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November 17, 1993 - Image 2

Resource type:
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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1993-11-17

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2-MM~ p ohe MlhanDl-Wdnesday, Noember 17, 1993
Study reports 9,785 polluted sites throughout Michigan

LANSING (AP) -- Michigan's list of
polluted sites continues to grow, reaching
9,785 this year, but a record number of sites
also were cleaned up in the last year, state
officials said yesterday.
Jim Linton of the Michigan Department of
Natural Resources said 1,028 new polluted
sites were discovered within, the last year,
most of them due to leaking underground
storage tanks.
But pollution was cleaned up or contained
at another 353 sites and those are recoin-

mended for removal from the list, which the
department is required by law to compile
every year, he said. That's up from 108 sites
taken off the list last year and is the most ever.
Lin ton, acting chief of the section that
compiles the list. said the results show the
state's environmental cleanup is picking up
its pace. Fewer new sites are being added and
more sites are coming off the list after being
cleaned up, he said.
"I'd say we are effectively addressing a
large range of the most serious contamination

problems that exist in the state and in respond-
ing to those most serious problemis, we' re
doing an effective job," he said.
The two sites at the top of the list are the
same as a year ago. G&H Landfill in Macomb
County and Bay County's Saginaw River and
Saginaw Bay tied for the highest score for
threats to public health and the environment.
Cleanup or containment of the pollution at
G&H Landfill, paid for by the responsible
parties, has begun. Evaluation or interim mea-
sures are underway at the Saginaw Bay and

Saginaw River.
Overall, some 7,049 sites are due to leak-
ing underground storage tanks. Those are to
be cleaned up with money from a trust fund
generated by a surcharge on fuel.
The remaining 2,736 sites, or 28 percen t of
the total, are made up of manufacturing sites,
landfills, mining sites and others.
Linton said evaluation, interim measures,
cleanup or containment of the pollution is
underway at 87 percent of the state's known
polluted sites, but 13 percent of all sites have

no activity underway.
"A majority of sites are getting some at-
tention in respect to the environmental threats
they pose," Linton said.
Cleanups were financed by state funds
from a bond issue for environmental work or
from private funds collected from those re-
sponsible for the pollution.
Increasingly, the state will consider con-@
taining the pollution ata site rather than clean-
ing it up in order to reduce the threat of
exposure to contaminants, Linton said.

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NAFTA
Continued from page 2.
lower wages and laxer environmental
standards in Mexico.
Rep. Mel Reynolds (D-Ill.)
emerged from a one-on-one talk with
Clinton with aslap at organized labor's
efforts to defeat the agreement.
Several members of United We
Stand, a Ross Perot-backed organiza-
tion that opposes the pact, complained
after being denied admission to a
closed-door session where Florida
lawmakers met with the state's major
agriculture interests.
Asked if a majority of the House
yet supported the accord, Clinton said,
"We're getting there."
"I'm confident and I'm not in it to
lose," said GOP leader Michel, part
of an unlikely coalition of Democrats
and Republicans working to surmount
stiff opposition from labor-backed
Democrats.
Clinton defended the lawmakers
who have been searching for prom-
ises from the White House. "The
people that I've talked to ... have been
nobly motivated. Most of them have
taken great risks and, as you heard,
were threatened on national televi-
sion with their very political life by
Mr. Perot the other night to vote for
this," he said.
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AP PHOTO
Former President George Bush emphasizes a point during a speech before businessmen in Hong Kong yesterday.
Bush said U.S. rejection of NAFTA would damage America's world reputation.
China's outline for market refiorms
in,2s century is short on key details

BEIJING (AP) -- The Commu-
nist Party yesterday issued its long-
awaited outline for new market re-
forms designed to push senior leader
Deng Xiaoping's economic revolu-
tion into the next century.
The 25-page document was short
on key details, however, including
how the measures will be imple-
mented, and it left in doubt the effec-
tiveness of the proposed changes.
Market reforms already have dis-
mantled rural communes and allowed
families to farm their own plots. Price
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controls were lifted, as were many
restrictions on private enterprise and
foreign investment.
With Chinese economic growth
-- now 13 percent a year -- far out-
stripping the world average, the re-
forms have replaced Communist Party
ideology as the underpinning of the
party's legitimacy.
The new plan was adopted by the
party's Central Committee at a meet-
ing that ended Sunday. It focuses on
correcting two glaring weaknesses in
the economy: the inefficient state-
owned enterprises that require huge
subsidies, and Beijing's weak mon-
etary systems that contribute to dan-
gerous boom-and-bust cycles.
Even with the party's renewed call
to "redouble ... efforts to speed up the
reform," the vague proposals indicate
no economic shock treatment is
planned.
Enterprise reform will set up a
new system under which companies
will be able to reorganize into share-
issuing or other types of corporations.
The idea is to ensure they are run

by professionals instead of party and
government officials, and to ensure
"the successful enterprises prosper
and those which fail are eliminated ill
the market competition."
But it is unclear whether Beij ing is
willing to take the political risks of
closing enterprises that employ tens
of thousands of people or forcing its
members to give up power.
The document also confirms plans
to restructure the tax and banking
system to bring order to China's cha-
otic economic growth, which earlier
this year sent urban inflation above*
20 percent.
While the new system will in-,
clude value-added taxes, a consump-
tion tax and a reworked income tax,
details are missing on how high the
rates will be or where the revenue will
go.
That suggests there is not yet agree-
ment between Beijing, which wants
more revenue to finance national con-
struction projects and its budget defi-*
cit. and local leaders who want the,
money for their own projects.

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