Cold, flurries possible;
High: 28, Low: 15.
Cloudy, some sun;
High: 30, Low: 21.
'M' hockey hopes
to poke out
One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Vol. CII, No. 63 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Friday, January 24, 1992 Th Mcigan Daily
U.S. to aid Commonwealth
WASHINGTON (AP) -
Forty-seven nations large and small
agreed yesterday on a massive
"global effort" to rescue millions
of hungry people in the former So-
viet Union with humanitarian
shipments of food and medicine.
The United States will airlift
supplies to the 12 former republics
with 54 sorties beginning Feb. 10.
The food aboard will include 38.4
million pounds left over from the
Persian Gulf war, enough for 16
million meals. A million doses of
Desert Storm antibiotics will be
carried by the C-5 and C-141 cargo
planes, as well.
The airlift will "vividly show
the peoples of the former Soviet
Union that those who once prepared
for war with them now have the
courage and conviction to use their
militaries to wage a new peace,"
Secretary of State James Baker said.
The NATO alliance will under-
take complementary deliveries.
"Nothing could better symbolize
the end of the Cold War," NATO
Secretary-General Manfred Wo-
Baker said several countries had
offered contributions in the closed
sessions after President Bush
pledged an additional $645 million
at the opening Wednesday.
He said Saudi Arabia would re-
lease $1.5 billion it had held up.
Japan pledged $50 million in grants
to purchase medicine and U.S. offi-
cials said South Korea had offered
$800 million and Thailand $450
million in low-interest loans. Ar-
gentina offered to take in 100,000
"Countries are responding in
large measure in proportion to their
ability," Baker said. The United
States has pledged more than $5 bil-
lion, mostly in farm credits while
the 12-nation European Community,
led by Germany, has contributed
billions of dollars more in credit,
loans and grants.
The conference came up with
outlines on how to assist the re-
publics in the areas of food, shelter,
See AID, Page 2
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the foo* Iooti :;s
SUR Ann Arbor City lark Anre ivyDffi RAHI
by Andrew Levy
Daily Campaign Issues Reporter
Michigan's March 17 presiden-
tial primary may seem a long way
off, but the deadline is drawing
(MBOE) for Feb. 18, leaving
prospective voters just under a
month to register. Michigan state
law requires all unregistered vot-
ers to do so at least 30 days before
However, despite the impending
deadline, the Ann Arbor city
clerk's office reports no unusual
influx of voter registrations.
"What we're doing now is just
routine registration," said Herb
Katz, a worker in the city clerk's
office. "It doesn't look like there's
all that much interest, or people
have already registered."
See VOTERS, Page 2
near for people who have not yet
The registration deadline has
been set by the Michigan Depart-
ment of State Bureau of Elections
' p..:" 4 "' .4:v u.:.
by Karen Pier
and Nicole Malenfant
Daily Staff Reporters:^
When Hazal Johnson's pregnant
daughter took an ultrasound test to
see her infant child, she was shocked
when the doctors discovered that
the 5-month-old fetus was missing
Johnson, a Black resident of
Chicago's south east side, attributes
the birth defect to chemical waste
- including asbestos, contaminated
water and toxic fumes - prevalent
in her predominantly minority
Johnson was one of nine people
who spoke at the law school's
"Race, Poverty & The Environ-
ment" symposium yesterday, which
addressed the subject of
Much of today's chemical waste
adversely affects minority commu-
See SEMINAR, Page 2
by Melissa Peerless
Daily Administration Reporter
The state Court of Appeals ruled
Wednesday that the University
Board of Regents violated the
Michigan Open Meetings Act while
conducting their search to find a
new president in 1988.
Nevertheless, University Presi-
dent James Duderstadt will not be
forced to resign from the presidency
because of the ruling.
The suit was brought against the
regents by The Ann Arbor News
and the Detroit Free Press.
The regents trimmed the number
of presidential candidates from 250
to just Duderstadt before they took
any action in the public arena.
University Director of Presiden-
tial Communications Shirley
Clarkson said the regents met pri-
vately in order to protect the pri-
vacy of the applicants.
"The fact is that a candidate for a
job at a major University should not
be exposed to the public. If they are,
they leave themselves vulnerable at
their old jobs without knowing if
they will be finalists," she said.
Walter Harrison, executive di-
rector of University relations,
agreed with Clarkson.
"I'm not even trying to be a pres-
ident, and if I was applying to a job
where my name was publicized, I
never would have applied," he said.
But Ann Arbor News Editor Ed
Petykiewicz said the concern for
privacy does not justify violating
the Open Meetings Act.
"The balance act in this is that
the public has a right to know. It's
more important for the public to
know, even if it means that some
people may not apply to a job," he
The two newspapers alleged that
the regents met in small groups,
communicated by phone and trav-
eled to the homes of applicants in
order to avoid making their proceed-
Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann Ar-
bor) said he feels that since the re-
gents are popularly elected, the pub-
lic grants them the authority to
conduct a job search in whatever
manner the regents deem
"The regents are elected by the
people of Michigan. Constitution-
ally, they are given the power to do
all of the things possible to pre-
serve quality education in Michi-
gan," he said.
He added that the current Open
Meetings Act is ineffective because
it induces administrators to make
their own decisions instead of wait-
ing for public discussion of an issue.
But Petykiewicz said the regents
are still obliged follow the act.
"When you start making public
decisions, they have to be in public.
The candidates who are making the
threshold and are being considered
and are going to be interviewed
should be made public," he said.
Wednesday's ruling overturned a
1988 Washtenaw County Circuit
Court decision, which found that
the regents had acted appropriately
See SUIT, Page 2
Magdelena Avila speaks atthe Race, Poverty, and the Environment
symposium yesterd ay.
ague guidelines, fairness spur audits of universities
aily gher Edu aion R orter billed as indirect research costs. General, said that the agency is is planning to examine the indirect and the Division of Cost Alloca Schools are assigned t
y ep tions asked the Office of the the Defense Contract
o either HHS,
Vague guidelines, a lack of com-
munication, and the issue of fairness
are underlying themes in recent au-
dits of several universities nation-
wide, say government officials and
In a report released last week,
the Department of Health and Hu-
man Services (HHS) found that 14
schools - including the University
- spent $20.4 million in expenses
*which it deemed inappropriately
Indirect research costs normally
include such expenditures as heating
and maintenance for research
Travel expenses constituted a
large share of this money, as well as
football tickets, opera tickets, and
legal fees, said Judy Holtz,
spokesperson for the Office of the
Tony Sims, public affairs special-
ist for the Office of the Inspector
trying to clear up current vague
"The overall problem lies in
what schools think is allowable and
what we think is allowable. Some is
blatant, like tickets to a football
Sims pointed to a reception held
for an important research fellow as
an example of a cost which could be
Although Holtz said that HHS
research accounting of approxi-
mately 150 universities, HHS was
on campus looking through files and
records at 14 schools, including
Duke University, Emory Univer-
sity, Johns Hopkins University,
University of Southern California,
Washington University, and Yale
Holtz said these schools were
singled out because they had the
highest amount of research funding
Inspector General to examine them.
The HHS audits are among many
conducted by governmental agencies
which have uncovered cases of inap-
propriate billing of both direct and
indirect research-related costs in au-
dits of universities over the past
HHS is one of three government
agencies to conduct audits of univer-
sity indirect research expenditures.
(DCAA), which is part of Depart-
ment of Defense, or the General
Accounting Office (GAO).
Each of the three offices will
present its report to the Office of
Naval Research (ONR), the
umbrella organization, at a hearing
Jan. 29. ONR must then decide
whether to accept the auditor's
findings from the universities.
See AUDITS, Page 2
Disability act improves main
busing service for disabled
But local handicapped users fear losing quality of AATA services
by Erin Einhorn
Daily City Reporter
People don't realize how trans-
portation affects the disabled, said
Donna Rose, a blind Social Work
"If you can't get to the grocery
store," she said, "it's a matter of
life and death."
That's why Congress passed the
Americans with Disabilities Act
(ADA), in 1990.
ADA not only guarantees access
for physically challenged people to
all public transportation, it requires
that all cities provide a door-to-
door para-transit system that can
pick physically disabled people up
from their homes and take them
where they need to go.
The Ann Arbor Transportation
Authority (AATA), along with
similar organizations in, every U.S.
city, will submit plans to the U.S.
Denatment of Transnnrtation
buses in Ann Arbor, said White, but
many disabled people complain that
they are unreliable and are not avail-
able at all times.
White said that AATA will
have made positive changes in its
maintenance practices by September.
It also hopes to install grab rails on
the lifts so that people, not in
wheelchairs, who have difficulty
entering busses and need support
while riding the lifts, will have
something to hold on to.
"People generally feel that it's a
positive move," White said. "But
they're concerned that we're going
to require people to use it."
Because AATA offers services so
far* beyond those required by the
ADA, it could legally cut its
"Under ADA we have to make
some determination and reduc-
;, ".ni ; Whitp"hil twe're not
sit system serves a broad range of
people at a relatively lower level of
quality," said Robert Ashby, deputy
assistant gen ral council for regula-
tion and enforcement for DOT, who
developed she ADA regulations.
"ADA aims at serving the smaller
number of people at a higher level."
As a result, people who are able
to use the main line system, like the
elderly, may soon be ineligible for
But many of the disabled people
in Ann Arbor have adjusted to their
disabilities based on the quality of
services provided by A-Ride, and
fear what could happen if they lose
"I have no problem with main
line accessibility," said Rose, who
often uses the main-line buses, "but
that' s not the best way for every-
There are many problems associ-
Residential College junior Craig Regester and Residential College senior Anthony Bedwell look at an Ann Arbor
map for the location of an apartment.
Students plead 'Oh, give me a home'
at off-campus housing day program
by Purvi Shah
Daily Staff Reporter
nizations that attended the event.
Perrvdore said some students
LSA first-year student Toyura
Caver eidsh cnme to the nrngram