The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, January 12, 1994 - 7
.Human radiation tests questioned by some, hailed by others
BOSTON (AP) -Forty years ago,
doctors injected uranium into a dozen
patients on the brink of death. All
were hopelessly sick with brain tu-
mors. Most lay in comas. There was a
slim chance the shots would help.
The tests were cited by a congres-
sional report as "repugnant." Some
doctors say they are examples of the
way medical science has always
worked, engaging the unfortunate ill
in the search for treatments that might
help others later.
The congressional subcommittee
report, issued in 1986, listed the ura-
nium experiment at Massachusetts
General Hospital as one of 31 worri-
some examples. It said the human
subjects "were essentially used as
guinea pigs and calibration devices."
At the time, the report had little
impact. But because of recent revela-
tions about ethically questionable
experiments during that period, in-
cluding injecting plutonium into
people without their knowledge, it
has received new attention.
The Massachusetts General ex-
periment struck the subcommittee as
questionable because the data were
shared with federal scientists who used
it to set exposure standards for ura-
nium workers. The panel also was
skeptical whether treatment was truly
However, those who were there
when the testing began in 1953 re-
member a simple humane mission -
a cancer cure. Their work was a small
part of a major effort that led to a
cancer treatment that is still being
used. And it was carried out with the
permission of the patients' families.
These differing viewpoints high-
light the difficulty of judging the wis-
dom of radiation experiments con-
ducted two generations ago.
Ethical standards have evolved.
Committee reviews and elaborate
consent forms are now routine for
such research. Furthermore, the in-
tense scientific excitement about the
potential of radiation as a medical
tool is now a distant memory.
Doctors working in the field back
then maintain that their experiments
fell within the mainstream of scien-
tific investigation. The amounts of
radioactive material used were often
minuscule; the studies yielded data
that eventually made the medical use
of radiation commonplace.
"These experiments were carried
out to find the information that we are
using today," said Dr. Michel Ter-
Pogossian of Washington University
in St. Louis. "Every medical school in
the country now has a very active,
vibrant department of nuclear medi-
cine, the existence of which can be
directly traced to that period."
In the early 1950s, thanks to the
Manhattan Project, radioactive mate-
rial became available in large enough
quantities to carry out meaningful
experiments. The goal was to employ
these substances to learn about the
human body, to find new ways to
diagnose diseases and ultimately to
Those who were there remember
the times as being almost as thrilling
as the developmentof penicillin a few
"We entered into the use of radio-
active material with great enthusi-
asm," remembered Dr. Belton Bur-
rows of the Veterans Administration
Medical Center in Boston.
"We had seen patients snatched
from the grave because of the new
antibiotics. The idea of coming up
with a simple, practical, workable
solution based on knowledge we could
gain from (radioactive) tracer studies
was very appealing."
Government fails to
recover S&L losses
THE COLORWORKS Collegiate Painters
is now interviewing college students for sum-
mer 94 management positions. A resume-
building job w/tremendous eaming potential.
To explore job opportunities avail. wfrhe
Coloorks call 1-00-477-1001 & talk w/a
WANTED female helper to assist with
variety of jobs in and out of home. Flexible
.hours. Please call 996-9621. References
WORK FOR ACADEMIC CREDIT or
volunteer at U of M's Pound House
Children's Center during Winter, Spring or
Summer Term. Join hundreds of past stu-
dents in a quality experience in working with
young children. Located at Hill and East
University. Please call 764-2547 for more in-
formation or to arrange a visit.
WORK STUDY - interested in tissue
culture. Pharmacology Dept. 763-3083,
WORK-STUDY NEEDED: Computer con-
sultant at Kresge Hearing Research Institute.
Rewarding, varied, flexible work in all
aspects of computing. Intelligence and
motivation far more important than a strong
computing background. Call 764-8110.
EJS WORDPROCESSING SERVICE.
Resumes, papers, dictation, and typing.
Pipa_ 9ltotat -07'1_,77
SOUTH PADRE ISLAND
PANAMA CITY BEACH
RESERVATIONS AVAILABLE NOW
CALL TOLL FREE FOR FULL
DETAILS AND COLOR BROCHURE!
ROMANTIC WINTER hideaway. Cozy log
cabins in woods, outdoor hottub. CCX.
Traverse City area. $49-69 nightly. Ellis Lake
SKI SPRINGBREAK in Breckenridge,
Colorado. Call Amy 662-6978.
SPRING BREAK Best prices & trips to
Jamaica, Cancun, Bahamas- Jeff 662-1758.
SPRING BREAK 7 nights from $299
Includes: Air, Hotel, Transfers, Parties and
More! NASSAU * PARADISE ISLAND *
CANCUN * JAMAICA * SAN JUAN.
Organize a small group - Earn FREE trip plus
SPRING BREAKS GUARANTEED lowest
prices. Student Travel Services has
experience. Call Ira 662-6056 or Tom 741-
4448. Florida from $119, Cancun from $459,
Jamaica from $459.
SPRING BREAK Puerto Vallarta $559,
Cancun $539, Nassau $639, Paradise Island
$689, Ski Winter Park $599. Other dest.
avail. Dan 665-6122 @ Regency Travel 209
STUDENTS ANYWHERE in the U.S. on
Continental fr. $159/$279. Bring your Con-
tinental voucher & AMEX card. Diane at
Regency Travel 209 S. State 665-6122.
HERB DAVID GUITAR STUDIO. 302 E.
Liberty. 665-8001. Lessons, repair, music.
Tune up & lesson specials. What's free?
I NEED 2 non-student OSU b-ball tickets.
Ask for Tim at 662-9511.
WANTED: BILLY JOEL tickets. Call Alan
STUDENT ALUMNI COUNCIL presents
sibling weekend Feb 4 & 5. Registrations can
be picked up at CIC & alumni center. 763-
ZEN MEDITATION COURSE 5 Thurs.
eves. starting Jan 13. Call 761-6520 for
information. Zen Buddhist Temple.
For a limited time: Dynamic financial
information will show how to easily amass
your fortune, and will offer unique and
simple steps to help protect your wealth. Mail
today your clearly rinted name and mailing
address with $3 material, s&h) to: BPF
Research, Box 295, Wabash, IN 46992.
$3000 SCHOLARSHIP for 94-95 for a
sopomore woman eligible for financial aid,
G PA 3.3 or better. Info/application at UM
Finanical Aid Office.
STONEY SPEAKS TV! You've heard him
on the DIAG now see him on TV Tues. 8:05
pm-Fri. 11:30 pm access CH9.
FEMALE SHARE lg. 2 bdrm. apt. Balc.,
pkng., idry. $325 + elec. Call 973-7368.
MSA MASCOT (Daily 12/3) seeks apt. or
house to share now. Call Jim, 996-8687.
OWN ROOM + BATH Big & new! Pkng./
ldry./dwshr./air. Fun, nice & clean apt, mate.
M/F. $300/mo. Call 995-9855.
ROOMMATE needed. 2 bdrm. apt. $320/
FO D &EN ......... ::o.::.:::::::...
YOU DON'T KNOW what "hot" is 'til you
have tried Peppa-Po hot sauce at Tios. 333 E.
TIOS SELLS TRINIDAD Habenerd sauce.
Winner 3 years in a row as the best hot sauce
in North America. 333 E. Huron.
4-YEAR OLD, LOVING Mom and Dad in
Washington, D.C. area wish to adopt infant
brother or sister. Close extended family in
area. Let's help each other. Medd/legal/travel
paid. Please call Jessica or Bob at 1-800-864-
PROBLEM PREGNANCY HELP
Let us help you choose Life. 769-7283.
COME SEE the area's best selection of
Tropical fish & aquariums. The Fish Doctors!
Next to Putt-Putt on Washtenaw. 434-1030.
DALLAS (AP) - In Texas, sav-
ings and loan failures were as plenti-
ful as tumbleweeds, but the
government's effort to recoup an es-
timated $200 billion in losses has
hardly matched the task.
The Resolution Trust Corp. failed
to issue a single subpoena in 99 of the
122 investigations of thrift officials
handled by its three offices in Dallas,
Houston and San Antonio from 1989
to early 1993, according to subpoena
logs at the S&L cleanup agency.
Not a single RTC case against
Texas S&L operators ever reached a
jury. The few officials who were sued
usually settled out of court for pen-
nies on the dollar.
The recovery effort has been so
poor that one of the RTC's most pro-
ductive attorneys in Texas, Tom
Burnside, quit in disgust last year and
later told Congress his bosses "just
wanted to bury the S&L mess in an
The Treasury Department recently
sent an investigative team to Texas to
find out what went wrong.
Its first recommendation was
harsh: All remaining cases against
S&L insiders should be transferred to
the RTC's sister agency, the Federal
Deposit Insurance Corp., according
to officials close to the review. The
officials spoke only on condition they
not be identified by name.
Sell it in the
fnar ~ emv~n ®~s I
SAvE UN USMITICS, tragrances and
clothing. For free catalog, call 1-800-682-
8300 and give this account no. 25787-899.
Offered by an indep. Avon rep.
***PARTY AND/OR RELAX*** Spring
Break! Most reliable company. Bahamas,
Cancun, Jamaica, Florida, S. Padre--You
won't find lower prices! Call Mike 996-1531.
AFFORDABLE DAYTONA BEACH!
Center of Spring Break @ $10/person! 800-
CALL JETAWAY TRAVEL for spring
break. 994-5921. 1317 South U.
STUDENT TRAVEL Breaks can offer =-
spring break special to Cancun.
Stamos Family of Travel. 663-4400. 2
Easter ichigan University
MartyiL [ther King Jr.Celebration 1984
e y .Best on the Beach!
1-800-222-4010 * 210-761-6551 * Texas: 1-800-672.-4747
Call Now For Rates and Availability
Ask About Our Advance Reservation Specials
Sheraton Fiesta South Padre Island RESORT
CANCUN FROM $429
7 nites. Hotel & air. Galena 788-9762.
LAST CHANCE! Spring Break sale 1994!
book now! Trips to the hottest destinations at
the lowest rates! Ask how to travel free to
Jamaica, Cancun, &. Padre, Florida! Sun
Splash Tours, 1/800-426-7710.
Daytona Beach, F
Panama City Bea
120 No -6 A 48ro - S, Ifto , Y 14850
Amerika's #1 Tour
tor. We ofter more
and activites at the
%teed lowest pricest!
h from$ 99
Mary @ 665-9657
fro @ 662-6056
Tom @ 741-4448
Steve @ 996-5887
The nation's first African American femae astronaut and
a respected scholar and humanitarian, Dr. Jemison
provides a strong voice for issues concerning women
and people of color in the scientific community.
Free and open to the Public.
For more in formation, "outact thec offiec of Camipus Litt at t 7- Qi S
LOW FARES- London from $398, Germany
from $398. Other low prices for Euro
available. Regency Travel 209 S. State
Interested in small classes? Unique, compelling topics?
More contact with instructors?
If so, enroll in a Pilot Program course today!
The English 125 requirement is fulfilled by Pilot 165
No override needed!
165.002 Women's Issues: Images of Women in Literature & the Media MW 10:30-12
165.003 Race, Class, and Culture in the American West TTh 1-2:30
165.004 Europe and the New World Order TTh 9:30-11
ZS Associates is a rapidly growing entrepreneurial consulting firm.
Just 10 years old, we work in 49 countries, employ 125
professionals, and have offices on both sides of the Atlantic.
The corporate environment at ZS is fast-paced, driven by creativity
We combine our knowledge of sales and marketing issues with
sophisticated analytical techniques and innovative software tools to
provide clients with real-world solutions.
ZS offers career opportunities to talented people who can make a
difference. If you want the challenge of early responsibility,
significant client contact, and an environment that rewards motivation
and ingenuity, then consider joining our team.
If you are interested in learning more about ZS Associates and
the positions available, please attend our on-campus
Business Associates work with a variety of professionals on the
ZS consulting staff to address a client's sales force or marketing
issues. BAs are involved in collecting and analyzing data as well
as the development of creative client solutions. Associates
assume significant responsibility, working directly with client
rnnnn !~fWmat RiD. inrce A tcer-is#ac fuira kr hiahnr-hlnrc
Z-% ._!__ LL J" I - A.L -- A )f.. 2} .1.. rrL- D- .. .t.n T.vranr.nnnQ A41At M-11-Aft