2- The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, October 5,1993
Court opens new term;
Ginsburg opens mouth
WASHINGTON (AP) - The Su-
preme Court began its 1993-94 term
yesterday withan avalancheof paper-
work and an assertive new justice
whopepperedlawyers with questions
from the bench.
The court, issuingprders in nearly
1,500 cases, denied review to most. It
agreed to decide whether convicted
murderers may insist thatjurors choos-
ing life or death sentences be told that
parole is impossible.
Justice Ruth BaderGinsburg asked
17 questions through the first hour-
She asked her first question nine
minutes into the session. The two
mostjunior ofher eight colleagues-
Justices Clarence Thomas and David
Souter - had waited one day and
three weeks before uttering anything
from the bench.
Ginsburg, appointed by President
Clinton, also asked plenty of ques-
tions in the two other cases argued
The justices said they will study a
South Carolina death row inmate's
argument that he was sentenced un-
fairly because a trial judge refused to
tell the sentencing jury that a life
sentence would carry no chance of
In other matters, the court:
Rejected an appeal by officials
seeking to bar students from forming
areligion club and meeting for prayer
and Bible study at a Renton, Wash.,
0 Cleared the way for an avowed
white supremacist's third trial in the
1963 murder in Mississippi of civil
rights leader Medgar Evers. The jus-
tices turned down Byron De La
Beckwith's arguments that forcing
him to stand trial again violates his
Agreed to decide whether a
Missouri town violated the free-
speech rights of a woman who was
told to remove a sign protesting the
Persian Gulf war from her house's
Refused to lift mass murderer
John Wayne Gacy Jr.'s death sen-
tences for the sex killings of 33 young
men and boys in Illinois.
Refused to block a trial in which
the Chicago Fire Department must
defend its efforts to promote more
blacks and Hispanics against a racial-
bias challenge by white firefighters.,
Turned away the appeal of a
men-only Elks lodge in St. George,
Utah, forced to let a woman become a
member or give up its liquor license.
The court rejected Nancy Ezold's
arguments that a sexually biased
"glass ceiling" is why she wasn'tmade
a partner of a Philadelphia law firm.
Continued from page l
high-security Lefortovo Prison.
Escalating their defiance of
Yeltsin's dissolution of parliament
on Sept. 21, armed hard-liners cap-
tured the Moscow mayor's offices
and tried to take Russia's main televi-
sion center Sunday. Parliament lead-
ers urged supporters to topple Yeltsin.
Yeltsin spent the day closeted with
his closest aides in the Kremlin, where
he had remained overnight since rush-
ing there by helicopter during
Sunday's street fighting. Late yester-
day, he returned to his country dacha.
He struck back just after dawn
yesterday with the assault on the par-
"All that was and still is going on
in Moscow - was an armed revolt
planned in advance," he said on na-
"It was organized by Communists
seeking revenge, by fascist leaders
and some of the former lawmakers...-
There can be no forgiveness, because
they lifted their hand against peaceful
people" in Sunday's rioting.
Authorities had no firm figures on
casualties from the 10-hour battle at
the White House, but soldiers stacked
dozens of bodies outside the building.
Russian television reported that
Sunday's battle at the TV complex
alone left 62 dead and 400 wounded.
Yeltsin at first told Russians and
the world he would not to use force to
break the deadlock with the Soviet-
era parliamentket reforms. He
changed course after the hard-liners
rioted Sunday and tried to seize the
The army struck the White House
with deliberate and overwhelming
force at7 a.m. Atleast 10heavy battle
tanks, seven light tanks and 25 ar-
mored personnel carriers fired on the
building while paratroopers and com-
mandos stormed into the lower floors.
Papers floated out of windows
shattered by explosions, and flames
and thick clouds of black smoke soon
gushed from several parts of the build-
Theheavy boom of the tank attack
could be heard throughout central
Moscow, and many residents stayed
home to watch live television reports
on the assault. Hundreds of others
rushed to the scene for a first-hand
glimpse or scoop up battle souvenirs.
Soldiers and civilian medical per-
sonnel dragged dead and wounded
away from parliament while machine
guns blasted from a neighboring ho-
tel and apartment house.
A U.S. Marine was hit in the neck
by a sniper bullet at the American
Embassy, across the street from the
White House. He was in stable condi-
tion after surgery. About 400 em-
bassy employees took shelter .
During a lull in the fighting, De-
fense Minister Pavel Grachev pulled
up in a black limousine and met in the
middle of the bridge with a group of
hard-liners. They came out of the
White House waving a white flag.
Russian TV said Grachev handed
the parliament supporters a piece of
paper, believed to be an ultimatum to
surrender or face destruction.
Troops loosed one last barrage of
heavy fire on the parliament, and law-
makers and their supporters began
trickling from the building at 4:50
p.m. Soon a steady stream of hard-
liners filed between rows of soldiers
to buses and trucks.
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money, and have no way to boost
their spending, even if voters in their
districts were willing, he said.
Early indications are that Engler
will push hard for schools of choice
and charter schools.
King described schools of choice
as "a tempest in a teapot." He added
thatMinnesota's experience suggests
that most parents send their children
to different schools mainly for conve-
On top of that, surveys have found
most parents would prefer to see im-
provements in their neighborhood
schools rather than putting their chil-
dren in a different school, he said.
King said the MASB was waiting
to see the details on Engler's charter
schools. Such schools would be setup
outside the public school system by
universities, companies, or groups,
but get public funds.
He added that he hopes the gover-
nor tackles every possible school is-
sue - including teacher strikes and
competitive bidding ofhealth services
- in his speech.
"My fear is that some place along
theline, people aregoing to say, 'Well,
we fixed that,' and not do anything
about schools for several years. We've
been more fearful that there would
not be enough done, rather than too
much done," he said.
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