*wi mor may 155
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One hundred three years of editorial freedom
#Y STAFF REPORTER
struggles to fill beds in dormitories
More students opt for off-campus housing, leaving $440,000 shortage
For the first time in more than 10
years, the University's Housing Divi-
sion has seen a significant drop in the
number of campus residents, officials
About 100 fewer students live in
dorms than anticipated, said Larry
Durst, the Housing Division's busi-
ness manager. Given the average rate
r lease - $4,400 for a double room
U the drop results in an expected-
BRUSSELS, Belgium (AP) -
President Clinton and his NATO allies
warned Serb forces yesterday of a new
determination to launch air strikes if
ceded to relieve embattled Muslim
nclaves in Bosnia. "My resolve is
re," Clinton said.
At the end of a two-day summit, the
Western leaders announced their
illingness to order bombing raids if
Bosnian Serbs continue to prevent the
opening of a major airport for aid sup-
nies or the rotation of encircled peace
"Whether they occur or not de-
nds upon the behavior of the Bosnian
rbs from this moment forward,"
inton told reporters at the end of the
ieeting of the North Atlantic Treaty
The Serb chief of staff, Manojlo
Milovanovic, warned U.N. troops
would also suffer in any air campaign
because his forces would stay close to
peacekeepers. "They cannot strike at
us without also hitting U.N. forces," he
Clinton and other leaders insisted
there was a new mood among the allies
to carry out the threats first issued last
June to use their formidable air power
to ease the situation in Bosnia.
"There is a very real determina-
budget shortfall of about $440,000, or
1 percent of the yearly budget.
The Housing Division, which over-
sees one of the top 10 largest residence
hall programs in the nation, has a bud-
get of approximately $40 million.
Nearly 7,900 students live in the
"traditional 10 dorms," while another
800 live in Baits on North Campus and
200 live in Oxford housing on Hill
The drop in the number of resi-
dents has almost exclusively occurred
"We have recognized that for one
reason or another that students are
apprehensive about living on North
Campus," Durst said.
One reason that Durst said he be-
lieves contributed to the decrease in
Bursley residents was the year-long
inconvenience caused by the long-
postponed repair of Fuller bridge,
which connects North and Central
Campus. The resulting detours cre-
ated additional delays. The bridge is
Other students shy away from liv-
ing in Bursley because of its distance
from Central Campus.
The University has known of the
shortfall in the number of residents
since September. Because of this, cuts
have been spread out over the entire
The Housing Division has been
cutting funding in many areas, espe-
cially in the food services division.
"If you're not there, you're not eating,"
But Durst added that "To my knowl-
edge, no services have been cut."
Many costs, such as administrative
and janitorial, are essentially "locked
in." Cuts would come from capital
outlay projects, such as renovations or
in services, Durst said.
In other years, enrollment in the
dorms has fluctuated as high as 102
percent of capacity. This is accom-
plished by converting doubles into
See HOUSING, Page 2
Future of Entree
Plus in jeopardy
By JAMES NASH
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
State Rep. Mary Schroer appears
"sympathetic" to a campaign to make
Entree Plus available off campus, said
a local bookstore manager who hopes
the Ann Arbor Democrat will help break
the deadlock over the issue.
University administrators held an
inconclusive meeting Monday to dis-
cuss the future of the Entree Plus pro-
gram. The system, used by some 14,000
students, allows card bearers to draw
from funds deposited in an account.
Off-campus retailers - decrying
the "monopoly" the card has created
for their competition - have held nu-
merous meetings with University ad-
ministrators to pressure them to extend
Dave Richard, general manager of
Michigan Book & Supply, said he hopes
to enlist Schroer in the merchants' cam-
paign during a meeting with the legis-
lator Friday morning.
AP PHOTO "I would hope she could share her
rourg feelings with us and tell us if we could
do anything on this issue," Richard
University officials say banking
ud Lub- regulations have held up implementa-
aargin of tion of a broader Entree Plus program.
an allied They do not rule out the possibility of
hed. scaling back the program to its original
purpose - a digital meal ticket limited
Page 2 to residence halls.
President Clinton poses during the NATO conference Monday with Britian Prime Minister John Major, Luxemb
Prime Minister Jacques Santer, rear left, and Dutch Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers, rear right.
tion" to carry out the warnings, said
British Prime Minister John Major.
"I made it clear that for our part we
were prepared to follow through,"
And if the Bosnian Serbs don't get
the message, he said later, after meet-
ing with officials of the 12-nation Eu-
ropean Union, "We'll see if our resolve
is there. My resolve is there."
"We don't believe it is necessary to
have air strikes to protect 150 Canadian
peace keepers in Srebrenica," said Ca-
nadian Prime Minister Jean Chretien
Dutch Prime Minister Ru
bers said there was "still a m
uncertainty" about whether<
air campaign would be launcl
"We are continuing to review all
the options available to us: keeping the
program the way it is, expanding it off
campus or reducing it," Vice President
for Government Relations Richard
Kennedy said after Monday's meeting.
"We've asked for a legal opinion
on the process we're going through.
We have to make sure whatever we
decide is consistent with state and fed-
eral banking laws," Kennedy added.
University officials are planning
another meeting in about a month to
discuss Entree Plus further. A Univer-
sity attorney is expected to clarify a
number of legal issues related to ex-
panding the program, Kennedy said.
Off-campus merchants accuse the
University of foot-dragging and say
they won't let the issue rest.
"I'm not going to take equivocation
as an answer," declared Richard, who
heads a merchants' committee on rela-
tions with the University. "Something
is going wrong if the University -
with their battery of lawyers - hasn't
been able to figure out what type of
program they're running."
The easiest solution to the contro-
versy would be simply to eliminate
Entree Plus as a form of campus cur-
rency, Kennedy pointed out. "Obvi-
ously that would be least sensitive to
student interests," he added.
Richard said even that option is
preferable to the status quo.
at opening of
MOSCOW (AP) - On the eve of
President Clinton's visit, Boris Yeltsin
opened Russia's unruly new parlia-
ment yesterday by urging lawmakers
to cooperate with him and give his
economic reforms "a second wind."
Three months after he sent tanks to
crush the old, hard-line parliament, the
Russian president warned the new law-
makers they must agree to "a complete
and categorical exclusion of violence
from the political life of the country."
Clinton arrives for a summit today
to a Russia wracked by political struggle
and bitterly divided overYeltsin's free-
market reforms and pro-Western tilt.
The American president is expected to
strongly endorse Yeltsin and shun his
political foes, including extreme na-
tionalist Vladimir Zhirinovsky.
"It's not enough to meet just with
the leader ... Clinton should feel the
GMAT changes to test writing, communication skills
y LISA (DINES
R THE DAILY
Starting next fall, graduate busi-
ness schools will require students to
prove their communication and writ-
:ng skills before granting admission.
The Graduate Management Ad-
missions Test (GMAT), a prerequi-
site for applying to graduate business
schools, will include a new hour-long
essav section in fall 1994 - and an
Serall extra 30 minutes to the test.
"An overwhelming majority of
schools that use the GMAT encour-
aged us to add the analytical writing
assessment to the test," said Walter
Broessmle, the Graduate Management
Admissions Council (GMAC) presi-
The University's School of Busi-
ness Administration was one such
institution that favored the change.
"Businesses want people with
good communication skills," said Jane
Lieberthal, associate director of ad-
missions at the business school. "I
think that everyone down the pipeline
will realize the importance of com-
munication skills. I expect that we
will see better writers in the program
in the future."
The GMAT currently contains
seven sections of math and verbal
questions similar to those on the Scho-
lastic Aptitude Test (SAT). In order
to compensate for the essay addition,
the length of the multiple choice sec-
tions will be shortened.
Students will be asked to answer
two brief essay questions about gen-
eral topics of which no specific knowl-
edge is necessary.
Opponents of the essay section
claim the added time and fewer num-
ber of multiple choice questions make
it more difficult to obtain a high score,
particularly for international students.
Mike Reilly, director of graduate
programs at The Princeton Review,
said, "The time constraint on writing
is not really fair. ... You find that a lot
of GMAT takers are great with num-
bers under pressure, but to write two
essays under pressure is difficult."
Reilly also said the placement of
the essays within the test is crucial.
"If the questions are first, they
will tire the student out for the rest of
the exam. If they are last, the student
is already worn out."
But many business schools do not
think the pressure which the essay
will create is unfair.
"Business is filled with deadlines.
I do not think that writing under pres-
sure is atypical of the business world,"
School officials said they plan to
See GMAT, Page 2
School pays for departure of
student accused of stalking
AN INSIDE JOKE
PHILADELPHIA (AP) - A first-
ar student at Swarthmore College
as accused of harassing a student
from Michigan who resisted his ro-
mantic overtures. Now the school is
paying him to go away.
Swarthmore agreed to pay Ewart
Yearwood's tuition, transportation
and book costs wherever he decides
fn nn n . fnr th .a cninr ....
urban Philadelphia, said Yearwood
did not sexually harass Clinansmith,
but did engage in a "pattern of intimi-
"The resolution of this case makes
clear that intimidation is not to be
tolerated at Swarthmore College and,
consistent with the college's confi-
dence in the power of education, pro-
ip. b m.th tw fr (YVprnndn to