2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, November 24, 1993
Former labor'secretary and possible GOP presidential hopeful talks politics*
Continued from page 1
I find discouraging. Immediately af-
ter graduation women will make less
than men," she said.
And despite these views, which
may seem contrary to the platform of
the Republican party, Martin has been
a dedicated GOP member for many
Martin, who was born in Chicago
on the day after Christmas 1939, has
had a fortuitous and fulfilling career,
in both politics and other arenas.
When President Bush was look-
ing to fill the position of secretary of
labor after Elizabeth Dole resigned
in late 1990, he chose Martin, a long-
In 1980 Martin, the loyal Repub-
lican, supported Bush in his bid for
the Republican presidential nomina-
tion, which he lost to Ronald Reagan.
In 1984, Martin pretended to be
Geraldine Ferraro in order to help
Bush practice for the debates.
But Martin's career did not begin
in politics. Martin, who is now teach-
ing at Northwestern's business
school, started her working career as
a high school teacher after graduat-
ing from the University of Illinois. In
41972, she found her calling after be-
ing elected to a seat on the Winnebago
County Board. In 1976, she was
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elected to the Illinois legislature and
in 1980 won a seat on the House of
Representatives. In 1990, Martin lost
a race for the U.S. Senate against
incumbent Democrat Paul Simon.
During her years in politics, Mar-
tin said, women's issues have gained
"You don't get over being a
woman. It's not a disease," she said.
"If you were going to help working
women and working men you were
going to do some of the same things.
But with more and more women in
the work force, the problems that dis-
proportionately affect women de-
served attention too."
She added that a false mentality
spreads the idea that one side wins
and the other loses when helping
"The reality is when you do some-
thing for women, that opens up the
work force for men too," she said.
In addition to these women's work
issues, Martin discussed her position
on abortion rights.
"I'm pro-choice and have been all
my elective life. I don't expect every-
one to always agree," she said. "I trust
women to make extraordinarily diffi-
cult choices privately."
Martin stressed that she is not the
only Republican who feels this way
on the issue.
"We have 'family' squabbles, but
in the long run you have to remember
the good of the entire 'family,"'she
Martin cited the election of three
Republican candidates to head for-
merly Democrat-run areas as a sig-
nificant boost to the party. She added
that all three hold diverse views.
Rudolph Giuliani, who was elected
mayor of New York City, is pro-
choice, pro-gay rights, pro-gun con-
trol, and feels he may have to raise
taxes. Christine Whitman, governor-
elect of New Jersey, is also pro-choice
but is against tax increases. Virginia's
governor-elect, George Allen, is
against both abortion and gun con-
"You have some variation on is-
sues that people have tried to stereo-
type Republicans about, that they are
all going to be one way. It's quite
clear they're not," Martin said.
For Republicans to continue to be
successful, Martin said the party must
shed its image of alliance with big
"We really have to have an agenda
for America's future. I think we have
to concentrate on safety and educa-
tion," she said.
Martin also bucked party politics
to wish success to President Clinton.
"As a Republican, I want a Repub-
lican president," she said. "But, I want
this president to succeed because you
put the country first."
She said the passage of NAFTA
demonstrates cooperation between
Republicans and President Clinton.
"Had President Clinton been de-
feated with NAFTA it would be a
signal that America was turning its
back on its future," she said.
Martin said the free-trade accord
among the United States, Canada and
Mexico will mean jobs for Michigan
and Illinois, but will require new think-
ing by unions and management.
"We have to do new kinds of job
training. That isn't Republican or
Democrat. That's getting the job
done," she said.
But while Martin applauded
Clinton's work on NAFTA, she criti-
cized his economic policies.
"I don't think he understands the
economy in that more government
spending and taxation isn't really
going to create jobs. I'm very worried
about the costs," she said.
Looking to the political future,
Martin said she would like to see a
woman in the 1996 presidential race.
"We already know who the Demo-
cratic candidates are going to be.
They're two, white southern males.
They can't help that. The Republican
party, on the other hand, is going to
have the choice of a lot of different
peple and I want to make sure that at
least some women are in that num-
ber," she said.
"Whether it's me or not is almost
Lynn Martin, secretary of labor during ttie Bush administration, discusses
politics and presidential aspirations in an interview with the Daily yesterday.
Continued from page 1
sored by the Second Harvest national
food bank network, experts warned
that food processers are learning to
eliminate the waste, mislabeling and
mis-packaging that are the source of
much donated food.
"They're getting into almost an
automotive 'just-in-time' mentality,"
Farmer said, referring to the auto
industry's method of keeping inven-
Still another factor this year was
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the letdown after 1992'sDesert Share
program, which distributed surplus
food leftover from the U.S. mobiliza-
tion for the Persian Gulf War.
Gleaners alone received I million
pounds of food from Desert Share,
Overall, the state's food banks are
in fair condition going into the holi-
days, said Jane Marshall, the execu-
tive director of the Food Bank Coun-
cil of Michigan.
"But I don't know if a food bank
can ever have enough food. You can
have all your shelves full, then give it
all away in a week," she said. "They
can always use more food. I'm sure if
they had more food, they could dis-
tribute it right now. It doesn't last
long, it goes fast."
In Michigan, the council and its
14 member food banks serve some
2,000 local food pantries, soup kitch-
ens, and community action agencies.
University Towers ApartmcntB
536 S. Forest Ave.
Ann Arbor, MI 48104
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Theefforts of companies, churches
and other groups help ease the burden
on food banks, Marshall said.
"Generally, this time of year,
people are really generous and people
are coming out of the woodwork and
giving stuff away and buying turkeys'
for the hungry," she said.
"Usually by Christmas, they've
pretty much used up all the holidayI
spirit, so to speak, so the winter monthsc
In Grand Rapids, food bank dona-
tions were holding pretty steady com-
pared with last year. But that isn't
necessarily good news, according to
John Arnold, executive director ofI
the Second Harvest Gleaners Food
Bank of West Michigan.
"Our estimated need for food as-
sistance annually is right around 50t
million meals a year. If we're very
lucky, we'll be able to handle 9 mil-
lion of that," Arnold said.C
Continued from page 1
Colicchio Proctor, president of1
the Hine Parent-Teacher Associa-
tion and mother of a ninth-grader,
said she makes a concerted effort to
keep her son busy. "If you stay in-
volved, if you keep him involved, it
keeps him from being on the streets,"
Riley said the median income of
young men has been "in a nose dive"1
since 1970. "Unless we educate
these young men, unless we give
them some economic hope, we have
little chance of stemming the vio-
lence or creating two-parent fami-
lies that can provide the economic
wherewithal for these children," he
In 1991, 85 percent of 25- to 29-
year-olds had graduated from high
school and 23 percent had completed
four years of college, the study said.
That's up significantly from 1950,
when 53 percent had completed high
school, and 8 percent had graduated
the Daily will
return - on
Mon., Nov. 29
WILMINGTON, N.C. (AP) -
Participants in one of the most suc-
cessful sea battles in the history of the
United States reunite this week to
exchange memories and to share the
Thanksgiving dinner they missed in
Five Navy destroyers - a squad-
ron nicknamed "The Little Beavers"
after a comic strip character - sank
three Japanese evacuation vessels and
disabled a fourth. The United States
suffered no casualties in the Battle of
Cape St. George.
In return, the Navy fed its finest
Spam for Thanksgiving. Ocean Isle
resident Paul Harvey, formerly of
Grand Rapids, Mich., was in charge
of a main gun on the USS Dyson. He
still remembers missing a turkey din-
ner that day.
"But I'm going to make up for it
now," he said yesterday, adding he
hasn't touched Spam since.
Harvey, 69, aGrandRapids, Mich.,
native, and his wife, Ruth, were leav-
ing Tuesday for Norfolk, Va. There,
aboard the guided-missile carrier USS
Cape St. George - one of a series of
new Navy vessels named for World
War II battles - the Navy will give
its sailors their long overdue Thanks-
In November 1943, U.S. forces
were island-hopping near the Solomon
Islands in the South Pacific, off the
northeast coast of Australia. In late
November, U.S. spotter planes for-
warded intelligence that the Japanese
intended to evacuate their air base on
Buka, an island off the northern tip of
the Solomon Islands.
On Nov. 24, Harvey's squadron,
received orders from Adm. William
F. "Bull" Halsey to refuel and steam
to the area.
At 1:56 a.m Nov. 25 - Thanks-
giving - the U.S. squadron reached
the Japanese fleet. The USS Dyson,
USS Claxton and USS Ausburne si-
multaneously launched 15 torpedoes.
The Japanese ship Onami exploded in
a ball of fire 300 feet high. The
Makinami exploded as well, but "stub-
bornly remained afloat," according
to a Naval Institute description of the
The battle raged throughout the
day. Another Japanese ship sank.
A fourth was seen the next night
burning 60 miles east of Cape St.
George, and is presumed to be a Japa-
nese ship involved in the battle.
The Navy does not know how
many Japanese were lost that day.
Not all of the sailors involved in
the Cape St. George battle had a feast
with Spam as the main course that
One veteran boiler tender-when
hearing that the Navy was finally go-
ing to give the group its Thanksgiving,
feast-confessed that he and several
shipmates had "borrowed" a canned
turkey from a locker and enjoyed tra-
ditional fare in the boiler room.
Harvey, was a little too busy to
woriy about turkey.
"It was the farthest thing from our
minds," he said. "I don't even think I
remembered that it was Thanksgiv-
WWII Naval squadron
finally meets for dinner
50th anniversary of missed turkey day
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