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October 31, 1991 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1991-10-31

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Page 4-The Michigan Daily- Thursday, October 31, 1991

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Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 ANDREW COYITESMAN
747-2814 lEditor in Chief
Edited and Managed STEPHEN HENDERSON
by Students at the Opinion Editor
University of Michigan____
Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.
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Student ervices V

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Student interests were ignored
T he University administration will soon an-
T nounce its candidate for the newly created
Vice President for Student Services position, cur-
rently held on an interim basis by Associate Vice
President for Academic Affairs Mary Ann Swain.
The nation-wide search has been narrowed down
to three candidates, one of whom is expected to be
selected within the next few days.
The position is designed to respond to the needs
of students and act as a liaison to student groups. It
asserts the University's commitment to student
concerns. But the administration has already aban-
doned its pledge by ignoring student interest dur-
ing the selection process.
The entire search has been conducted behind
tightly sealed doors away from popular student
opinion. Furthermore, the University made delib-
erate attempts to avoid releasing any information
on the search.
The Daily was only able to obtain the name of
one of the three finalists, Maureen Anderson, vice
provost for Student Affairs at Washington State
University. This information did not come from
the administration, but from. a WSU Evergreen
reporter who called to inquire if she was being
considered for the position. The other candidates'
names are still being concealed.

during selection process
A committee comprised of three students, three
staff members, and three faculty representatives
reviewed the credentials of more than 75 appli-
cants, and submitted their top three choices to
University President James Duderstadt.
Duderstadt appointed 14 student leaders to in-
terview the three final candidates and make a
recommendation. These students were given strict
instructions not to reveal any information to the
public.
This is absurd. Students have a right to be
informed about administrative decisions that di-
rectly affect them.
The University claims to be addressing student
needs. But it is impossible to do so without listen-
ing to student voices. No open forums have been
held to field student comment throughout the se-
lection process.
Whoever does fill the new vice president for
Student Services office already has piles of past
damage to remedy before making positive im-
provements. If the University is committed to
improving student relations with the administra-
tion, it's time they displayed it. Empty promises
accomplish nothing and only waste valuable time.
Hopefully the new position will yield positive
change.

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More On n d

Offensive proposal
Helms' attempt to cut NEA funds limits expression

epublican Sen. Jesse Helms, the senior sena-
tor from North Carolina, doesn't seem to
want to give up. Recently, Helms introduced an
amendment in the U.S. Senate to create obscenity
parameters restricting artists wanting to receive
federal funds from the National Endowment of the
Arts (NEA).
The amendment stated that art projects "depict-
ing or describing in a patently offensive way,
sexual orexcretory activities, ororgans" would not
receive federal funding.
Fortunately, the. amendment was defeated in
conference committee. Rep. Newt Gingrich, the
radical minority whip from Georgia, introduced a
similar bill last Thursday. While no vote has been
taken, Tony Blankley, Rep. Gingrich's press secre-
tary, states that the bill has wide support in Congress
and with large numbers of Americans throughout
the country.
This battle is certainly not a new one. Two years
ago, similar battles were fought in Cincinnati in
response to the controversial Robert Mapplethorpe
exhibit. Similar controversy erupted in Chicago
over the infamous display of a crucifix submersed
in urine. Although public opinion is divided on the
issue of federal-funded art projects, the fact is that
Civil rights
Bush compromise makes bill pos
A sserting that Sen. John Danforth's compro-
mise civil rights bill is miraculously no longer
a "quota bill," President George Bush agreed to
support the legislation last week. The bill, which
Bush has vigorously opposed for the last two years,
would make it easier for employees to sue for
discrimination and increase punitive damages lim-
its awarded to victims of discrimination.
The bill would reverse a slew of Supreme Court
rulings that have hacked away at the 1964 Civil
Rights Act. In the 1989 case Wards Cove Packing
v. Antonio, the Supreme Court ruled that in dis-
crimination cases, the employee must first prove a
"disparate impact" in hiring practices, and con-
tinue to bear the burden of proof in the trial. This
ruling put an undue strain on employees, who had
to prove they were discriminated against solely on
the basis of race.
UndertheBush-Danforth compromise bill, once
an employee proves a "disparate impact" in hiring
practices, the employer would bear the burden of
proof in a trial. The rational is that employers have
access to company records that make it signifi-
cantly easier for them to make a case.
Clearly this bill is needed to counter the anti-
civil rights measures taken by conservative activist
Supreme Court members. It will help insure that
companies do not shut minorities out of employ-
ment opportunities and will promote equality in
the work place. But President Bush deserves not a
word of praise for this measure. In fact, Bush has
done everything in his power to prevent the bill's

creative expression cannot be limited or mecha-
nized by external guidelines. The very existence of
such limitations threatens the honesty of every
artist's work.
Some may insist that the government has the
right to create guidelines, for projects that use
federal funds. Legally, supporters of Helms' and
Gingrich's bills may have a case. Moral obligation,
however, demands that free expression be just that
- free. The federal government shouldn't be giving
money to artists with the expectation that they
create aesthetically pleasing still-lifes to place on
the walls of corporate headquarters. They should,
rather, be concerned with promoting art for the
sake of art.
Artists, like authors and poets, relate political
ideas and philosophies. Often times such projects
will not be pretty and pleasing.
Helms' new offensive is not uncharacteristic of
the radical right. Their agenda has continually
included the limitation of free expression. While
the conference committee killed Helms' new at-
tempt to restrict the rights of artists, new offensives
are sure to follow in the future. The right to express
oneself freely must extend to all mediums of ex-
pression - including the visual arts.
sible
passage. Furthermore, Bush, more so than any
American President since reconstruction, has
played racial politics to his advantage at the expense
of minorities.
Bush was elected on racial innuendo. His Willie
Horton ad campaign played on racial fears of the
Black rapist. He portrayed his opponent as soft on
crime and in favor of furloughing Black menaces
like Willie Horton.
Bush was further able to capitalize on the race
issue with the appointment of Supreme Court
Justice Clarence Thomas. By appointing a Black
conservative, Bush was able to divide the Black
community and conquer opposition to Thomas. If
any "high-tech lynching" took place in the Senate
hearings, it was Bush, not the Senate committee,
who was the hangman.
Bush's treatment of the Civil Rights bill has
been equally insidious. Since its conception two
years ago, Bush has labelled bill as a "quota bill,"
and manipulated white middle class fears of re-
verse discrimination. These techniques are not
unlike those used by Louisiana Gubernatorial can-
didate David Duke.
Ironically, Bush's civil rights compromise is
seen largely as a response to his tainted image on
civil rights resulting from Duke and the Thomas
hearings..With election time approaching, Bush
wants be seen as a nice guy on civil rights.
Old habits die hard. It appears the President is
gearing up to play on and prey on racial politics
once again.

To the Daily:
Though I rarely agreed with a
4Daily opinion, I had at least
respected the opinions expressed.
However, after discussing the
Holocaust revisionist ad with
Editor in Chief Andrew
Gottesman over the phone, I have
lost all respect for this hypocriti-
cal tabloid.
When I saw the ad last
Thursday, I called the Daily and
spoke to Gottesman. He and I
both agreed it was not an issue of
rights - the Daily has every right
to publish what it feels under the
First Amendment.
However, in light of how
hurtful and wrong (as admitted in
the business staff's apology in the
Friday edition) printing the ad
was, I am shocked at the nerve
and hypocrisy of the newspaper in
keeping the fee from this ad.
Over the past year, I have seen
the Daily attack hate and discrimi-
nation in society and the
University's utter lack of concern
for students. How can one take
anything the Daily says seriously
when it in turn accepts money for
such hate? Perhaps a parent told
his/her child, "Dear, there is a lot
of hate and discrimination in the
world ... that's why I want you to
work for the Daily - so you can
make a profit off it!"
The Daily a victim? Sure! All
the Daily got out of the incident
was a check for a full page ad as
well as enough controversy to
keep readers glued to the Daily
for weeks.
The Daily is not a victim.
Instead, it is a beneficiary of the
anti-Jewishness inherent in the
revisionist ad. The National
Enquirer must be green with
envy! If the Daily is truly earnest
in its fight against hate, racism,
and discrimination then let it
prove so by returning the fee it
received for Thursday's anti-
Jewish ad or donate it to charity.
Otherwise, I will simply
conclude that the Daily, like many
in society, perpetuates hatred and

racism by exploiting this incident
for its own benefit, rather than
humbly apologizing to a hurt
Jewish community.
Barry Freeman
second-year Law student
To the Daily:
The last week has been
excellent for the health of the
First Amendment at the Univer-
sity of Michigan. To begin with,
the Daily, acting well within its
rights as a student run, indepen-
dent newspaper, prints an ad that
is without question a complete
distortion of world history. The
following day, protests commence
on the Diag, and a plethora of
phone calls and letters flood the
Daily. The campus is abuss with
the topic of the Holocaust.
Why is this good for the First
Amendment? Because complete
idiots were given a forum to
spread their views and the campus
got a chance to see what kind of
distortions exist on the Holocaust.
The incident provides a focal
point to reassess the relevancy of
the Holocaust in today's world. It
unfortunately shows that some of
the causes behind the Holocaust
are still present in another form in
today's world. .
It shows the need for continu-
ing education about this tragedy
in particular and history in
general. It got many people out of
their corners with taped hands and
laced gloves, angry about the
threat to their human rights let
alone their constitutional rights. It
showed us that we constantly.
need to seek and promulgate the
truth.
And to paraphrase Disraeli, to
be aware of the need for truth is a
great step toward the truth. And
the search for the truth is really
the only reason to have a First
Amendment.
The ad said some terrible
things, and some ugly memories
came to the minds of many, but
what transpired on this campus

for the last week is exactly what
the founding fathers had in mind
when they wrote the First
Amendment.
Michael Barron, Jr.
Law student
To the Daily: .
If the advertising display staff
does not have the capacity to
make moral decisions concerning
which advertisements are appro-
priate for the press, I would hope
the editors do. Obviously by
reading Oct. 24 advertisement
promoting Holocaust revisionism,
this judgment process is not
existent in the Daily's work-
rooms.
It is inconceivable to my mind
that the Daily could consent to
publish such a pitiful advertise-
ment.
Goldie Mantel
LSA sophomore
Dracu a at
the Symphony
To the Daily:
The University Symphony
Orchestra's Halloween Concert
last night was truly a special
event. The free tickets were
gobbled up in some instances
by a ghoulish few who in turn
are selling the free tickets for
$15 to $20.00 a piece. It's a
horrifying thought that these
Draculas are satisfying their
blood-sucking instincts to make
a buck on a really outstanding
Halloween treat.
Symphony alumni drove 30
miles or more, and were there
on time only to discover that
within 20 minutes some ghastly
witches and demons have
bloodied this fine tradition by
greedily devouring up more
than their fair share. Do they
sell their Christmas gifts, too?
Now isn't this a morbid and
macabre situation.
J ABortonl
Ann Arbor resident

*I

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Too often, observers of the re-
cent case of Anita Hill framed the
controversy in terms of either a race

or gender
issue.
What is
crucial to
under -
stand Pro-
fe sso r
H ill's
treatment
by the
Senate and
by society,
however,
is thatrace,
gender,
and class
are each
integral
partsof her
identity,

by
Sheryl
Taylor
and
Jonna
Perrillo

Black man to harass her?.
Anita Hill proved above all else
that there are still fundamental dis-
tinctions in the way women of dif-
ferent ethnicities and economic
standings are regarded by our so-
ciety.
This disparate treatment then
shapes how women of varying ra-
cial and class identities define their
approaches toward and goals of
feminism. Such differing view-
points have been overshadowed by
dominant feminist ideologies in the
past. Although there has been some
progress, these diverse perspectives
are still largely overlooked in most
people's perceptions of what femi-
nism is.
These differences can manifest
themselves in the work sector. The
type and availability of jobs and the
way that working women view
themselves and their careers is of-
ten closely related to ethnicity. For
example, the legacy of slavery has
meant that Black women in this

The lack of higher educational op-
portunities for Black women further
limits their choices for their jobs
and their futures.
On and off the job, there are
consistent differences in what
women interpret as subordinating.
An example of this is the debate
over gender inclusive language,
which can be viewed as either fun-
damental or trivial to feminist ide-
ology. Semantics probablywill not
have the same relevance for asingle
mother struggling to make ends meet
as it might have for a middle-class
college student. Similarly,.adequate
child care will not have the same
tangibility for the college student as
it will for the working mother.
Therefore, while there are issues
that- are universal to all women,
such as equal pay, employment
opportunity, and safety from sexual
harassment and abuse, what is often
generalized as "The Feminist
Movement" fails to recognize the*
needs of women who are not white

m Sam-

Nuts and Bolts
SRAVINEUT GLAPiAoR
"IoNSA" IS IN HIS
-AY

by Judd Winick

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HOW tap YoO F L
MY' GENAS AL.MSm

and they cannot be separated when
analyzing her situation.
To test this, ask yourself this:
Had Anita Hill been a waitress rather

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