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January 24, 1994 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1994-01-24

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S2 - The Michigan Daily - Monday, January 24, 1994

Clinton to address crime in State of the Union speech.

dent Clinton plans to expand his anti-
crime package with the State of the
Union address, supporting a "three-
time loser" proposal to put the most
violent felons in jail for life, adminis-
tration officials said yesterday.
With polls showing crime as vot-
ers' No. 1 concern, White House
speech writers are making sure
Clinton's tough-on-thugs plans don't
get lost in tomorrow's sweeping
speech to Congress.
"Crime started out as a small com-
ponent and got larger. It's going to be
a significant portion of the speech,"

said a White House aide helping to
draft the speech.
In general, the State of the Union
address is expected to review
Clinton's first year in office, set goals
for 1994 and repeat his key messages
on a number of issues, including health
care, welfare, crime, economic re-
form, education and foreign policy.
He will not unveil many new details
of proposed programs in the speech,
which aides said had not been com-
pleted Sunday.
"The president wants to talk to the
American people about what he has
accomplished, to tell them how he is

doing the objectives he laid out- not
only in the campaign but in the start of
his presidency," Press Secretary Dee
Dee Myers said.
Clinton, who campaigned as a
"new Democrat," has slowly chipped
away at the Republicans' traditional
reputation as tougher on crime. He
has supported a crime bill that in-
cludes 100,000 new police on city
streets, boot camps for young, non-
violent offenders and a ban on some
semiautomatic weapons.
Expanding his gun control stance,
the president recently asked the Jus-
tice Department to study whether gun

owners should undergo the same type
of licensing requirements as drivers.
Attorney General Janet Reno said
yesterday her department has not com-
pleted that study yet. Aides said the
president is not likely to firm up his
support for the idea in tomorrow's
But he is expected to endorse a
proposal that would require lifetime
jail sentences for people convicted of
three violent felonies, said two ad-
ministration officials, including the
White House aide. Both spoke on
condition of anonymity.
Appearing yesterday on NBC's

"Meet the Press," Reno declined to
say whether Clinton supported the
"three-time loser" concept. She did
say the administration wants to crack
down on repeat offenders.
In an attempt to focus on punish-
ment, Clinton also will urge states to
make prison stays conform moreclosely
with sentences, the White House aide
said. Clinton is not expected to mention
specifics, but aides say the White House
is not opposed to Republican proposals
to give states money and other incen-
tives to reform sentencing laws.
Clinton also will broadly promote
administration plans to put a greater

emphasis on drug treatment and pre-.
vention programs, aides said.
White House drug control director
Lee Brown said yesterday that most
violent crime is linked to drug usage.-
"Soour policy will startoff with the first
major goal of reducing the demand for
drugs, particularly the chronic hard 0
core drug user," Lee said on NBC.
A recent New York Times-CBS.
News poll shows that concern over
crime and violence has become the
nation's No. I worry. Nineteen percent
of respondents said crime and violence
was the biggest single problem facing
the nation.

International students
can learn English,
culture in their homes

Continued from page 1
The question of how much the
Clintons lost in Whitewater has been
around since 1992, when his presi-
dential campaign hired Lyons to re-
view their business dealings.
The campaign report found that
the Clintons had "invested, loaned
or otherwise advanced" $68,900 to
the Whitewater venture "for which
you have not received any return."
In computing the figure, officials
said the report counted only pay-
ments that came directly from the
Clintons. It included the $40,000-
plus in interest plus loan principal
payments and other costs, Lindsey

Mrs. Clinton took out a $30,000
loan from the McDougal-owned
Bank of Kingston in her name in
1980, secured by a lot from the
Whitewater development. She put
the money in the company so that it
could put a model home on the lot,
McDougal and Lindsey said.
A loan from the Security Bank
of Paragould was obtained in 1983
by the Clintons. It, too, was put in
Whitewater and paid off the remain-
der of the $30,000 loan Mrs. Clinton
had obtained in 1980.
One result of getting loans as
individuals and putting them in the
company was that payments on the
loan sometimes were made by
Whitewater, sometimes by the
Clintons, Lindsey said. This was
the case with the Paragould loan.

Washtenaw County
may open e-mail, 'U'
remains closed

LSA students aren't the only ones
who have to study languages. The
families of international students can
learn English and be introduced to
American culture in a Family Hous-
ing Division program.
"We have English as a second
language classes for children and
adults, starting at two years old and
running up through senior citizens,"
explained Julia Fituch, the program
coordinator for the Housing Divi-
sion. "We basically serve the fami-
lies of international students, schol-
ars and researchers that go to the
University. The English Language
Institute takes care of the students,
and we service their families."
Classes meet two to five days a
week, depending on the class level,
for 12 weeks. The program enrolls
100 to 150 students and currently
has space for more students.
The program seeks to indoctri-
nate families into American culture,
and the Ann Arbor community spe-
cifically, Fituch said. This includes
field trips to places like the Detroit
museums, the Toledo Zoo and so-
cial events.
The program seeks to match stu-
dents with conversation partners
who speak English as a first lan-
guage. The partners, who are not
necessarily bilingual, do more than
just help out with learning the lan-
guage. The volunteers provide "a
personal contact, a link up with this
community," Fituch said.

Ariadna Rodriguez moved from
Venezuela more than a year ago.
She participated in the program in
April and May 1992.
"It was very useful. It was not
only good in English, but also helped
me to understand the culture,"
Rodriguez said.
Juri Cadoya has taken several
classes in the program. She is from
Japan, and said the program is re-
ally convenient for foreigners.
Cadoya added that the program
teaches American culture, customs
and just how to do day-to-day things.
There are drawbacks to the pro-
gram. Fees run from $100 to $300,
depending on the class. Cadoya also
said the students were primarily
Japanese. She said she feels the
classes would have been more inter-
esting with a more diverse class.
More than 2,100 University stu-
dents are Asian and Pacific Island-
ers. Fituch added local research and
development companies often hire
Japanese students for research pro-
Rodriguez said the program of-
fered little placement counseling in
her first year, but that it was easier
to register the second time.
Fituch confirmed this and said
teacher counseling is now available
at registration.
The program has been offered
since 1985. Spaces for students are
still available for this term through
the Family Housing Division, and
volunteer conversation partners are
still needed.

Continued from page 1
which convenes Jan. 31.
The official, who would not allow
her name to be used, said she had no
details on the complaints.
Der Spiegel said the committee
also would consider complaints from
a schoolteacher dismissed because of
her activities in East Germany's rul-
ing Communist party and a prisoner's
claim of inadequate pay for work in
It was not clear if the anti-for-
eigner complaint had any connection
to the commission's appointment last
March of a special investigator, Rob-
ert Dossou of Benin, to examine rac-

ism in leading industrialized coun-
tries. Diplomats said then that Ger-
many would be a leading object of
Turkey had proposed the special
investigator. A third of the 30 people
slain by German extremists since re-
unification in 1990 have been Turks,
including women and children killed
in firebombings.
Stung by bad publicity from the
extremist attacks and by charges
they reacted weakly to the violence,
German authorities have stepped up
their campaign against radical right-
Police in fiye German states
seized piles of propaganda-and in
some cases weapons - in raids on
neo-Nazi targets Thursday.

Washtenaw County government
may open its e-mail to the public, but
the University said its closed system
will stand.
"Regardless of what a local govern-
ment decides to do, it wouldn't have
any binding impact on us," said Lisa
Baker, a University spokewoman
The Washtenaw County Board of
Commissioners will make a final deci-
sion on e-mail 'during its meeting to-
morrow. The new policy would pro-
vide the public the same access to infor-
mation on computer as they already
have to information on paper. The policy
also would alert employees that their e-
mail may be read by their employers
and the public under the state Freedom
of Information Act (FOIA).
Robert Guenzel, the attorney for
Washtenaw County, said, "We'd rather
err on the side of openness than restric-
Guenzel said few precedents have
been set in this area.
"It's an emerging area of the law.
It's going to take two to three years to
sort it out," he said.
Not all county e-mail will be in the
Continued from page 1
The University has had "dry" rush
since Winter 1990-noalcohol can be
served at any scheduled rush function.
"A lot of peoplethink that fraterni-
ties are shallow beer drinking buddies.
But the friends I made were supportive
and stood by me. They really were good
friends, regardless of whether we
drank together or not," said Sigma
Chi President Jerry Kocis. "Parties
are such a small part of what we do."
Unlike most of the brothers, Kocis,
an LSA senior, said he enjoys rush.
"It's good to see the freshmen
coming in. You look back and re-
member the way you were," he said.
LSA junior Scott Cohen said while
he doesn't like rush, it is necessary.
"Rush is a tool. It's the only way
we have of maintaining the existence
of the fraternity," he said.
While the number of rushees has
declined nationally, Greebel said num-
bers at the University are constant or
"We've seen what has happened

public domain, even if the board passes
Guenzel's recommendation. "Once it
is said that e-mail is subject to FOIA, it
doesn't mean that everything on e-mail
is subject to FOIA," he said.
The University defends its decision
that e-mail is private by drawing analo-
gies with telephone calls that are not
subject to FOIA.
One University alum,Chetly Zarko?
said he thinks the county should pro
vide an example to the University. He is
suing the University for access to the
private conference of the University
Board of Regents.
"It's the way it should be," he said.
"The University of Illinois, one of
our Big Ten associates, has the same.
policy as Washtenaw County (is con-.
sidering). I think the right policy, the
common sense policy, is that of these.
two government organizations," Zarko
Zarko said, "I've analyzed all of the
University's defenses and I don't think-
any of the reasons alone will do it.
"The county is right. They've taken(
a common sense approach. The Uni-
versity rarely takes a common senses
approach and that's why they get in.
nationally and why people aren't rush-
ing. Other schools have failed to
change rush, and we have been will-
ing to change to fit the needs of the
students," he said.
IFC increased rush and publicized
it more. IFC distributed a booklet and
calendar that explain the process and
give the times houses conduct rush.
The sororities involved believe their
Winter Rush, which is in its second:
year, gives them a better chance to get
to know rushees. Members said Fall
Rush does not have the same atmo-
sphere because of the large number of
women and houses that participate.
"We like this better because it's
more personable and the people have a
chance to know us more and we have a:
chance to know them better," said Me-
lissa Davis, rush chair for Gamma Phi
LSA junior Nicole Burchart said
she is rushing because everyone she
knows in the Greek system has had a
good experience.
"All the people I know have so
much fun and are so close. I don't know
if it's me, but I'm going to find out right
now," she said.

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Continued from page 1.
U.S. Customs officials have been
taken in rapid order to prison factories
they previously sought to visit in vain;
China has sped up the talks it
began last year with the International
Committee of the Red Cross on a pro-
gram of humanitarian visits to prisons;
Two Tibetan political prisoners
have been released and authorities are
reportedly preparing to free several ail-
ing dissidents on medical parole;
Some relatives of dissidents have
been given passports and permission to
leave China.
These moves come nowhere near
overall improvement in the way China's

government treats its billion-plus
people. They won't end the use of pris-
oners as cheap labor. At most, they help
a small number of dissidents and their
But that may be as much as Wash-
ington can hope for. Superpower or not,
the United States may be realizing that
it can't change the Chinese system on
No one knows that better than
China's dissidents, who have been try-
ing for years to create a space for inde-
pendent political and cultural debate.
From the dissidents' point of view,
Bentsen's readiness to buy the old horse
again makes sense. Both sides save face
and save jobs. And the United States
remains free to keep bringing up human
rights issues in other forums.
Almost unanimously, dissidents fa-
vor MFN renewal. Without MFN, U.S.
import duties on Chinese goods would
be prohibitively high, and many Chi-
nese could lose their jobs if the U.S.
market is cut off.
Theannual debate overrenewal also
turns dissidents into bargaining chips,
says former pro-democracy activist Xu
Wenli. He was released from prison in
May, after serving 12 years of a 15-year
term, during last year's MFN battle.
"I'm glad to be out," he said. "But
you have no human rights if people are
just bargaining chips."
Kathryn P. O'Brkn


.S.W., A.C.S.W.
" Individual1


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