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October 25, 1991 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1991-10-25

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Page 4 -The Michigan Daily- Friday, October 25, 1991

J le 4M id 4ja u a it i
120 Maynard Street p
Arbor, Michigan 48109 Y ANDREW GOTTESMAN
747-28 14 Editor in Chief

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Edited and Managed
by Students at the
University of Michigan

Opinion Editor



, - i

.Unsigned editorials represent a majority of the Daily's Editorial Board.
All other cartoons, signed articles, and letters do not necessarily represent the opinion of the Daily.
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Congress shall make no law resp* ecting an establishment of religions
or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; abridging thefreedom ofspeech
or of the press; or the right of the fieople peaceably to assemble, and to
petition the Government fora redress of grievances.

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(UUT T YS O i l (.

0 W
Rising,* tuitton
House bill Fights nation-wide trend of rising -tuition
S kyrocketing tuition costs are not exclusive to nating subsidies the govemmer
Michigan. A recent study released by the Col- banks. The savings will be n
lege Board last week shows that tuition rates at' helping middle income familic
state-supported colleges and Universities are up program will eliminate loan-or
almost 12 percent nationwide from 1983. make. the guaranteed loans rr
Across the country, states are cutting higher students.
education budgets and shifting the burden of pay- - The legislation will also se
ing outrageous education fees onto students. Thus, grants, increasing the limit from
a college education - the only way to avoid with a maximum family income
second-class citizenship in this country -- is re- than $30,000 for eligibility. B
served for those who can afford it. Unfortunately, opposed by President Bush.
fewer and fewer students can. These measures are welcome
. One Federal program that attempts to, lend Restructuring the guaranteed log
students a hand is the Guaranteed Student Loan that can be redirected towards fa
program (GSL). But this program, consisting of Expanding Pell acknowled
Stafford, Supplemental Student Loan (SLS), and government's role in aiding boil
Parent Loans for Undergraduate Students (PL-US), class families pay for college.
Chas come under criticism for its inefficiency and However, these steps alone w
tdependance on the private banking industry. Un- education accessible to everyoi
'der this system, students can borrow money from Ultimately, the Federal Go
private banks and the Federal government -will pay States must drastically increase
the interest until the student's graduation. sidizing education costs. The $4
The Higher Education Act, a piece of legisla- . teed by the Federal government
tion to be debated next week by the House Educa- the bucket of education costs. I
tion and Labor Committee,+attempts to revamp the extended to more families and i
program by lending federal loan money directly to so that poor families have a bette
the schools, thus streamlining the loan process. mobility. -
Proponents . of the bill claim it. will save the . To fail to do so is to maintain
government $1.4 billion in its first year by elimi- members only club.

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!nt must now pay to
redirected towards
ies. In addition, the
>rigination fees and
more accessible to
.eek to expand Pell .
m $2,400 to $4,500,
ie of $50,00) rather
Both proposals are
ie and long overdue.
aans frees up money
amilies who need it.
dges the federal
nth poor and middle-
will not make higher
overnment and the
se their role in sub-
4,000 loans guaran-
4t are a mere drop in
Pell grants must be
! in greater amounts
terchance at upward
tin the educated as a

Alumni Club
Group should decry Chinese human rights violations

Daily irresponsible
To the Daily:
I have always considered the
Daily to be a relatively mediocre
college newspaper. In spite of its
heavily biased reporting, it does,
however, manage to print
objective*newslrom the Associ'
aced Press wire and the humorous
Nuts and Bolts on a regular basis.,
However, I lost all confidence
in and respect for the paper's
editorial credibility on Thursday,
-Ckt. 24 when I saw that the Daily
had printed Bradley Smith's
blatherings on the Holocaust
His full-page advertisement
contained more fantasies, half-
truths, twisted statements, and
outright lies than anything I have
ever read in the Daily's pages. -
The fact that this article was
printed as a paid advertisement
does not exempt the Daily from
editorial responsibility. This
merely confirms that.the Daily is
willing to financially benefit from
the printing of such trash.
I. do not question the Daily's
First-Amendment ri hts to print
this material. Ins, I question
the paper's morals and editorial
credibility, which were none too
high to begin with.
If the Daily wishes to be seen
as a iresponsible, reliable, newspa-
per, it must be willing to accept
responsibility -to the things it
Scott Cohen
Engineering student
To the Daily:
Disgust is about the only word
that truly expresses the nature of
my reaction to the Daily's

decision to accept, for money, the
full page advertisement on
"Holocaust Revisionism" that
appeared in-the Oct. 24 edition.
I am concerned about the
Daily's lack of judgement in
printing and distributing a piece -
designed to cover up one of the
greatest atrocities of the 20th
century. Would the Daily print a
solicitation which questioned the
"myth" of date rape? Or the
"myth" of the genocide of Native
Americans? Perhaps. an advertise-
ment which sought to open the -
"debaW' concerning the biologi-
cal inferiority of non-white
peoples. - -
The Daily's decision to accept
money for and print such an
advertisement has not only aided
those who wish for a second
"final solution". to the "Jewish
problem," -but has. caused extreme
pain and anguish to a Jewish
community for whom the six
million slaughtered are no statistic
for debate, but family members
murdered only 50 years ago in the.
gas chambers ofHider's Ger-.
Eric Gidal
Rackham student
To the Daily:
When hateful words and.
malicious accusations pass as
"Insight," the intellectual integrity
of the University community is-
diminished: Mr. Tom Abowd's
ramblings (Monisim is racism,"
Daily, Oct. 23, .l 991) attempt to
falsely blame Zionism for the
cynical use of Palestinians by.
Arab nations.
Somehow Abowd overlooked .
the fact that the Syrian and

Jordanian governments have
systematically slaughtered
Palestinians residing in their
. For some reason, Abowd
failed to mention thousands of
Palestinians have been removed
from their homes in Syria- and .
Jordan and forced into exile in
Ubwon: Arab nations, despite
repeated attacks on Israel, have
failed to annihilate the Jewish
homeland and are -now using
Palestinians as political'pawns. In
his attack on Zionism, Abowd's
contempt for Jews is evident.
Describing a country that
serves as a "homeland for millions
of persecuted Jews. as racist not
only distorts reality, but it reveals
the mind set of Israel's enemies.
Jews..around the world, from the
deserts of Ethiopia to the labor
camps in -the soviet Union,
-understand the importance of "
having a homeland.
Instead-of hurling unfounded
accusations, Abowd would better
help the cause of peace by
recognizing the legitimate right
Jews have to ahomelarid.
to'truly rtiake the world s
safer place, perhaps Abowd could
direct his sharp pen toward Traia,
Syria, and Iran byy pleading wi
them to stop declaring holy wars
against each other and Western

, .

Yonight, the University of Michigan Alumni
. Clubof Washington, D.C., will be holding a
reception in the Embassy 6611 e People'sAepublic
of China. Thomas Ehr and. eight other alumni
oppose this event, stressing the fact that the Alumni
club represents the University and holding.this
reception serves as the University's tacit approval'
of mainland China's human rights violations. '
While China's actions should be censured in
every way possible, cancelling this event is not one
of them.
If the U.S. Secretary of State were scheduled to
attend a reception with .a delegation. from the
Chinese government, and then cancelled, citing
disgust with China's blatant disregard for human
rights, then.the Chinese government would be
influenced in some way.
Out the D.C. Alumni Club, while being. the
second largest alumni club and one of the most
active alumni organizations, wields very little power
in a world perspective. The Alumni. Club could not
exercise any influence through cancellation of the

Rather, the meeting could, at the very least,
serve as a means for the D.C. Alumni Club to exert
some influence over the members of the Chinese
The Club must challenge Embassy officials on
the issues of China's mistreatment of its citizens. .
Having been given this rare opportunity to meet
with members of the Chinese government, the
Alumni Club members, as representatives of the
University, should voice the concerns that students
here have expressed about the human rights viola-
tions in China.
. It should be incumbent on' Mike Waring, the
president of the D.C. Alumni Club to urge the
membership to do so, lest the Club be remiss in a
duty to its alma mater and to the cause of human
Mr. Waring seems to be convinced that attending
the reception would be more productive than not..
. In order to make the best of this rare opportu-
nity, he and the members of the Alumni Club must
make certain that the Chinese officials hear what
Michigan and its alumni think about its government.

Richard Jacobs
Business graduate student
he Daily encourages reader
espouses. Fetters should be 150
ords or less, and include the
uthor's name, year in school
nd phone number. They can be
fled to: 420 Maynard, Ann
rbor, MI 48109. 'Or they can be
ent via MTS to:The Michigan
ally Letters to the Editor.

Shroud of secrecy

Law Dean
-byLee Bollinger

Congressional hearings should
Last week, Judge Clarence Thomas underwent
a grueling and seemingly unnecessary confir-
mation process. The president, The Senate Judi-
. iary Committee; Anita Hill, and especially Su-
preme Court Justice Thomas were .all subject to
public, embarrassment during the . confirmation
In response to this humiliation, Bush has stated that
the Thomas hearings belonged in a closed :session
rather than the televised Senate hearings that took
Bothered by the graphic-nature of Hill's testi-
mony, the President said he will offer a list of
suggestions to Congress on how to avoid such
"messy situations" in the future.
However, Bush has failed to realize that the
explicit detail in Hill's testimony necessitated a
public forum. Her words needed to be heard so that
the American public could draw their own conclu-
sions about the nominee.
By neglecting Anita Hill's statements about
sexual harassment before the televised hearings,

not be made private
the Senate Judiciary Committee proved that they
lack the responsibility to conduct a nomination
hearing behind closed doors. The idea of the male-
dominated Senate holding private hearings about
sexual harassment or any serious issue makes one
wonder about other likely cover-ups and. over-
It is.already far too.easy-for a nominee to sail
through the Senate hearings by dodging keyques-
tions and hiding their politics. Partially closed
hearings would furthercorrupt this flawed process.
Congress should not implement any suggestion
by Bush which would make any part of the con-
firmation hearings closed. To do so.. would be
incredibly dangerous. This so-called "improve-
ment" to the confirmation process could, in time,
lead to fully closed hearings. Bush said many
Americans found the confirmation hearings deeply
But what is infinitely more offensive are public
officials who try to limit the publics access to
important information.


I was very disturbed -to read
the, front page story, in the Ann
Arbor News, this past Friday, Oct.
18, under the headline, "Law
School's View Questioned."
According to the story, the
regents "noted" at their recent
meeting that the "law faculty had
given its blessing to a 1988
student speech code" of the
University which was later
declared unconstitutional by a
Federal District Court judge in
Detroit. Regent Neal-Nielsen (R-
Brighton) is then quoted as saying
that "it didn't stand very far.
. This statement about the law
school's role in the creation of the .
1988 student harassment code is
not true and must be corrected. .
Certainly the code was never
presented to the law faculty as a.
body, nor was any committee of
the faculty convened to express a,
view -as to .the constitutional ity or
wisdom of the proposed policy.
A few members of the faculty
were individually asked for -
advice as the University's :Office
of Affirmative Action set about
the task of creating a student

responds- tolegents.".
the following: The First Amend president responsible for oversee-
ment clearly permits. the Univer.- ing and implementing the new
sity to regulate some speech code. We informed that individual
behavior. Ahat in our view; with the publican
Under Supreme.Court prece- tion or the yellow booklet, the
dents, however, it cannot be said code was unconstitutional and
with certainty where constitu- should be withdrawn. That advice;
.1 expressed, the view that the language pro-
posed and ultimately adopted was'danger-
ously vague, from a First. Amendment stand-


tional protection of speech begins..
My advice was to. use language
forbidding only. forms of "verbal
harassment" and to build into the.
code a recognition that the free '
speech interests increased as one
moved from the dormitories to the
classroom and then to areas like
the Diag.
. I expressed the view that the
language proposed and ultimately
adopted was dangerously vague,
from a First Amendment stand-
. After the code was adopted,
the Office of Affirmative Action
issued a statement (known as the
"yellow" booklet)' explaining
what behavior would be prohib-

was not taken.
After the litigation against the
code began, I personally felt
awkward about my responsibili-
ties to the University as an
administrator and as a scholar. I
declined that itwas inappropriate
to.remain completely silent about
the matter and publicly stated my
belief that the code was in
violation of the First Amendment.
At the time, I also delivered a,
lecture which was subsequently
published, explaining the views I
had taken on the subject of the.
student codes and the Michigan
code in particular.
"I hope that this statement
clarifies for everyone just how

'Nuts and Bolts
OH PRumw,


='r'S 08VWUS .Y A
L1A D A=AnY ne-nrw t v-t 1F

by Judd Winick
15 IT ? IT Wo r Be

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