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Partly to mostly sunny;
High: 35, Low: 24.
Cloudy, chance of rain;
High: 39, Low: 27.
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takes a dump.
One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Vol. CII, No. 65 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Tuesday, January 28, 1992 TopMaiga n1a9
b David Wartowski
D ily Faculty Reporter
Faculty members, expressing
concern that the University adminis-
tration has ignored them when defin-
ing new policies, voted unanimously
at yesterday's Senate Assembly
meeting to send a letter to
University administrators asking
them to consult faculty before decid-
ing policy issues relevant to faculty.
The Senate Assembly's special
meeting was called by the Senate
Advisory Committee for University
Affairs (SACUA) in response to a
proposal by Medical Professor
George Brewer to examine faculty
governance in relation to University
administration, said SACUA Chair
Brewer said the Intellectual
Properties Office (IPO) - the
* University's patenting office - is a
perfect example of the problems that
faculty faces when confronting
"Administration is not sharing
with us what they have in mind,"
At last month's Senate Assembly
meeting, Brewer said that even
though Vice President for Research
William Kelly told the Senate
Assembly that no changes were
planned for IPO, Kelly presented a
plan the next day formulated by ad-
ministration members to restructure
IPO. See FACULTY, Page 2
A large flock of ducks bask themselves in the sunshine at a field near North Campus.
Budget cuts force Yale
to ax two departments
by Melissa Peerless
Daily Administration Reporter
The University Board of Regents
voted last night to appeal a court
decision which found that it
violated the Michigan Open
Meetings Act in conducting its
1988 presidential search.
The six regents who were
present at the special session
unanimously voted to challenge the
decision which was handed down by
the Michigan Court of Appeals.
Immediately after University
President James Duderstadt
convened the meeting, Regent Neal
Nielsen (R-Brighton) proposed that
it be adjourned to the President's
Conference 'Room, where further
business could be conducted
This non-public session is
permitted through a section of the
Michigan Open Meetings Act which
exempts legal discussion of
pending litigation from being
After one and a half hours of
deliberation, the regents returned to
the Regents Room to conduct their
actual vote on the issue.
After Duderstadt reconvened the
meeting, Nielsen told the regents
why he thinks an appeal is necessary.
"After hearing the opinion of
our legal counsel, and discovering
the effect that it will have on our
institution in the years to come, I
believe it is imperative that we
appeal the decision to the Michigan
Supreme Court," he said.
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) also spoke in support of an
appeal, but cited different reasons.
Baker said that he believes public
oversight should be limited to the
process of electing regents. After
elections, regents should be trusted
to make independent decisions and
should be free from the public
Baker said the Open Meetings
Act skews the balance of power
between administrators and regents
because administrators are allowed
to make most decisions in private.
"This balance has led to a fine
system of education. It's important
to appeal," he said.
Regent Paul Brown (D-
Petoskey) said the Open Meetings
Act complicates personnel searches
by publicizing candidate lists.
"It's a given in searches of this
kind that the candidates will not
permit their names to be public," he
said. "They are happy and doing
well where they are and they do not
want it public that they are con-
sidering leaving. If it is public, they
are not going to be a candidate."
He said if the appeals court
See REGENTS, Page 2
by Karen Sabgir
Daily Higher Education Reporter
Yale students will have at least
two fewer fields of study to choose
from if university trustees approve
the recommendations the Commit-
tee on Restructuring the Faculty of
Arts and Sciences made last
The goal of the committee,
chaired by Yale University Provost
Frank Turner, was to consolidate,
restructure, and eliminate some
Last February the committee -
senior faculty, who are past or pre-
sent members of the university
Budget Committee and several de-
partment chairs - began meeting
with department representatives to
find the most constructive way to
reduce faculty numbers.
Turner and Yale University
President Benno Schmidt issued a
negotiated 11 percent target for
budget cuts. The committee's task
was to make recommendations for
cuts in various departments that
would "do the least damage to the
faculty as a whole," said Deputy
Provost Charles Long.
Departments that are affected
may be "small and contributing the
least to the Faculty of Art and Sci-
ences," Long said. The enrollment
See YALE, Page 2
Study shows drug use decreasing
by Robin Litwin past 17 years using a randomly-se- in 1979, while the figure for col- dition to marijuana also fell among
Daily Staff Reporter lected sample of high school se- lege students has shrunk from 56 both college and high school
Ilii drg s a og olee 0tdet
The country may be winning the
war on drugs, according to the re-
sults of a national survey con-
ducted by Lloyd Johnston, Patrick
O'Mally, and Jerald Bachman,
three research scientists at the
University's Institute for Social
The researchers have conducted
the survey - a self-administered
questionnaire which asks students
about their values, lifestyles, and
drug usage - each spring for the
niors nationwide. v
For the past 12 years, college
students have also been surveyed.
The survey included 8th and 10th
grade students for the first time in
According to the survey, the
proportion of high school seniors
and college students using illicit
drugs fell from 33 percent to 29
percent between 1990 and 1991.
The 1991 figure for high school
students is down from 54 percent
percent in 1980.
Johnston said that these results
may have positive effects if the
"In the sense of the future of
the country, I think we will even-
tually have an adult population
that is using drugs less," Johnston
Marijuana - the most widely
used illicit drug - accounts for
some of the drop. However, the use
of illicit drugs other than or in ad-
Johnston cites several possible
reasons for the decline.
"I think there is a long-term
historical reason. Vietnam served
as a catalyst for the epidemic and
when the catalyst was removed,
drug use declined," Johnston said.
"Students are also more aware of
the hazards of using. As the per-
ceived dangers of using change,
norms about use also change," he
See DRUGS, Page 2
These arethe 1990
results of the
27% University's S.
12th national survey
of American college
Source: University of Michigan Institute for Social Research
David Rheingold/DAILY GRAPHIC
by Loretta Lee
As fraternity members chatted
their way through a second night of
what is turning out to be a leaner
rush, they suggested a variety of
factors - from the IFC's alcohol
policy to bad financial times - to
account for the drop in numbers.
Theta Chi, the fraternity with
the greatest number of rushees dur-
ing the fall rush, reported a de-
crease in number of rushees in the
last year - from approximately
225 last winter to 150 this time.
Theta Chi member Brent Smith
said the change was possibly due to
IFC's alcohol policy implemented
Jan. 1, which imposes restrictions
on fraternities supplying alcohol.
"When the bars got stricter,
rush went up," he said. "There was
an increase, but now that fraterni-
ties have been implementing the
new policy, that could be a reason
why our numbers are down.""
Joseph Foster, fraternity coor-
dinator of the Alumni Interfrater-
Macy's overwhelmed by debt,
files for bankrupcy protection
Company to continue operations, reorganize structure
NEW YORK (AP) - R.H. Macy & Co. Inc., the re-
tailer known around the world for its Thanksgiving
Day parade and enormous Manhattan store, sought
sanctuary in U.S. Bankruptcy Court yesterday, over-
whelmed by debt and the recession.
Plagued by the same sluggish sales as other retail-
ers, Macy's fought for two years to remain solvent. It
conceded defeat yesterday when lawyers carried three
boxes of documents into a courthouse and filed for
Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection for the 134-year-old
"We have known for some time that Macy's had
more debt than is desirable in such a weak economy,"
chairperson Edward Finkelstein said in a statement.
"We worked night and day to find a suitable solution
and ultimately came to the conclusion that filing for
Chapter 11 was best for Macy's future."
The filing showed Macy's had liabilities of $5.32
billion against assets of $4.94 billion as of Nov. 2...
Much of the debt was left from the company's
$3.48 billion leveraged buyout by management and its
$1.1 billion purchase of the California-based Bullock's
and I. Magnin chains from Federated Department
Stores Inc. in 1988.
All of Macy's units, including its 144 department
stores and 107 specialty stores, were listed in the fil-
ing. The department stores are concentrated in the
Northeast, the South and the West. Speciality stores
are scattered around the nation.
The documents starkly illustrated how severe
Macy's plight had become. The company told the court
it expected to lose $86.5 million in the next 30 days.
Chapter 11 allows a company to continue to operate
See MACY'S, Page 2
Beta Theta Pi and other fraternities
numbers of rushees.
Cosgrove reported a drop in num-
bers similar to Theta Chi. Along
with the BYOB policy, Cosgrove
cited increasing rent as another
possible reason for the drop off.
However, Lambda Chi Alpha
rush chair Pat Tummonds said his
fraternity's numbers have remained
the same as last year.
Lambda Chi Alpha members
across campus are facing declining
Law club makes national competition
the money to pay dues," Morath
LSA senior Michael Gaines, a
member of Phi Gamma Delta, at-
tributed the decrease to dry rush,
taking issue with the two-year old
"In my opinion, a wet rush is an
excellent indicator of how people
handle their alcohol and whether
or not thev cain gae their alcoholic
by Adam Hundley
Instead of watching courtroom
dramas on television, members of
the Undergraduate Law Club are
getting hands-on experience in court.
The club qualified for a national
competition to be held in February
after competing in mock-trial
competitions on the state and
At the regional competition
nesses in the trials.
This year, all teams are arguing a
criminal lawsuit in which a man is
charged with abusing and neglecting
an elderly, cousin. A verdict. is
'Being a lawyer is not
what you see in L.A.
Law. A lot of people
who go into law really
don't have a concept,
said the competitions have taught
them a lot about the law profession.
"Being a lawyer is not what you
see in L.A. Law," Rosoviks said. "A
lot of people who go into law really
don't have a concept of what a litiga-
Dennis Shields, assistant dean
and director of admissions for the
Law School, agreed. Shields said
television shows and movies do not