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KEMPTON PARK, South Africa (AP) - After a
frantic day of bargaining, the government and African
National Congress put the final touches yesterday on a
*onstitution that ends apartheid by giving Blacks equal
rghts for the first time.
Final agreement by the 21 parties at the talks came late
yesterday to applause from the weary delegates. A signing
ceremony in which party leaders will endorse the consti-
tutional package began soon afterward.
A smiling Nelson Mandela, the ANC leader, shook the
hand of President F.W. de Klerk as he walked to his seat
for the ceremony.
"The day of liberation has been uppermost in our
'inds," Mandela, the longtime political prisoner likely to
become South Africa's first Black president, said earlier
on state-run television.
"We are not there yet, but the cornerstone of our efforts
to achieve national liberation ... has been laid down."
.Led by de Klerk's National Party and Mandela's ANC,
the negotiators' task was to find a peaceful way to transfer
power from an affluent but nervous white minority to the
oppressed and impoverished Black majority.
Mandela and de Klerk got the Nobel Peace Prize last
month for leading the negotiations process. Both have
*aid the real prize would be getting through the coming
years without bloodshed.
The historical accord depended on a last-minute deal
in which the government abandoned its longstanding
insistence that the next government take decisions based
on a fixed percentage of votes in a multiparty Cabinet.
It settled for a vaguely worded promise from the ANC,
the 'xpected winner of the first multiracial election on
April 27, to rule "in a consensus-seeking spirit."
The ANC agreed to a strong federal system in which
ine provinces can adopt their own constitutions. It also
agreed that South Africa's final constitution would re-
quire at least 60 percent support from voters or the
See S. AFRICA, Page 2
House says yes
to free trade in
WASHINGTON (AP) - In a
hard-earned triumph for President
Clinton, the House approved the North
American Free Trade Agreement late
last night to fuse the United States,
Mexico and Canada into the world's
largest trading bloc. Republicans pro-
vided a majority of the support.
The 234-200 vote sent the mea-
sure to the Senate, where leaders pre-
dicted approval within a few days.
"NAFTA is a lock," said GOP leader.
Bob Dole in a written statement.
Clinton said NAFTA will "expand
meeting in Seattle with leaders of 15
The House voted after a daylong
debate that reflected high-minded dis-
agreements over America's role in
the world economy and bare-knuck-
led politics. Dozens of labor-backed
Democrats abandoned their president
to oppose the accord. More than 100
free-trade Republicans signed on to
A cheer went up in the chamber
when the vote count passed the 218
needed to approve the pact.
our exports, create new jobs and help The House was packed with law-
us assert America's leadership in the makers; the spectators' gallery that
global economy.... We chose to com- rings the chamber was filled to capac-
pete, not retreat, to lead a new world ity.
President Clinton comments from the White House on the passage of NAFTA shortly after theT economy, to lead as Anmerica has done "A vote for NAFTA is in the great
vote by the U.S. House of Representatives last night. so often in our past," said the presi- tradition of our party," GOP leader
dent, who leaves today for a trade See NAFTA, Page 2
Campus expresses wide support for NAFTA
By DAVID SHEPARDSON
DAILY STAFF REPORTER.
Despite being more than 600 miles away
from the site of last night's vote by the
House of Representatives to approve the
North American Free Trade Agreement,
students, faculty and administrators hold
strong opinions on the subject and mostly
reiterated support for the agreement.
Avoiding his typical neutral stand on
political "hot-potatoes," University Presi-
dent James Duderstadt proclaimed his
strong support for NAFTA and assailed
organized labor and other opponents of the
treaty for "burying their heads in the sand."
"There is no alternative to passing
NAFTA," he said in an interview before
the vote yesterday. "We must get away
from the notion of a Michigan or a U.S.
economy and deal with a world economy."
Ann Arbor Mayor Ingrid Sheldon, a
first-term Republican, said she did not have
much of an opinion on the treaty, but that
like many others, she would "watch the
debate on C-SPAN closely."
"In the short term, it will hurt and in the
long term, it might help," she said, joining
many other Michigan politicians who re-
fused to support the treaty.
Eric Grush, an LSA junior and a mem-
ber of the embryonic Futurist Think Tank,
said his group's efforts to mount student
support for the treaty had been effective,
but conceded that U.S. Rep. Williaib Ford
(D-Ypsilanti Township) would still op-
pose the treaty.
"We spoke with Ford's district man-
ager (Ellen Offen) and told her about the
huge support for the treaty," he said, not-
ing that 140 students had written letters to
Ford and hundreds more students an-
nounced their support.
Grush said a copy of their letter would
be faxed to Ford personally by Offen.
Early in the day, Ford made a blister-
ing speech reiterating his opposition to the
treaty, saying he questioned whether any
See REACTION, Page 2
Student government winners announced
By KAREN TALASKI
DAILY STAFF REPORTER
0 After three weeks of campaigning
and two days of balloting, the final tally
in this year's student government elec-
tions came in at around 1 a.m. today.
With low voter turnout and little
debate among the candidates, student
apathy toward campus politics re-
mained a problem for students running
for a position.
Athough official results were not
available by press time, an estimated
4,600 students cast their ballots in four
LSA student government (LSA-
SG) and the University of Michigan
Engineering Council (UMEC) chose
their executive officers and the Michi-
gan Student Assembly and Rackham
Student Government elected new rep-
Many groups estimated the ballots
would not be completely counted until
late this afternoon.
MSA Vice President Brian Kight
said every envelope containing a
student's vote must be:
validated according to Univer-
sity records that the student's identifi-
cation number is real and he or she has
only voted once;
opened and sorted according to
which student government or school it
belongs to; and,
U distributed to the appropriate
group to be tallied.
"It's just not easy. Unfortunately,
we have to do a lot of this stuff by
hand," Kight said.
While the campus sat in silent an-
ticipation of who the victors would be,
many candidates said they felt cautious
about their elections.
These are the unofficial
winners for LSA
representatives in the MSA
These are theofficial
winners in the LSA Student
President - Ryan Boeskool
Vice Pres. - Sherry Martens
The constitution passed.
Representatives should be
*Ann Arbor parking enforcement
officers rain tickets on poor students
By JOE DURRANCE
FOR THE DAILY
Parking in Ann Arbor is far from
easy. Students who want a parking
*pace within walking distance of cam-
pus had better get up very early, or
better yet, walk to class.
The parking enforcement officers
around town have their work cut out
for them. The streets are filled with
cars whose owners are trying to get
away with a little free parking.
Many of these parking violators
are University students. "It seems like
,they don't care if they get tickets or
eir car gets towed," said one officer
who would not give his name.
The officers said they have a few
tricks up their sleeves to combat de-
linquent parkers. Recently they have
been chalking the tires of cars that try
'Ann Arbor would be a
much better place
- David Drayton
an Ann Arbor car owner
"Most of the things people had
said to me are unprintable," remarked
another officer who did not want to
give his name. "Last year a guy tried
to run me down with his car after I
gave him a ticket," he said.
SNRE junior Katie Buckingham
said she often feeds other people's
expired parking meters. However, she
said parking enforcement officers
A_- -- 16 Uv._^ ini4 _ a rtal
first hour. After that it costs $5.
According to the City of Ann
Arbor's Department of Parking En-
forcement, 250,000 tickets were is-
sued in 1992. The city collects $1.2
million in revenues from meters alone
The real revenue comes from the
violations. To be exact, $1,834,162.50
was generated from parking viola-
tions in the fiscal year 1993. This is
slightly higher than the 1992 fiscal
Last year, National Parking Ga-
rages signed a three-year operating
agreement with the city. Ann Arbor
pays National 74 cents per space, per
month, or $39,000 a year to manage
the lots. Since the private lots opened,
city parking officers are issuing ap-
proximately 20 percent less tickets.
Unrlr..t.a dil, a m r t r-- n/.
Tardy car owners foster a lucrative
business for the city. A quarter of
a million parking tickets and the
meter system bring in
approximately $3 million per year.
Below is a breakdown of the
revenues and the amount the
budget expected from fines.
By MELISSA PEERLESS
DAILY NEWS EDITOR
The good news:
With just two days to go in the
11th Annual UM-OSU Blood Battle,
the University is headed toward a
sound drubbing of Ohio State.
The bad news:
With just two days to go in the
11th Annual UM-OSU Blood Battle,
the University is 550 pints short of its
goal for the 11-day contest.
Neal Frye, the University's re-
gional Red Cross representative, said
members of both her organization and
Alpha Phi Omega (APO) service fra-