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January 28, 1994 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1994-01-28

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2- The Michigan Daily - Friday, January 28, 1994

China's pro-democracy leaders like.
tough U.S. stance on trade issues

In a home interview, Wei Jlngsheng and Xu
Wenil, two political radicals recently released
after more than a decade in prison, praise U.S.
efforts to use trade to curb human rights
violations. Both men speak against granting
China most favored nation status.

BEIJING (AP)-- The two godfa-
thers of China's democracy move-
ment make their point with a certain
authority: They know Western pres-
sure advances human rights in China
- it got them out of prison.
Wei Jingsheng and Xu Wenli, who
topped the list of prominent Chinese
political prisoners for more than a
decade, say they're Exhibits A and B
in this year's debate in Washington
over how to deal with China.
Using trade to wring human rights
concessions out of China "may not be
the best method, but it's what the
United States chose," Wei said.
"If you retreat, you lose."
They're articulate and savvy ex-
hibits, especially Wei, who arrived
for a joint interview at Xu's home
with his own translator.
The soft-spoken Xu put a tape
recorder on the table and turned it on.
Nothing personal, but misquotes could
get him in trouble with the police, he
Any suspicion that the media-wise
pair actually spent the last dozen years
in politics, instead of jail, vanishes
when they laugh: there's barely a full
set of teeth between them.
Xu, 50, and Wei, 43, were leading

advocates of democratic reform in
1979-80, cranking out home-mimeo-
graphed journals of political essays.
Wei was arrested in 1979, Xuin 1981;
both were sentenced to 15 years.
Xu was released last May, as
Washington debated for the fourth
year whether to cancel China's most-
favored nation trade status as punish-
ment for suppressing dissent.
Loss of normal trade status would
sharply raise tariffs on Chinese ex-
ports to the United States, effectively
shutting them out of their largest mar-
Wei was freed in September, 10
days before the International Olym-
pic Committee voted on Beijing's bid
to hold the 2000 Olympic Games.
China lost the Olympic bid, but
kept its MFN status for another year.
Now, as the U.S. government again
debates what to do about MFN, Xu
and Wei said they hope Washington
will be tough.
The pressure on the U.S. govern-
ment to play down human rights is
strong this year.
China is wooing American com-
panies with the prospect of rich con-
tracts if MFN stays in place.
Some China scholars in the United

States say the annual MFN battle is
too bruising and that quiet diplomacy
is more effective.
A growing chorus - including
U.S. Ambassador Stapleton Roy
says China has already made big hu-
man rights improvements.
Wei, who isn't free to travel or
find work, responded angrily.
"It's certainly not true that now is
the best time in Chinese history. Many
Chinese are disgusted with what your
ambassador said."
Xu said he was alarmed by U.S.
Treasury Secretary Lloyd Bentsen'
hints that the United States migh
make China's MFN statuspermanent,
eliminating the annual pressure for
human rights improvements, if China
makes significant concessions this
"That would be very bad," Xu
"If today they release two or three
people, tomorrow they can arrest four
or five more."
"Very convenient!" Wei cut in.
"The United States should wait
for China to make human rights im-
provements a long-term thing, and
then gradually lift sanctions."
Although they have respect and
influence in China's dispersed dissi-
dent community, Wei and Xu do not
speak for all dissidents.
Most dissidents and intellectual
in Beijing say they oppose canceling
China's MFN status because they fear
the loss of the U.S. export market
would cost tens of thousands of fac-
tory workers their jobs.
We have only had this happen once in
25 years," Bolton said.
"This is Michigan. We expect re-
ally bad weather."
Evidently, other people are stay-
ing indoors-maybe near warm fire-
places - to avoid the dangerous
"The emergency room believes
that the number of auto accidents is
down because fewer people are driv-
ing or they left early," Rose said.
The blustering weather is also af-
fecting area businesses.
Sara Pasky, RC sophomore, waO
sent home from work early.
"I walked to Middle Earth, and it
took me longer than usual. They told
me to go home because we were clos-
ing early," she said.
"I stopped in at a couple of stores
afterward and they were dead. The
roads are so bad that business is not
booming as usual."

Continued from page 1
Last week, faculty members re-
ceived a message from administra-
tors, who suggested leniency for stu-
dents who may have been tardy or
missed classes due to the subzero
The slick ice and freezing rain
have also made road travel difficult.
Dave Contorer, a School of Social
Work student, lives in Ann Arbor but
commutes to an off-campus place-

ment in Oak Park.
"I tried to go. I got about five miles
on I-14 and my whole windshield
became a sheet of ice. I could not
clear the ice off my windshield be-
cause it kept building up so fast."
Both the Ann Arbor Transporta-
tion Authority (AATA) and Yellow
Cab experienced problems with the
road conditions yesterday.
"We are not sending any cabs to
side streets, only main roads," said
Jessica Derr, a dispatcher for Yellow
Cab in Ann Arbor. "We are basically
only taking people to go home or if
they have an emergency."
She said restrictions may continue
if the weather does not improve.
Mike Bolton, executive director
of AATA, said that there were a num-
ber of delays but no accidents.
"We don't discontinue service
unless we have a serious enough con-
dition, such as the roads are not salted.

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Continued from page 1
airport uses about 15 of these GTE
call boxes. He added that they have
been reliable and require little main-
Each unit is powered by a solar
panel, perched atop a 14-foot pole,
which charges a 12-volt battery.
The system operates in powered-
down mode when not in use, and
powers up when a user opens the
Johnson said the prices of the cel-
lular systems are lower than conven-
tional hard-wired phones.

0 -

Johnson said he believes the in-
stallation cost of a single conven-
tional call box is about $10,000, but
the cellular system costs about $3,800
per box.
"It's just an expensive operation
to lay cable down," Johnson said.
The University is using this sys-
tem on a test basis, with GTE supply-
ing the equipment and Ameritech pr@
viding three phone lines.
In early May the high-tech system
will be evaluated by DPS.
In addition to bringing emergency
services quickly to the scene, Patrick
said the system could provide agreater
sense of security for the users of both
outdoor areas.

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EDITORIAL Dubow, Editor


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NEWS Melissa Peerless, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Hope Calati, Lauren Dermer, Karen Sabgir, Purvi Shah4
STAFF: Adam Anger. Jonathan Berndt, Carrie Bissey, Janet Burkitt, Jessica Chaffin, James Cho, Lashawnda Crowe. Demetrios
Efstratiou, Michelle Fricke. Ronnie Giassberg, Soma Gupta, Michele Hatty, Nate Hurley, Katie Hutchins. Judith Kafka. Randy Lebowitz,
Andrea MacAdam. Shelley Morrison, James Nash, Mona Qureshi, David Rheingld, Rachel Scharfman. Megan Schimpf, David
Shepardson, Shari Sitron, Karen Talaski, Andrew Taylor, Lara Taylor, Maggie Weyhing, April Wood. Scot Woods.
EDITORIAL PAGE Andrew Levy, Editor
ASSOCIATE EDITORS: Julie Becker, Sam Goodstein. Jason Lichstein, Flint Wainess.
STAFF Cathy Boguslaski, Eugene Bowen. Patrick Javid, Jeff Keating. Jim Lasser, AmitavaMazumdar, Mo Park. ElisaSmith.Allison
SPORTS Ryan Herrington, Managing Editor
EDITORS: Brett Forrest, Adam Miller, Chad A. Safran, Ken Sugiura
STAFF: Bob Abramson, Rachel Bachman, Paul Barger, Tom Bausano, Charlie Breitrose, Aaron Bums, Scott Burton, Andy De Korte, Marc
Diller, Darren Everson, Ravi Gopal. Brett Johnson, Josh Karp, Brent McIntosh, Dan McKenzie. Antoine Pitts, Tim Rardin, Melinda Roo.
Michael Rosenberg, Jaeson Rosenfeld, J.L. Rostamn-Abadi, Melanie Schuman, Dave Schwartz, Tom Seeley. Tim Smith, Elisa Sneed,
Barry Sollenberger, Tim Spolar, Doug Stevens, Jeremy Strachan. Ryan White. I
ARTS Melissa Rose Bernaio, Nina Hodel, Editors
EDITORS: Jason Carroll (Theater). Tom Erlewine (Music), Rona Kobell (Books) Darcy Lockman (Weekend etc.). John R. Rybock (Weekend
etc.), Michael Thompson (Film). Kirk Wetters (Fine Arts).
STAFF: Jordan Atlas. Michael Bames, Robin Barry, Matt Carlson, Jason Carroll, Jin Ho Chung. Andy Dolan, Geoff Earle, Johanna Flies,
Jody Frank, Jessie Halladay, Josh Herrington, Dustin Howes. Kristen Knudsen. Rona Kobell, Chris Lepley, Will Matthews, Heather
Phares, Scott Plagenhoef. Austin Ratner, John R. Rybock, Andrew Schafer. Dirk Schulze, Karen Schweitzer, Sarah Stewart. Michael
Thompson, Matt Thorbum, Alexandra Twin, Ted Watts.
PHOTO Michelle Guy, Evan Petrie, Editors
STAFF: Anastasia Banicki, Anthony M. Croft, Mark Friedman, Mary Koukhab, Elizabeth Lippman, Jonathan Lurie, Rebecca Margolis,
iuriith Perkins. Joe Westrate. Sarah Whiting. Chris Wolf.



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