The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 28, 1992- Page 7
likely to be even
* colder this year
by Marc Olender
Daily Staff Reporter _________
Everyone is saying this winter is going to be a harsh
one, but no meteorologist is willing to come out and say
"The global temperature has decreased by 1 degree
Celsius in the past year, but that's just a mean
(average)," said Peter Sousounis, assistant professor of
Atmospheric Science, Oceanic and Space Sciences
(AOSS). "Nobody can say we'll have a colder-than-
normal winter with accuracy," Sousounis said.
Sousounis related a former prediction gone awry.
"The September forecast was that it was going to be
warm and dry:We exceeded our average rainfall total in
ten minutes," Sousounis said.
Most winter predictions focus on the effects of the
eruption of Mt. Pinatubo, a volcano that erupted last
summer in the Philippines, sending tons of dust and ash
into the stratosphere.
"Most of our daily weather systems develop as a re-
sult of pole-to-equator temperature increases. The
greater that difference is, the greater chance there is for
stronger systems to develop," Sousounis said.
Sousounis remembered a volcanic eruption from the
1880s that resulted in frost and freezes every month of
that year. He said that example shows how powerful an
effect a volcano can have on the weather.
"This is all just theory," Sousounis cautioned. "The
dust from the volcano has become concentrated at the
poles, and has increased the pole-to-equator temperature
"This has caused the jet stream to become more ac-
tive The summer weather was behaving in a winter-
type manner, and whatever has happened is continuing
"We're in the middle of mucking up the atmosphere
with huge volumes of greenhouse gases," said Perry
Samson, an AOSS professor.
"We expect that our climate should be warming.
Along has come Mt. Pinatubo, which has injected parti-
cles into the stratosphere, and the amount of radiation
we're getting from the sun is down measurably,"
Samson described a study in which all knowledge
about the atmosphere is put into a computer model,
much like those seen on the weather segment of the
news. These models normally are run fora couple days,
to predict the week's weather, but this study ran the
model ahead many years.
"These models tell us that the cooling effect is
greater than all the warming since we began the
Industrial Revolution," Samson said.
Samson predicted that, barring another volcanic
eruption, temperatures will return to higher-than-normal
in mid-1993, and the effects of the greenhouse warming
will again become visible.
board to organize
at meeting today
by Erin Einhorn
Daily Crime Reporter
The elected U-M students, staff
members and faculty members
charged with reviewing the actions
of the U-M Department of Public
Safety (DPS) will hold their second
meeting today to determine how to
handle complaints about campus
The DPS oversight board -
mandated by the Michigan state leg-
islature in June 1990 to serve as the
campus police grievance committee
- is composed of two students, two
faculty members and two staff
Dean of Students Royster Harper
serves on the board to moderate the
discussion and make sure partici-
pants on the committee get equal
time, in addition to taking care of the
administrative business of the
"We're going to talk about proto-
col," Harper said. "We need to de-
termine how we're going to process
complaints, and make agreements
about how we're going to get a hold
of each other."
She said DPS Director Leo
Heatley will attend the meeting to
inform committee members about
The oversight board met for the
first time Aug. 31 to review the
committee's objectives and hear a
report from the chair of the Safety
and Security Advisory Committee,
which had monitored DPS in the
However, because the meeting
was held during the week between
summer and fall terms, neither of the
elected student representatives was
in town to attend. The other mem-
bers said they did not feel comfort-
able moving ahead without student
"I've had a lot of problems with
communication with them," said
LSA senior Christy Ochoa, who
serves on the board along with
Michael Dorsey, a junior in the
School of Natural Resources and
She said that at today's meeting
she plans to mention the inconve-
nient scheduling of the first meeting
and the lack of cohesive minutes
Ochoa also said she plans to
voice her concerns about the lack of
power the university has given the
"Meetings are only going to be
held every two months," she said.
"That's pretty weak. They're going
by a very skeletal outline of the law.
... My goal is to make it a substan-
tial oversight board that actually has
some effect on policy."
While today's meeting will en-
able the committee to prepare to
quickly investigate complaints about
DPS or DPS officers, Ochoa said she
would like to see the committee im-
plement policy about officer
The meeting will be held at 3
p.m. in Room 3000 of the Michigan
Union and is open to the public.
Rakin' it in
U-M employee Keith Jewell clears out the Autumn leaves on the Diag.
Meese, McGovern to slug out campaign issues in U-M debate.
by Michelle VanOoteghem
Daily Staff Reporter
Former U.S. Attorney General Edwin
Meese and 1972 Democratic Presidential
Candidate George McGovern will appear
on the Hill Auditorium stage at 7 p.m.
tonight to debate issues related to the
1992 presidential campaign.
Former National Security Council
member and U-M Political Science Prof.
Raymond Tanter will moderate the event.
Meese and McGovern are expected to
discuss the Democratic and Republican
candidates and their platforms, as well as
the impact independent candidate Ross
Perot will have on the election.
Organizers are encouraging student
participation and the debaters will field
questions from the audience.
The debate is sponsored by Viewpoint
Lectures, a program of the University
Activities Center, and by the LSA
"(The Debate) will give students the
chance to voice their opinions and ask
questions of someone who has had polit-
ical experience, particularly with the
presidency," said Bhavin Shah, co-chair
of the Viewpoint lecture series.
Equestrian team reins in members after first four years
by Yawar Murad
Though the Michigan Equestrian
Team has been around for four years
now, not very many people are
aware of its existence.
The Michigan Equestrian Team
was formed in 1988 with only seven
members. This year, the size of the
team has ballooned to 26 people, of
whom only four are men. The team
is coached by Barbara Batton, who
was appointed head coach last year.
The team performs two different
types of riding - the "English" style
and the "Western" style.
The "English" style consists
mainly of Jumping and Equitation.
Equitation is the name given to the
ability to present one's self well
while riding and to ride in a proper
manner. The "Western" style con-
sists of Equitation and Reining, in
which a rider follows a set pattern of
routines demonstrating control and
Most of the members of the
Equestrian team practice at Batton.
Farm, which is located in South
Lyon Township. The horses and
farm are owned by Batton. Each
team member is also required to take
Show jumping is taught by David
Burnisky, who joined the Equestrian
team this year.
"He's great! He gives a lot of at-
tention to our riders prior to classes;"
LSA senior Cynthia Cotsonika said.
The only prerequisite-for joining
the team is the ability to ride a horse
and to safely control it. Class levels
range from beginner to advanced,
with numerous stages in between.
Students in each class are given a
certain number of points based on
performance, and progress is made
to a higher class once enough points
have been accumulated.
The team takes part in meets at
different schools, mainly in
Michigan and Ohio - usually
against the same 15-20 institutions.
Last season, the team ranked fifth
in "English" and eighth in
"Western." This season, the team
has taken part in two meets so far,;
during which some of the team;
members secured first and second
places in a number of events. There::
are three "English" meets and four
"Western" meets remaining this sea-
Cotsonika said the meets are a lot
of fun. She also said that going to
different meets provides many op-
portunities for bonding among the
members and promotes team spirit.
Canadians reject Mulroney unity proposal in national referendum
MONTREAL (AP) - Canadians
discovered a new unity yesterday.
East and west, French and English
came together - not over constitu-
tional reforms but in rejecting the
path chosen for them by the
country's political elite.
The results of Monday's referen-
dunm was a sharp rebuff to Prime
Mi, der Brian Mulroney, provincial
pres iiers and aboriginal leaders.
Voters in French-speaking Quebec
rejected the reform accord, but it
also lost in five other provinces and
The constitutional changes would
have recognized Quebec as a
"distinct society," reformed the
Senate and the House of Commons
to give western states more
representation, and recognized the
rights of Indians and Inuit to govern
Canadians combined to vote the
measure down 54.4 percent to 42.4
percent. Canada was left no closer to
a consensus on dealing with the cul-
tural and regional differences that
have been straining the federation
Separatists in Quebec were
cheered, hoping the results would
rejuvenate their independence cam-
paign and give them a boost in
provincial elections that must be
held by 1994.
The province's rejection did not
translate into support for indepen-
dence, because many opponents of
secession also voted "no."
The reform package originally
was designed to meet Quebec's
complaints about threats to its cul-
tural identity in a predominantly
English-speaking nation. It gradually
was expanded to meet demands for
giving more power to less populous
provinces and aboriginal peoples.
Pollsters predicted yesterday that
Mulroney would be the biggest loser
and might soon be forced from of-
fice. With an anemic economy that
has 1.5 million Canadians out of
work, Mulroney is Canada's most
unpopular prime minister since
pollsters began tracking such
A downheartened Mulroney, who
must call national elections by
November 1993, said early yesterday
that he would turn the government's
attention away from constitutional
wrangling and toward the economy.
Pollster Angus Reid said that 10
days before the vote, he found that
Mulroney managed to persuade,
twice as many people to vote against
the accord as for it.
"The Mulroney factor was enor-
mous," Alexa McDonough, leader of
the New Democrat party in Nova
Scotia, told Canadian Broadcasting
Corp. "People reacted badly to the
scare-mongering and the hard sell."
The loudest "no" came from
British Columbia, where anti-
Quebec sentiment and fears of in-
creased land claims by Indians and
Inuits prompted a landslide 67.9
percent of voters to reject the deal.
The accord barely passed, 49.8
percent to 49.6 percent, in Ontario.
Quebec rejected the accord 55.4
percent to 42.4 percent.
Only maritime provinces
Newfoundland, New Brunswick and
Prince Edward Island strongly
backed the reforms.
Between the Scylla and Charybdis.
Art school junior Angel Siberon whittles a piece of wood in a vise grip
yesterday in the Art and Architecture building on North Campus.
The Michigan Daiy We've got it all
NEWS * SPORTS * ARTS + PHOTO " OPINION
Eatery & Pub
1122 S. University e 313-665-9009
The University of Michigan Pre-Dental Association
Open Meeting of the University of Michigan
topic: "Dentistry and Strategies to Gain Admission to Dental School"
Dr. Jed J. Jacobson, Director of Admission, University of Michigan
School of Dentistry
Soup, Salad & Bread Buffet (11a.m. - 2p.m.)'