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October 26, 1993 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1993-10-26

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The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 4, 1993 - 7

.Ukraimian leaders
stall on disarmament

Clintons revamp health plan

KIEV, Ukraine (AP) -Ukraine's
President Leonid Kravchuk and lead-
ers of parliament avoided setting a
timetable for nuclear disarmament
yesterday despite urgent appeals from
*&ecretary of State Warren Christo-
pher for prompt compliance with past
pledges.
Kravchukpromisedtoputthe 1991
Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty be-
fore the parliament for ratification in
November. But he did not promise
approval even after Christopher of-
fered at least $330 million in U.S.
economic assistance this fiscal year.
"'That's for the parliament to de-
cide," Kravchuk said, while his for-
eign minister, Anatoly Zlenko told
reporters, "We don't have relevant
funds for destroying nuclear weap-
ons."
Leaders of Rada, Ukraine's par-
lixment, also cited instability in Rus-
sia as a reason not to dismantle all
their nuclear warheads or to become a
on-nuclear nation right away.
_in Washington, President Clinton
said, "I understand that position, butsI
think that it is not justified because
we're making progress with Russia,
tqo, in complying with these agree-
mtents."
"There is no evidence that any of
t developments which they might
cpnceive in their worst fears would
leotto an unwillingness to cooperate
the nuclearregime," Clinton said at
a pews conference.
in Kiev, Christopher said he told
Zlenko the United States and the other
nuclear powers would consider as-
suring Ukraine it would not be at-

tacked if it surrendered the weapons.
Zlenko publicly emphasized eco-
nomic problems. He said his country
would need $2.8 billion to dismantle
and destroy its 170 long-range nuclear
missiles with their 1,240 warheads.
"Our economy is in a very critical
state," Zlenko said. "We have been
raising, are raising and will keep rais-
ing questions concerning the relevant
assistance."
Christopher, describing daylong
meetings with Kravchuk, Zlenko and
leaders of parliament as very produc-
tive, said Kravchuk had reaffirmed
Ukraine's commitment to the START
treaty and to "a non-nuclear future."
However, Christopher said he did
not know when parliament would take
up the 1968 Nuclear Non-Prolifera-
tion Treaty, which includes a pledge
not to keep, acquire or deal in nuclear
weapons.
And while START will be taken
up by the parliament, senior U.S. of-
ficials said they did not know when
Ukraine would get rid of missiles as
required by the pact.
Christopher and Zlenko signed an
agreementto improve safety conditions
at the Chernobyl nuclear reactor and
four others elsewhere in the country.
In 1986, in the world's worst
nuclear disaster, the reactor exploded.
At least 32 people werereported killed,
and scientists say thousands more may
have died from radiation exposure.
Desperate for energy, Ukraine's
parliament voted last week to keep
Chernobyl and other nuclear power
plants open and to lift a moratorium
on building new plants.

WASHINGTON (AP) - Presi-
dent Clinton readied a second launch
of his health care plan yesterday, lift-
ing restrictions on fee-for-service
plans and adjusting other provisions
in response to criticism of the original
draft.
The White House tinkered with a pro-
posed subsidy for small business to pro-
vide some help to slightly larger busi-
nesses and decided tophase in along-term
care benefit for the severely disabled over
seven years instead of five, officials famil-
iar with the plan said.
After a marathon drafting session
over the weekend, Clinton's health
advisers finished the voluminous plan
yesterday morning.

Clinton and his wife, Hillary, were
to deliver their proposed 1,600-plus
page Health Security Act to Demo-
cratic congressional leaders at a cer-
emony in the Capitol's Statuary Hall
tomorrow..
The Democrats may spend a week
to 10 days rounding up sponsors be-
fore introducing the bill.
White House aides said yesterday
there have been minor changes in the
health plan since Clinton outlined it
in an address to Congress on Sept. 22.
The changes respond both to criti-
cism that the plan was overly regula-
tory and to more conservative projec-
tions of the cost of providing univer-
sal coverage by the end of 1997.

AP PHOTO
U.S. Secretary of State Warren Christopher enters the Ukrainian parliament.

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