULATION, Page 7
too much health care'
By ANDREW TAYLOR
Daily Staff Reporter
Most Americans agree the health care sys-
tem needs an operation, but no one is willing to
ck up the bill.
Former Surgeon General C. Everett Koop
was at Rackham Auditorium last night to sug-
gest the solution is not to come up with more
money, but rather to take a closer look at what
"Too many unneeded tests are ordered by
doctors who don't understand them when they
get them," Koop said.
Koop served as surgeon general from 1981
to 1989 under President Ronald Reagan.
"The real problem is too many Americans
ave too much health care," Koop said.
He said more than 25 percent of diagnostic
procedures are not really needed, and their
elimination would pay for what uninsured
"Suppose I said you don't have to pay for it
- what kind of car would you drive," Koop
asked. "Until the middle class begins to hurt, we
won't see health care reform."
However, Koop said rationing health care is
not the solution.
He told the audience of about 200 people
that during the mid-1980s he woke up one
morning completely paralyzed.
"If I had the same problem in England, I was
already nine years too old by their standards for
the treatment," Koop said.
Fortunately, insurance covered his neck and
spine surgery, Koop said. "My most productive
years as your surgeon general came after the
Koop said the delays in health reform do not
See KOOP, Page 2
By LISA DINES
Daily Staff Reporter
Because of declining state financial support of higher
education, the University has turned to the Campaign foi
Michigan - a $1 billion fund-raising effort - as ar
alternative to tuition dollars.
The campaign - which began in 1992 - had raisec
$677 million in standard donations, trusts and endow-
ments by September. It is set to conclude in 1997.
Interim Vice President for Development Thomas
Kinnear said the $1 billion dollar goal is unprecedented
"This will be the first billion-dollar campaign by a
publicly assisted institution," he said. "Only a (schoo
like) Michigan can do it."
The campaign is aimed at leveling out the amount 01
money the University receives from each source of rev-
enue - grants and contracts, state funding, private en-
dowments and gifts, and tuition. Since many revenue
sources, such as state funding, are fixed by outside orga-
nizations, the "University has raised tuition to maintain its
desired level of spending.
The state funded 51.6 percent of the University's
general fund in 1985-86. compared to 37.3 percent of this,
year's fund. State appropriations to the University rose by
2.3 percent this year, but inflation is expected to remain at
ProvostGilbert R. Whitaker Jr. said the dwindling
funds have hit the University hard.
"The support from other sources is not what it once
Everett Koop speaks to a crowd.
Former U.S. Surgeon General C.1
stall trade accord
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON - The House put off yesterday's
scheduled vote on a world trade agreement until late No-
vember because Republicans almost unanimously opposed
floor action on the pact before the Nov. 8 election.
I nm -hi hnnrwi to, rn-ri' n rn-pracc inna
While not in immediate
financial distress, the
Michigan Theater, Ann
Arbor's only substantial not-
for-profit movie house, is
going through something of a
oeroetual "deoend on the
test prep center name
By MONA QURESHI
Daily News Editor
After four months of bickering
between two nationally recognized
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Kaplan, said Kaplan President and
CEO Jonathan Grayer.
On the fourth day, the address was
frozen as Kaplan made its first threat
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