The Michigan Daily - Monday, November 30, 1992- Page 7
Perez refuses to
step down after
CARACAS, Venezuela (AP) -
President Carlos Andres Perez yes-
terday defied demands for his resig-
nation in the aftermath of a coup at-
tempt, but conceded he has failed to
convince Venezuelans that his poli-
cies aim to better their lives.
Perez spoke two days after rebel
troops tried to bomb him out of the
presidential palace. The government
.raised the death toll in the coup at-
vtempt to 169, which Perez blamed
on "military mafia" and "social
Police fired tear gas and rubber
bullets to disperse protesters outside
a prison where 42 people were slain
in a rebellion that broke out in the
waning hours of the coup attempt,
the second in 10 months. The
protesters demanded to know
whether their incarcerated relatives
The Peruvian government was
considering a request for political
asylum by 93 rebel Venezuelan air
force officials, including one of the
coup leaders, who flew a C-130
Hercules cargo plane to Iquitos,
Peru, after the coup failed.
Venezuela has demanded their ex-
tradition and the return of the C-130.
The capital remained jittery yes-
terday. Perez announced that cur-
fews and other restrictions imposed
during the coup would be gradually
lifted by week's end, and the mili-
tary said it would be detonating dud
bombs dropped by the rebels.
Perez has been severely criticized
for his strict economic austerity
measures and for failing to improve
the lot of most citizens. Recent polls
show his popularity rating is 9
About one-fourth of Venezuelans
live in extreme poverty despite one
of the highest rates of economic
growth in the hemisphere. The coun-
try, the No. 3 producer in OPEC,
also has suffered from low oil prices.
At least 1,100 suspected rebels
have been captured since Friday
when dissident air force, navy and
police factions launched the uprising
in Caracas and Maracay, about 50
miles to the southwest, claiming to
represent the poor.
In a nationally televised speech,
Perez said the coup leaders belonged
to a "military mafia" and were
joined by "social rejects" involved in
leftist guerrilla groups in the 1960s.
He said he had the firm support of
Claiming the attempt was aimed
at ending 34 years of democracy, he
said his departure from power before
his five-year term ends in early 1994
"is not an issue, it never has been
and it will not be."
But he acknowledged that his
government has failed to convince
Venezuelans it was on an "orderly,
sincere and courageous path to con-
front our errors."
He said his government has been
trying to straighten out decades of
mismanagement. It was not clear if
that included Perez's first term in
1974-78, when he left office in dis-
grace amid a corruption scandal.
to polluting in,
out of classroom
ROCHESTER (AP) - Michigan schools shouldn't
confine environmental awareness to classroom lessons,
an author says.
"This is aimed at policy makers in the districts. We
want to emphasize the benefits of reducing the pollution
caused by schools," said Alice Tomboulian, who re-
cently completed "Pollution Prevention in Schools: An
Environmental Management Guide for Michigan
"We're looking at choices," the Oakland County res-
ident said. "Do you want to throw something away and
waste it, or can you find a better alternative?"
Tomboulian and a team of experts worked on the
project nearly two years, testing several ideas in the
Brandon and Ferndale school districts.
The Michigan Department of Education distributed
copies of the guide to all districts statewide in
September. Its nine chapters include issues such as re-
cycling, energy conservation and solid waste and pesti-
A checklist and ranking system lets school officials
determine which environmental changes they can afford
to make and how they would benefit the district.
Royal Oak officials, for example, have switched
from disposable utensils and lunch trays to a dishwash-
ing system, Tomboulian said. The Huron Valley and
Walled Lake districts have launched recycling programs
expected to save a combined $20,000 a year while re-
ducing trash volume by 40 percent, she said.
"It's a whole new way of thinking," Tomboulian
Arlene Harmon, transportation supervisor for the
Brandon district, said she's making conservation tech-
niques part of the regular training.
"We've cut down on the time buses warm up. It used
to be 15 minutes and now it's only five," she said.
"We're also switching from gasoline to diesel buses for
better gas mileage. The motivation is financial -but it
helps the environment."
But Tomboulian said the recommendations in the
guide are aimed higher than individual school
I promise this won't hurt a bit
Tom Hey, an Ann Arbor city employee, strings holiday lights in one of 32 trees on South
University Avenue yesterday. The City of Ann Arbor decorates trees throughout the area
with lights in observance of the holiday season. The lights go up during the Thanksgiving
weekend, and remain in the trees until early January. Students and Ann Arbor residents
alike agree that the illuminated foliage lends the city a fantastic, beautiful image. Ann Arbor
merchants hope to capitalize on the shopping rush which normally occurs between
Thanksgiving and Christmas.
- Sarajevo city improves medical care, safety despite war
After experiencing seven months of Serb gunfre, Dobinja survis despite being most dangermus suburb of Bosnia-Hezegovina
na (AP) - Cut off from the rest of
the city and exposed for seven
months to close-range Serb gunfire,
the high-rise suburb of Dobrinja has
* become Sarajevo's state-of-the-art
example of siege survival.
In a desperate plight during
heavy fighting last summer,
Dobrinja remains one of the most
dangerous areas of the capital.
About 10,000 of the 12,000
housing units have been damaged.
The death toll has climbed from 72
in July to 230.
Instead of unraveling, the tight-
knit community has improved
medical care, food supply and public
services so dramatically that some
people now sneak in from outside.
"It seems a bit strange, because
we're still on the front line," said
Srebren Dizdar, a community
spokesperson. "But people feel more
secure here, because it's better
The only route in and out is in
easy range of Serb snipers and ma-
chine gunners. Visitors speed into' a
bunkered basement parking garage
to check in with sentries. Residents
can leave only with special permis-
sion, and those who don't return on
schedule risk having their apart-
ments given away to newly arrived
"It's too dangerous to run a
commuter service back and forth,"
So infrequent is contact with
Sarajevo that "people there treat me
like an endangered species when I
visit," said Dobrinja resident Bozana
Developed as part of Sarajevo's
preparations for the 1984 Winter
Olympics, Dobrinja now has an es-
timated 45,000 residents, including
about 8,000 refugees from
elsewhere, Dizdar said.
Some people from other parts of
Sarajevo try to move to Dobrinja,
'These people are fighting for survival.
They're very serious about their problems.
You don't hear a lot of talk, talk, talk. They
act. I began an operation with my bare hands.
I had to improvise everything.'
- Dr. Youssef Hajir
head of Dobrinja's hospital
sometimes slipping in at night,
Dizdar said, because they believe the
food supply is more equitably
"There's no black market,"
Dizdar said. "In the city it's almost
everywhere, and people look after
themselves. We've proved that there
will be a fair share. Everyone gets
the same amount."
Dr. Youssef Hajir, head of
Dobrinja's hospital, took refuge in
the suburb when Serbs overran his
neighborhood at the start of the war.
He's been so impressed by the peo-
ple that he wants to stay after the
"These people are fighting for
survival," Hajir said. "They're very
serious about their problems. You
don't hear a lot of talk, talk, talk.
Dobrinja had no hospital before
the war. Hajir single-handedly
opened one in a storefront when he
saw so many wounded people with
no way to get to the Sarajevo
"I saw many people die," Hajir
said. "I began an operation with my
bare hands. I had to improvise every-
On June 17, when more than 200
Dobrinja soldiers and civilians were
wounded, Hajir said he performed
27 operations in one day, with only
The hospital now has 11 doctors,
46 nurses, 30 beds, ample supplies
of medicine and sophisticated
equipment, much of its provided by
U.N. relief officials. The hospital
appears cleaner, much more modern
and more efficiently run than its
larger counterparts in central
The community government has
divided the suburb into sectors and
assigned leaders for each street and
each high-rise entryway.
"This all developed during the
war," Dizdar said. "We were just a
sleepy suburb before. We didn't
have any sort of government.
Neo -Nazi attacks against Jews,
foreigners continue in Germany
"We were lucky. We had a good
mix of working-class people and
yuppies - doctors, lawyers, engi-
neers," Dizdar said. "We didn't rely
on anybody but ourselves. We didn't
wait for the city to help."
Community leaders recently re-
sumed garbage collection for the
first time during the war. Repairs are
under way on. the central heating
system and damaged apartments.
Firewood is being collected to help
residents survive the winter.
There are even occasional literary
readings, and a TV studio broadcasts
two hours of Dobrinja programming
Mediha Pasic teaches nine chil-
dren in one of many informal
schools located in private apart-
ments. Her walls are decorated with
their drawings, many showing
weaponry and patriotic symbols.
"When we have music, they want
to sing fight songs," she said. "They
don't want to sing normal songs."
in Lani ing
NEW ORLEANS, La. (AP) -
Officials from the nation's cities and
towns set their sights yesterday on
bolstering their local economies
through a 30 percent cut in defense
spending and an overhaul of the
weighty federal mandates that eat
away at their budgets.
Members of the National League
of Cities, in their annual meeting,
put forth a $10 billion economic re-
covery plan that emphasizes trans-
portation funds, community devel-
opment programs and an aid package
to troubled urban areas.
It also asks for reform of federal
entitlements and a 30 percent cut in
defense spending, not to exceed
$200 billion, with 60 percent of the
savings going to federal debt reduc-
tion and the remainder going into
BERLIN (AP) - A refugee cen-
ter in western Germany was fire-
bombed yesterday as violence
against foreigners continued despite
a police crackdown on neo-Nazis
and Chancellor Helmut Kohl's call
In Turkey, German flags were
burned amid cries of "Down with
skinheads!" and "Death to murder-
ers!" at the funeral yesterday for
three Turkish victims of the right-
wing extremist violence in Germany.
In Jerusalem, the Israeli Cabinet
denounced German racist and anti-
Semitic attacks and demanded that
German officials fight right-wing
extremism with "the full force of the
At least 16 people have died this
year in some 1,800 extreme rightist
attacks throughout Germany against
foreigners and Jews. Neo-Nazis have
often found support among those
suffering economic hardship, par-
ticularly in former East Germany.
The Gmvernment has taken mea-
clues leading to the arrests of the
. In Eberswalde, 25 miles northeast
of Berlin, a fire at around midnight
Saturday destroyed a barracks hous-
ing 60 refugees. A security guard
suffered smoke inhalation. Police
were investigating the cause of the
In an interview broadcast yester-
day on Deutschlandfunk radio, Kohl
vowed Germany will use the full
force of the law against "the radical
But he said proposed constitu-
tional changes to limit the number of
refugees and toughen Germany's
liberal asylum policy would not re-
solve the problems of racism and
He said Germany's prosperity
would have been impossible without
help from foreign workers such as
the Turks - Germany's largest mi-
nority group, many of whom were
recruited to work in labor-short
Germany in the 1960s.
resentative as well as four Turkish
government ministers and several
parliamentary deputies attended the
funeral, it said.
"Germany has not reverted to
Nazi Germany, and will never do
so," German Embassy official Hans
Joerg Haber said in a speech in
Turkish during the funeral.
Nine people arrested on suspicion
of attacks against three refugee shel-
ters are being investigated for links
to the Moelln arson, the worst attack
since the violence flared.
After the attack, authorities
banned the extreme rightist
Nationalistic Front and raided homes
of its members across Germany,
seizing explosives, weapons and
neo-Nazi propaganda. The banned
group has not been linked to the
In other attacks, a Turkish youth
was stabbed and slightly injured late
Saturday after an argument broke
out in a youth center in
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