The Michigan Daily - Monday, December 12, 1994 - 3
*U.S. counts on
for free trade
The Washington Post
MIAMI - In one month, the United States
Sas moved decisively to tighten its economic
ties with Europe, Asia and its own neighbors
in the Americas through watershed trade agree-
ments and commitments.
Of these three partners - Europe, Asia
and Latin America - the Clinton administra-
tion appears to prefer the nearest one.
Flavoring the 34-nation Summit of the
Americas that concluded here yesterday was
a sense of expectation and common purpose
at transcends the uneasy undercurrents that
ark U.S. efforts to expand trade ties across
the Atlantic and Pacific. U.S. trade experts
and Latin American diplomats agreed that of
the three frontiers for U.S. trade, the Ameri-
cas may hold brighter promise of future
progress than either the Atlantic or Pacific.
"It is easier for countries in the Americas
-just as it is easier for European countries in
the community, or for Asian countries that
C volve around China or Japan-to strike free
de accords than it is to go at it universally,"
said Chile's finance minister, Eduardo Aninat.
Viewed only in commercial terms, the
commitmentby the Western Hemisphere lead-
ers to negotiate a free trade agreement for the
region is not much different from a similar
declaration last month by Pacific nations. The
goal set at the Summit of the Americas is to
complete a free trade pact by 2005. The targets
established by President Clinton and leaders
f 16 other Asian-Pacific nations last month
Leaders take step to
Los Angeles Times
MIAMI - Embarking on what President
Clinton called a "historic step," the United
States and 33 other nations of the Western
Hemisphere agreed Saturday to complete com-
plex negotiations within a decade to eliminate
all tariffs and other barriers to free trade from
the Arctic to Argentina.
"We believe the agreement we have made
today to launch the Free Trade Area of the
Americas will produce more jobs, higher in-
comes and greater opportunities for all of our
people," Clinton said, setting the goal of estab-
lishing a free-trade zone of unprecedented eco-
nomic and geographic reach.
The agreement is the centerpiece of the two-
day Summit of the Americas. It is seen as an
ambitious and concrete measure to spur liberal-
ization of trade and boost commerce, not only
in the hemisphere but around the world.
It would not actually be implemented, how-
ever, until some time beyond the target date of
AP P 2005 when the negotiations should be finished.
The summit, which ends tomorrow, is the
t first such gathering in 27 years. It has brought
to Miami the presidents or prime ministers of
every nation from Canada to Argentina. Only
gress en- Cuba's Fidel Castro is missing, but in the
nth, may aftermath of the Cold War and the collapse of
future of his Soviet allies, his absence no longer casts
a shadow over such proceedings.
s that to- Even a massive demonstration by his many
a closer opponents in the Cuban expatriate community
ts trading here was barely recognized during a day in
n Europe. which the overriding theme was Latin America's
turn toward market economies and away from
the often heavy-handed state interference of the
post-World War II era.
Although the U.S. embargo against Cuba
was not officially a subject of discussion, the
presidents of Brazil, Mexico and Colombia
suggested that dialogue rather than isolation
is the best way to push for democracy in
But Argentine President Carlos Menem said
that Cuba's government "must begin an open-
ing toward representative and pluralistic de-
mocracy" if it wishes to rejoin the hemispheri-
cal community, according to the text of his
speech to the summit.
Mexican President Ernesto Zedillo empha-
sized his country's traditional insistence on a
policy of nonintervention, an indirect slap at
the United States' Cuba policy.
Several Latin presidents expressed their dis-
may to Clinton over Proposition 187, the mea-
sure passed by California voters to deny educa-
tion and other public benefits to undocumented
immigrants and their children.
Colombian President Ernesto Samper said
he told Clinton that the measure "sets an
abysmal precedent" in relations between Latin
America and the United States that "violates
a long good-neighbor tradition."
Clinton assured the summit participants
that his administration did not support the
measure but added that immigration policy
as a whole should be reviewed, according to
Panamanian officials who attended the con-
President Clinton and Guatemalan President Ramiro de Leon Carpio sign a summi
declaration yesterday as other international leaders look on.
are more distant, between 2010 and 2020.
And if results - not promises - are
weighed, the initiatives for both the Americas
and the Pacific do not measure up to the
accomplishments of U.S. and European nego-
tiators in producing a landmark expansion of
the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade,
the overall trading regime for the world. But
the GATT agreement, which Cong
dorsed and Clinton signed this mon
represent the history rather than thet
But the inescapable conclusion i
day, the Clinton administration has
bond to its American neighbors than it
partners in the Pacific or its old allies in
Posada at Stockwell
2 small-town chiefs
seek to lead A2 cops
By JOSH WHITE
Daily Staff Reporter
As snow covered the ground and
people's heads began to fill with holi-
day decorations and songs, the Christ-
mas season descended upon Ann Ar-
bor in yet another way Friday night.
Participating in the annual Posada
celebration, Spanish for "a home,"
members of the Latino group Alianza
brought a little piece of tradition to
Stockwell's Rosa Parks Lounge.
"The Posada is a Mexican annual
celebration in early December about
the birth of Jesus Christ," said LSA
sophomore Alejandra Montes, who
co-organized the event. "We try not
to make it a religious event here, just
to bring the tradition to Michigan and
allow Latino students to come to-
Knocking on the outside doors of
e lounge and singing a traditional
ong, half of the participants por-
trayed the Virgin Mary searching for
a home in which to give birth to Jesus.
The others stood inside the lounge,
responding in verse, until the end of
the song, when those on the outside
were allowed to enter.
"It represents the Virgin Mary
knocking on doors and being turned
away," said LSA sophomore Angelo
;'isnero, a member of Alianza. "When
the people on the outside are let into
the room, signifying the stable that
Mary was allowed to enter, we join in
song and celebrate."
Following a storm of confetti and
joyous voices, the group brought out
a pinata for partiers to take swings at.
Montes said that breaking the pinata
represents the breaking of all evil.
Then there was the food.
The more than 40 students at the
party enjoyed delicious homemade
tamales, beans and rice, and chips and
salsa while Spanish Christmas music
played in the background. Montes
said that everything, including the
decorations, was homemade, with the
*0ntnued from page 13
program officials said.
Many of the students named as
Rhodes scholars showed interest in
community service. Several volun-
teered as tutors for inner-city chil-
dren, one student tutored prison in-
mates and another worked at a center
for sexual assault victims.
Brent Roam, a wligious studies
major at Arizona State University,
founded a drug outreach center in
Stockton, Calif. Roam is also an actor
exception of the pinata.
"If this was something that these
students' families had as a tradition at
home, this is definitely something
that they would miss because they are
at school," Montes said. "It is a tradi-
tion that is dying down but one that, in
Ann Arbor especially, can bring
LSA first-year studentJorge Lozano,
who organized the event, agreed that
the celebration was unifying.
"Basically this night was to bring
the whole Latino community together
in a special event that is important in
tradition and culture," Lozano said.
"Hopefully we will be able to con-
tinue this in the future. It really brings
Other students thought that the
Posada celebration - Alianza's sec-
ond - was beneficial.
"It was nice, I liked it a lot," said
Engineering junior Ramiro Cerdad.
"It was in a way just like home, it was
structured in the same way. This was
very good to have because I would
not do it at school otherwise."
LSA sophomore Maria Perez said
that she will go again next year if she can.
"Celebrating Posada was a new
experience for me," Perez said. "It
seems to have gone pretty well and I
had a good time. The food was excel-
Cisnero said Alianza is "a socially
and politically based organization for
"We promote service in the com-
munity, tutor in the schools and re-
cruit Latino students as well as offer-
ing support and trying to maximize
the success of Latino students and
members of the community."
Among other activities, Alianza is
also involved with the Residence Hall
Association's boycott of California
table grapes and opposing California's
Proposition 187, which sets restric-
tions on benefits to illegal immigrants.
(See related story on Page 1)
and plans to study English language
and literature at Oxford.
The winners were also active in a
wide variety of sports, including kick
boxing, rock climbing and soccer.
One scholar, Rebecca Spies of
Villanova University, has won three
track awards, program officials said.
Spies of Livermore, Calif., is a biol-
ogy philosphy major who plans to
pursue philosphy, politics and eco-
nomics at Oxford.
Seven University students were
granted interviews but all were cut.
Last year the University had its first
Rhodes scholar since 1980.
By JAMES M. NASH
Daily Staff Reporter
The two police chief finalists are
coming to Ann Arbor this week for a
round of tours and interviews that
will determine the next head of the
city's largest department.
Jeffrey Kruithoff of Battle Creek
and Carl Ent of Muncie, Ind., emerged
from a nearly yearlong search that
filtered out about 50 candidates for
Kruithoff, a deputy police chief,
and Ent, a police chief, will be inter-
viewed this week by City Adminis-
trator Alfred A. Gatta ib preparation
for the Jan. 3 City Council meeting,
during which Gatta is expected to
recommend a new chief.
The council will likely approve
Gatta's recommendation, but not with-
out independently reviewing the can-
didates, said Mayor Ingrid B. Sheldon.
"In such a sensitive position, I'm
sure (council members) will put out
feelers to see whether we should sup-
port the administrator's recommen-
dation," Sheldon said, adding that her
office already has received endorse-
ments of both candidates.
Kruithoff has worked in law en-
forcement for 22 years, the last 15 in
Battle Creek. He helped pilot a televi-
sion program there to explain and
promote the police department.
Ent supervises the police depart-
ment in Muncie, a city of about 75,000
that includes Ball State University.
Andrew Wright, an LSA sopho-
more who sat on the committee that
helped select finalists, said Ent's ex-
perience in a university community
would be an asset to Ann Arbor.
But Wright said both candidates
deserve the job. "I think they're both
amply qualified," he said.
Sheldon agreed. "We were con-
cerned about the professionalism of
the departments (candidates) were
coming from," she said.
Craig Roderick, a deputy police
chief in Ann Arbor who has worked
extensively with the University's De-
partment of Public Safety, was elimi-
nated from the search at the beginning
of this month. The mayor said Roderick
was a viable candidate, but was ham-
pered by a lack of experience.
The new police chief will succeed
Douglas Smith, who left Ann Arbor
in the spring to become police chief of
The police chief job pays $61,609
Ann Arbor's police chief search
was derailed this summer after the
City Council split over what traits to
seek in a police chief. Council mem-
bers later resolved their differences,
selecting leadership qualities and
community relations as the principal
Darby Wilde, a graduate student in the School of Music, prepares for a
performance Friday night at the Dance Building with her husband Chip.
1994 Rhodes scholars
Benjamin F. Jones, Falmouth,
Mass., Princeton University.
Sarah E. Light, Belmont, Mass.,
Diana M. Sabot, Williamstown,
Mass., Dartmouth University.
Rinku Chandra, Providence, R.I.,
Jennifer Babik, Piscataway, N.J.,
Tracy Johnston, Garrison, N.Y.,
John H. Leaman, Lancaster, Pa.,
Rebecca Spies, Livermore, Calif.,
Mike Wenthe, Athens, Ga., Duke U.
Robert W. Johnson, Jonesboro,
Ga., Furman University.
Jennifer Santoro, Audubon, Pa., U.
of Tennessee at Knoxville.
Zayde Gordon Atrim, Richmond,
Va., University of Virginia.
Rebecca Bogge, Louisville, Ky.,
H arvard University.
Jonathan 8eers, Mount Pleasant,
Mich., University of Chicago.
Eric R. OlIver, Cincinnati, Ohio,
U.S. Miltay Academy.
James R. Wall, Jr., Greenleaf, Wis.,
University of Wisconsin.
La Pierson, Ames, Iowa, Iowa State.
Matthew Polly, Topeka, Kansas,
Maria Kalbel, Minneapolis, Minn.,
Melling Hazelton, Chicago, Ill.,
University of Chicago.
Mallory Ann Hayes, Tuscaloosa,
Ala., University of Alabama.
Drew Dianne Lamonica, Baton
Rouge, La., Louisiana State U.
Cristina Maria Rodriguez, San
Antonio, Texas, Yale University.
Monica Salamon, Dallas, Texas,
Brent Roam, Phoenix, Ariz., Arizona
Rachel Maddow, Castro Valley,
Calif., Stanford University.
Jordan T. Schreiber, San Cristobal,
N.M., Harvard University.
Heather Ure, Salt Lake City, Wellesley.
Thomas Gelser, West Middlesex,
Pa., U.S. Air Force Academy.
Ryan Sawyer, Boise, Idaho, Seattle U
Debra L Wait, Portland, Ore.,
Oregon State University.
Drew D. Hansen, Mercer Island
Wash., Harvard University.
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