The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, September 28, 1994 - 7
.Congress rips Clinton on Haiti
But president won't face deadline on withdrawal of troops
The Washington Post that they w:
WASHINGTON - The Clinton tory pullou
administration urged Congress yes- "We're
terday not to set a specific date for lems," said
ending the U.S. military operation in Robert Do
Haiti, and despite a chilly reception Sen. Ch
appeared to have enough support to chair of the
fend off a mandatory pullout dead- subcommi
line. sphere and
Members from both parties sig- he believes
naled that the initial success of the ment" agai
mission, with televised images ofjoy- deadline, o
ous Haitians welcoming U.S. troops would force
as liberators, was not sufficient to before mid
*overcome their anger at having been Dodd s
bypassed in making the decision to thoughts ab
send the expedition. date were g
They said they were seeking a Republican
formula that would reassert congres- tant to igno
sional authority over the decision to a deadline.
send U.S. troops abroad without un- He said
dermining the mission in Haiti or feeling tha
showing a lack of support for U.S. assured of h
troops there. bilize Hail
But senior members of both can take o
houses, from both parties, indicated with as littl
Continued from Page 12
watch U.S. troops set up the operation, which offered
$50 for handguns, $100 for semiautomatic weapons
and $300 for heavy weapons or explosives.
A U.S. Army spokesman, Col. Barry Willey,
acknowledged the program would not work if the
prces offered were below what one could get on
the black market.
"There is some uncertainty in the community
about the future," said Maj. Keith Hass. "There is
iill not insist on a manda-
it with a specific date.
not trying to create prob-
d Senate Minority Leader
Senate Foreign Relations
ttee on Western Hemi-
Peace Corps affairs, said
;s there is "growing senti-
nst imposing a withdrawal
r at least against one that
e the troops to come home
-February or early March.
said he believed second
bout setting a withdrawal
growing especially among
ns, who, he said, are reluc-
ore military advice against
d there is also a growing
at U.S. troops should be
having enough time to sta-
ti so international forces
aver peacekeeping duties
le delay and disruption as
possible. But he acknowledged the
reluctance of many senators to go
home to face voters without having
set a deadline.
"We're not talking about military
strategy ... we're talking about local
political strategies," he said.
House members also said they
want to vote on Haiti in some way
before adjournment next month.
The House Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee is scheduled to meet today to
act on a resolution that would autho-
rize the Haiti deployment until March,
after which time the administration
would need congressional approval
to continue. Chair Lee Hamilton (D-
Ind.) and other senior members indi-
cated they would support it.
Setting a review date would not
necessarily mean U.S. troops would
have to quit Haiti at that time,
Hamilton said. The administration
would have an opportunity to per-
suade Congress to authorize a con-
tinuation of the operation.
Such a resolution, even if manda-
tory, would have little practical im-
pact if the U.S. operation unfolds ac-
cording to the schedule proposed by
the Clinton administration.
Deputy Defense Secretary John
Deutch told the Foreign Affairs Com-
mittee yesterday all but about 3,000
of the 15,000 U.S. troops in Haiti are
to be withdrawn "within six months,"
to be replaced by a smaller number of
international troops under United
At a Foreign Affairs Committee
hearing, the first congressional hear-
ing since U.S. troops landed in Haiti
10 days ago, Deutch and Deputy Sec-
retary of State Strobe Talbott ran into
a barrage of bipartisan complaints.
Members objected to the decision
to send the troops without a congres-
sional vote of approval, to the cost of
the operation, and to what several
members said was the dubious com-
mitment to democracy of ousted Hai-
tian president Jean-Bertrand Aristide.
some reluctance to give up weapons."
A U.S. soldier apparently committed suicide
today while patrolling the grounds of the Villa
D'Acceuil, a government guest house where Par-
liament members returning from exile are to stay.
The body, not identified pending notification of
relatives, was evacuated by helicopter. It is the first
U.S. fatality since the occupation of Haiti began
Sept. 19. Willey said there were apparently no
witnesses, but investigators believed it was a sui-
cide because the soldier's M-16 and shell casing
were found near his body.
With the latest arrivals, Willey put the total ofU.S.
troops in Haiti at 15,679.
Willey also said that U.S. forces would respond
to the looting if they were nearby but declined to
say what they would do.
The meeting of the fractious Parliament is nec-
essary under an agreement between former Presi-
dent Jimmy Carter and Haiti's military leaders.
Under the agreement, the army commander in
chief, Lt. Gen. Raoul Cedras, his chief of staff,
Brig. Gen. Philippe Biamby, and Port-au-Prince's
police chief, Lt. Col. Michel Francois, will leave
the military after being granted an amnesty by
Parliament, orby Oct. 15, whichever comes earlier.
Marine Lance Cpl. Michael Beckett of Davin, W.Va., cleans his automatic
rifle with the rest of his platoon in a field near the Cap Haitien air strip as a
C-130 cargo plane takes off overhead on Monday. The planes have been
bringing in U.S. Army troops who will replace the Marines soon.
The Washington Post
UNITED NATIONS -President
AlijaIzetbegovic, thehead ofBosnia's
Muslim-led government, dropped his
insistence yesterday that theU.N. arms
embargo on his wartorn country be
lifted immediately and said he would
be willing to wait six months to pro-
vide more time for a peaceful resolu-
tion of the conflict.
Izetbegovic's new proposal, made
'in an address to the U.N. General
Assembly, could provide some breath-
ing space for President Clinton, who
had pledged to press the United Na-
tions for a quick end to the three-year-
old embargo and, if that proved un-
successful, to consider unilateral U.S.
measures to aid Bosnia.
However, while Izetbegovic said
he would wait six months, he insisted
that the embargo be lifted automati-
cally at the end of that time if the
Bosnian Serbs continue to reject a
peace plan proposed by a five-nation
"contact group" in July.
He also expressed pessimism
about whether the U.N. Security
Council would adopt the kind of reso-
lution sought by his government.
"Should, for any particular rea-
son, our compromise proposal on the
arms embargo be rejected, we then
will seek from our friends that this
*embargo be lifted immediately, and
even unilaterally," he said.
Then, in a veiled but unmistakable
reference to the positions of Britain,
France and Russia - all members of
the contact group and permanent
members of the Security Council with
the power to veto any resolution - he
added: "I have to inform you that just
today I learned that this compromise
&proposal is meeting opposition and
even rejection from some contact
He spoke after a meeting earlier
yesterday with British Foreign Secre-
tary Douglas Hurd. Afterward
Bosnian Foreign Minister Haris
Silajdzic said Britain would not agree
to automatic lifting of the embargo
and added: "We're back to Page One."
That left a cloud of uncertainty
about what direction efforts to halt
Bosnia's bloody civil war are likely
to take in the weeks ahead. U.S. offi-
cials said the United States, in fulfill-
ment of Clinton's commitment, will
begin Security Council consultations
nn resnition thatnresimahlv won d
SHOPPING IS UNIVERSAL
Andrew Lopez sells books and music on the first floor of the Union yesterday. His wares show the diversity and
complexity of Latin America, and were previously in the Spanish domain but are now translated into English.
e raises death
tol n wada
The Washington Post
GOMA, Zaire - Weekly reports
on security conditions in the Rwandan
refugee camps here have come to
read more like the police log in a
crime-infested big-city neighborhood
- and, in fact, that is what these
refugee camps have become.
One day a Zairian soldier is hacked
to death by a mob of refugees after he
attempts to extort money. The next
day, refugees set up a barricade on the
road outside a camp and attack pass-
ing cars with stones, sticks and gre-
nades. Two refugee-bandits are killed
by gunfire as they attempt to raid the
supply tent of a French medical char-
Another refugee is slain because
he speaks English and a Hutu mob
suspects he might be a Tutsi infiltra-
tor. Each day brings a new incident.
As the scourges of cholera, hun-
ger and despair have lifted over the
squalid camps, and as the hordes of
foreign relief workers have started
meeting the basic needs such as food
and water, death has taken on a
quicker, violent form here.
As when a cholera epidemic was
been members of Rwanda's Tutsi
minority, slain by the hard-line Hutu
government's armed forces and mili-
tias. The Hutu regime was ousted in
July by the Tutsi-led Rwandan Patri-
otic Front, which now rules the coun-
Now, among civilian refugees in
the camps around Goma, Sachs said,
"you've got the militias in there,
you've got the army in there. It's a
"The situation remains explosive,"
Albert Kuiper, the UNHCR's secu-
rity coordinator, said in an interview.
One of the deadly new elements, he
said in a recent security report, was
"the reported influence of the use of
soft drugs in connection with these
The mounting violence has led the
UNHCR to begin thinking of ways to
redesign the refugee camps, perhaps
by breaking some of the larger ones
into smaller units, and by helping
coordinate a refugee internal-secu-
rity network. But Canadian social
worker Francoise Royer, who works
at Katale, the largest camp, said re-
cently: "It's very difficult in a big
in assets and
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