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September 13, 1994 - Image 11

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1994-09-13

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 13, 1994 - 11

The Washington Post
took the first tentative steps toward
expansion into Eastern Europe yes-
terday with an elaborate military ex-
ercise involving six member coun-
tries and seven former Warsaw pact
With flags flapping and brass
lnds thumping, troops from the 13
motions marched onto aparade ground
here for the opening ceremonies of
what Polish Prime Minister Waldemar
Pawlak called "a new dimension in
The 650 soldiers then immedi-
ately repaired to the field for training
in marksmanship, patrolling and other
military skills geared toward future
acekeeping operations. Code-
med Cooperative Bridge 94, the
five-day military exercise is the first
Partnership for Peace undertaking and
is intended to bridge the gap between
NATO and its newly cooperative
neighbors to the East.
"Clearly today marks the begin-
ning of a new chapter in the history of
NATO and of Europe," declared Gen.
George Joulwan, the supreme allied
mmander in Europe. "Five years
o we faced each other across an
Iron Curtain as adversaries. Today
we train together as partners."
Joulwan urged the assembled sol-
diers to share with their comrades at
home "the vision of a new Europe, a
peaceful and cooperative Europe from
the Atlantic to the Urals."
The Partnership for Peace, ap-
roved by NATO heads of govern-
ent last January, is intended as a
temporizing measure to improve co-
operation while deferring the delicate
question of expanding the alliance
from its current membership of 16
Many of the 22 countries that have
signed.Partnership for Peace agree-
ments have expressed a clear and even
urgent desire for full NATO member-
ip, in part as a safeguard against
ihat some see as resurgent Russian
imperialism. NATO is divided over
how quickly to expand the alliance,
although aconsensus is emerging that
Poland, the Czech Republic, Hun-
gary and perhaps Slovenia could be-
come members within a few years.
Participants in this week's exer-
cise were the United States, Denmark,
ermany, Italy, the Netherlands and
ritain of NATO, plus Poland, Bul-
garia, the Czech Republic, Lithuania,
Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine.
Among the unique aspects of the ex-
ercise is that it brings German troops
onto Polish soil for the first time since
Hitler's legions retreated westward a
half-century ago.
Conspicuously absent were the

Quebec separatists win
vote by narrow margin


I *

The Washington Post
QUEBEC - Quebec voters yes-
terday narrowly elected a separatist
government pledged to leading the
French-speaking province out of
Canada and into nationhood.
Unofficial returns reported by
Canadian television showed the sepa-
ratist Parti Quebecois leading with
just over 45 percent of the vote to just
under 44 percent for the incumbent
party, the pro-unity Quebec Liberals.
The reported returns indicated that
separatist candidates were prevailing
in 79 of Quebec's 125 electoral dis-
tricts, with the Liberals holding 44.
Polls in the closing days of the cam-
paign had indicated a heftier majority
for the Parti Quebecois in both the
popular vote and legislative seats.
Parti Quebecois chief Jacques
Parizeau an economist and former
provincial finance minister, is ex-
pected to take power as premier of
Quebec within two weeks. He will
succeed the Liberal leader, Premier
Daniel Johnson.
Johnson issued aconcession state-
ment late last night.
A referendum on sovereignty that
Parizeau has promised would be Que-
becers' first opportunity since 1980
tn vote on a criestion that has bedev-
iled Canadian politics for more than a
In 1980, they turned down a Parti
Quebecois plan for "sovereignty-as-
sociation" with Canada by a margin
of 3 to 2.
Polls taken during the provincial
campaign reflect little change of popu-
lar sentiment in the intervening 14
years. Last night's strong showing by
the Liberals trims the mandate
Parizeau can claim in the referendum

campaign ahead.
Instead of outright separation,
Quebecers, according to one recent
poll, favor reopening negotiations
with the federal government to get a
better deal for their province within
Canada. A decade of such talks has
left the country at a bitter impasse.
Parizeau has said the time for talk is
Long before election day, ana-
lysts had interpreted the expected Parti
Quebecois election victory as a sign
of voter discontent with the Liberal
government of Johnson and his pre-
decessor, Robert Bourassa, rather than
as any significant sign of support for
the separatist cause. The base of the
pro-sovereignty vote is about 40 per-
While this has been a bloodless
campaign by Quebec standards of
years ago, the rest of Canada has
looked on in disquiet, fearful of the
growing momentum behind Quebec
At the same time, there is little
apparent mood for concessions to
Quebec. To many in English Canada,
the possibility of fracture is no longer
An independent Quebec would
leave the remainder of Canada in two
distant pieces.
Many analysts believe Quebec's
secession would quicken the forces
of radical decentralization and even
national disintegration, particularly
in a restive west. As for Quebec,
many inside and outside the prov-
ince question whether it could sur-
vive without the federal largess it
currently enjoys.
Even attracting less than 50 per-
cent of votes cast, Parizeau is ex-

pected to use the machinery and
agenda-setting powers of government j
to create a sense of momentum to-
ward the referendum. He has said he
wants to restore to Quebecers "the
taste for action."
The opening event of the referen-
dum campaign is likely to be a "sol-
emn declaration" next month at the
National Assembly, Quebec's pro-
vincial legislature, that will seek to
interpret the election results as a man-
date to prepare the province for inde-
Parti Quebecois Chair Bernard
Landry cautioned foreign reporters
Sunday that the declaration was "a
symbolic gesture" only. "We can't
change the constitution or the laws
or the fundamentals of the country"
without the voters' approval in the
referendum, he said. "We want sov-
ereignty, but we want democracy
even more. We believe we can have
Landry dismissed the notion that a
workable or honorable arrangement
for Quebec within the Canadian fed-
eration was still possible. "We're fed.
up with the federation." he said. "We
want close cooperation between two
He cited the European Union and
the North American Free Trade Agree-
ment as agreeable models for
Quebec's relationship to its continen-
tal neighbors. The federal govern-
ment of Prime MinisterJean Chretien,
a Quebecer who has championed a
unified Canada all his political life, is
not considered likely to enter into
talks with the Parti Quebecois gov-
ernment, nor is it likely to regard a yes
vote in the referendum as binding or

A Polish officer yesterday demonstrates how to assemble a Kalashnikov
rifle to two German soldiers during the first joint maneuvers between NATO
and former Warsaw Pact countries near the western Polish city of Poznan.

Russians, a recent Partnership for
Peace signatory with whom U.S. forces
exercised in bilateral maneuvers near
the Ural Mountains last week. Gen.
Helge Hansen, a German who serves
as NATO's commander in central
Europe, said all partnership signato-
ries had been invited to Poland this
week, but Russia had not yet signed
on at the time the invitations were
Reflecting the lack of familiarity
between many of the participants here,
the exercises have been carefully cho-
reographed and are limited to com-
pany-level operations. Five compa-
nies of up to 150 men each -respec-
tively commanded by a German, an
Italian, a Pole, a Briton and an Ameri-
can - consist of four platoons of
different nationalities. Company C,
for example, commanded by a Polish
captain, has Italian, Lithuanian, Pol-
ish and American platoons.
"Some of the operators have com-
plained that this is pretty basic stuff,"
said one participating U.S. officer.
"But when you've got 13 countries
that have never worked together be-
fore, it probably wouldn't be smart to
get too fancy right away."
Moreover, several of the military
operations recently undertaken by the
United States and its NATO allies
have required the skills of peacemak-
ers more than war fighters.

'Five years ago we
faced each other
across an Iron
Curtain as
adversaries. Today
we train together as
Gen. George
Supreme all/led
commander in Europe
Among the biggest obstacles is
language. English is NATO's official
command language, and all partici-
pants in this exercise down to platoon
leader are supposed to be fluemt. Nev-
ertheless, misunderstandings have
been commonplace already.
"The absolute toughest thing is
the language," Maj. Gen. William G.
Carter, commander of the U.S. 1st
Armored Division and co-director of
the exercise, said in an interview.
"Because you think you understand
someone or that they understood you,
but then you find out later that there
really wasn't an understanding after
all. There are subtleties to language,
and we're finding out that we need to
be really specific."

Continued from page 1.
procedures to cover a variety of
breaches of White House security.
But one official said yesterday the
response to a plane undetected by
radar, unavailable for voice contact
and unidentified as to threat "has al-
ways been a hole in the fabric." The
Treasury Department has sought hun-

dreds of thousands in funds over the
years to implement better plane de-
tection equipment but has always
been stymied by budget constraints.
Secret Service officials said yes-
terday that their first warning of the
small plane came when members ofits
uniformed division assigned to obser-
vation posts on the White House pe-
rimeter saw the craft approaching. Carl
Meyer, a Secret Service agent who
briefed the press, said yesterday that

agents then became preoccupied with
"what was the situation. I mean, was
this just a plane that ran out of gas, did
somebody have a heart attack, what
was involved here, was it a diversion,
was something going to come?"
"So we immediately deployed and
put our emergency plan into action."
Under the Secret Service and FAA
rules, no planes are allowed near the
White House or near presidential

Continued from page 1
unauthorized landing zone once before
--20 years ago, when an Army private
stole a military helicopter and landed it
on the lawn. The private, who was said
to have mental problems, was hit by
shotgun fire but survived. In 1976, a
man tried to ram a pickup truck into
the White House but was stopped by
the steel bars of the fence.
The airspace around the White
House is officially restricted but is only
about a mile from the heavily used air
corridors of National Airport.
To protect the building, the Secret
Service routinely stations sharpshoot-
ers on the White House roof and secu-
rity forces have been reported to be
armed with shoulder-fired Stinger anti-
aircraft missiles.
Meyer suggested that security mea-

sures might have been more aggres-
sive had the Clintons been in the resi-
dence instead of in Blair House, the
official U.S. residence for visiting
dignitaries, where they had been liv-
ing while workmen completed reno-
vations on the White House heating
and ventilation system.
But Meyer declined to say pre-
cisely what different procedures might
have been followed.
In any case, the uniformed Secret
Service agents patrolling the White
House apparently had no inkling that
Corder's plane was coming until they
saw it heading for them only seconds
before it hit, Meyer said.
No shots were fired. "I don't think

there was all that much time, to be
quite honest with you," Meyer said.
According to preliminary evidence
gathered by investigators, Corder,
whose father had worked as an air-
plane maintenance engineer, stole the
red-and-white, two-seat Cessna 150
trainer from a flying club at a small
airport in northeastern Maryland,
about 50 miles from Washington. He
then flew southwest, toward the capi-
tal, crossing over the city and ap-
proaching the White House from the
north at low altitude.
Officials said they did not know if
his plane had a transponder-a device
designed to identify an airplane to air
traffic control radar.

Earthquake shakes California-Nev. border

Los Angeles Times
A strong earthquake in a lightly
populated area along the California-
Nevada border 20 miles southeast of
Lake Tahoe yesterday broke dishes,
damaged chimneys and shook rocks
onto highways, but caused no inju-
The National Earthquake Infor-
mation Center in Golden, Colo., put
the preliminary magnitude at 6.3 and
placed its epicenter two miles inside
Nevada, about 12 miles south of the
town of Gardnerville. Some other
seismological laboratories gave the
quake a weaker 6.0 magnitude.
Damage was reported in the Ne-
ada communities of Gardnerville and

Minden and in California at the Al-
pine County seat of Markleeville,
where debris fell off the courthouse.
The 5:23 a.m. earthquake was felt
distinctly as far away as Sacramento,
Calif., and Reno, Nev., scientists said.
"It was real scary," said Carolyn
Davis, manager of the Riverview
Mobile Home Park, six miles south of
Gardnerville. "It seemed to last a long
time and we had quite a few things
break. The road in front of my trailer
is crumbled and a bookcase turned
It was the second strong earth-
quake felt through much of Northern
California in the last two weeks, but
both were centered well away from

big cities. The earlier quake, now
assigned a revised magnitude of 7.0
by the U.S. Geological Survey, oc-
curred on Sept. 1 and was centered in
the ocean 90 miles southwest of Eu-
reka, Calif.


on sale : at the Schoolkids Annex
in concert : at the Blind Pig
Wednesday, Sept. 14





thru 9/30/94



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