The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, April 6, 1994 - 3
Panel debates whether Asian
students are 'over-represented'
By JAMES R. CHO
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
fellowships discriminate against Asian
Americans in certain Rackham gradu-
ate programs because they are not
identified as "historically under-rep-
resented," speakers said at a panel
discussion last night.
"In some graduate programs, Asian
Americans don't qualify for merit schol-
arships because they are not classified
by the government as a 'historically
underrepresented minority group,"'"
said Aiko Nakatani, director of admis-
sions of the Rackham graduate school.
Undergraduate and graduate admis-
sion officers along with student repre-
sentatives of the Medical and Law
schools participated in the discussion
yesterday to debate the issue of "over-
representation" of Asian Americans
on campus and the ramifications on
admissions policy, financial aid and
In addition to Nakatani, the panel-
ists included: Holly Oh, a first-year
student in the Medical school; James
Van Hecke, assistant director of under-
graduate admissions; and Colin
Owyang, a first-year Law student.'
The Merit fellowship scholarships,
which are awarded to historically
under-represented minorities, were
formerly awarded only to Asian
Americans in Division 4 programs, a
classification Rackham uses to divide
its more than 160 programs. Division
4 programs include the humanities
and the arts, Nakatani said.
The graduate school revised its cri-
teria a few years ago to encompass
more graduate programs including so-
cial sciences, natural resources and ki-
Minorities, however, do not qualify
for minority scholarships in such pro-
grams as biomedical sciences, engi-
neering and physics because they are
not considered "under-represented."
At the University, Asian Amen-
cans make up about 20 percent of all
student enrolled in the Medical school.
"At the Medical school, Asian
Americans are lumped together. There
is not much diversity in terms of
ethnicity, geography and socioeco-
nomic status," Oh said.
Van Hecke said, "The University
does not have a quota system."
Of the 1994 entering class, 15.7
percent of the total applicant pool is
Asian American. Hecke predicts 9.5
percent of those will enroll.
The United Asian American Orga-
nizations, Asian Pacific American Law
Students Association and Minority Stu-
dent Services sponsored the panel dis-
Colin Owyang (center) explains the Law school's efforts to recognize the diversity of its applicants as panelists
James Van Hecke (left), Aiko Nakatani and Holly Oh listen on.
Serbs bomb Gorazde Muslims
(AP)-- Hundreds of civilians fled
burning villages yesterday ahead of
Bosnian Serb troops who breached
defense lines around the Muslim en-
clave of Gorazde.
An officer in the Muslim-domi-
nated Bosnian government said the
enclave's defenders had been forced
back by the breakthroughs. Govern-
ment officials called the situation criti-
cal for the besieged eastern area, which
was declared a U.N. "safe zone" last
May but has been unprotected by U.N.
Serb leaders and international aid
workers also reported Serb advances
after aweekof heavy fighting. U.N. aid
workers said52civilians had been killed
4 and 249 wounded since last week.
There was no sign Western nations
would intervene as NATO did with
threats of air strikes to force the with-
drawal of Serb artillery around
Sarajevo. The United States said it had
no plans to help Gorazde's 65,000 resi-
Gen. John Shalikashvili, chair of
the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff, told
reporters in Washington that air power
would be ineffective against the small-
arms fighting around Gorazde.
He said that should not be seen as a
"green light" for Serb attacks, and he
did notflatly rule out intervention. "To-
morrow, the circumstances in Gorazde
could very well change and the use of
air power could be very appropriate,"
Lt. Gen. Sir Michael Rose, the U.N.
commander in Bosnia, planned to go to
Gorazde to assess the situation tomor-
row. About 200 refugees from the area
blocked the entrance to his Sarajevo
headquarters yesterday, demanding
immediate action to save Gorazde,
which is about 30 miles southeast of
"Please inform Gen. Rose now ...
tomorrow is too late," said Ibro Marsala,
one of the protesters.
The enclave has been under siege
during much of the two-year war that
began when Bosnia's government de-
clared independence from Serb-domi-
"Our units have defeated the gov-
ernment forces inside Gorazde pocket
and have reached the right bank of the
Drina River," Gen. Manojlo
Milovanovic, the Bosnian Serb's chief
of staff, told the Bosnian Serb news
Bosnian Serb troops pushed
deep into the Muslim enclave
of Gorazde. Serb forces broke
through defense lines at three
locations, forcing government
forces to withdraw and civilians
to flee toward the city's center.
BOSNIA ( 10 miles
Serb Drina Bosnian
orces River Croat
' study shows
works on 2nd try
Palestinian exiles return to
Israel's West Bank, Gaza
CHICAGO (AP) - Alzheimer's
patients who can't tolerate the only
drug approved for treating the disease
may benefit from trying it a second
time, researchers say.
Liver abnormalities developed in
29 percent of patients who took the
drug, tacrine, in one study, but disap-
peared a few weeks after they stopped,
the researchers said in today's issue of
the Journal of the American Medical
In seven of eight patients who tried
it again, the abnormalities never re-
turned, the study found.
A second study in JAMA, led by
University Prof. Paul Watkins, found
that no permanent liver damage re-
sulted from the short-term toxicity as-
sociated with the drug.
There is no way to predict who will
develop the short-term problem, and
patients must get weekly blood tests to
watch for it, said Watkins, an associate
professor of medicine.
The Food and Drug Administration
approved tacrine, marketed as Cognex,
Fifty thousand to 60,000 ofthe more
than 4 million Americans with
Alzheimer's disease now take it, the
drug's maker says.
The first study, of 663 patients
with mild to moderate Alzheimer's
disease, found small but meaningful
benefits in thinking skills among some
tacrine-taking patients compared with
patients getting a dummy drug. The
best improvements were at the high-
More than one-third of the study's
patients dropped out because of side
effects. Besides liver abnormalities,
which had no symptoms, patients suf-
fered nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, ab-
dominal pain or other problems.
Researchers say many of the pa-
tients were able to resume tacrine later,
some at lower doses.
"The majority of patients can toler-
ate it," said Margaret Knapp, a clinical
scientist with the Parke-Davis division
of Warner-Lambert Co., the drug's
JERICHO, Occupied West Bank (AP) - The
first exiled leaders of the Palestinian uprising al-
lowed to return home got a tumultuous hero's
welcome yesterday in the occupied territories.
The returning exiles will help build an au-
tonomy government in the West Bank and Gaza
Strip, and try to dispel perceptions among Pales-
tinians that the historic Israel-PLO peace accord
has failed to bring change.
"People are seeing some changes with their
own eyes now. This has had more impact on the
people than months of negotiations," said Saeb
Erekat, a senior PLO figure.
At the crossing from Egypt to the Gaza Strip
at Rafah, hundreds of youths waving the Pales-
tinian flag carried 23 returnees on their shoul-
ders to waiting cars. Armed members of the
PLO's Fatah Hawks fired into the air.
Crowds lined the road to Gaza, waving black
and white checked kafiyyahs, the Palestinians'
Palestinian officials said 26 other exiles crossed
the Allenby Bridge from Jordan to the West Bank.
PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, in Jordan to hold
talks with King Hussein, called Israel's decision to
let the deportees return "another positive signal."
In Jerusalem, Foreign Minister Shimon Peres
said the returnees were "pioneers in the implemen-
tation of this new rapprochement between the
Palestinians and ourselves."
The returnees face a local PLO leadership frac-
tured by infighting, and will-have to deal with
attempts by the armed underground to continue
attacks on Israel, demands for jobs, and general
disillusionment with the peace accords.
Most of the deportees were university students
and professors expelled by Israel for organizing the
Palestinian uprising, or intifadah, which started in
December 1987. They are the first of those exiles
allowed to return. Others were village elders de-
ported by Israel in the 1970s.
The deportees are famous inside the occupied
territories, but also worked in Arafat's Tunis head-
quarters, and are expected to help smooth accep-
tance of a PLO leadership that has not lived under
$4.5 M grant to fund
hi-tech optics research
One of 23 Palestinian refugees returns to the Gaza
Strip Tuesday on the shoulders of well-wishers.
Fighting continues in S. African province; 41 dead
By SCOT WOODS
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
The University will receive part of
a $4.5 million grant from the federal.
government's Advanced Research
Project Agency to use toward research
on optoelectronic materials and de-
vices, which could be used in the
coming information superhighway.
Along with the University of Illi-
nois at Urbana-Champaign and the
University of Texas, the University
will establish a new Center for Opto-
electronics Science and Technology
Electrical Engineering Prof. Pallab
Bhattacharya said COST could pro-
duce high-speed materials and compo-
nents to be used in the communications
"Our mission is to develop opto-
electronic materials, devices, and com-
ponents useful not only for long-dis-
tance transmission, such as telephone
calls, but also for very short-distance
transmissions, such as between sta-
tions or from one chip to another,"
The goal of the center is to effec-
tively combine fiber-optic technology
with the switching and amplification
capability of electronics, allowing faster
transmission of information.
"By increasing the speed of all
stages of the system from laser trans-
mitter to optical receiver, we can trans'-
mit greater amounts of information,"
The center will work closely with
more than 25 industrial partners in its
This is the second multi-million
dollar research grant the University has
received in recent weeks. Last month,
its Ultrafast Optical Science Center re-
ceived a five-year, $13.9 million grant
from the National Science Foundation
for work in development of lasers.
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa
(AP) - As the four-day death toll in
Natal Province surpassed 40, an ANC
official complained Monday that iso-
lated areas had not received the peace-
The state of emergency was de-
clared Thursday for Natal, scene of
most of the fighting between the Afri-
can National Congress and the Zulu-
based Inkatha Freedom Party.
There was no sign it was achieving
the aim of quelling unrest before South
Africa's first all-race election April26-
That fueled speculation that a sum-
mit this week - including President
F.W. de Klerk, ANC leader Nelson
Mandela, Zulu King Goodwill
Zwelithini and Inkatha leader Mango-
suthu Buthelezi - may consider de-
laying the vote in Natal for more time
to resolve Zulu autonomy demands.
In Washington on Monday, State
Department spokesperson Mike
McCurry called the four-way summit a
very hopeful development, saying he
hoped it would result in an agreement
to carry out the balloting peacefully.
International mediators were ex-
pected to arrive this week to begin
hearings on the dispute, ANC spokes-
person Carl Niehaus said Monday.
In a statement in New York, former
Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
confirmed that he and former British
Foreign Minister Lord Carrington had
been asked to participate.
Kissinger said he was waiting for
particulars about the proposed mediation
and the outcome of Friday's summit.
Political violence has killed at least
41 people since Thursday in Natal.
Reports from KwaZulu police,
South African police and independent
peace monitors indicate the total could
exceed 60. The reports described iso-
lated killings in far-flung regions that
could not be immediately verified.
Natal and KwaZulu have vast rural
areas where factional fighting mainly
erupts. Much of the fighting pits Zulu
supporters of the ANC against rivals
from the Zulu nationalist Inkatha Free-
dom Party, led by Buthelezi.
The worst Easter weekend incident
occurred Saturday night, when attack-
ers who identified themselves as police
officers killed nine members of a fam-
ily of ANC supporters outside Port
Shepstone, south of Durban.
Engaging 5-inch Bumper Plaque
or 1-inch Lapel Pins, Just $6
Send Check To:
315 N. Tejon
Colorado Springs, CO 80903
Because you cant fit
it all in your backpack...
" Association for Campus Ma-
chinery, 3166 Dow Building,
" Archery Club, Coliseum, 5:30
" East Quad support group for
lesbians, gay men, & bisexual
people, call 764-3678 for info.
U Niniutsu Club. IM Building.
fice hours, 4121 MichiganUnion,
Q Getting Published, sponsored by
Career Planning and Placement,
3200 Student Activities Build-
ing, 5:10 p.m.
Q Hubble Space Telescope Le-
Q 76-GUIDE, peer counseling
phone line, ,7 p.m.C-8 a.m.
U Campus Information Center,
763-INFO; events info., 76-
EVENT; film info., 763-FILM.
gan Union, 10 a.m.-6 p.m.
Q North Campus Information
Center, 763-NCIC, 7:30 a.m.-
Thursday, April 7
I OF:,;F/ ,w