The Michigan Daily - Thursday, October 8, 1992- Page 7
by Johnny Su
The U-M Dearborn has been selected as one of two
universities nationwide as a test site for a program
intended to improve the role of women on campus.
The Campus Initiative for Equity is hosting its first
meeting at the Henry Ford Estate Fair Lane at U-M
The pilot project, co-sponsored by U-M Dearborn
wand the American Association for University Women
(AAUW) Legal Advocacy Fund, is an initiative to es-
tablish a program offering mentoring networks to
women students, faculty and staff.
"Our hope is that we will be able to create a more
supportive environment for the women faculty, staff
and students by creating mentoring networks to deal
with issues dealing with women on campus," said
Lynne Aldrich, vice chancellor for institutional
advancement at U-M Dearborn.
"For example, a junior faculty member working to-
ward a tenure will be paired with a senior faculty mem-
ber with tenure who can provide services and support
- it's kind of like an internship where someone shows
them the ropes and how to achieve their goals," said
Britta Roan, a program coordinator and staff counselor
at U-M Dearborn.
The goals of the program are:
M To reduce the isolation of women on campus;
To help women in higher education achieve
*equity in their educational and professional lives;
To assist women maximize their opportunities and
cope with roadblocks; and,
To raise awareness of equity issues.
Mentoring networks will be established with target
groups focusing on issues such as problems facing
women students, achieving tenure for women faculty,
affirmative action and campus safety.
"Different people on campus are already working on
these issues. We are hoping the program will serve as
an umbrella to bring these people together," Roan said.
In the past, the AAUW has been involved with liti-
gations involving women and equity issues. The
Campus Initiative for Equity is an attempt by the
AAUW to deal with or eliminate equity issues in a more
Austin Peay University in Clarksville, Tenn. was
also chosen as a site for the program. As a pilot project,
the program is only scheduled to run for one academic
After that time, a report will be submitted by U-M
Dearborn to the AAUW for evaluation, and a decision
will be made on whether or not the program will be
expanded and replicated at other sites nationwide.
The U-M Ann Arbor did not submit a proposal to
AAUW for implementing the pilot program.
But Carol Hollenshead, the AAUW representative
for Ann Arbor, said, "If (AAUW representatives) con-
tinue to expand the program and provide the funding, it
is certainly something that the Ann Arbor campus
would consider applying for. I think something like that
is always possible."
Roan added, "We've sent quite a bit of information
to members of the Ann Arbor campus such as Women's
Studies students and the Center for the Education of
The keynote speaker for today's kickoff will be
Jacquelynne Eccles, the director of combined program
in education and psychology at U-M Ann Arbor.
Her talk will address why women are less likely to
take math and science classes due to the attitudes they
learn from their parents, teachers and peers.
The program will also include presentations by
Susan Reddy-Butler, the president of the AAUW Legal
Adivocacy Fund, Aldrich and Josephine Altstetter, the
Dearborn AAUW representative.
High school senior,
to turn 18.Nov. 4,
obtains right to vote
KALAMAZOO (AP) - Chris
Petzold's birth certificate says he
won't turn 18 until Nov. 4. But come
Nov. 3, he's planning to step into a
voting booth and help choose a
At first, Petzold was rejected by
the Kalamazoo city clerk, who said
he couldn't vote unless he turned 18
before or on the day of the election.
But then Petzold learned in gov-
ernment class about a little-known
state attorney general's ruling that
might make him eligible. The lesson
came during a segment last month
on the constitutional amendment that
lowered the voting age from 21 to
His teacher, Chuck Ocvirek, told
of how his wife used the ruling in
1960 to win the right to vote. Lana
Ocvirek turned 21, then the voting
age, the day after the Nov. 8
"I thought it was kind of unfair
that by one day I would have to wait
four more years until I got a chance
to vote for the president," said
Petzold, a senior at Loy Norrix High
School in Kalamazoo. "When
(Ocvirek) told us about his wife, I
thought 'that applies to me."'
The 1956 ruling, written by then-
Michigan Attorney General Thomas
Kavanagh, reads: "A person is (18)
at the beginning of the day preceding
his anniversary. ... The Constitution
does not provide that a person shall
be above the age of (18) in order to
be qualified to vote."
According to that ruling, Petzold
is eligible to vote, Bradley Wittman,
director of information and voter
registration for the Secretary of
State's office, said last week.
Kalamazoo City Clerk Nancy
Collins got a copy of the ruling
Friday and made arrangements for
Petzold to vote. He says Democratic
presidential nominee Bill Clinton
will get his vote.
"It's interesting that history re-
peats itself and that a student of
mine was rejected just like my wife
was rejected," Ocvirek said.
"I've been mentioning it every
year," Ocvirek said. "(Petzold) is
the type of student who would want
to vote and he has every right to." -
Fruit off the loom
Ann Arbor resident Rita Stankwitz and 13-month old son Carl frolic at the Ann Arbor Farmer's
Market in Kerrytown yesterday.
'Hellish' Serb shelling continues
SARAJEVO, Bosnia-Herzegovina (AP)
- Serb fighters were reported cleaning out
the last pockets of resistance in a northern
strategic city yesterday, and they widened
their offensive with intensified shelling
throughout the region.
The lightning capture of Bosanski Brod on
the Croatian border was a major victory for
the Serbs, who are seeking to set up their own
republic within Bosnia possibly as a prelude
to linking up with Serbia.
The Serbian advances mean they have
taken control of 70 percent of Bosnia in the 7-
month-old civil war, and their offensive seeks
to gain further territory before winter.
More than 14,000 people have been killed
in Bosnia since Bosnian Serbs rebelled
against a vote in February by majority
Muslims and Croats to secede from
The fall of Bosanski Brod apparently was
part of a Serbian offensive aimed at occupy-
ing more Bosnian territory before winter sets
There was major shelling in Sarajevo in
what the city's radio called a "hellish" morn-
There was major fighting in the north, ac-
cording to Croatian radio reports: heavy Serb
artillery blasted the region around Zupanja,
35 miles east of Slavonski Brod; the city of
Gradacac was hit by hundreds of missiles and
cluster bombs; Serb forces 12 miles north of
Gradacac were caught in a Muslim-Croat pin-
cer, forcing them to retreat and leave 10
artillery pieces behind.
Serb missiles targeted Bihac, a Bosnian
border town just 40 miles south of Zagreb,
Croatia's capital. Maglaj, 60 miles north of
Sarajevo, was bombed by Serb warplanes.
Mostar, 100 miles southwest of the Bosnian
capital, was rocked by artillery barrages.
Officials in Slavonski Brod, a Croatian
city across the Sava River, speaking on condi-
tion of anonymity, said small-arms fire and
the boom of artillery continued to sound from
the neighboring Bosnian town late yesterday.
They said Serb troops apparently were
moving from house to house, firing machine
gun bursts inside and throwing in hand
grenades to clean up last pockets of suspected
AP photographer Zoran Bozicevic said
dozens of houses set on fire by the Serb in-
vaders blazed in Bosanski Brod. A high-rise
apartment building still burned yesterday
The bridge across the Sava River was
blown up before dawn yesterday, destroying
what for months had been a path to relative
safety for tens of thousands of refugees.
Just hours before its destruction, at least
5,000 refugees and Muslim-Croat forces used
the bridge to flee the Serb advance.
The Serb offensive appeared aimed at
eliminating the entire Bosnian enclave along
the river border. The enclave threatened the
supply routes running from Serbia proper to
areas held by Serb rebels in western Bosnia
and central Croatia.
A Croatian army spokesman in Zagreb
told The Associated Press yesterday that
Croat-Muslim defenders, under constant air
and artillery attack for six days, were
withdrawn to save lives.
Ivan Pivac, a soldier from northern Bosnia, cleans his tank yesterday -
with his mascot baby doll on the tank - in Slavonski Brod, Croatia after
withdrawing from the Bosnian town of Bosanski Brod.
Abortion drug also a morning-after pill, study finds
BOSTON (AP) - A controversial French-
made abortion drug is also a highly effective
morning-after pill, preventing all pregnancies
in women who have unprotected sex, a study
The drug, RU486, has not been approved
for use in the United States.
A study conducted in Scotland and pub-
lished in today's New England Journal of
Medicine concluded that making the drug
* available for use after intercourse could reduce
the need for abortions.
However, one anti-abortion group said it
would fight this use of the drug, arguing that a
morning-after pill is just another form of abor-
The drug is available only in France, where
it was introduced in 1988, and in Britain,
Sweden and China.
The drug acts on the hormonal system to
trigger abortions early in pregnancy. It causes
the embryo or fetus to become separated from
'People are trying to find a highly effective form of
post-coital contraceptive that is easy to use and free from
side effects. It would seem that RU486 meets those
requirements.' -Anna Glasier
the uterine wall and be expelled.
When used as a morning-after pill, RU486
is believed to prevent implantation of the fertil-
ized egg in the wall of the uterus.
In the study, doctors from the University of
Edinburgh compared RU486 to high doses of
the birth-control pill, now the standard morn-
ing-after approach, but one that frequently
causes nausea and doesn't always work.
"People are trying to find a highly effective
form of post-coital contraceptive that is easy to
use and free from side effects," said Anna
Glasier, who directed the study. "It would
seem that RU486 meets those requirements."
The research was conducted on 800 women
who sought emergency contraception within
three days of having unprotected intercourse.
Half the women were given RU486 and
half got birth control pills. None of the women
taking RU486 got pregnant, compared with
four pregnancies among those receiving birth
control pills. RU486 was also less likely to
Glasier said the World Health Organization
will soon start a study to see if a lower dose of
RU486 than the one they tried will be as effec-
tive in preventing pregnancy.
David Grimes of the University of Southern
California said the drug is a contraceptive, not
an abortive agent, because pregnancy does not
begin until an embryo is implanted in the
"I think this will change the political land-
scape for this medicine," he said. "It is a use
that may prevent abortion rather than cause
But Richard Glasow of the National Right
to Life Committee called the study "a blatant
attempt to improve the public image of a dan-
gerous abortion technique."
He said that proponents of the drug "are
just playing word games to try to change the
debate" when they argue that life begins at im-
plantation, not fertilization.
The main drawback of RU486 was that it
delayed the start of menstrual periods by a few
days in about 40 percent of women, re-
searchers said. This caused anxiety in those
worried about whether the treatment had actu-
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