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December 09, 1991 - Image 4

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Page 4 -The Michigan Daily- Monday, December 9, 1991
e f~dlian ailu



420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109
Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

Editor in Chief
Opinion Editor

Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.
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S aturday, the Downtown Athletic Club of New
York will honor the nation's top college foot-
ball player with the Heisman Trophy. As far as
nearly everyone affiliated with the sport is con-
cemed, the verdict is already in - Michigan wide
receiver Desmond Howard is the winner.
Howard, who has already garnered the Maxwell
Award and Walter Camp Player-of-the-Year hon-
ors, will be only the second Heisman winner in
Michigan's storied football history. Howard has
done everything for which the award calls, and
many predict that this may be the most lopsided
vote in Heisman history.
From his four-touchdown performance in the
Wolverines' first game of the season to his 93-yard
punt return in the last, Howard has entertained the
Michigan fans throughout the nation all season
His mere presence on the field is electrifying.
1oward made every play in which he was involved
an adventure. When he drops back to receive a
punt, the crowd is wired with anticipation before
he even touches the ball.
Just lining up across from Howard strikes fear
into the heart of any defensive back. No one will
soon forget his diving touchdown catch on fourth

down against Notre Dame.
His statistics speak for themselves. His 19 re-
ceiving touchdowns in a single season is a Big Ten
record, and he is the only receiver in history to lead
the conference in scoring. For years to come, his
name will be etched in the Wolverine record books.
However, Howard's excellence has not been
confined to the football stadium. Amid all the
media attention he has received off the field, he has
handled himself with dignity and class. With the
national sports community as his audience, Howard
has represented the University in fine fashion.
Instead of being the object of bitter jealousy, he
has earned the respect of his fellow athletes, both
his teammates' and his opponents'. Even defeated
opponents have acknowledged Howard's grace on
the field, paying tribute to the class and grace he
shows on the field.
As students at Michigan, we should be grateful
for the opportunity to witness this fine athlete
perform this season. While many speculate
Howard's future and whether he will forego his
final year of eligibility to play professional foot-
ball, now is the time to focus on all that he has given
us this season- a Big Ten championship, a trip to
the Rose Bowl, and many fine memories.

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doesn't pay

Gov. Engler's cuts will hurt families saving for education

~A midst the most indiscriminate budget cuts in
Michigan history, Gov. Engler is proving
again that his loyalties rest with an ideology, and
not the welfare of Michigan residents. Only four
years after the introduction of the highly innova-
tive Michigan Educational Trust (MET), Gov.
Englerhas withdrawn his support from the program
with plans to eventually eliminate it.
Although Engler announced that he would re-
place MET with a state-backed savings bonds
program, the new program is hardly a replacement.
On the contrary, Engler's newest lackluster pro-
gram is a step backwards in the progress made in
the past that renewed cooperation between the
state government and private citizens. Both the
government and the citizens came together to
ensure that Michigan's public university system
would continue to be one of the finest in the
country and that the ability to afford such an
education would not disappear.
The new program merely replicates existing
programs in which Michigan residents may al-
ready invest without involving the state govern-
ment. Citizens and the state are no longer engaging
in an equitable relationship with mutual commit-
ment. Instead, for the citizen, the state becomes
just another investment and the state no longer
takes an active role in investing, as well.
In fact, the new program may not even be a
Hate speech

more conservative type of investment program,
but is instead a way in which the state can compen-
sate for tuition increases in the original program. If
this is the case, then Engler has shown again that he
does not wish to build substantive bridges with the
citizens of Michigan. Instead he eliminates sub-
stantive programs which lead to stronger bonds of
cooperation between individuals and the state gov-
ernment and replace them with inadequate surro-
Of all of Engler's budget cuts, the public uni-
versity system was, for the most part, spared from
the carnage that other areas of state programs
experienced, supposedly indicating Engler's com-
mitment to the state's public colleges and univer-
However, while Engler may not be engaged in
short term cuts within the state education budget,
his elimination of the MET indicates a lack of
understanding for the long-term financial commit-
ment between citizens and government that the
MET provided.
Gov. Engler should think again and refund the
MET program. MET was unique in its ability to
encourage and support familiesin their quest for
higher education. America's future requires inno-
vative programs like this to increase the output of
qualified workers and competitors. Now is the
wrong time to turn our backs on students.

Jumping the gun
To the Daily:
The Ann Arbor Committee to
Defend Abortion and Reproduc-
tive Rights (AACDARR), a
women's rights organization,
endorsed a picket of the documen-
tary "Blood In The Face" which
was shown by the Ann Arbor
Film Co-op on Nov. 9, 1991.
Members of AADCARR were
incorrectly led to believe that
"Blood In The Face" was a film
promoting fascism.
The growth of fascism poses a
real danger to Blacks, Jews,
Latinos, lesbians, gay men,
leftists, union militants and
women. Fascists oppose abortion
rights and women's liberation.
They promote the nuclear family
as a tool for controlling women
and youth and reinforcing racist,
sexist and anti-gay ideology.
Nazi/Klan members are among
the ranks of Operation Rescue,
the hit squads of the so-called
"Right to Life" movement. On the
California public television show
"Race and Reason," Nazi/Klan
leader Tom Metzger promoted
clinic bombings and the execution
of doctors who preform abortions.
Fascism appeals to disenfran-
chised layers of the white middle
class and chronically unemployed
looking for someone to blame for
the current economic and social
crisis. Without an anti-fascist
movement - ultimately a mass,
working-class anti-fascist
movement - elements within the
right-wing movements will
increasingly turn toward fascism.
AACDARR supports the struggle
against fascism and attempts to
build joint actions with anti-
fascist, anti-racist, lesbian/gay and
labor organizations.
On Nov. 5, 1991, Revolution-
ary Workers League (RWL)
members of the Radical Youth
Student Coalition (RYSC)
solicited AACDARR's support
for a picket they were planning
outside "Blood In the Face."
"Blood In the Face" was de-
scribed to AACDARR as a film
promoting fascism because it
documents Nazi/Klan activity
"neutrally," without any anti-
fascist message. Assuming this to
be true, AACDARR endorsed the

AACDARR now realizes that
"Blood In the Face" is, in fact, a
documentary intended to discredit
fascism. While the film makers
may have been misguided in their
assumption that fascism can be
discredited through self-exposure,
we understand the intention and
overall effect of the documentary
as being anti-fascist. Therefore
AACDARR has reversed its
endorsement of the picket and
would like to extend a formal
apology to the Ann Arbor Film
Co-op for letting AACDARR's
name be associated with the
picket. Because of the importance
of the issues raised in the film,
AACDARR urges the Ann Arbor
Film Co-op to accompany future
showings of "Blood In the Face"
with discussions of fascism and
anti-fascist organizing
Kathryn Deupree
IFC actions just
To the Daily:
In Matt Adler's editorial
("IFC overstepping authority,"
11/26/91), he states, "there is
nothing illegal about a fraternity
serving alcohol at parties." Might
I remind him that it is, indeed,.
illegal to serve alcohol to anyone
under 21 under Michigan state
Adler also complains that the
IFC and Pan-Hel are making an
unfair policy for those fraternities
which can afford their own
insurance. These "selfish, spiteful
individuals" seem to comprise a
majority, if they are able to push
through a "no-serve" policy,
which would seem to be very
unpopular. Is "majority rule" an
unfair policy for you people in
those frats with money?
Also, I disagree with the
statement , "...if the fraternity has
invested the resources necessary
to underwrite its liability, it has
fulfilled all of the moral obliga-
tions which serving alcohol
entail." Just because you aren't
liable in court doesn't make you
morally right, no matter how
much money you have or how
good your insurance policy is.

To the Daily:
"Racism" is an epithet that
ought to be used with care. In
your editorial ("Two-faced," 11i/
26/91) you write that President
Bush, "an otherwise cunning
politician, stumbled and allowed
his administration's true racist
tendencies to be exposed." And
what was it that you call racist?
A statement from the
President's Counsel had been
circulated "saying that executive
agencies should cancel all
affirmative action programs
within the executive branch."
The circulated statement
referred, in fact, not to affirmative
action programs, but to racial
preferences. Not all affirmative
action, you will surely under-
stand, gives flat preference on the
basis of race. And such preference
is condemned, as unwise as well
as unjust, by many of all races.
If the rejection of racial
preference is a mark of racism,
some of the most distinguishing
black scholars, who find prefer-
ence patronizing, stigmatizing,.
and demeaning, are racists too.
Ought you not be more careful in
statement, and more thoughtful in

I won't question Adler's ideals V
which think that serving alcohol is
justifiable; I cannot disagree with
the ideas of social drinking. But
Michigan state law still applies,
and your insurance policy doesn't
make a fraternity "right."
Matt Birchmeier
Engineering sophomore
'Racism' misused


Carl Cohen
Professor of Philosophy

Minnesota court should strike down hate-speech ban

Write the Daily
Write the- Daily
Write the Daily
420 Maynard Street
Ann Arbor, Ml 48109

Freedom of speech, it seems, is never safe from
attack. From the Alien and Sedition Acts in
1804, to McCarthyism, to Bush's proposed anti-
flag burning ammendment, civil libertarians must
constantly fend off attacks from those who cannot
tolerate views they find too offensive.
Currently, freedom of expression is being
challenged by an intellectual movement which
claims that, "racist speech is not free speech."This
has manifested itself particularly on college cam-
puses in the form of speech codes. But this newest
form of censorship threatens to expand beyond the
ivory tower, into the real world, where civil liberties
"have historically been even more precarious.
The Supreme Court is currently hearing a case,
which will decide the legality of a Minnesota law
banning certain types of symbolic hate speech,
such as cross burning. The decision will make or
break the current movement to limit bigoted speech.
Therefore, it is crucial that the Supreme Court
strike down Minnesota's hate speech law.
The case in question involves a young man who
was prosecuted under the hate speech law for
placing a burning cross on the lawn of a Black
family. It is the very nature of this case that obfus-
cates the issue. Of course, nobody has the right to

put a burning cross on somebody else's property,
just like nobody has the right to bum another
person's flag. This is an issue of property rights,
not speech.
But the law in question would ban any cross
burning, or similar forms of symbolic racist speech.
Since the concept of "hate speech" is so subjective,
any attempts to legislate it out of existence will by
neccesity be vague, and head down the proverbial
slippery slope of censorship.
Symbolic speech such as cross burning or flag
burning is one of the trickier elements of consti-
tutional law. The government can regulate the
action part of symbolic speech aslong as such laws
are not intended to censor expression. Cross
burnings, therefore, can be regulated by laws re-
stricting buming flammable materials, which would
include, say, burning leaves.
The Supreme Court has previously determined
that burning the American flag is a protected form
of political expression. Burning the cross, no matter
how disgusting the message sent by this action
may be, is also political expression. The govern-
ment cannot be allowed to decide that some forms
of speech are too offensive to be acceptable. Racist
speech is free speech.

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by Elizabeth Cole
Dressed in a satin neglige,
Victoria sat at a desk inspecting a
ledger. "I'm upset about this
Kennedy rape trial" I told her.
"The judge has ruled that the
fancy Victoria Secret bra the
victim wore is admissable as
evidence. If her underwear means
that she consented to intercourse,
even if she says she didn't, does
that mean that the women who
shop here are fair game for any
man? When what a woman's
lingerie says carries more weight
than her words, I think we're all
in trouble. It's time you told us
your secret. Just what are you
selling here, Victoria?"
She answered me with a
question. "Why would a woman
pay 30 bucks here for a bra she
could get at Penny's for 12.50?

secret revealed


Taking out a pack of Virginia
Slims, she continued, "You and I
both know that the women who
shop in my store don't live the
luxurious life they see in my
catalogue. They live the 59 cent
life, the pink-collar-ghetto life,
the poor child-support enforce-
ment life, the shrinking reproduc-
tive freedom life of real women.
Now, why would a group that
makes up more than half the
population put up with that kind
of second class status? That's
what my store is all about. I help
women to believe that all those
inequities are really about a
privilege called 'femininity.'
The woman who shops here,"
she said, "pays me the big bucks
so she can go off to her miserable
little job with something lacy
under her buttoned up blouse, and

because she thinks it's the only
right she's got. I stay in business
because she thinks she can buy it
at my store."
"But what does that have to
do with the Kennedy case?"I
Her voice dropped almost to a
whisper. "That's the secret.
Denigration and privilege aren't
opposites. They're the inseperable
sides of the same coin of feminin-
ity. Maybe you'd like to think
mistresses are valued over office
staff, but either way, as his
secretary or his playmate, legally,
you're a piece of property. If he
uses you for what he decides
you're there for, you haven't got
any recourse.
And if you've bought into it, if
you think that job is a career so
you don't tell, if you were
i...ann thal~t nivelh-tin ihrn lhflrtflhIC

Nuts and Bolts
. M RMN.

I. -r.-W


"[I uauult

by Judd Winick




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