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One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Icers melt during
Vol. CII, No. 21
Ann Arbor, Michigan -
Monday, October 28, 1991
*by Rob Patton
Daily Minority Issues Reporter
Students and faculty who have
been involved with the
King/Chavez/Parks (KCP) Visiting
Professor Program are calling Gov.
John Engler'sveto of the program
from the state higher education
budget last week a mistake.
The Visiting Professors
Program brings minority professors
to the University for anywhere
from a few days to an entire aca-
demic year at the request of individ-
In the program's four years of
existence, the state provided about
$90,000 in funding, which was
matched by the University and sup-
plemented by the departments
which requested the professors. It
brought about 200 people to the
Program coordinator Julia
McAdoo Poole said the program
gives students and faculty contact
with a variety of people.
"It's an exposure thing. You ac-
tually have access to these people,"
she said. "Itabroadens horizons, and
forthe students the speakers can be
role models. You actually see that
people are achieving at this level."
Barbara France, an administrative
associate at the School of Nursing
who has used the program to bring
in speakers, agreed with McAdoo
Poole that the program benefits the
University, and added that the pro-
gram educates the visiting profes-
"It's a two way street," France
said. "They (the visiting professors)
get to see what's going on at another
college campus, and they're paid for
their efforts ... We can share in their
expertise and potentially court
them as faculty members."
France added that she thought
the program gave departments a
See KCP, Page 2
by Melissa Peerless
and Bethany Robertson
Daily Staff Reporters
Approximately 200 people gathered on the Diag Friday at noon to protest a Holocaust revisionist advertisement
run in Thursday's Daily.
Members of the campus Jewish
community ventedtheir outrage at
the content of an anti-Semitic
Michigan Daily advertisement, and
an editorial statement defending its
inclusion, at a Diag rally Friday.
The ad - which was run on
Thursday and paid for by the Center
for Open Debate on the Holocaust
(CODOH) - argued the re-
visionist viewpoint that the events
of the Holocaust were widely
Speakers at the rally said the ad's
claims were ludicrous and hardly
warranted a response.
"The notion that the Holocaust
did not occur is really in many ways
beneath our dignity and not worthy
of reply," said History Prof. Todd
Endelman, who spoke on the history
of the revisionist movement. "I
would argue that the very assertion
is anti-Jewish and racist and has
Revisionist groups, such as
CODOH, assert there was no policy
at German concentration camps to
deliberately kill the inmates.
"Revisionists also maintain that
the figure of 6 million Jewish
deaths is an irresponsible exaggera-
tion, and that no execution gas
chambers existed in any camp in
Europe under German control," ac-
cording to the ad.
Endelman said views such as
those of CODOH have no grounding
in historical fact, but rather pro-
mote a political agenda that
"sanitizes" anti-Semitic sentiment.
In order to perpetuate these opin-
ions, the group has been forced to
adopt accepted "code words," such
as revisionism, he said.
"They are interested in rehabili-
tating the reputation of the Nazi
regime and leaders of the Third
Reich," Endelman said.
The movement also aims to dele-
gitimatize the state of Israel,
Endelman said. If the tragedies of
the Holocaust could be discredited,
"then the world will owe the Jews
nothing," he said.
Joseph Kohane, director of the
Hillel Foundation, also spoke about
the underlying intent of the revi-
sionist ad and movement in general.
"Claiming that the Jews made
up the Holocaust creates a climate
where it can be open season to attack
Jews," Kohane said.
Although rally participants
were upset by the ad's content, many
doubted it would cause students to
question the accepted interpretation
of the Holocaust.
"Anyone with a mind shouldn't
be convinced by this ad," said LSA
sophomore Noah Siegel.."It's based
on such a ridiculous premise. To say
that all the eyewitnesses are liars is
Organizers said Thursday night
that they were planning the rally to
address revisionism and give a fo-
rum for discussion to people af-
fected by the ad. But after two con-
flicting statements about the ad ap-
peared in Friday's paper, the focus of
the rally changed to include an at-
tack on Daily policies.
A statement by the editors on
page one said that althoughthey
found the content of the ad
"offensive and inaccurate," they
could not condone the censorship of
"unpopular views from our pages
merely because they are offensive, or
because we disagree with them."
Speakers attack advertisement as
faulty revisionist history at East
Quad forum. See page 3.
A conflicting statement from
the advertising staff on the back
page apologized for the ad and said
it was printed "due to an error in
the ad placement process."
The two staffs operate as sepa-
rate entities, and could not reach a
concurring decision, Daily Editor in
Chief Andrew Gottesman said.
"I understand that the business
folks don't talk to the editorial
folks, but that's no excuse," said
graduate student Ken Goldstein, a
rally organizer. "I passionately feel
about the First Amendment, but
you can't cloak yourself in the First
Amendment after you make a
Organizer David Glaser, a law
student, said the statements in
Friday's paper left Daily readers
See RALLY, Page 2
MADRID, Spain (AP) - Israeli
and Arab leaders said yesterday they
were eager to begin historic Middle
East peace talks.
The conference, the first face-to-
face meeting between Israel and all
its Arab neighbors in more than 40
years, is scheduled to begin
Wednesday in this Spanish capital
under intense security.
"What we know is that without
negotiations we will never have
peace," said Israeli Prime Minister
Yitzhak Shamir, head of the Israeli
team. "Therefore, we are happy to
In Syria- Isracf's most impla-
cable enemy - President Hafez
Assad said in a televised interview,
"We do not seek destruction.
Rather, we want a comprehensive
and just peace."
Yet the dispute over the possible
influence of a Palestinian delegate
who may have ties to the PLO
IsraeliDefense Minister Moshe
Arens accused Palestinians of "a de-
liberate attempt ... to scuttle the
negotiations" following last
week's claim by the Palestine dele-
gate Saeb Erekat that the
Palestinian-Jordanian team was rep-
resenting the Palestine Liberation
Secretary of State James Baker
said no one should go into the
conference believing that it alone
will create peace in the Middle East.
.OSU editors fired over
by Gwen Shaffer
Daily Higher Education Reporter
Six editors were fired and three
others resigned from the Ohio State
University student newspaper, the
Daily Lantern, after a policy of
prior review was voted into effect
on Friday by a School of Journalism
The six editors were fired on the
grounds that they refused to pro-
duce today's issue of the paper.
The newspaper had been publish-
ing under protest since the first
week of the term. The editors felt
their constitutional right to free-
dom of the press had been threatened
by an informal policy which said
that the faculty advisor could pull
any copy that she or he deemed
The new policy states that the
faculty advisor will read all copy
before it is published. In addition, if
there is a dispute between the edi-
tors and the faculty advisor as to
whether something is libelous, a
lawyer will be called in to make the
TOKYO (AP) - The conserva-
tive governing party chose elder
state official Kiichi Miyazawa as its
president yesterday, guaranteeing he
will become prime minister in a
process widely criticized for being
controlled by party kingmakers.
Miyazawa is expected to give
Japan a tougher voice in dealings
with the United States and other
n.m . nn R... . :. manr rnl:-rv ohnnape
final decision and determine if the
story should run at all.
The Lantern, which is the third
largest college newspaper in the
country, has a circulation of 35,000,
and is a laboratory paper for the
School of Journalism. The majority
'I can't in any good
conscience say I
could come in here
and give 100 percent
to the paper now'
- Debra Baker
Former editor in chief
of reporters work at the newspaper
as part of a curriculum requirement.
Debra Baker, the recently re-
signed editor in chief of the Lantern,
said she could not continue to work
in a situation where anything
controversial could be censored.
"I can't in any good conscience
say I could come in here and give 100
percent to the paper now," she said.
City Editor Kristin Beard also
resigned from her position follow-
ing Friday's decision, but said it was
a hard choice.
"I was planning to stay as an
obligation to the reporters. But in
Friday's meeting the faculty seemed
to express a lot of distrust in the
student newspaper and there was
just a lack of support," she said.
Beard said that although she has
lost her official voice at the
Lantern, she is not finished fighting
"I'm definitely not giving up. I
may not have an internal voice, but I
can certainly voice my opinion to
the faculty and to the students on
the paper," Beard said. "It means
too much to me to walk away."
Yet other newspaper editors said
they chose to stay in order to im-
prove the paper rather than abandon
Neal Harvener, the Lantern arts
and entertainment editor and one of
three editors staying at the paper,
said he feels he would do more harm
than good if he resigned at this
"Although I respect the other
editors' decision, our primary pur-
pose is to serve our readers," he said.
Harvener said the issue is a com-
plex and emotional one for students
at the paper.
"It has been difficult because the
issues are important but nebulous in
matter," he said.
Faculty advisor Mary Webster
said some reporters were upset
when the editors began publishing
under protest because they agreed
with the school's policy while oth-
ers support the editors' decision to
"It's my understanding that stu-
dents in the journalism classes are
having a byline strike or are refusing
to read copy," she said.
Beard and Baker said they will
push to make the Lantern an inde-
"I know it will become indepen-
dent, it's just a matter of time,"
when top leaders of the Liberal
Democrats switched support from
Prime Minister Toshiki Kaifu to
Miyazawa, who has held most im-
portant Cabinet posts in a 40-year
Kaifu was an obscure politician
when he was chosen to lead the
party two years ago after senior
politicians - including Miyazawa,
whn was then finance minister -
Miyazawa is likely to giv
a stronger voice internation
speaks fluent English and is
as an expert pol-
icy-maker with a
good grasp of
At a news
One of his first tasks as prime
ve Japan minister will be playing host to
ally. He President Bush, who will briefly
s known visit Japan next month. Miyazawa
said he wanted to issue a joint decla-
ration detailing how the two na-
tions could promote world peace.
Miyazawa indicated he might be
e a tough negotiating partner, saying
he wanted to "speak freely and de-
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