STOCKHOLM, Sweden (AP) -
An American won the Nobel Prize in
chemistry yesterday for theories ex-
*plaining such phenomena as how
plants store energy from light, while
a Frenchman won the physics award
for an invention allowing a closer
look into the heart of matter.
Rudolph Marcus of the California
Institute of Technology - a
Canadian-born naturalized American
- was honored for work involving
the transfer of electrons between
molecules. Georges Charpak, a
OPolish-born Frenchman, was cited
for his development of elementary
Both discoveries were made in
the 1960s and are used by
Charpak told The Associated
Press he had not expected to win the
Nobel Prize for "a little thing" he
invented 24 years ago. Since 1959
he has worked at CERN, the
*European Laboratory for Particle
Physics, near Geneva, Switzerland.
His invention, the multiwire pro-
portional chamber, "revolutionized
the way to register elementary parti-
cle reactions" allowing researchers
to see in much more detail the be-
havior of the smallest particles of
matter, academy member Per
The detector also made it possi-
ble to monitor reactions on computer
screens and track down single parti-
cle trajectories within a pattern of a
billion reactions. Earlier equipment
only registered the occurrence of
particle reactions without revealing
where they happened.
Carlson said Charpak's invention
opened the door to some of the inner
secrets of matter.
* "Today practically every exper-
iment in particle physics uses some
type of track detector that has been
developed from Charpak's original
invention," the academy said.
Marcus received his Ph.D where
his theory is now described in
university science textbooks, said
James Fresco of McGill University
The academy said Marcus' theo-
*ries on transfer of electrons between
molecules gave experimental
chemists a valuable calculating tool.
An electron transfer reaction is the
simplest possible chemical reaction.
Marcus' discovery has made it
possible to explain things such as
how plants store light energy, how
corrosion occurs and how chemical
luminescence - such as the cold
.light of fireflies - is produced.
The Michigan Daily- Thursday, October 15,1992 - Page 3
seats for students
Let the music play
Three students - (from left) Mark Ocker, Chris Ghatak, and Eric Kozlowski - play instruments on a grassy
patch next to the Diag.
U-M English students become
tecers troughDtri school
by Chastity Wilson
Daily Staff Reporter
Every Thursday afternoon,
students- enrolled in English 310,
"Discourse and Society," commute
to Detroit to teach.
The U-M students lead photo,
video, and drama clubs for fourth
through eighth graders at the Dewey
Center for Urban Education in
Detroit, a magnet school available to
preschool through eighth-grade chil-
dren from any Detroit neighborhood.
Children interested in the clubs
either choose one as an elective
course or are recommended by their
Fifth grader William Thompson
said he chose to be in the photo club
because his older sister, who was in
the club last year, interviewed and
took pictures of the homeless.
"My teacher said they don't have
time for people who are going to be
silly," Thompson said.
The Dewey Center was founded
on a "whole language" philosophy,
which is "respectful of each child
and where they are in their learning
process," English 310 Professor
William Alexander said. The pro-
gram allows students to be involved
in the formulation of their learning
program, he said.
"We're just here to facilitate,"
said Sarah Mendes, who works with
the older drama club.
The photo club takes pictures
with 35mm cameras and develops
"They learn the technical and
chemical aspects," said Kendra
Lutes, a photo club facilitator.
LSA junior Nicole Cooper, who
also works with the photo club, said
the kids suggested taking trips to the
Wayne State Cultural Center. They
were also eager to take pictures of
things that are considered the
"worst" aspects of the downtown
neighborhood surrounding the
school, she said.
Cooper said she plans to encour-
age the students to look at the pic-
tures and find something positive.
The older drama club - for sev-
enth graders - writes, directs and
performs a play at the end of the
semester. Last year, the club
performed at the Dewey Center and
at U-M's Angell Hall.
The children's suggestions for
this year's production included a
gangster-romance and a mixture of
the Wizard of Oz and Christmas
The video club tapes events in
and around the Dewey Center, using
cameras donated by Panasonic. The
children enter their tape into a con-
test called Kid Witness News,
Alexander said. in 1990, they en-
tered a tape of the Mandela Day
March in Detroit, he added.
"Very few English departments
have an outreach course," Alexander
said. "The way this program fits into
the English department is that it's
like a creative writing course - the
students help others create their own
"This is the best type of English
class," Mendes said. "It's a learning
experience for both groups."
EAST LANSING, Mich. (AP) -
Michigan State University's interim
president said yesterday he might
move to block the final presidential
debate if at least 300 students don't
Gordon Guyer said the 42,000-
student university would rethink its
role in hosting Monday night's de-
bate if it doesn't hear soon from the
Commission on Presidential
"It wasn't an ultimatum," uni-
versity spokesperson Terry Denbow
said. "It was just a statement of our
priorities as an educational
"Dr. Guyer believes sincerely
that this is an event for students. It's
an educational event on a college
campus. It would be hypocritical not
to let students see it."
Tickets to the last televised tangle
between President Bush, Democrat
Bill Clinton and independent Ross
Perot have been a hot issue on cam-
pus since the debate was announced.
Guyer has pressed the
Commission on Presidential Debates
for 300 student tickets, and some
4,100 students already have signed
up for a ticket lottery.
"I hope there's student involve-
ment. After all, this is a university,"
said Kathleen Stuart, a university
employee who helped hoist a large
"Debate '92" banner yesterday.
But debate organizers have said
all but 900 seats in the university's
2,500-seat Wharton Center will be
blocked off because of logistics and
security reasons. Many of those seats
are expected to be occupied by polit-
ical party VIPs and generous debate
"We would hope everyone would
show us a little patience," said Bob
Neuman, a debate commission
spokesperson. "It will be worked
out. It's always a difficult thing.
There's only a limited number of
Denbow said Guyer was assured
by debate panel co-chair Frank
Fahrenkopf, a former chair of the
Republican national party, that the
request for student tickets would be
discussed yesterday afternoon.
"We're confident that we'll get at
least 300 student tickets, if not
more," Denbow said. But he added:
"(Guyer) said if there's less than
300, he'd have to wonder how we
could justify hosting this event."
Students lucky enough to get
tickets will have to subject them-
selves to routine Secret Service
background checks. Denbow said
Guyer has promised to sit with stu-
dents during the debate if fears of
rowdiness has officials reluctant to
Students without tickets might
get a chance to watch the debate on a
giant television screen in the univer-
sity's 14,000-seat Breslin Center.
Details were still being worked out
Preparations for Monday night's
debate continued yesterday as
'Dr. Guyer believes
sincerely that this is
an event for students.
It's an educational
event on a college
campus. It would be
hypocritical not to let
students see it.'
- Terry Denbow
Michigan State University
Michigan State readied for what
would be its first visit from a presi-
dent since Theodore Roosevelt came
to town in 1907.
Some 2,000 campaign officials,
journalists and debate panel mem-
bers are expected to converge on the
East Lansing campus and on
Lansing, the state capital.
That crush is expected to begin
Friday after Thursday night's presi-
dential debate in Richmond, Va.
Political analysts say Clinton is certain to win election
WASHINGTON (AP) -
Halfway through the debates and
three weeks from Election Day,
many political analysts believe the
presidential race is essentially over
and Bill Clinton has won.
GOP leaders across the country
say it will take a bolt of lightning for
President Bush to win and suggest
his only shot may be to follow Vice
President Dan Quayle's lead and be
"America has decided. It's
Clinton," said Henry Graff, presi-
dential historian at Columbia
University. He cites trends in Gallup
Polls going back to 1936 to bolster
On the eve of the second presi-
dential debate, GOP advisers seemed
hard pressed to suggest what Bush
could do to turn things around.
The GOP party line, repeated
yesterday with different degrees of
enthusiasm by Republicans: Bush
should follow his vice president's
example and step up his attack on
Clinton's character and
Dan Quayle in Tuesday's vice
presidential debate repeatedly sug-
gested that Clinton was incapable of
telling the truth.
Clinton is so far ahead in the
polls "he has reached the comfort
level," said Rothenberg. "We are
poised for a substantial Clinton
Bush is about 6 points down in
Iowa. That's better than nationally,
but "at this point I'll have to concede
that things aren't going as well as
they should be," said Richard
Schwarm, Iowa GOP chairperson.
Republicans have long since
written off California and Illinois
and Bush is way behind in the tradi-
tional battleground states of Ohio,
New Jersey and Michigan.
Graff, the presidential historian at
Columbia, says history suggests that
the race usually begins to firm up by
Labor Day and that polls taken after
mid-September almost always
accurately reflect the outcome.
Graff projects that Clinton will
win by about 11 points.
The most recent Gallup poll
shows Clinton at 48 percent, Bush at
33 and Perot at 12.
"No one has closed that large a
gap and come back to win in the his-
tory of the poll," said Frank
Newport, editor-in-chief of the
"Is it possible for Bush to stage a
comeback? It's not out of the ques-
tion that the gap could be closed, but
it would be a new record," Newport
Democratic Presidential Candidate John Kennedy proposed the Peace Corps on the steps of the Michigan Union in
1960. Ryan Sittler was the seventh pick overall in the 1992 National Hockey League entry draft.
9 A.I.D.S Coalition to Unleash
Power, meeting, EastEngineer-
ing Building, Baker-Mandela
Center, 7:30 p.m.
Q Institute of Electrical and Elec-
tronics Engineers, technical
luncheon, Electrical Engineer-
ing and Computer Science
Building, room 1311, 12:30-
D Intervarsity Christian Fellow-
ship, Natural Resources Build-
ing, room 1040,7 p.m.
Q Islamic Circle, meeting, Michi-
gan League, 3rd floor room C,
" Korean Student Association,
meeting, Michigan Union,
Welker Room, 7 p.m.
O Newman Catholic Student As-
sociation, Liturgical Formation
Seminar, 7p.m.; Parish Pastoral
Council,7 p.m.; Saint Mary Stu-
dent Chapel, 331 Thompson St.
0 U-M Pre-Med Club, speaker
meeting, Michigan Union,
Anderson Room, 6:30 p.m.
U U-M Sailing Club, meeting,
West Engineering Building,
room 311, 7:45 p.m.
: U-MShotokan Karate,practice,
CCRB, small gym, 8:30-10 p.m.
U U-M Snowboarding Club.vol-
exhibit, Ann Arbor Public Li-
brary, 343 S. Fifth Ave., lower
level Multi-Purpose Room, 9
a.m. - 9 p.m.
U Career Planning and Place-
ment, Choosing Your Major,
CP&P Room One, 4:10-5 p.m.;
Employer Presentation: The
Rand Corporation, CP&P Con-
ference Room, 3:34-4:45 p.m.;
International Affairs: Career
Options and Graduate Programs,
Michigan Union, Kuenzel
Room, 6-8 p.m.; The Law
School Personal Essay, CP&P
Program Room, 4:10-5 p.m.
U "Environmental Racism - The
Legacy of Columbus," panel,
sponsored by the Ella Baker-
Nelson Mandela Center for Anti-
Racist Education, The Ann
Arbor Community Center, 625
N. Main St., 7:30-9:30 p.m.
U "Focus on Michigan," photog-
raphy contest, City of Ann Ar-
bor Parks and Recreation
Department, photos accepted
until December 1, 1992,contact
Irene Bushaw 994-2780
U "Japanese Beliefs about Chil-
dren," Brown Bag Lecture Se-
ries, Lane Hall, Commons
Room, 12 p.m.
U Martyn Wyndham-Read, per-
2009, 12-1 p.m.
Q Norman Rush,reading and book
signing, Borders Book Shop,
303 S. State St., 7:30 p.m.
Q Russian Tea and Conversation
Practice, Slavic Department,
MLB, 3rd floor Conference
Room, 4-5 p.m.
Q "The Birthday Party," U-M De-
partment of Theatre and Drama,
Trueblood Theater, tickets $10,
call 764-0450 10 a.m. - 6 p.m.,
playing through October 25
U "The Christopher Columbus
Follies: An Eco-Cabaret," The
Program in American Culture,
Power Center, 8 p.m.
Q U-M Pro-Choice Action, lec-
ture, Michigan Union, Ballroom,
7:30 p.m.; meeting, MLB, room
B 137, 7:30 p.m.; video, Brown
Bag Lunch Series, West Engi-
neering Building, room 421, 12
Q Womancircle, Guild House
Campus Ministry, 802 Monroe
St., 7:30 p.m.
Q Safewalk Safety Walking Ser-
vice, UGLi, lobby, 8p.m. -1:30
a.m.; Saf; walk-Angell Hall,
Angell Hall, %,mputing Cen-
Llook o t inthe
they really work!)
TIE MICIIIGAN DAILY
GET THE FACTS
GET THE DAILY C
GET THE FACTS 764-0552
GET THE DAILY fi
GET T HE FACTS more
GET TIIE DAILY info'
GET THE FACTS
GET TIlHE DAILY
NEWS .SPORTSe ARTS
OPINION & PHOTO
by Harold inter
"The more acute the
experience, the less
articulate its expression."
(located in the Frieze Bldg)
Oct 15-17, 22-24 at 8 PM
Oct 18, 25 at 2 PM
Tickets are $10
Charge by phone: 764-0450
Student seating is $6 with ID.
Tickets on sale at
the League Ticket Office In
the Michigan League.
U-M SCHOOL OF MUSIC
Department of Theatre and Drama j
Come in and try our delicious new
1 " SOFr PRTZS I