High: 45, Low: 30.
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Ice hockey sweeps
7-3 and 7-6.
One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Vol. CII, No.31
Ann Arbor, Michigan -
Monday, November 11, 1991
?he Mthgan 1at1y
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BELGRADE, Yugoslavia (AP) - The
Serb-led Yugoslav army battled Croatian de-
fenders street by street yesterday for control
of Vukovar, a powerful symbol in the civil
war over Croatia's independence drive.
Belgrade media said federal troops had cap-
tured a strategic hill overlooking the center of
Vukovar, and the eastern Croatian stronghold
appeared to be on the verge of falling after a
The Yugoslav army also rained more shells
on the republic's Adriatic port of Dubrovnik,
another hotly contested region in the civil war
over Croatia's attempts to break away from
Yugoslavia with all of its territory intact.
The fighting, which began after Croatia de-
clared independence on June 25, continued de-
spite an appeal on Saturday by Serbian-led
Yugoslav leaders for the United Nations to
send peacekeepers to Croatia.
Serbia has said Croatia cannot secede from
Yugoslavia within its present borders, claim-
ing the republic's 600,000-strong Serb minor-
ity would face persecution.
Serb rebels and the Serbian-dominated fed-
eral army have captured about one-third of
Croatia's territory in 4 1/2 months of fight-
More ethnic tensions have been raised in
Bosnia, where ethnic Serbs completed two
days of voting yesterday on a secession refer-
There were no reports of any violence in
thefballoting, and no results were expected
More than 1,700 people have died in the
bloodshed in Croatia.
Yesterday, Belgrade TV showed film of
recent battles reminiscent of footage of the
final Allied operations in Germany in World
War lI. Federal soldiers climbed through
shattered windows and the rubble of wrecked
Reports from both Serbia and Croatia on
Saturday said the town's defenses were near
Vukovar, on the Croatian side of the
Danube River boundary between Croatia and
Serbia, has stood in the way of the army's ef-
forts to seize absolute control over a large
piece of eastern Croatia.
Croats outnumbered Serbs in Vukovar be-
fore the fighting started, but Serb nationalists
want the city for the capital of a new Serbian
region carved out of eastern Croatia.
Vukovar has been surrounded for weeks.
An estimated 12,000 of the town's 40,000 res-
idents remain, living in cellars to protect
themselves from incessant shelling.
Federal troops fired on the exclusive
Belvedere hotel on the southern outskirts of
Dubrovnik and the Babin Kuk hotel to the
north, Zagreb radio reported. It said three
grenades had fallen in the historic city center,
but provided no details of damage.
The Seroian appeal for peacekeepers came in
a letter to the U.N. Security Council from.the
four pro-Serbian members on what remains of
the collective federal presidency.
They urged that the peacekeeping forces
form a buffer zone between areas dominated
by Serbs and Croats in Croatia.
A leading Yugoslav Army general, Nikola
Uzelac, told reporters yesterday that his
troops could leave the front in two to three
days if peacekeepers arrived.
Sacked!i KENNET OIERDiy
Michigan defensive lineman Gannon Dudlar puts the wraps on Northwestern quarterback Len Williams in
Saturday's, 59-14, Wolverine victory. For complete football coverage turn to SPORTSMonday.
Reporter confident about
M.iddle East peace talks
by Lauren Dermer
Daily Staff Reporter
David Smith, a foreign correspondent
for Reuters and Independent Television
News, said the Middle East peace process,
though it will be slow and agonizing,
will eventually succeed.
The British journalist, who just re-
turned from covering last week's peace
talks in Madrid, spoke Friday about
"Superpowers and the Middle East" at
the Michigan League as part of the Wa-
terman Town Hall Celebrity Luncheon
"It wasn't a script anyone could have
written," Smith said, referring to the
overwhelming fact that Arab and Jew,
Palestinian and Israeli, actually sat down
at the same table to discuss peace.
"I think that behind all the symbol-
ism, there was real substance - it is a
time when the peace that we dare to dream
is possible," he said. "The most signifi-
cant thing is that they are going to talk
Smith explained exactly why each
country attended last week's talks, stress-
ing that although the most publicized
problem is between Israel and its neigh-
bors, there are also numerous local prob-
lems that need to be unraveled.
In Smith's opinion, the failure of the
Soviet coup made President Bush a "super
sheriff" and gives reason to believe the
peace process will work in 20 to 30 years
if the United States perseveres.
. The effects of the attempted coup in
August were so dramatic and so instant
because it destroyed the illusion that
what happens in Moscow is as important
as what happens in Washington, he said.
"It was not the superpowers that
brought people to the table of the Middle
East, it was the super sheriff," he added.
"Rightly or wrongly, it is yours, and
with it comes extreme responsibility."
Smith attributed the urgency of the
long-awaited peace talks to the end of the
Cold War, which cut Syria off from So-
viet arms supplies, left Israel with an in-
flux of Soviet Jews, and gave Palestinians
the message that they should, "take half a
loaf now, because you'll never get any
Smith said in a press conference fol-
lowing his speech that he left Madrid
feeling that Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir is the right man to make
"It will only be a Yitzhak Shamir
who will sell Israel the idea of peace," he
said. "It will only be a Yitzhak Shamir
who will convince Israelis that land will
See PEACE, Page 2
Westmoreland honors vets
at new Vietnam memorial
by Karen Pier
Daily Staff Reporter
Little do they know we spit on our hands
Two young fans reach out to touch members of the Michigan Marching Band Saturday as
the musicians make their way around the field before the half-time show.
Forum to examine peace
con eren ce ram ica Ions
Songs, poems, the unveiling of a mon-
ument, and speeches - including one by
former Gen. William Westmoreland -
honored Vietnam veterans from Washte-
naw county at a ceremony at the Ypsilanti
Township Civic Center yesterday.
"This is a veterans' memorial - not a
war memorial. It is a place where we can
come to reflect on our own memories and
continue the healing process," said Viet-
nam veteran and memorial committee
chair, John Kinzinger.
The nearly two-hour long ceremony
climaxed at the unveiling of a black gran-
ite memorial. The memorial is divided
into five sections to symbolize the five
branches of service. Inscribed on the it are
the names of the 72 men who died and of
the three still listed as missing in action.
These military personel were praised
by Westmoreland, the keynote speaker of
the program, who headed U.S. troops in
"A soldier's call is to serve. He or she
leaves behind life's normal concerns over
danger and death so that ends more mean-
ingful than comfort and security may be
attained," he began.
He also spoke of the Vietnam war in
general. "Unlike most of our nation's
wars, our objectives in Indochina were
more political than military, more psy-
chological than geographic."
Because of this difference, there was
confusion in the public mind about the
war, he said.
Westmoreland said the military was
successful in the two objectives of the
war, preventing communists from seizing
more territory and creating a balance of
power so that China, the U.S.S.R., and the
government in Hanoi, North Vietnam,
would stop trying to invade Vietnam and
other countries in the region.
During the 20th century, Westmore-
land said, "America has been a major fac-
tor and influence in fostering freedom and
the self-determination of nations."
Former University Prof. Woodrow
Hunter spoke about his son, Michael, who
was killed in Vietnam.
Michael, who felt tormented when he
had to kill, said in his last letter to his
parents that he would be home in two
See MEMORIAL, Page 2
by Joshua Meckler
Daily Staff Reporter
Two journalists, one representing an
American paper and one a Lebanese paper,
will speak tonight in Rackham Auditorium
about the possible ramifications of the recent
Middle East peace conference.
The forum, sponsored by the University
Activities Center (UAC) as part of its
Viewpoint Lectures series, will begin at 7:30
p.m. and will include half-hour presentations
by each journalist as well as an hour-long
wanted to make it as much an analysis as pos-
sible," she said.
She added that government officials were
shunned in order to avoid the forum breaking
down into "contentious debate."
Leshetz said she hoped the speakers would
give students different perspectives from
which to view the Arab-Israeli conflict.
In hopes of expanding the discussion,
Leshetz said UAC has tried to target many
different kinds of students in its promo-
tional campaign. She said she anticipates a
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