Page 2-The Michigan Daily - Tuesday, September 24, 1991
Arafat calls on U.S., Soviets
to aid Mi
ALGIERS, Algeria (AP) -
PLO chair Yassir Arafat opened a
crucial session of the Palestinian
parliament-in-exile yesterday by
appealing to the United States and
Soviet Union to use their influence
to help end the Middle East stale-
In an address to the 20th
Congress of the Palestinian
National Council, Arafat also de-
plored the absence of Palestinian
representatives from Israel's occu-
pied lands. Israel has denied the
Palestinian negotiators permission
to attend the meeting because the
Jewish state forbids Palestinians
from East Jerusalem to contact the
PLO, which it considers a terrorist
Delegates to this congress are di-
vided on a response to Israeli condi-
tions for Palestinian participation
in Mideast peace talks. Refusal to
I .a.. . I, - .
Mon Labatt's Pitchers: $5.00
Tue Bud Light Pitchers: $3.50
Wed Pint Night: 75o off pints
Thu Long Island Iced Tea: $3.25
Fri Happy flour 'til 9:00 in the
Underground. $1.00 off all
4. E 33 .Sae--9699-
compromise may scuttle a historic blackmail and Israeli conditions."
chance for creating a Palestinian A Palestinian source said Isra
homeland. is expected to allow tm
Palestinian hard-liners favor a Palestinian negotiators from ea
boycott because of Israel's insis- Jerusalem who recently met wi
tence that the Palestinian Liberation Secretary of State James A. Bak
Organization be banned from partic- III to meet with PLO officials
ipation. Algiers to discuss letters Bak
The Palestinian National gave them. The source said th
Council session, expected to last Israel was acting at the request
four days, was the first by the orga- Washington.
nization since it recognized the ex- Faisal Husseini and Han
istence of Israel in 1988. Ashrawi will attend so that tal
The gathering will debate the can be held on the U.S. peace init
peace talks proposed by the United tive, said the source, who spokec
States and the Soviet Union, tenta- condition of anonymity. Hussei
tively set for October. It also will and Ashrawi reportedly were
seek common ground among the di- London.
vergent opinions held by the In Washington, Baker - ju
Palestinian leadership. back from the Middle East whe
Israel says it will participate in
the proposed talks only if they ex-
clude the PLO, Palestinians from
east Jerusalem, and those living out-
side the Israeli-occupied West Bank
and Gaza Strip.
In his address, Arafat pledged to
cooperate in the peace talks.
"We are ready to remove the ob-
stacles which continue to prevent
the holdingof this peace conference,
hoping that other parties will also
make the same effort," he said.
"These efforts are entering an ex-
tremely serious and delicate phase."
But Arafat also demanded con-
cessions from Israel, saying, "Let
everyone know that we reject Israeli
Palestinians refused to agree to at-
tend negotiations - declined to
confirm yesterday's report on the
Palestinians. In Jerusalem, a gov-
ernment spokesperson said the pair
would be prosecuted if they meet
with PLO officials.
The PLO right now is at one of
its weakest movements. Arafat's
decision to side with Iraqi leader
Saddam Hussein during the Gulf
War led to a loss of influence for
the PLO among some Arab states,
which withdrew some financing.
In his speech, Arafat asked Arab
leaders to "turn the page" with the
end of the Gulf conflict and rebuild
relations among Arab states.
Other groups, including ele-
ments of Arafat's Fatah faction, the
largest in the PLO, feel the peace
conference will go ahead without
President Bush addresses the 46th General Assembly of the United Nations yesterday. Listening are from the
left: Secretary General Javier perez de Cuellar; General Assembly President Samir Shihabi of Saudi Arabia; and
UN Under-Secretary General Roland Spiers.
Continued from page 1
secretary for international organi-
zations, John Bolton, told
reporters, "We think we have a
majority in favor of repeal."
As for Iraq, some advisers had
urged Bush to set a 48-hour
deadline after which American
warplanes would be used to
accompany U.N. inspectors on
helicopter flights in Iraq.
White House press secretary
Marlin Fitzwater said the United
Sates was consulting with
Security Council members on how
to proceed, and that a decision
might come in a day or two. "Our
plan contains a 48-hour deadline
and a proposal on how to move
after that" if Saddam continues to
balk, he said.
However, another administra-
tion official said the 48-hour plan
"may not be relevant" anymore as
the U.N. faces new problems with
Iraq's denial of comments to U.N.
inspectors. Nevertheless, the offi-
cial asserted that the United States
and its allies have the authority to
use force if necessary against Iraq.
"We have the grounds for ac-
tion," the official said, speaking on
condition of anonymity.
Fitzwater said Saddam's inter-
ference with inspections "leads us
to be more pessimistic" that he
will comply with U.N. demands.
Armenia joins 11 breakaway republics
TBILISI, USSR (AP) - The So-
viet republics were in turmoil yes-
terday from the Caucasus to Central
Asia. Armenia declared indepen-
dence, armed Georgian activists re-
fused to leave a TV station and a
Communist leader regained power
Armenia and Azerbaijan, mean-
while, reportedly were making
headway in Russian-mediated talks
over Nagorna-Karabakh, a disputed
enclave where a bloody ethnic con-
flict has claimed hundreds of lives
The republics were taking affairs
into their own hands and virtually
ignoring the central government,
proof that Soviet President Mikhail
Gorbachev has failed to regain much
authority since hard-liners deposed
him briefly last month.
Yesterday Armenia became the
12th republic to declare indepen-
dence from the Kremlin, leaving
only Russia, Kazakhstan and Turk-
menia in the nominal union. The
three Baltic states of Lithuania,
Latvia and Estonia already have bro-
ken out of the Soviet Union.
The others who have broken
from Moscow do not seek the same
level of independence as the Baltics.
They have agreed to remain in a
loose confederation of independent
states, and all 15 republics have ex-
pressed interest in maintaining eco-
nomic ties in a kind of common
Armenian lawmakers unani-
mously endorsed the results of last
Saturday's referendum, in which res-
idents voted more than 94 percent in
favor of independence. After the
vote, lawmakers and foreign visi-
tors burst into "a stormy ovation"
celebrating independence, the Tass
news agency said.
A political storm persisted in
the souther republic of Georgia,
where President Zviad Gamsakhur-
dia demanded that the opposition
put down its guns and vacate the re-
public's broadcasting studio.
Thousands of adoring supporters
answered Gamsakhurdia's call to
rally front of the massive Govern-
ment House.Waving the blue-white-
and-maroon flag, the crowd shouted
"Zviady, Zviady" when Gam-
sakhurdia emerged from the build-
ing in the evening. He declared noth-
ing would happen to his opponents
if they left the TV station.
But the opposition remained
firmly ensconced in the broadcast
studios, about a mile away. Some
100 protesters occupied the building
early Sunday and later were joined
by protesters and rebel Georgian
"We want real democracy. If
Gamsakhurdia steps down, we'll
leave peacefully. If not, we're stay-
ing here," said Ghia Matshashvili, a
-Voice Your Opinion
We have openings on the follow-
ing committees and commissions:
Rules and Elections
Peace and Justice
Wednesday September 25th 7 p.m.-3rd Floor Union
Serbian troops may withdraw
from Croatia; cease-ire shaky
young National Guard loyal to the
Opposition leaders and Wester
officials, including the United
States, accuse Gamsakhurdia of act-
ing like a dictator since winning a
landslide victory in Georgia's first
direct election last summer.
Gamsakhurdia says the campaign
against him is being guided by the
Kremlin, and many supporters say
his firm hand is necessary to win in-
ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (AP) -
Tanks of the Serb-dominated federal
army and Croatian militias tested a
day-old cease-fire yesterday, dueling
for strategic towns. Much of the se-
cessionist republic was calm and its
leaders expressed hope for a lasting
The media in Croatia and its
neighboring rival republic, Serbia,
reported a fierce fight was under
way around the Croatian towns of
Continued from page 1
woman," said Student Senator
Fulcher said his life has changed
irreversibly since the controversy
"It's hard on me personally. Not
too many people have their dirty
laundry aired in public. But I still
have to go to class and perform my
job. Its something I have to deal
Nova Gradiska and Okucani.
The Yugoslav news agency
Tanjug said last night that the fight-
ing seemed to be ebbing, except for
sporadic clashes in the eastern re-
gion of Slavonia.
The federal army may soon pull
back from the fighting and settle
into Serb-held parts of Croatia
where the population "recognizes it
as its own," said Borisav Jovic,
Serbia's representative on the eight-
with everyday," he said.
Vice Chancellor for Student
Affairs Davis Ambler said the uni-
versity administration has not taken
a position on the issue because it
doesn't want to intervene in Student
Baucom said the administration
has been "lax" in defending Fulcher
because they feel threatened by him.
"They know he will put more
pressure on them concerning minor-
ity issues," Baucom said.
member federal presidency.
Croatia's 4.75 million people in-
clude about 600,000 ethnic Serbs,
many of whom do not want to live
in an independent Croatia. Serb mil-
itants have taken up arms against
The truce signed by Tudjman and
federal Defense Minister Veljko
Kadijevic officially took effect at 3
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Continued from page 1
parking. She said she has received
several tickets for parking viola-
tions and has had to pay for several
"Driving in Ann Arbor is terri-
ble, but I do it because it is a good
job that pays well," Donnita said.
Plumbing Plant employee Bill
McBee said he was delivering boxes
to the LSA Building yesterday and
had to park a block away on the
resorts to parking illegally and
risks getting a ticket.
McBee drives a white Dodge van
and has received two parking viola-
tions while working. He said the
Plumbing Plant paid for the tickets
in both cases, but added that lately
his department has become stricter
and individuals are held responsible
for their tickets more often.
I A tMI II I
Editor In Chief
Philip Cohen, Christine
Kloostra, Donna Woodwell,
Mike Fischer, Kale Sanders
Kenneth J. Smoier
Managing Sports Editor
Theodore Cox, Phil Green, John Niyo
Jeff Sheran, Dan Zoch
Mark Binell, Elizabeti Lenhard
Michael John Wison
News: Lar Barager, Jaml Baauw, Lynne Cohn, Laura DePompolo, Jule Foster, Henry Goldblatt, Andrew Levy, Rob Paton,
Melissa Peerless, Tani Polak, David Rheingold, Behany Robertson, Julie Schuper, Gwen Shaffer, Purvi Shah, Jesse Snyder,
StefanieVines, Ken Waer.
Opinion:ad Bematek,Renee Bushey, Yasl Ciro, Jay Garcia, Geof Earie, David Leiner, Jewifur Mattson, Brad Filer, Glynn
Sports: Jason Bank, Chris Carr, Ken Davidoff, Andy DeKort, Matthew Dodge, Josh Dubow, Jnim Foss, Jason Gomberg, Ryan
Herrington, Yoav krom, David Kraft Albert Un, Rod Loewenhal, Adam Luiz, Adam Miler, Mtch Rubenstein, David Schechter,
Cayn Seidman, Rob Siegel, Eric Skar, Tin Spolar, Andy Stabl, Ken Sugiura, Jeff Wiliams.
Arts: Greg Baise, Jen Bilk, Andrew J. Cahn, Ridard S. Davis, Brent Edwards, Diane Frieden, Forrest Green l1, Mike
Kuniavsky, Uz Patton, Antonio Roque, Kim Yaged.
Phot Brian Cantoni, Anhtiny M. Croll, Jennifer Dunetz, Kim Garrett, Kristofer Giletto, MchelleGuy, Doug Kanter, Heather
Lowman, Sharon Musher, Suzie Paey.
Weekend: Jonatahan Chait. Scott Chunac. Crami un,na Matt Pulliam.