T_ _ _ _The Michigan Daily - Thursday, February 10, 1994 - 3
. Program s
By ROBIN BARRY
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
Yesterday's "Friends Helping Friends" pro-
gram, one of the many events commemorating
Eating Disorder Awareness Week, highlighted
ways to detect and assist people suffering from
Most in attendance said they had experi-
enced eating disorder symptoms first hand or
noted symptoms in a friend or family member.
And members said that anyone could have an
eating disorder and not know it - unless they
knew what to look for.
Dr. Maria Beye, a psychologist with a pri-
vate practice on East University Avenue has
worked with eating disorder cases for about 19
years. She deals mainly with students and staff
from the University.
Beye presented a short lecture on the early
signs of eating disorders, which included the
following physical changes:
weight change - gradual at first - and,
slowly becoming obsessive,
hypothermia, changes in metabolism,
inability to control body temperature, loss of
body fat and muscle slows heart rate,
digestive problems and inefficient food
intake leads to cramping or constipation,
skin flaking, hair loss or dry nails which
break easily caused by a lack of calcium, or
deficiency of protein or minerals. May also
cause premature wrinkling, and
dental problems, binge and purge cycles
that result in stomach acid washing over teeth
ys to understand eating disorders
which may cause loss of enamel and possibly
But these are not the only symptoms to
detect potential eating disorders. Some psycho-
logical changes in a person include:
a shift in personality, withdrawal, depres-
sion and overactivity,
a need for perfection,
hypersensitivity to criticism,
M fear of self-expression, and
inability to make decisions.
Beye also suggested proper ways to deal
with a friend with an eating disorder such as:
don't turn the person into the disorder by
seeing him or her as a person first,
break the cycle of denial and learn and
relate facts about dangers of the disorder,
don't add to feeling of guilt or shame and
talk with the victim not at them,
keep the condition confidential and re-
member you can't change them, and
stay in touch with your own feelings, as
individuals with disorders aren't capable of
handling the anger and fears of others.
Unfortunately, Beye said, distinctions be-,
tween disorders do not always remain constant.
Often the lines between disorders become
blurred making detection difficult or even im-
"There are a wide spectrum of disorders,
often individuals don't fall into one specific
group," she said.
Suzanne Fechner-Bates, a clinical psycholo-
gist at Counseling Services was one of the
coordinators of this event.
"We wanted to raise awareness and provide
and educational opportunity for the friends
family and people suffering from eating disor-
ders," she said.
Although only a dozen people were ableto
benefit from the event, Fechner-Bates said that
she was pleased with it's outcome.
"I think that the issues raised were valuable
for both the facilitators as well as the audience."
Christina, an LSA junior who declined to
give her last name, found the event interesting
"It helped me find ways to talk to those close
to me with disorders. It's a very personal issue
and it's hard to talk about your own experiences
as well as others,"she said.
CAIRO, Egypt (AP) - Yasser
Arafat and Shimon Peres, Israel's for-
eign minister, reached agreement yes-
terday on some critical security issues
that have stalled the Israeli-PLO peace
Peres said he and the PLO chair had
settled "five or six of the most compli-
cated issues" involved in turning over
wcontrol of the occupied Gaza Strip and
West Bank town of Jericho to the Pal-
The final deal is to be negotiated
between Arafat and Israeli Prime Min-
ister Yitzhak Rabin.
The two sides were haggling over
control of the crossings from the au-
tonomous Palestinian areas to Egypt
and Jordan, security for Jewish settlers
Owho remain in Gaza and how much
land around Jericho would be ceded to
Among the issues left for Arafat
and Rabin to decide was the size of the
Jericho area, Peres said.
Arafat said the new pact was "a
very important step to implement the
agreement from paper to the ground.
* "We can say that Palestine - and
*the name of Palestine - has returned
to the map of the Middle East," he
Peres and Arafat initialed a21-page
document, complete with maps, at a
ceremony hosted by Egyptian Presi-
dent Hosni Mubarak at the end of three
days of talks.
i Diag last night
By BARB McKELVEY
FOR THE DAILY
An unidentified man in his mid-30s
was assaulted in the Diag late last
evening, said Police Sergeant Bob
Newman of the Department of Public
Safety (DPS). An acquaintance alleg-
*dly struck the victim on the head with
a bottle and then stole $20.
The attacked man, who police said
is not affiliated with the University,
sustained a concussion but no further
injuries were reported. Police said the
victim can only identify the attacker by
his first name. DPS declined to release
any information about the assailant.
DPS received a call at 9:30 p.m.
Oftom a passerby, who notified them
from the Graduate Library. The victim
was transported by ambulance to the
University Hospitals. He is reported to
be in stable condition.
DPS is still investigating the inci-
dent and Newman said further details
will be available later today.
'U' astronomer explains why stars twinkle
By SCOT WOODS
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
Walking alone in the silence of a February
night, you brace yourself against the icy wind. You
can see your breath and hear the crunch of snow
under the thick soles of your boots.
Above, countless thousands of stars twinkle,
deceiving the eye as they seem to change: red,
green, then gone! And back again, a steady white.
The mystery of twinkling stars eluded astrono-
mers for centuries, but to modern science there is a
simple explanation - the atmosphere.
Astronomy Prof. Richard Teske explained that
moving air bends and distorts a star's light, making
it seem to disappear for an instant. "The total result
of a great number of momentary small distortions
is the twinkling that we see," Teske said.
Twinkling - known to astronomers as "scin-
tillation" - is especially noticeable this time of
year, as air heated by buildings and factories rises
and clashes with cold atmospheric air.
"The temperature contrast is greater and the air
currents are more vigorous" in the winter, Teske
Stars near the horizon appear to sparkle more
intensely because their light enters the atmosphere
at a low angle and has to pass through much more
For example, Sirius, the brightest star in the
constellation Canis Major, is just above the hori-
zon early in the evening and scintillates vigor-
ously. A few hours later, when Sirius has risen
about 30 degrees, its light is much more constant.
Teske said scintillation disrupts astronomical
viewing, placing limits on research possible from
earth. University scientists get around much of the
problem by selecting an appropriate location.
Kitt Peak, located about 60 miles from Tuc-
son, Ariz., is the home of the Michigan-Dartmouth-
MIT Observatory. Perched nearly 7,000feet above
sea level, its two large reflectors avoid atmo-
spheric distortion by going above it.
Teske, who was director of the observatory
from 1986-91, said Michigan scientists have ac-
cess to the 2.4 meter reflector of Hiltner Tele-
scope, the second largest on Kitt Peak.
Four University astronomy professors have
taken the next step - the Hubble Space Tele-
scope. Orbiting high above the earth's atmb-
sphere, the Hubble can capture greater detail with
a much smaller reflector. For these astronomets,
the heavens are an unblinking subject they are just
beginning to explore.
But for the rest of the earth-bound population,
the stars will continue to offer a "scintillating"
show every night.
Knowing why the stars twinkle does not seem
to detract from their beauty.
The YMCA on South Fifth Avenue has been a topic of discussion at recent council meetings.
Loan-may doom 'IY' housing
By JAMES M. NASH
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
For nearly two months, Ann Arbor City Coun-
cil members have been debating whether to finan-
cially sustain the local YMCA's low-income
housing development. Last night they learned
they may have no choice.
A memo from City Attorney Elizabeth
Schwartz said the city's five-year-old pledge to
back a $1.6 million loan to the YMCA may have
been illegal. The Michigan Constitution bars cit-
ies from loaning to most public projects.
If the November 1988 loan agreement be-
tween Ann Arbor and the "Y" falls through, the
housing development's 100 residents may be left
without a place to live.
The non-profit YMCA has increasingly relied
on city credit to fund its housing development on
South Fifth Avenue across from the public library.
On the council agenda last night was a pro-
posal to give the "Y" $25,000 to cover the
association's February loan payments. The pro-
posal was derailed by Schwartz's memo.
"This raises some legal questions that are
much larger and more serious than we had ex-
pected," said Councilmember Larry Hunter (D-
The council will reconsider the loan payments
atitsFeb. 22 meeting. Beforeproceeding, Schwartz
said she will seek the state attorney general's
opinion whether the guarantee was legal.
"Upon review of the available facts and the
applicable law, I have serious doubts about the
legality of the guarantee," Schwartz wrote Mon-
day in a memo to council members. "My view is
shared by the State Department of Treasury."
If the city backs out of the 1988 loan guaran-
tee, it risks a lawsuit from the YMCA and Great
Lakes Bancorp, which issued the loan. Council
members also face the moral dilemma of allow-
ing the "Y" to sink and evict its tenants, said
Mayor Ingrid Sheldon.
"We have an obligation to untangle our-
selves from this mess without closing the 'Y,"'
Sheldon said after the meeting. "I think it is in
everybody's interest to maintain the 'Y."'
Officials from the city, YMCA and Great
Lakes Bancorp plan to meet soon to keep their
dispute out of the courts. "We could have three,
four or five different lawsuits," Sheldon said.
In November 1988, the City Council voted to
back a loan guarantee to the YMCA for a three-
floor addition to the residence facility.
The city's commitment to the YMCA has
been in question since January, when budget
projections revealed that the city could be liable
for as much as $1 million to support the housing
project through the decade.
Harding to sue U.S. Olympic
Committee for spot,. $20 million
PORTLAND, Ore. (AP) - Attorneys for
Tonya Harding filed a $20 million lawsuit against
the U.S. Olympic Committee late yesterday, seek-
ing to prevent it from interfering with her partici-
pation in the Lillehammer Games.
The 16-page suit, filed in Clackamas County
Circuit Court in the suburb of Oregon City a half-
hour before the courthouse closed, acknowledges
that people close to Harding have been charged
with conspiracy in the attack on Nancy Kerrigan,
but said no charges have been filed against her. It
seeks $20 million in punitive damages.
The document says Harding has complied
with all rules and regulations of the U.S. Figure
Radio station KEX learned of the filing, and
an employee in the clerk's office confirmed to
The Associated Press that the lawsuit had been
filed. Harding's attorney, Robert Weaver, did not
immediately return telephone calls.
Earlier yesterday, Harding's ex-husband asked
a court for permission to travel to Norway to
testify in the U.S. Olympic Committee proceed-
ings against her.
Jeff Gillooly also asked that the results of 4n
FBI lie-detector test he took as part of his plea
bargain arrangement be disclosed so he can present
them to the USOC committee, which is scheduled
to convene in Oslo on Tuesday to determine
whether Harding should be removed from the
A hearing was set for 5:30 p.m. today for the
request to be considered.
Gillooly has pleaded guilty to racketeering for
his role in the Jan. 6 attack in Detroit on Kerrigan.
He has said Harding was in on the plot and gave
the final go-ahead. In exchange for his plea, he
will be sentenced to two years in prison and fined
$100,000, and no additional charges will be filed
against him. Harding has denied Gillooly's alle-
gations but has admitted she learned that people
around her were involved when she returned from
the U.S. Figure Skating Championships and did
not report it to authorities immediately.
Study shows nearly half of all Americans experience psychiatric disorders
By SOMA GUPTA
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
A recent University study funded
by the National Institutes of Health
claims that nearly half of all Americans
have had a psychiatric disorder at some
time in their lives and that almost 30
percent have had one within the last
year. This is the first national study to
be conducted on such an issue.
"A number of regional studies have
been carried out over the past decade,
but they found lower estimates than
this nationally representative study,"
said Ronald J. Kessler, principal inves-
tigator of the Institute for Social Re-
search (ISR) study, in the January issue
of the Archives of General Psychiatry.
The implications of this study in the
field of psychiatry are far reaching.
"Many medical professionals are
simply unaware of the success rates
possible through adequate treatment of
many psychiatric disorder," said Dr.
Robert Rose, director of Research Net-
work on Mind-Body Interactions.
"At the same time, society in gen-
eral seems to have shared an incorrect
belief that diagnosis of a mental disor-
der labels a person as dysfunctional for
life, with little hope of recovery," Rose
The study found that major depres-
sion and alcohol dependence were the
two most common disorders. Almost
17 percent of the population has suf-
fered from an episode of major depres-
sion and almost 14 percent has suffered
from alcohol dependence throughout
the course of their life sometime.
The study also found trends indi-
cating that women suffer more often
from anxiety and affective disorders
while men suffer more often from sub-
stance abuse disorders and anti-social
personality disorders and that the high-
est rates of mental illness occur be-
tween the ages of 25 and 34.
A diagnostic interview was used to
assess the mental health of a nationally
representative sample of over 8,000
civilian, non-institutionalized persons,
according to a University press release.
Kessler also noted that not every-
one who has had a psychiatric disorder
at some point in their life needs psychi-
atric help. "Just as there is wide varia-
tion in the severity ofphysical illnesses,
so too with psychiatric disorders," he
This is reflected in the finding that
only about 40 percent of those with a
lifetime disorder have ever received
professional treatment and less than 20
percent of those with a recent episode
have received treatment within the list
Different areas of the country afso
show specific demographic trends.
Lifetime substance use disorders and
lifetime antisocial personality disor-
ders are highest in the West, while
lifetime anxiety disorders are highest
in the Northeast. Virtually all lifetime
disorders are lowest in the South.
However, Americans in rural areas
are no less likely than their urban coun-
terparts to suffer from a lifetime or one-
year psychiatric disorder, according to
"We' learn a great deal from this
report about the importance of viewing
psychological disorders in much the
same way we view physical disorders,"
U Association for Computing
Machinery, EECS Building,
Room 1500, 7:30 p.m.
0 Bicultural Women's Group,
Michigan Union, Room 1209,
U Circle KInternational, Mosher-
Jordan, Muppy Lounge, 7:30
U Saint Mary Student Parish,
discussion group, education
commission, 331 Thompson, 7
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Q Career Pathways in Art, spon-
sored by Career Planing and
Placement, Art&Arch. Build-
ing, Room 2216, 5:30-7 p.m.
U Careers in Engineering &
Physical Sciences, sponsored
by Career Planing and Place-
ment, G.G. Brown Lab, Room
1504, 6:30-8 p.m.
Q Daiamondo's are still a Girl's
Best Friend: Some Anthropo-
logical Observations of Japa-
nese Popular Music, speaker:
James Stanlaw, sponsored by
the Center for Tananese tud-
U Israeli Economy and the Peace
Process, at Hillel, 1429 Hill St.,
U Shulchan Ivrit, at Dominick's,
812 Monroe, 5 p.m.
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