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Bush's nuke policy
is long overdue.
One hundred and one years of editorial freedom
Vol. CII, No. 4 Ann Arbor, Michigan - Thursday, October 3, 1991 The Michigan aly
(AP) - The nation's military chief
yesterday advised ousted President
Jean-Bertrand Aristide to remain in
exile, defying international pressure
to restore Haiti's first freely
"I personally do not believe it's
a good idea for Aristide" to return,
said Brig. Gen. Raoul Cedras, whom
Aristide has accused of leading
Cedras, the acting army com-
mander-in-chief, also accused
Aristide of ordering the execution
of a leading political opponent only
hours before fleeing the Caribbean
nation for Venezuela.
Speaking to reporters, Cedras de-
nied the military wants to retain
power in Haiti and reiterated his
claim that the army intervened be-
cause of Aristide's alleged abuses,
including the training of an elite
presidential guard to be under his
ut of Haiti
He said the execution order of
Roger Lafontant was an example of
Aristide overstepping his authority.
Lafontant was a former leader of
the dread Tonton Macoute militia
that supported the Duvalier family
dictatorship for nearly 30 years un-
Lafontant was in the National
Penitentiary along with about 1,000
other prisoners, many of whom
were freed following this week's
coup. Cedras said Lafontant was as-
sassinated late Sunday or early
Monday by a soldier acting on or-
ders from Aristide.
Aristide flew yesterday to
Washington from Venezuela to
urge the Organization of American
States to take action to put him back
He called for an armed U.N.
force to return him to office, which
he held since a big election victory
in December. The U.N. Security
Council has so far refrained from
In Washington, President Bush
suspended the $85 million U.S. aid.
program for Haiti and called for,
"an immediate halt to violence and,
the restoration of democracy." Bush,
said he was "disinclined to use-
American force" in Haiti, but said
the OAS may discuss use of a multi-
Also yesterday, the 12-nation
European Community suspended all
cooperation with Haiti, including a
$148 million aid package.
France and Canada also halted aid
programs, and Prime Minister Brian
Mulroney of Canada said his nation,
would consider all options to oust
the military "thugs."
In Haiti's capital, Port-au-
Prince, fewer soldiers were seen on.
the streets and people were begin-
ning to venture from their homes.
Early yesterday morning, there
was sporadic gunfire, but much less
See HAITI, Page 2
Capturing the scenery of an Indian summer day, Art School senior John Zammit paints the autumn trees in
front of the Music School.
Gates facing mounting
WASHINGTON (AP) -
Robert Gates' confirmation hear-
ings yesterday laid bare painful and
bitter division within the CIA,
with a former analyst accusing the
director-designate of "pros-
titution" of intelligence analysis.
Jennifer Glaudemans, in an emo-
tional appeal to the Senate Intelli-
gence Committee not to confirm
Gates, joined two other former
CIA analysts who accused Gates of
slanting intelligence to conform
with the anti-Soviet views of his
President Bush said "it seems
funny" that the critics are only
now coming forth.
"But I know Bob Gates and I
know he wouldn't slant an
estimate for some political
purpose," said Bush, a former CIA
director who named Gates his
deputy national security adviser in
Glaudemans said she was speak-
ing for many at the CIA who felt
very differently. So did Hal Ford,
the former director of the agency's
top analysis-writing body and a re-
spected intelligence veteran.
Ford, who reversed his initial
support of Gates in recent weeks,
said he received calls from 16 or 18
mid-level and senior officials cur-
rently or formerly at the CIA
telling him "you got it right; we
admire your courage." He said the
callers were from both the opera-
tions and analysis sides of the
"I do not believe I have ever
heard such a bitter cry for greater
integrity than I have recently com-
ing out of my colleagues" in the
Soviet analysis division, "who
hold the view that Mr. Gates and
his politicization has led to the
prostitution of Soviet analysis,"
Glaudemans described Gates as a
heavy-handed manager who
imposed his strongly held anti-
Soviet views on subordinates and
brooked no dissent.
Glaudemans said she was partic-
ularly disturbed that Gates pre-
vented any analysis that described a
declining Soviet Union. "I think it
is a pathetic shame that analysts
had this story to tell in 1985 and
1986, but could not get it out."
Gates' supporters agreed that a
perception exists among agency
analysts that they are expected to
skew their analyses to suit the
policy goals of the administration.
But they rejected accusations that
Gates was responsible.
Douglas Maceachin, currently a
special assistant on arms control
issues to the CIA director, said
Gates was critical of analysts for
sloppy or poor work.
"There is no question that his
Law School again.
part of Hispanic
'dirty dozen' Ist
efforts made our product,
corporately, a better one," said
Maceachin, who served as the chief
of the Soviet analysis division
under Gates in the mid 1980s.
Maceachin took issue with some
of the most damaging criticisms of
Gates, especially that he dictated
the essence of a 1985 memo that
concluded the Soviet Union was
behind the 1981 assassination
attempt against Pope John Paul II.
The paper has been the subject of
heated debate, and at least one of its
authors is among the people being
considered as additional witnesses.
by Rob Patton
Daily Minority Issues Reporter
Frustration mixed with hope
characterized the response within
the Law School to the news that it
has once again been placed on a na-
tional Hispanic organization's
"Dirty Dozen" list.
The list, released annually by the
National Hispanic Bar Association,
is reserved for law schools with
disproportionately few Hispanic
The University is one of eight
schools spending its second year in a
row on the list.
Third-year law student Pedro
Ramos, who chairs the faculty hir-
ing committee of the Hispanic Law
Students Association (HLSA), said
the University belongs on the list.
"Michigan has earned its place in
the Dirty Dozen ... No Latino has
ever held any kind of full-time
teaching position at the Law
School," he said. "I think that not
having any Latinos on the faculty is
a result of the school's not trying
Law School Dean Lee Bollinger
agreed that the lack of Hispanic fac-
ulty, and minority faculty in gen-
eral, is a problem, but said it was
not for lack of effort on the part of
"The problem, of course, is seri-
ous, and finding minorities of all
kinds to apply for faculty positions
is something we've worked on very
hard over the past decade or so.
We're frustrated," he said.
Bollinger said that of about 45
professors at the Law School, two
are Black, and none are Hispanic,
Asian or Native American.
Juan Torres, also a third-year
Law Student and the current chair of
HSLA, said the lack of Hispanic
faculty is a problem, but added he
remains optimistic for the future.
"This coming semester there
will be a visiting professor who is
Hispanic," he said. "I'm happy that
The National Hispanic
Florida State * New York U.
Harvard * Rutgers-Newark
Illinois S. California
Loyola of L.A. Yale
(in alphabetical order)
R COHEN/Dally Graphic
the University brought someone,
but there's still work to be done,
and this list is an example of that,"
Torres said agitation from
groups like HLSA has caused the
Law School to become more recep-
tive to the special problems in hir-
ing Hispanic professors.
"Most of the people who teach
at Michigan Law School have gone
to the right schools, have done the
right thing at these schools, have
gone on to clerk for the right
judges," Torres said.
See HISPANIC, Page 2
CBS tour to put 'U'
students in spotlight
by Lauren Dermer
. Daily Staff Reporter
Tired of the same boring sched-
ule? How about broadcasting the
weather for CBS or playing a round
on The Price is Right? In the mood
to view excerpts from upcoming
The CBS College Tour, featuring
Jeff Phillips of Guiding Light, will
entertain students on Palmer Field
today from noon until 6:00 p.m. and
tomorrow from 10:00 a.m. until
4:00 p.m. .
The tour will consist of four 600
-foot tents, each with two interac-
tive events based on CBS Television
"We recognize that there is a lot
of interest in daytime television on
college campuses," said CBS mar-
keting consultant Jim Byrne. "The
purpose of the tour is basically, as a
network, to reach out to the stu-
dents, to provide entertainment and
Jeff Phillips, who plays Hart
Jessup on Guiding Light, will auto-
graph CBS Daytime calendars given
to all students attending the event.
In addition, he will perform scenes
from soaps with the students and
participate in games such as The
Price is Right and Family Feud.
The tour has been organized
through the University Activities
"Students get a lot out of it be-
cause they get a break from the day-
by-day schedules," said LSA junior
Wendy Shanker, head of special
events for UAC. "It is pure fun and
that is what it is meant to be."
Shanker said University officials
attempted to deny the request for
the event last Thursday.
"The University is not very
gung-ho about the program:because
of its commercial nature. The prob-
'It is pure fun and that
is what it is meant to
UAC special events chair
lem is that there is no University
policy on promotional events on
campus," said Shanker.
Vice President for Student
Services Mary Ann Swain said,
"There is ongoing discussion about
the nature of events we will ap-
"It is in fact the case that there
are some commercial aspects; how-
Kelley: Residency rules
should be less stringent'
LANSING (AP) - Universities
can establish rules that would al-
low out-of-state students to estab-
lish residency - and get cheaper tu-
ition, Attorney General Frank
Kelley said in an opinion released
Kelley said it was legitimate for
a state university to advise an appli-
cant that he or she could acquire in-
state residence status if he or she
worked full time for 12 months in
Michigan while attending school
The Constitution "authorizes
each board to establish resident and
non-reaidnt tiition and tn deter-
"The state can establish such rea-
sonable criteria for in-state status as
to make virtually certain that sto-
dents who are not, in fact, bona fide
residents of the state, but who have
come there solely for educational
purposes, cannot take advantage, of
the in-state rates," the court wrOte.
Out-of-state tuition is usually
much higher, sometimes triple- the
rate Michigan residents pay.
Kelley said students would have
to provide clear proof that they had
acquired residency, such as evidence
that the student stayed in Michigan
when classes weren't in session.t
He said the schools could rei t
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