2 - The Michigan Daily - Friday, February 11, 1994
Continued from page 1
It is unclear if Palestinian witnesses
will cooperate. None has come for-
ward in response to the government's
appeal for testimony. The radical Mus-
lim group Hamas has warned Palestin-
ians not to cooperate with the Israeli
In reconstructing the crime at the
Tomb of the Patriarchs, Yatom said
yesterday about half the guards were
missing because of "local mishaps."
Army, border patrol guards and a po-
lice officer are stationed at the shrine
because it is used by both Jews and
Arabs and has long been a source of
The general said a platoon com-
mander failed to wake several of the
guards, another soldier had been sent
on an errand, and the police officer is
often absent from the site.
Yatom's conclusion yesterday con-
tradicted statements he made to report-
ers soon after the incident, in which he
asserted the shooting could not have
been prevented even if all the guards
had been on duty.
In seeming to place blame on the
absent guards, the general sought to
shift focus from broader questions about
whether the government created the
climate for the massacre by arming
extremist settlers and allowing them
virtual free rein in Arab areas.
Yatom said Goldstein was allowed
into the tomb - although it is still
uncertain through what door he entered
- because settlers are allowed to carry
their weapons inside. Goldstein, an Is-
raeli army reservist, was armed with a
Galil automatic weapon and dressed in
an Army uniform.
Butonce inside, he might have been
stopped from entering the large, cav-
ernous hall in the Tomb that is used as
a Muslim mosque, had the guards been
on duty, Yatom said.
"There should have been a soldier
next to the officer, and together they
should have patrolled and moved
through the halls. The soldier was miss-
ing. Next to the door there should have
been two border guards. They came
late," the general said. "This means
that in the hall near the scene of the
event there was only an officer instead
of an officer plus five" other guards.
Continued from page 1.
is a human being. Differences exist,
yes, but at the same time, if all ofus feel
that we have rights as humans beings,
we have to look at those rights and
attract thoserights,"'she went on to say.
"We have responsibilities, (and)
life has dealt me the set of cards that
said I had to accept this responsibility."
Shabazz, who fervently denies any
present ties to the Nation of Islam,
received her doctorate in 1976 and is
currently an Orthodox Muslim inter-
acting with various groups at Medgar
Evers College in New York.
"Themost important thing (now) is
that I'm with people, and that's one of
my challenges. I never wanted to be
involved with people because I (used
to see them) as being very negative. It
was one of my own challenges, today
I'm working with people and that is the
most important thing."
She went on to issue a challenge to
both students who will be attending the
program. today, and those who do not.
"(Students) have a responsibility
and should make a commitment to life
and to improve life.... They have to
accept the responsibility and the com-
mitment to make the world a better
place than the way they found it.
"They have to begin to
operationalize, which means that they
must go beyond the development and
the acquisitions of theirparents to make
the worlda better place, not necessarily
for their offsprings but for offsprings
all over the planet," she continued.
"I'm a primary example of what can
happen if people reach out to others."
First-year Kinesiology student
Bryant Thomas said he is looking for-
ward to hearing Shabazz speak today.
"I feel she is an influential member
of the Black community because of her
(former) husband, and I feel that she
will successfully address important
current issues," Thomas said. "She
should be an interesting speaker."
This affair kicks off the first event
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Kim ,mi,4 ,i ,nd
Wednesday, March 9th, 7:30 pm Michigan Union, Kuenzel o,
A panel of individuals representative of several career
areas will be available to discuss career choices and
answer your questions.
The Department of English Language and
Litersture (764-6330) and Career Plannina and Placement
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Continued from page 1
sions throughout the 1980s worked to
disseminate information about the prob-
lems of environmental injustice and
stir interest in finding solutions. In 1990,
Bryant and Mohai organized a confer-
ence titled "Race and Incidence in En-
vironmental Hazards" that prompted a
series of meetings with the EPA. This
action was a primary force in the road
to signing the order.
One of the main concerns was fed-
eral and state involvement in present-
ing information and dealing with the
Discussing a conference in August
1992, Bryant said, "We were very con-
cerned about having grass-roots par-
Bryant said the series of events
coordinated over the years has led to
the signing of the order.
"SNRE played a critical role in
terms of moving this process forward,"
Although the order itself outlines a
multitude of requirements for federal
agencies, Bryant pointed out that there
was agood deal ofroom for agencies to
avoid responsibility. The order includes
a clause that allows agencies to petition
for exemption altogether.
"I think it's a good first step but I
don't think it will really do something,"
said SNRE Prof. Ivette Perfecto. "It
doesn't have anything related to en-
The issue ofenforcementalsocame
up in yesterday's presentation and
Bryant expressed mixed views on the
order's effectiveness and the likely
strength of its enforcement. He said the
Clinton administration must be pres-
sured to enforce regulations, but he is
glad the order has been put through.
Bryant then said no other president
has come forward with this kind of
order and he believes it is a big step
"It's possible to begin to look at
society through the window of envi-
ronmental justice," he said. But in re-
sponse to a question about when this
will become a reality, he responded,
"Not in my lifetime."
Documentation suggests that the
heart of the issue is discrimination.
Bryantargued that there is a noticeable
increase.in environmental hazards in
minority areas, a situation that bears
resemblance to some aspects of the
Civil Rights Act of 1964.
The Feb. 9, 1994 Congressional
Record states that the 1964 act requires
"federally financed programs or activi-
ties that protect the public health from,
or affect the public health with toxic
chemicals must be conducted in a non-
Bryant and Jerry Poje of the Na-
tional Institute of Environmental Health
Sciences, co-coordinated a symposium
held in Washington, D.C., that coin-
cided with the signing of the order. The
four-day event attracted 1,100 com-
munity leaders, scientists and legal
experts, as well as top members from
Public Health Prof. Gregory But-
ton was one of the organizers of the
of legislation relating to environmental
equity and racial issues - the Public
Health Equity Act of 1994 and a bill
introduction for the Labor Commis-
An interagency working group was
created, to be led by Carol Browner,
the administrator of the EPA in Arling-
ton, Va. The group consists of top
members of the Depts. of Energy, La-
bor, Transportation, Interior, Justice,
Housing and Urban Development, and
The group will attempt to work on
setting and enforcing deadlines for
agencies to identify and implement
plans to assist the problem of hazard-
ous materials in residential areas.
Within four months of the signing
ofthe order, federal agencies must iden-
tify their strategy for helping to correct
the situation, and within 12 months a
final plan must be presented and strat-
At the 14-month mark, the indi-
vidual agencies must report their
progress to President Clinton and envi-
ronmental administrators, and in 24
months, to the group.
The order also deals with protec-
tion of populations dependent on fish
and wildlife areas and Native Ameri-
The years of devotion to research
and organizing conferences have paid
off in the instatement of the order, but
there remains a great deal to be done,
"I think it's going to take some
external pressure to hold the Clinton
administration's feet to the fire," Bryant
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