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September 16, 1994 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1994-09-16

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---I

--_ _The Michigan Daily - Friday, September 16, 1994 - 7

NAACP hopeful errs in endorsement claim

DETROIT (AP) - One of the
candidates in the heated race to head
the nation's largest NAACP chapter
has retracted his claim to have Rosa
Parks' endorsement. The civil rights
pioneer denied backing either candi-
date.
In launching his campaign for
president of the Detroit chapter of the
National Association for the Advance-
ment of Colored People, the Rev. Jim
Holley spent several minutes Wednes-
day talking about how Parks sup-
ported his bid.
"That, to me, is more important

than anything else," said Holley, who
is challenging the incumbent, the Rev.
Wendell Anthony. "The mother of
civil rights' feeling that there's a need
for leadership in this community."
But Parks' spokeswoman, Elaine
Steele, said Parks was not endorsing
either candidate in the November elec-
tion among members.
"She represents humanity and will
work with whoever the membership
chooses for all good causes," Steele
said. "'Mrs. Parks is a person who
heals, not a person who competes."
"Evidently I misunderstood,"

Holley said. "I felt in talking I had her
support. However, I apologize for any
discomfort."
The battle between Anthony and
Holley in the 51,000-member chapter
reflects the wider struggle in the
NAACP that surfaced over the ouster
of the group's national chief, Ben-
jamin Chavis.
Anthony is closely associated with
Chavis. Both are seen as promoting
self-reliance in the black community.
Those who question Chavis', and
Anthony's, leadership said the civil
rights group should continue to build

POSITIVE NEGATIVITY

JONATHAN LURIE/Daily
"Snoopy" wraps a negativity-absorbing onion for Michelle on State Street yesterday.
U.S. consdersnsendn
combat troops to protect
peace forces in Somalia

alliances with white groups.
Rosa Parks was No. 10on a list of
Holley's endorsements, which in-
cluded the powerful Council of Bap-
tist Pastors, Michigan AFL-CIO Sec-
retary-Treasurer Tom Turner and the
Michigan Chronicle newspaper.
Anthony, who won a narrow vic-
tory two years ago, announced his bid
for a second term Tuesday.
His supporters include UAW Vice
President Ernie Lofton, Detroit City
Councilman Gil Hill and U.S. Reps.
John Conyers and Barbara-Rose
Collins.
Pilot used
radar signal
in White
House crash
Newsday
WASHINGTON--Federal inves-
tigators have discovered that the pil&
who crashed a small plane on the White
House grounds turned on a radar be
con designed to pinpoint his location
for air-traffic controllers as he ap-
proached northwest Washington in the
final minutes of his fatal flight.
But Frank Corder, the Cessna pilot
who died in the crash, did not use the
proper location code for the transpon-
der, as the device is known, and didn't
attempt to contact controllers as re-
quired, a source close to the investiga-
tion said Thursday.
A skeleton crew works at National
Airport in the early-morning hours-
Corder crashed at 1:49 a.m. Monday
- and a controller staffs the radaronly
when aircraft are scheduled to arrive in
the airspace, officials have said.
Just 10 to 20 minutes before the
crash, the source said, the radar con-
troller had directed a passenger flight
en route from Dulles Airport near
Washington, D.C. to John F. Kennedy
Airport in New York. The controller
then left the scope to attend to admin-
istrativetasks.
The disclosure raises new ques-
tions about Corder's intentions during
the flight. Officials have ruled out any
attempton the president's life, but are
still debating whether Corderplanned
to commit suicide ordiedduring an ill-
fated publicity stunt.
Using the transponder would seem
to indicate that Corder wanted to be
noticed by controllers, but improper
use of the transponder's location code
off makes itunclear whathe was trying
to do, investigators said.
Corder was able to steal the plane
because it had been rented earlier in the
evening, and the renter returned the
plane with the keys on the pilot's seat
because the office was closed, investi-
gators said.
Contrary to earlier reports that
Corder approached the White House
with the plane's engine turned off, of-
ficials have determined that the engine
was running at the time of the crash. No
suicide note has been found.
The medical examiner detected
traces ofcocaine in Corder's blood and
said he had a blood alcohol level of

0.045, just above the legal limit for
flying.
Dave Adams, a spokesperson for
the Secret Service, which is heading
the investigation, declined to comment
about the transponder.
The information concerning the
transponder was discovered during 4
review of computer data stored in the
National Airport radar. It's still unclear
if the controller would have seen
Corder's plane on the radar because the
computerretainsmoreinformation than
what is readily observed on the scope,
the source said.
The computer data also indicates
that Corder's altitude was somewhat
erratic, with the plane dipping and ris-
ing as he flew toward the White House.

The Washington Post
UNITED NATIONS - The
United States may send American
combat troops back into Somalia to
protect U.N. peacekeeping forces as
they withdraw from the increasingly
chaotic country, U.S. and U.N. offi-
cials said Thursday.
Behind the planning under way at
the United Nations for a withdrawal
of the 18,900 U.N. troops in Somalia
is an anguished recognition that the
mission, started in April 1992, has
failed to bring peace among feuding
clans or re-establish even a rudimen-
tary government.
U.N. officials said they asked for
U.S. help because they fear attacks
on the departing peacekeepers by
Somali militias, and believe millions
of dollars' worth of U.N. weapons
and equipment could be looted or
stolen.
The United Nations has formally
asked the United States for military
aircraft and vessels to help carry its
troops away from Somalia, officials
from both sides said. Top U.N. peace-
keeping officials also are seeking U.S.
provision of a quick-reaction force of
combat troops to be stationed off the
shore of Somalia, ready to aid U.N.
troops if they come under fire.
The United States has reached no
decision on the requests, U.S. offi-
cials said. U.S. military planners rec-
ognize that the United Nations will
need assistance to leave Somalia
quickly. But the Clinton administra-
tion has not forgotten that 18 Ameri-
can service personnel were killed in
the streets of Mogadishu in October
1993.
That incident forced the adminis-
tration to abruptly initiate a pullout of

U.S. troops from Somalia that was
completed in March.
Administration officials are also
reluctant to commit U.S. forces to
rescue a failing U.N. mission in So-
malia when they are relying on the
authority of the United Nations, and
eventually on the help of U.N. peace-
keepers, to carry out the impending
invasion of Haiti.
The United States would like to
see the Somalia mission closed down
by the end of this year, U.S. officials
said. The Security
Council is scheduled to review the
mandate for the mission by Sept. 30.
In a meeting Thursday morning
with the five non-aligned nations on
the council, U.S. Ambassador
Madeleine Albright argued that be-
cause Somali leaders have made no
progress toward a settlement, the mis-
sion is not producing results that jus-
tify the huge international commit-
ment, U.S. officials said. The opera-
tion costs about $1 billion a year, of
which the United States pays about
one-third.
"We just don't see the evidence
it's doing any good anymore," a U.S.
official said. "The burden of proof is
on the United Nations to show why it
should continue into next year."
But U.N. officials, who have also
sought assistance in the Somali with-
drawal from France, Britain, India
and Pakistan, have warned that this
will be the most dangerous retreat
U.N. peacekeepers have ever under-
taken.
"There will be no safe with-
drawal," a top U.N. official in the
Somalia operation said. "We can't
negotiate a peaceful exit with the So-
malis because we have no one to talk

to. The last 10,000 of our troops will
be tremendously endangered."
Repeated efforts by U.S. and U.N.
officials over the past year to per-
suade Somali clan leader Gen.
Mohamed Farah Aidid to make peace
with 12 other faction leaders have
failed. Territorial battles rage in sev-
eral areas, and attacks on the United
Nations have increased.
Because of the risks, the United
States Thursday finished closing down
its Somali embassy, in the heart of the
Aidid-controlled southern neighbor-
hoods of Mogadishu. U.S. Ambassa-
dor Daniel Simpson and the last of
about 80 U.S. diplomatic employees
were expected to leave Mogadishu
Thursday.
On Aug.22 Somali gunmen killed
seven Indian peacekeepers and
wounded nine in a looting assault on
a relief convoy they were escorting.
In another attack last month, Aidid's
militiamen seized the town of
Beledweyne, stole the uniforms,
weapons and vehicles of the Zimba-
bwean U.N. troops there and used the
arms to storm and take over a neigh-
boring town.
In all, more than 100 peacekeep-
ers - including 36 Americans _-
have been killed in Somalia.
The United States has leased costly
heavy machinery, including vehicles,
road-building equipment and water-
purification plants, to the United Na-
tions that would be vulnerable in the
event of a U.N. withdrawal.
In recent days, Somali clan fight-
ers repeatedly have told U.N. com-
manders that they view U.N. equip-
ment and goods as bounty that should
be left to them if the peacekeepers
leave, U.N. officials said.

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X-ray burst has astronomers scratching their heads

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WASHINGTON (AP) - One of
the brightest stars in the sky suddenly
emitted a large burst of X-rays, star-
tling astronomers who are scrambling
to explain the first flare ever seen on
this normally sedate type of star.
Two German astronomers report

"These observations produce the
most direct evidence so far for the
scenario of shock-heated gas in the
winds of hot stars," wrote Thomas
Berghofer and Jurgen Schmitt of
Munich's Max Planck Institute for
Extraterrestrial Physics.

"It's a new phenomenon," said
Jean Swank, an astrophysicist at
NASA's Goddard Space Flight Cen-
ter. Determining the cause "will be
pretty significant as far as understand-
ing these stars."
Even though hot stars are the most

cloud of gases that is hit by a fast-
moving windstream. The shock wave
propels gases outward at about 1,000
kilometers a second, generating high-
energy X-rays. As the shock wave
slows, it loses energy and emits low-
energy X-rays before dying altogether.

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